Merchant of venice

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  • 1. Merchant Of Venice
    Done by:OngKian Han(20)
  • 2. He was an English poet and playwright
    Baptised on 26 April 1564
    Died on 23 April 1616
    Is known as England's national poet, "Bard of Avon”
    He retired on 1613, 3 years before his death.
    His plays were translated to all major living languages
    Shakespeare’s Life
  • 3. Shakespeare was born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon
    He was the third out of 8 children
    His grandfather Richard Shakespeare, was a farmer, but later on he became a glove-maker in Stratford.
    His father, John Shakespeare, traded many leather goods and eventually became rich and rose to positions of importance in the town in 1569.
    His mother, Mary Arden, was from a rich and ancient landowning family.
    At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children.
    He was in the middle of the social system.
    Shakespeare’s Life
  • 4. He started school at the age of 4 or 5, like all boys from prosperous families. He spent a lot of time studying Latin.
    He left school at around the age of 15 to 16, and probably became an apprentice or trainee at his father’s shop.
    Some said he stole deer from a rich man’s estate and had to escape to London to avoid being prosecuted.
    He was inspired to write by works of other great writers
    Shakespeare’s Life
  • 5. Queen Elizabeth I was ruling England
    London was a rich country which traded with many countries. It was crowded, dangerous and dirty.
    There were three big epidemics of the plague.
    English poetry, music and
    literature flowered.
    England in Shakespeare’s time
  • 6. The English had a strong sense of social class
    Some families moved from one class to another, but generally most people were born into a particular class and stayed there.
    Social class could determine a lot of things, from what a person could wear to where he could live and what job his children could get.
    Social class made a big difference to almost everything you do and everything that happens to you during the Elizabethan England.
    England in Shakespeare’s time
  • 7. The people in power impacted and influenced Shakespeare’s work.
    When Queen Elizabeth was in power, everyone was normally very happy.
    When Queen Elizabeth died in 1603, Shakespeare converted to writing tragedies.
    England in Shakespeare’s time
  • 8. The central part of the theatre had no roof, there were 3 levels
    Theatres had to depend on sunlight as there was no electricity
    The central part contained the stage and a yard.
    Many of the audience stood in the yard in front of the stage. Those who paid more sat on seats arranged in two or three stories in a rough circle around the yard.
    There was an extra storey, the “heavens”, above the back of the stage.
    There was also a space behind the stage used for some inside scenes such as Juliet’s tomb in Romeo and Juliet.
    England in Shakespeare’s time
  • 9. Definition:The activity, spirit, or time of the great revival of art, literature, and learning in Europe beginning in the 14th century and extending to the 17th century, marking the transition from the medieval to the modern world.
    Was the French term for rebirth
    The Renaissance
  • 10. It spanned roughly from the 14th to 17th century, beginning in Florence in the Late Middle Ages, and later spread across the whole Europe.
    It was a cultural movement, and it encompassed a flowering of literature, science, art, religion and politics.
    The Renaissance
  • 11. The Renaissance brought in New Conceptions of Life and the World. It revealed to men another world, another state of existence. It also taught man that sacrifices were not needed to ensure eternal life in another world.
    It restored the Broken Unity of History.There was an reconciliation between Christianity and classical civilisation. A fusion of their qualities and elements took place.
    It reformed education. During the Middle Ages the Latin language had degenerated for the most part, into a barbarous jargon, while the Greek had been forgotten and the Aristotelian philosophy perverted. Plato was practically unknown to the mediaeval thinkers. Humanism then restored to the world pure classical Latin, rediscovered the Greek language and recovered the Platonic philosophy.
    The Renaissance
  • 12. It aided the Development of the Vernacular Literatures. Humanism upon the great literatures of Europe, was to enrich, to chasten, and to refine them.
    It called into Existence the Sciences of Archaeology and Historical Criticism. Critical sifting and valuation of our historical sources which has resulted in the discrediting of a thousand myths and legends once regarded as unimpeachable historical material, and in the consequent reconstruction of Oriental, classical, and mediaeval history then begun.
    It gave an Impulse to Religious Reform. The Bible, which the printing presses were now multiplying in the original Hebrew and Greek as well as in the vernacular languages, became the subject of enthusiastic study and of fresh interpretation.
    The Renaissance
  • 13. Shakespeare utilized his knowledge of Greek and Roman classics when writing his plays.
    It allowed Shakespeare to explore humanity of every character regardless of their social position.
    Shakespeare focused on creating different characters with different personalities and psychologically complex characters.
    The Renaissance
  • 14. Thank you