Intro, Not part of diary: Samuel De Champlain was born in Brouage,France, 1567. He worked in the army of Henry IV during the Frenchwars of religion. Champlain sails to the West Indies where he learnscartography and drafting skills on these early adventures. In 1602Champlain was appointed “hydrographer royal” by King Henry IV 1602Samuel De Champlain made his first rip to North America, as anobserver, on Bonne-Renommée a ship commanded by Aymar De Chaste.He later made a map of St. Lawrence River. 1603Samuel De Champlain travels up the Saguenay River, where hesuspects the existence of Hudson Bay. He voyaged up the St. Lawrenceas far the Lachine Rapids, located just south of Montreal and North ofthe Algonquin tribe 1604 St. Croix Island
Champlain settles on St. Croix Island (near Bay of Fundy) with hissoldiers. With no fresh water or firewood, the island is a poor choice.Only half of the 77 men survive the winter.Champlain explores and maps the coastline of Acadia, looking forpotential colony sites and the fabled Northwest Passage. He travelsalong the Atlantic seaboard south to Cape Cod.1605Champlain assists in founding Port Royal in the Bay of Fundy—the firstenduring European settlement in northern North America. July 3, 1608 QuebecOn this day Champlain established a trading post that later becameQuebec City. Hus goal was to gain military allies in order to bolsterthe French economy through fur trading. June18, 1608Champlain has allied with my tribe, Wyandot, (or as the French call usHurons) against our enemies the Iroquois. This is a great advantagebecause we have weapons that Iroquois have never heard of before.
June29, 1609 TiconderogaChamplain and 9 of his soldiers set out with 300 of my people. I wasone of them. Champlain explored the Iroquois lands to the south andtravelled south along the Richelieu River and Samuel De Champlainhaving discovered it, named it Lake Champlain. To this point there hasbeen no counter between us and the Iroquois, so some of the companyleft, leaving Champlain with 2 Frenchmen and 60 Natives (meincluded). We then traveled to the south of Lake Champlain and stayedfor the night. Through out the night we heard the war cry of theIroquois people, unfortunately, we had slept beside an Iroquoisencampment and there we discovered more than 200 fearless, strong andfast Iroquois warriors. Soon, a battle began! As planned the nightbefore, a native guide showed Champlain their three chiefs, Champlaincarried out an Arquebeus (early 16th century gun) and a shot rang out.That shot had killed two of their chiefs, scared of the noise but evenmore scared of the sight of two of their chiefs on the ground dead, theIroquois ran away but that incident sparked a 200 year war betweenIroquois and French people July 3, 1609 Bitawkagok
Champlain arrives to the lake called “Bitawkagok” (the watersbetween) by its Abanaki residents. He describes the northern part ofthe lake in his journal: “There are many pretty islands here, low, andcontaining very fine woods and meadows, with abundance of fowl and suchanimals of the chase as stags, fallow-deer, fawns, roe-bucks, bears, andothers, which go from the main land to these islands. We captured alarge number of these animals. There are also many beavers, not onlyin this river, but also in numerous other little ones that flow into it.” July 4, 1609Champlain travels down into the Broad Lake, noting Isle La Motte,North Hero, South Hero, and Valcour islands in his journal. Summer of 1611 MontrealChamplain travelled to Montreal, where he cleared the land and built awall “to see how it would last during winter. 1613Samuel De Champlain Organized missions to bolster the French furtrade. Champlain travelled and mapped the Ottawa River in search of
the North-west Passage. The Ottawa River served as a Frenchtrading route for the next 200 years 1615After following the Ottawa River to the Mattawa River, crossing LakeNipissing and traveling along the French River in present day northernOntario, Champlain arrives to Lake Huron. From there, he and myvillage guides go south. They cross Lake Ontario and find an Iroquoisvillage. They attack, but their assault fails and Champlain is wounded. 1616Champlain heals from his wounds in my village where he sketches andrecords the customs of the inhabitants. He later returns to France. 1616We see no more of Champlain but my village’s alliance with the Frenchpeople still remains.Champlain returns to Quebec in 1620, where he takes up anadministrative role as governor of New France. He continues working inthis capacity for the rest of his life. Champlain dies in Quebec 15years later (1635) at the ripe age of 68.