How the Internet is set to transform teaching and learning
A change is needed Robinson (2010) argues that education is in need of a significant paradigm shift. Why?
the current model of education is out-dated and not relevant for today's learners.
school systems are organised according to an industrial model in which standardisation rules.
this has lead to a one size fits all approach that stifles creativity and dislocates people from their natural talents.
Robinson (2010) says we need a revolution and a challenge against long held assumptions about how we prepare students for the future.
A long tradition Davidson & Goldberg (2009) argue that despite the great changes to learning such as, inventive, collaborative, an participatory learning brought about by the Internet, institutions of higher learning have failed to keep pace. Why? Universities are grounded in a long tradition, and so modern universities have, in some respects, not changed greatly since medieval times.
Answering questions However, advances in technology and the resultant changes to how people can access information and learn are placing pressure on universities to change. What these changes will be can be anticipated by asking certain questions.
What will be the relationship between teacher and student?
Will traditional pedagogies be replaced by more collaborative and participatory styles of teaching and learning?
What will universities of the future look like?
Will they have retained their resemblance to their medieval roots? (Davidson & Goldberg, 2009)
The Web 2.0 will have a massive impact
A publishing revolution
Learners as content creators
Learning will be more social
Access to learning will improve
The relationship between student and teacher will be transformed
Students and teachers from all over the world will collaborate in creative and productive ways (Glenn, 2008).
Learners will become more autonomous (Davidson & Goldberg, 2009).
Teachers will take on a more guiding role (Parsons, 2010).
Differentiated instruction will become more prevalent (Parsons, 2010) (Hargadon, 2008).
Moving to new pedagogies
Most commonly discussed theories of learning are behaviourism, cognitivism, and constructivism.
Technology promises to transform teaching and learning and so a new theory of learning is needed.
Connectivism = an emphasis on utilisingknowledge more so than acquiring it
What will schools of the future look like?
Technology will become a selling point (Glenn, 2008).
Universities will be even more globalized because of the Internet (Glenn, 2008).
Universities will be more horizontally structured (Davidson & Goldberg, 2010).
Connected and interactive learning (Davidson & Goldberg, 2010).
Learning institutions as mobilising networks (Davidson & Goldberg, 2010).
Lifelong learning (Davidson & Goldberg, 2010).
Learning institutions will become less assertive and become more empowering (Davidson & Goldberg, 2010).
References Bonk, C. J. (2009). The world is open: how web technology is revolutionising education. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. Davidson, C. N., & Goldberg, D. T. (2009). The future of learning institutions in the digital age. Cambridge, Mass.: The MIT Press. Glenn, M. (2008). The future of higher education. London: The Economist Intelligence Unit. Hargadon, S. (2008, March 4). Web 2.0 is the future of education. Steve Hargadon. Retrieved January 3, 2008, from http://www.stevehargadon.com/2008/03/web-2.0-is-future-of-education.html Parsons, J. (2010, May 21). Envisioning Education in the Year 2050. The Alberta Teachers’ Association. Retrieved April 10, 2011, from ttp://www.teachers.ab.ca/Publications/ATA%20Magazine/Volume%2090/Number4/Pages/Envisioning-Education-in-the-Year-2050.aspx
Senior, R. (2010). Connectivity: a framework for understanding effective language teaching in face-to-face and online learning communities. RELC Journal, 41(2), 137 - 147. Siemens, G. (2005, April 5). Connectivism: A Learning Theory for the Digital Age. elearnspace. Retrieved May 16, 2011, from http://www.elearnspace.org/Articles/connectivism.htm Siemens, G., University of Manitoba.& Tittenberger, P. (2009). Handbook of emerging technologies for learning. Winnipeg: References