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Sir Richard Mac Cormac, Density
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Sir Richard Mac Cormac, Density

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Sir Richard MacCormac, former President of the Royal Institute of British Architects, who has been leading research into Sustainable Suburbia, introduced the idea that higher densities could produce a …

Sir Richard MacCormac, former President of the Royal Institute of British Architects, who has been leading research into Sustainable Suburbia, introduced the idea that higher densities could produce a number of benefits properly handled.

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  • 1. MacCormac Jamieson Prichard 9 Heneage Street, Spitalfields, London, E1 5LJ T. 0207 3779262 F. 0207 2477854 E. mjp@mjparchitects.co.uk
  • 2.  
  • 3. TWO NEIGHBOURHOODS COMPARED
    • Greenleys, Milton Keynes
    • Cul-de-sacs impede pedestrian movement – green buffers
    • along roads reduce perceived safety of pedestrian
    • environment, and contribute to social discontinuity and
    • isolation
    • ‘ Arterial’ road layout leads to bottlenecks on feeder roads
    Greenleys, Milton Keynes % Roads : 20 % ‘SLOAP’ : 40 FAR : 0.4 Off-street parking: 100%
    • • Very inefficient in terms of land in private use
    • Road systems and open space patterns across
    • the whole settlement reduce gross density to
    • perhaps 7du/ha
    Density: 25 dph net (125 bph)
  • 4.
    • Wolverton, Milton Keynes
    • Density sufficient for walkable community
    • Urban design mitigates impact of density: grid of streets
    • reduces congestion, cars and parking in back alleys permits
    • well-defined street frontage with ‘eyes on the street’
    • Street system allows density to be sustained across the
    • settlement
    TWO NEIGHBOURHOODS COMPARED Density: 52 dph net (260 bph) Wolverton, Milton Keynes % Roads : 20 % ‘SLOAP’ : 0 FAR : 0.4 Off-street parking: 100% • Higher property value than Greenley MK ‘car’ suburb, even though density is double
  • 5. Rye
  • 6. Winchelsea
  • 7. DENSITY AND THE SUBURBAN LIFESTYLE
    • • front door
    • • private garden
    • • off-street parking
    • • not overlooked
    • • good view and greenery
    • quiet and privacy
    • secure perimeter
    • well maintained public realm
    • sense of identity and place
    • good access to public transport
    • pedestrian access to schools, public services and shops
    • sense of community
    • low traffic levels and speeds
    • demographic diversity
    PRIVATE COMMUNAL
  • 8. 57dph – COURTYARD HOUSING Courtyard Housing Density: 57dph net 285 bph net Housing Mix: 100% 3b 5p houses Storeys: 2 Off Street Parking: 100% Proportion of Road: 36%
  • 9. 77dph – TERRACED COURT HOUSING Terraced Court Housing Density: 77dph net 383 bph net Housing Mix: 90% 3b 5p houses 10% 3b 5p maisonettes Storeys: 2/3 Off Street Parking: 100% Proportion of Road: 32%
  • 10. 87dph – MEWS HOUSING Mews Housing Density: 87dph net 435 bph net Housing Mix: 69% 3b 5p houses 31% 3b 5p maisonettes Storeys: 2/3 Off Street Parking: 100% Proportion of Road: 40%
  • 11. Housing Mix and Land Use Land Use 20% Open Space and other Uses 10% Apartments 70% Housing 20% Open Space in one place A mix of dwelling types
  • 12.  
  • 13.  
  • 14.  
  • 15.  
  • 16.  
  • 17. View of a shared garden
  • 18. Street trees on the avenue create a soft barrier between traffic and pedestrians
  • 19. A public garden at the junction of street and road
  • 20.  
  • 21. MacCormac Jamieson Prichard 9 Heneage Street, Spitalfields, London, E1 5LJ T. 0207 3779262 F. 0207 2477854 E. mjp@mjparchitects.co.uk