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Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times
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Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times

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Werby, O. (2008). “Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times,” AACE ED-MEDIA 2008 World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia, & Telecommunications, Vienna, Austria …

Werby, O. (2008). “Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times,” AACE ED-MEDIA 2008 World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia, & Telecommunications, Vienna, Austria

This is a presentation based on a paper. You can download the older version of the paper here: http://pipsqueak.com/pages/papers.html

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  • 1. Olga Werby, Ed.D. Pipsqueak Productions, LLC San Francisco, California, U.S.A. www.pipsqueak.com Visual Symbolic Processing in Modern Times: a small study on the comprehension of complex visual information Wednesday, June 11, 2014
  • 2. Examples of Visual Information Wednesday, June 11, 2014
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  • 27. ComputerTools Make DataVisualization Easy Proliferation of Abstract Visual Data Personal, Civic, Professional, Political Decisions based on Visual Data Degree of Comprehension of Visual Data Varies Wednesday, June 11, 2014
  • 28. Visual Symbolic Processing Analysis Perceiving: the ability to figure out a pattern of sequentially or spatially arranged visual data Remembering: the ability to remember a sequential or spatial pattern of visual information Making: the ability to create, organize, or arrange information in a sequential or spatial visual pattern Thinking: the ability to problem solve, to reason, and to think critically about sequential or spatial visual information Wednesday, June 11, 2014
  • 29. Study Focus Perceiving Thinking Wednesday, June 11, 2014
  • 30. Visual Symbolic Processing Skills Lower order skills include: find visual information—the ability to find discrete information explicitly presented by a diagram; understand and explain visual information—the ability to read and understand the meanings of axis, units, and labels in a diagram and what they represent. Higher order skills include: use visual information to generate new information—the ability to use data flexibly and to generate additional information based on visual data presented in a diagram; summarize visual information—the ability to convert visual data into a language-based story (requires deep understanding of the information); compare multiple visual representations—the ability to convert information found in one diagram into data structures of another diagram and assign a value judgement on the quality and usefulness of each presentation. Wednesday, June 11, 2014
  • 31. Testing Visual Symbolic Processing Skills Lower order skills—6 questions total find visual information—5 questions understand and explain visual information—1 question Higher order skills—10 questions total use visual information to generate new info.—5 questions summarize visual information—4 questions compare multiple visual representations—1 question Wednesday, June 11, 2014
  • 32. Sample Question: In the diagram above, Inspector General Minard illustrated the diminishing number of Napoleon troops marching to and from Moscow in several ways. Check all that you think apply. 1. At any point in the graph above, the thickness of the line representing Napoleon’s troops is in direct proportion to the number of soldiers marching in the army. 2. At any point in the graph above, the height of the line representing Napoleon’s troops is in direct proportion to the number of soldiers marching in the army. 3. The color of the line representing Napoleon’s troops indicates the number of soldiers marching in the army. 4. The slope of the line representing Napoleon’s troops indicates the number of soldiers marching in the army. 5. The numbers next to the line representing Napoleon’s troops state the number of soldiers marching in the army at that point. 6. The line graph at the bottom of the diagram plots the number of soldiers marching in the army at that point. 7. All of the above. 8. This information can’t be obtained from the diagram above. 9. I don’t know. Wednesday, June 11, 2014
  • 33. Sample Question: In the diagram above, Inspector General Minard illustrated the diminishing number of Napoleon troops marching to and from Moscow in several ways. Check all that you think apply. 1. At any point in the graph above, the thickness of the line representing Napoleon’s troops is in direct proportion to the number of soldiers marching in the army. 2. At any point in the graph above, the height of the line representing Napoleon’s troops is in direct proportion to the number of soldiers marching in the army. 3. The color of the line representing Napoleon’s troops indicates the number of soldiers marching in the army. 4. The slope of the line representing Napoleon’s troops indicates the number of soldiers marching in the army. 5. The numbers next to the line representing Napoleon’s troops state the number of soldiers marching in the army at that point. 6. The line graph at the bottom of the diagram plots the number of soldiers marching in the army at that point. 7. All of the above. 8. This information can’t be obtained from the diagram above. 9. I don’t know. Wednesday, June 11, 2014
  • 34. 2012 Results: Wednesday, June 11, 2014
  • 35. California Schools: Skills Tested by the Study Skills Taught in California Schools Year Introduced HigherOrderAbstractVisualProcessingSkills use visual information to generate new information and to generate additional information based on visual data presented in a diagram 1st grade 4th grade 4th grade 6th grade 7th grade 8th grade summarize visual information—the ability story (requires deep understanding of the information) K K 2nd grade 5th grade 7th grade 7th grade compare multiple visual representations—the and assign a value judgement on the quality and K 3rd grade 4th grade 8th grade 8th grade LowerOrderAbstractVisualProcessingSkills diagram 1st grade 5th grade 5th grade 8th grade understand and explain visual information— the ability to read and understand the meanings they represent 2nd grade 8th grade Wednesday, June 11, 2014
  • 36. Olga Werby, Ed.D. Pipsqueak Productions, LLC San Francisco, California, U.S.A. www.pipsqueak.com Thank you! Wednesday, June 11, 2014
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