Viral hepatitis


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Viral hepatitis

  1. 1. VIRAL HEPATITIS Olivia Herrock Kinesiology 2041 Personal and Community Health
  2. 2. WHAT IS HEPATITIS?   “Hepatitis” means inflammation of the liver   It’s a virus caused by infection, drugs, or toxins   There are 5 types of Viral Hepatitis. Hepatitis viruses A, B, C, D, and E   The most common types of the Hepatitis virus are A, B, and C
  3. 3. HEPATITIS A   This type of Hepatitis is caused by the Hepatitis A Virus (HAV)   This   It’s is the mildest form of Hepatitis transmitted through food or water that has been contaminated by sewage or an infected person
  4. 4. HEPATITIS A   Does not result in chronic infection or chronic liver disease   Infection   The can last for up to 15-50 days best way to prevent Hepatitis A is to get vaccinated
  5. 5. HEPATITIS B   Cause (HBV)   It by infection of the Hepatitis B virus is usually transmitted sexually   Incubation period is anywhere between 6 weeks to 6 months and symptoms are the same as Hepatitis A   Infection can be self-limited or chronic with 5-10% of people infected becoming chronic carriers
  6. 6. HEPATITIS C   Caused by the Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)   Most common chronic bloodborne infection in the United States   Can be transmitted sexually but is most commonly transmitted by direct contact with infected blood   Usually through injection drug use
  7. 7. HEPATITIS C   Has the same symptoms as Hepatitis A and B   Can be passed through a pregnant woman to her child   85-90% carriers   Can of people infected become chronic lead to cirrhosis of the liver or liver cancer
  8. 8. HEPATITIS D   Hepatitis D is caused by the Hepatitis D virus (HDV)   It is a serious liver disease that relies on the HBV Virus to replicate   It is not common in the United states
  9. 9. HEPATITIS E E is caused by the Hepatitis E Virus (HEV) and usually results in acute infection   Hepatitis   It’s transmitted through the ingestion of fecal matter     It Usually by contaminated water does not result in a chronic infection   Not common in the United States but is common in many parts of the world
  10. 10. SYMPTOMS   Symptoms of Hepatitis A include: Fatigue, Fever, Abdominal Pain, Nausea, Loss of Appetite, Diarrhea, and Jaundice   Jaundice – increased bile pigment levels in the blood which causes yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes
  11. 11. TREATMENT   Hepatitis     No specific treatment Cope with the symptoms   Hepatitis       A B Injection of hepatitis B immune globuline within 24 hours of infection Antiviral medication Liver Transplant   Hepatitis     Possibly no treatment necessary Antiviral medications
  12. 12. METHODS FOR PREVENTION   Vaccination is the only way to protect people from hepatitis   There are vaccines available for Hepatitis A,B and C   Wash your hands regularly   Avoid contaminated food and water
  13. 13. REFERENCES    Connect Core Concepts in Health 11th edition