MINOR CONSTITUENTS OF PALM OIL BENEFICIAL EFFECT • human body uses carotenoids as Vitamin A. • enhance immune function by a variety of mechanisms & can improve cardiovascular health. CAROTENOIDS • acting as biological antioxidants, protecting cells & tissues from the damaging effect of free radicals. • Natural vitamin E exists in eight different forms or isomers,four tocopherols & four tocotrienols. • Tocotrienols in Vitamin E have been found to have antioxidant & anticancer activities. • preventing skin aging, preventing fat oxidation & TOCOPHEROLS & reducing blood pressure. TOCOTRIENOLS • palm tocotrienols have the ability to reverse blockage of the carotid artery & platelet aggregation. • Tocotrienol-rich fraction of palm oil is capable of protecting brain against oxidative damage & thereby from the ensuing adverse alterations that accompany aging.
MINOR CONSTITUENTS OF PALM OIL BENEFICIAL EFFECTFatty acid • focus of attention in determining its nutritional adequacy in relation to coronary heart disease (CHD) risk factorsMonoglycerides • used as emulsifiers in foodsMineral oil • medicinal uses • use in the kitchen is to saturate the cutting board and other wood items to make them water resistant
Fractionation : a physical method using the crystallization properties of triglycerides to separate a mixture into: low melting liquid fraction high melting liquid fractionComponents consists : palm olein (liquid oil) palm stearin (solid form)