Vikings came from three countries of Scandinavia:Denmark, Norway, Sweden. The word Vikingcomes from a language called Old Norses and meansa pirate raid. The Viking age in European history was about AD700 to 1100. During this period many Vikings leftScandinavia and travelled to other countries, such asBritain and Ireland. Some went to fight and stealtreasure. Others settled in new lands as farmers,craftsmen or traders.
Viking houses where built of wood, stone or blocks ofgrass depending on the local materials. Most houses had just one room for a family to share.Rich people which have farmhouses have a smallentrance hall, a large main room, a kitchen, abedroom and a store room. In a Viking town, houseswere crowded close together along narrow streets.
Men wore tunics and trousers.Women wore long dresses, with a kind of longapron.Clothes were made from wool, linen and animal skins.People dressed mostly to keep warm!
Most Viking men were all-round handymen, but somehad special skills. There were boat-builders, for exampleand potters, leather-workers and smiths. Most Vikingmen knew how to handle a boat. And most could fight ifthey had, to protect the family.Women baked bread. They looked after the children,made the familys clothes and cooked the two meals aday most families ate. On the farm, women milked thecows and made cheese .
They worshipped many gods. The old stories they told about gods, giants and monsters are known as Norse myths. In one story, Thor, the god of thunder, tries to prove his strength to the Giant King
•.The Vikings built fast ships for raiding and war.•.These ships were dragon-ships or longships.• .The Vikings also had passenger and cargo shipscalled knorrs.•.They built small boats for fishing or short trips.•.Viking longships could sail in shallow water.• .So they could travel up rivers as well as across thesea.• .The Vikings could jump out and start fighting, andthen make a quick getaway if they were chased.
Some Viking ships brought families to Britain looking for land to farm. The parts of Britain where most Vikings settled were northern Scotland and eastern England, the Orkney and Shetland isles and the Hebrides islands off the west coast. In Ireland, Vikings founded the city of Dublin. Viking areas in east and northern England became known as theb Danelaw. Viking settlements brought new words into the English language.
BY Teresa Aznar 6th primary 2.011 – 2.012 Beatriz Domeque Yus School Antonio Machado
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