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Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends
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Introduction to digital libraries - definitions, examples, concepts and trends

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This presentation gives an introduction to the world of digital libraries. …

This presentation gives an introduction to the world of digital libraries.

It first explores different defintions of the phrase "Digital Library".

It then looks at 11 real life examples of digital library websites (slides 44-98), including Europeana, Google Books, Flickr the Commons, Delpher, Wikisource, The Memory of the Netherlands and Project Gutenberg. Each of these DLs is assessed against five different criteria (concepts, properties)
- Content/User experience
- Cutural heritage domain (libraries, archives, museums, AV-institutions)
- Control / run by
- Content providing parties
- User involvement

Many references are made to Web2.0-concepts from Tim O'Reilly's article http://oreilly.com/web2/archive/what-is-eb-20.html

From these 11x5 = 55 datapoints 6 trend plots are drawn (slides 99-140) to show "what is hot" and "what is not" in the current DL-landscape. Key slide summarizing this = no 142

Finally, some strategies for content & brand distribution of DLs are being discussed (SEO, Wikipedia, social & ego networks, APIs)

This presentation was given by Olaf Janssen (National Library of the Netherlands - KB) as a lecture for students of the master's course "The Library" at Leiden University on 25-11-2013

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  • 1. Lecture for the course “The Library” at Leiden University, 20-11-2014 Olaf Janssen, National Library of the Netherlands olaf.janssen@kb.nl - @ookgezellig - slideshare.net/OlafJanssenNL Introduction to digital libraries Definitions, examples, concepts and trends
  • 2. Lecture for the course “The Library” at Leiden University, 20-11-2014 Olaf Janssen, National Library of the Netherlands olaf.janssen@kb.nl - @ookgezellig - slideshare.net/OlafJanssenNL Introduction to digital libraries Definitions, examples, concepts and trends ± 45 min ± 45 min
  • 3. Hi, I’m Olaf Janssen I’m the GLAM-Wiki Coordinator of the National Library of the Netherlands (KB) GLAM-Wiki coordinator??? That means I initiate and coordinate projects to strengthen the collaboration between the KB and Wikimedia-projects (such as Wikipedia) olaf.janssen@kb.nl @ookgezellig slideshare.net/OlafJanssenNL http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:GLAM/Koninklijke_Bibliotheek_en_Nationaal_Archief
  • 4. My presentation philosophy
  • 5. This slidedeck is optimised for slideshare.net/OlafJanssenNL
  • 6. What I hope you’ll get out of this talk 1.Basic understanding of what a digital library is 2.Understanding of some basic concepts and trends over time in digital libraries 3.Understanding how these trends relate to “2.0”
  • 7. How does my talk fit in the overall course? In my talk: digital In my talk: front-end/UX of digital libraries In my talk: Online/web At the end of my talk In my talk: Online/web
  • 8. Alright, let’s go!
  • 9. I’ll start with a bit of history
  • 10. http://www.iupui.edu/~g115/assets/mod03/earth_history.jpg
  • 11. http://www.iupui.edu/~g115/assets/mod03/earth_history.jpg Not all of history, only human history
  • 12. http://www.mitchellteachers.net/WorldHistory/templates/images/earlyhumans/humanancestorsmainpic.jpg
  • 13. http://www.mitchellteachers.net/WorldHistory/templates/images/earlyhumans/humanancestorsmainpic.jpg Not all of human history, only internet history
  • 14. http://joaobordalo.com/files/topInternetHistory.png Not all of internet history, only history of websites
  • 15. http://joaobordalo.com/files/topInternetHistory.png Not all of internet history, only history of the web
  • 16. http://www.everyjoe.com/2007/09/05/technology/pc-magazines-top- 100-classic-web-sites/ http://www.everyjoe.com/2007/09/05/technology/pc-magazines-top-100-classic-web-sites/chunk.id=ss1-5-6
  • 17. Context Historic development of the web : Rise of Web2.0
  • 18. You read this article in preparation http://oreilly.com/web2/archive/what-is-web-20.html Web2.0 key concepts Tim O’Reilly (2005) What is Web 2.0: Design Patterns and Business Models for the Next Generation of Software
  • 19. 1. The long tail 2. Data is the next Intel Inside 3. Users add value 4. Network effects by default 5. Some rights reserved 6. The perpetual beta 7. Software above the level of a single device 8. Cooperate, don't control Slide taken from http://www.slideshare.net/edsonm/michael-edson-let-us-go-boldly-into-the-future Tim O’Reilly (2005) What is Web 2.0: Design Patterns and Business Models for the Next Generation of Software
  • 20. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Web_2.0
  • 21. Not history of all the web, only the web in library context  digital libraries (DLs)
  • 22. First things first What is a digital library
  • 23. (there is no unique definition..)
  • 24. but let’s give it a shot…
  • 25. -aa
  • 26. -aa “a library in which collections are stored in electronic media formats […] and accessible via computers. The electronic content may be stored locally, or accessed remotely via computer networks.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_library
  • 27. “[..] at Stanford University, some discussion was held as to what did we mean by the term "digital library“”. [..] it would be valuable [..] to document a common understanding of the term, but agreed that […] we could not and would not aim for a general consensus. http://www.dlib.org/metrics/public/papers/dig-lib-scope.html
  • 28. “[..] at Stanford University, some discussion was held as to what did we mean by the term "digital library“”. [..] it would be valuable [..] to document a common understanding of the term, but agreed that […] we could not and would not aim for a general consensus. http://www.dlib.org/metrics/public/papers/dig-lib-scope.html The term "Digital Library" has a variety of potential meanings, ranging from a digitized collection of material that one might find in a traditional library through to the collection of all digital information along with the services that make that information useful to all possible users.
  • 29. “[..] at Stanford University, some discussion was held as to what did we mean by the term "digital library“”. [..] it would be valuable [..] to document a common understanding of the term, but agreed that […] we could not and would not aim for a general consensus. http://www.dlib.org/metrics/public/papers/dig-lib-scope.html The term "Digital Library" has a variety of potential meanings, ranging from a digitized collection of material that one might find in a traditional library through to the collection of all digital information along with the services that make that information useful to all possible users. [..] the following definition was proposed: The Digital Library is: –The collection of services –And the collection of information objects –That support users in dealing with information objects –And the organization and presentation of those objects –Accessable directly or indirectly via electronic/digital means
  • 30. The Digital Library Reference Model (2011) (273 pages!)
  • 31. “…a potentially virtual organisation, that comprehensively collects, manages and preserves for the long depth of time rich digital content, and offers to its targeted user communities [..] according to comprehensive codified policies." The Digital Library Reference Model http://bscw.research- infrastructures.eu/pub/bscw.cgi/d222816/D3.2b%20Digital%20Library%20Reference%20Model.pdf
  • 32. -aa
  • 33. -aa “Digital libraries are organised collections of digital content made available to the public.“ http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/information_society/strategies/l24226i_en.htm Google (search) ≠ DL
  • 34. And there are many more definitions…* * Such as https://www.ischool.utexas.edu/~i385d/readings/Borgman-1999-What_Are_Digital_Libraries.pdf
  • 35. Let’s summarize the red key phrases we’ve just seen...
  • 36. too textual, vague, abstract Is ? No worries, let’s look at 11 real life examples of digital libraries to improve our understanding
  • 37. too textual, vague, abstract No worries, let’s look at 11 real life examples of digital libraries to improve our understanding Is ? E-lev-en?!! Are you nuts?? Yes, sorry…. I really need some critical mass here, each example will become a ‘datapoint’ for making some trend plots later on (I will keep it brief, you can study them in more detail at home)
  • 38. 4 cultural heritage domains 1. Library: publications Books, magazines, newspapers
  • 39. 4 cultural heritage domains 2. Archive: primary documents (unique & unpublished) Public records, government docs, legal administrations 4. Audio-visual: recordings Films, audio, TV, radio, speeches, plays 1. Library: publications Books, magazines, newspapers 3. Museum: artefacts Paintings, drawings, sculpture, instruments, flora, fauna
  • 40. 4 cultural heritage domains 3. Museum: artefacts Paintings, drawings, sculpture, instruments, flora, fauna 2. Archive: primary documents (unique & unpublished) Public records, government docs, legal administrations 4. Audio-visual: recordings Films, audio, TV, radio, speeches, plays 1. Library: publications Books, magazines, newspapers GLAMs Galleries, Libraries, Archives, Museums = cultural heritage sector
  • 41. I’m going to score each of the 11 DL- examples on 5 criteria 1.Content/UX: What’s in it? (metadata, full-text, visuals, audio etc.) 2.Content domain: Library, archive, museum, AV ? 3.Run by: Public, private, community-run ? 4.Content partners: Which type of partners are providing content? 5.User involvement: To which extent is the public involved in building the DL? Web2.0: Harnessing collective intelligence Wisdom of the crowd
  • 42. 1. KB Catalogue opc4.kb.nl
  • 43. •Focus on raw metadata •No full-texts •No visuals 1. KB Catalogue opc4.kb.nl
  • 44. 1. KB Catalogue opc4.kb.nl Web version of old card catalogue •Content/UX: Raw metadata (no full-texts, no visuals) •Content domain: library (books, newspapers, magazines) •Run by: commercial company (OCLC) •Content partners: Institutional (KB) •User involvement: none; 1-directional institutional broadcasting; “See what KB has” (Web1.0)
  • 45. 2. LibraryThing Librarything.com
  • 46. •Focus on metadata •no full-texts •tiny visuals 2. LibraryThing Librarything.com
  • 47. User generated content 2. LibraryThing Librarything.com
  • 48. 2. LibraryThing Librarything.com Web2.0 library catalogue •Content/UX: Raw metadata-oriented (no full-texts, poor visuals) •Content domain: library (books) •Run by: commercial company (40% Amazon) •Content partners: user community (Web2.0) •User involvement: very strong: “Contribute & share your metadata” (Web2.0)
  • 49. 2. LibraryThing Librarything.com Web2.0 library catalogue •Content/UX: Raw metadata-oriented (no full-texts, poor visuals) •Content domain: library (books) •Run by: commercial company (40% Amazon) •Content partners: user community (Web2.0) •User involvement: very strong: “Contribute & share your metadata” (Web2.0) Further reading •http://carl-acrl.org/ig/carlitn/9.07.2007/LTFL.pdf •http://docs.lib.purdue.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2534&context=atg
  • 50. 3. Delpher Delpher.nl
  • 51. Here’s the metadata 3. Delpher Delpher.nl
  • 52. Focus on visuals, not metadata 3. Delpher Delpher.nl
  • 53. 3. Delpher Delpher.nl The OCR of a newspaper article
  • 54. Focus on OCR, not metadata 3. Delpher Delpher.nl
  • 55. Metadata-based advanced search 3. Delpher Delpher.nl
  • 56. 3. Delpher Delpher.nl Joint effort Multiple institutional content partners delpher.nl/nl/pages/partners
  • 57. 3. Delpher Delpher.nl Full-text historic Dutch publications •Content/UX: Full-text: visuals & OCR, with metadata- based searching •Content domain: library (publications) •Run by: non-commercial institution (KB) •Content partners: Institutional (libraries, archives, newspaper publishers etc.) •User involvement: none; “See what full-text publications we have” (Web1.0) Further reading (historic newspapers only, precursor of Delpher) •http://www.dlib.org/dlib/january08/klijn/01klijn.html •www.ifla.org/files/assets/newspapers/documents/newsletter-no19.pdf (p7)
  • 58. 4. Digital Library for Dutch Literature dbnl.org
  • 59. 4. Digital Library for Dutch Literature dbnl.org Focus on full-text…
  • 60. 4. Digital Library for Dutch Literature dbnl.org … with metadata for searching
  • 61. 4. Digital Library for Dutch Literature dbnl.org Full-text Dutch literature database •Content/UX: Full-text: OCR & PDF (scans), with metadata for search •Content domain: library (literature, publications) •Run by: non-commercial institution (Society of Dutch Literature) •Content partners: none (own SDL-collection) •User involvement: none; “See what we SDL have” (Web1.0) Further reading •van Stipriaan, Rene. "Future proofing Dutch literature-Rene van Stipriaan answers questions about the Digital Library for Dutch Literature, how it was started and why users like it." Research Information 41 (2009): 13.
  • 62. 5. Google Books books.google.com
  • 63. Focus on full-text 5. Google Books books.google.com
  • 64. Joint effort Many big libraries (incl. KB) as content partners 5. Google Books books.google.com
  • 65. 5. Google Books books.google.com World largest e-book store •Content/UX: Full-texts: e-books + e-magazines •Content domain: library (books) •Run by: commercial company (Google) •Content partners: Institutional - big libraries worldwide (eg. KB, Oxford, Stanford, Harvard) •User involvement: weak, users can contribute book reviews (“Web1.1”) Further reading •https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Books_Library_Project •http://liber.library.uu.nl/index.php/lq/article/download/URN%3ANBN%3ANL%3AUI%3A10-1-113624/8371 •http://newsbreaks.infotoday.com/nbreader.asp?ArticleID=16307
  • 66. Google Books n-gram viewer books.google.com/ngrams Cold War Manhattan Project
  • 67. 6. Project Gutenberg gutenberg.org
  • 68. 6. Project Gutenberg gutenberg.org
  • 69. E-books, focus on full-text 6. Project Gutenberg gutenberg.org
  • 70. 6. Project Gutenberg gutenberg.org Free public domain e-books (since 1971!) •Content/UX: Full-text e-books •Content domain: library (books) •Run by: not-for-profit company (foundation, PGLAF) •Content partners: Institutional (publishers) •User involvement: some; users can contribute own books (self.gutenberg.org) + reviews, comments etc. (“Web1.5”) Further reading •http://www.gutenberg.org/wiki/Gutenberg:About •Marie Lebert, Project Gutenberg (1971-2008) - gutenberg.org/ebooks/27045
  • 71. Access ’90s – websites are T.F.O.’s 7. Wikisource wikisource.org
  • 72. Access ’90s – websites are T.F.O.’s 7. Wikisource wikisource.org
  • 73. Access ’90s – websites are T.F.O.’s Focus on full-text 7. Wikisource wikisource.org
  • 74. Access ’90s – websites are T.F.O.’s 7. Wikisource wikisource.org Open full-text library & archive •Content/UX: Rights-free full-texts (novels, non-fiction works, letters, speeches, constitutional and historical documents, laws etc.) •Content domains: library & archive •Run by: User-community, supported by not-for-profit organisation (Wikimedia Foundation) •Content partners: user community (Web2.0) •User involvement: very strong: “Contribute, improve, share & re- use texts” (Web2.0) Web2.0: “Design for remixability"
  • 75. Access ’90s – websites are T.F.O.’s 7. Wikisource wikisource.org Open full-text library & archive •Content/UX: Rights-free full-texts (novels, non-fiction works, letters, speeches, constitutional and historical documents, laws etc.) •Content domains: library & archive •Run by: User-community, supported by not-for-profit organisation (Wikimedia Foundation) •Content partners: user community (Web2.0) •User involvement: very strong: “Contribute, improve, share & re- use texts” (Web2.0) Further reading •https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Wikisource:Community_portal
  • 76. 8.Memory of the Netherlands Geheugenvannederland.nl
  • 77. 8.Memory of the Netherlands Geheugenvannederland.nl
  • 78. Metadata and image get about same amount of attention  “visual catalogue” 8.Memory of the Netherlands Geheugenvannederland.nl
  • 79. Joint effort Hosted by KB 100 content partners 133 collections 8.Memory of the Netherlands Geheugenvannederland.nl
  • 80. Memory of the Netherlands 7.Memory of the Netherlands Geheugenvannederland.nl 8.Memory of the Netherlands Geheugenvannederland.nl Dutch cultural heritage media database •Content/UX: “Visual catalogue” : metadata + low/mid-res images, sounds, videos •Content domains: museum, archive, library, AV •Run by: non-commercial institution (KB) •Content partners: Institutional - 100 Dutch GLAMs •User involvement: none; “See what we GLAMs have” (Web1.0) Further reading •http://www.archimuse.com/publishing/ichim03/073C.pdf
  • 81. 9. Europeana europeana.eu
  • 82. 9. Europeana europeana.eu
  • 83. Metadata and image get about same amount of attention  “visual catalogue” 9. Europeana europeana.eu
  • 84. Joint effort 100s content providers from Europe http://europeana.eu/portal/europeana- providers.html 9. Europeana europeana.eu
  • 85. 9. Europeana europeana.eu European cultural heritage aggregator •Content/UX: “Visual catalogue”: metadata + low/mid-res images (sounds, videos, texts) •Content domains: museum, archive, library, AV •Run by: non-commercial organisation (Europeana Foundation), with voice from content partners •Content partners: Institutional - 100s of European GLAMs •User involvement: none; “See what we have” (Web1.0) Further reading •https://b2i.de/fileadmin/dokumente/BFP_Bestand_2009/Jg_33-Nr_2/Jg_33- Nr_2_Aufsaetze/Jg_33-2009-Nr_2-S_170-180.pdf •https://liber.library.uu.nl/index.php/lq/article/download/URN%3ANBN%3ANL%3AUI%3A10-1- 113558/8239 •http://pro.europeana.eu
  • 86. 10. Flickr The Commons flickr.com/commons
  • 87. Joint effort 10s content providers worldwide 10. Flickr The Commons flickr.com/commons
  • 88. 10. Flickr The Commons flickr.com/commons
  • 89. Focus on visual, page doesn’t feel “metadata-y” 10. Flickr The Commons flickr.com/commons Source of image
  • 90. 10. Flickr The Commons flickr.com/commons
  • 91. Web2.0 “Wisdom of the crowd” Crowd-curation Folksonomy 10. Flickr The Commons flickr.com/commons
  • 92. 10. Flickr The Commons flickr.com/commons Web2.0 “Wisdom of the crowd” Crowd-curation Folksonomy Crowd-curated open photo archive •Content/UX: Rights-free rich visuals: mid/hi-res images, metadata secondary •Content domain: library, archive, museum •Run by: commercial company (Yahoo) •Content partners: Institutional - 10s GLAMs worldwide •User involvement: some; users can contribute comments, tags etc., but no photos (“Web1.5”) Further reading •http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/flickr_report_final.pdf •http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/19/technology/internet/19link.html?_r=1&partner=permalink&exprod=permalink •Vaughan, J. (2010). Insights into the Commons on Flickr. portal: Libraries and the Academy, 10(2), 185-214. http://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/lib_articles/123
  • 93. 11. Rijksmuseum rijksmuseum.nl 200,000 rights-free ultra hi-res images
  • 94. Focus on hi-res images Metadata “almost invisible” 11. Rijksmuseum rijksmuseum.nl
  • 95. 200,000 rights free images re-usable for everbody, everywhere 11. Rijksmuseum rijksmuseum.nl
  • 96. Rijksstudio Pinterest meets RM- collection 11.a Rijksstudio rijksmuseum.nl/en/rijksstudio
  • 97. 11.a Rijksstudio rijksmuseum.nl/en/rijksstudio Dolls houses
  • 98. Crowd-curation discovering cross-collection themes 11.a Rijksstudio rijksmuseum.nl/en/rijksstudio
  • 99. Crowd-curation: discovering cross- collection themes 11. Rijksstudio rijksmuseum.nl/en/rijksstudio Free hi-res artworks photo database •Content/UX: Rights-free ultra hi-res images, metadata “under the hood” •Content domain: museum •Run by: non-commercial institution (Rijksmuseum) •Content partners: none, own RM-collection •User involvement: some, via Rijksstudio: users can create Pinterest-like boards, incl. user-curation (“Web1.5”) Further reading •http://mw2013.museumsandtheweb.com/paper/rijksstudio-make-your-own- masterpiece/
  • 100. OK, so far for the 11 DL-examples…. I did not choose them randomly… Let’s use their properties as input for some plots…
  • 101. BREAK
  • 102. 1.Content/Presentation/UX What does the DL look & feel like?
  • 103. Metadata-oriented Classic catalogues No images Raw metadata in your face Visually oriented (hi-res) Images in your face Metadata “under the hood” “Dressed up catalogues” Mix of metadata and visual “all about full-texts” 1.Content/Presentation/UX What does the DL look & feel like?
  • 104. KB Catalogue Metadata-oriented Classic catalogues No images Raw metadata in your face “Dressed up catalogues” Mix of metadata and visual “all about full-texts” Visually oriented (hi-res) Images in your face Metadata “under the hood”
  • 105. Metadata-oriented Classic catalogues No images Raw metadata in your face “Dressed up catalogues” Mix of metadata and visual “all about full-texts” Visually oriented (hi-res) Images in your face Metadata “under the hood” KB Catalogue
  • 106. Metadata-oriented Classic catalogues No images Raw metadata in your face “Dressed up catalogues” Mix of metadata and visual “all about full-texts” Visually oriented (hi-res) Images in your face Metadata “under the hood” KB Catalogue Flickr The Commons
  • 107. “Dressed up catalogues” Mix of metadata and visual “all about full-texts” Metadata-oriented Classic catalogues No images Raw metadata in your face Visually oriented (hi-res) Images in your face Metadata “under the hood” KB Catalogue Flickr The Commons
  • 108. Flickr The Commons “Dressed up catalogues” Mix of metadata and visual “all about full-texts” Metadata-oriented Classic catalogues No images Raw metadata in your face Visually oriented (hi-res) Images in your face Metadata “under the hood” KB Catalogue Rijksmuseum/studio
  • 109. KB Catalogue Rijksmuseum/studio “Dressed up catalogues” Mix of metadata and visual “all about full-texts” Metadata-oriented Classic catalogues No images Raw metadata in your face Visually oriented (hi-res) Images in your face Metadata “under the hood” Flickr The Commons
  • 110. KB Catalogue Rijksmuseum/studio “Dressed up catalogues” Mix of metadata and visual “all about full-texts” Metadata-oriented Classic catalogues No images Raw metadata in your face Visually oriented (hi-res) Images in your face Metadata “under the hood” Flickr The Commons Europeana
  • 111. KB Catalogue Rijksmuseum/studio “Dressed up catalogues” Mix of metadata and visual “all about full-texts” Metadata-oriented Classic catalogues No images Raw metadata in your face Visually oriented (hi-res) Images in your face Metadata “under the hood” Flickr The Commons Europeana
  • 112. KB Catalogue Rijksmuseum/studio “Dressed up catalogues” Mix of metadata and visual “all about full-texts” Metadata-oriented Classic catalogues No images Raw metadata in your face Visually oriented (hi-res) Images in your face Metadata “under the hood” Flickr The Commons Europeana Digital Library for Dutch Literature
  • 113. KB Catalogue Rijksmuseum/studio “Dressed up catalogues” Mix of metadata and visual “all about full-texts” Metadata-oriented Classic catalogues No images Raw metadata in your face Visually oriented (hi-res) Images in your face Metadata “under the hood” Flickr The Commons Europeana Digital Library for Dutch Literature
  • 114. KB Catalogue Digital Library for Dutch Literature LibraryThing Europeana Rijksmuseum/studio “Dressed up catalogues” Mix of metadata and visual “all about full-texts” Metadata-oriented Classic catalogues No images Raw metadata in your face Visually oriented (hi-res) Images in your face Metadata “under the hood” Flickr The Commons
  • 115. KB Catalogue Digital Library for Dutch Literature LibraryThing Europeana Rijksmuseum/studio “Dressed up catalogues” Mix of metadata and visual “all about full-texts” Metadata-oriented Classic catalogues No images Raw metadata in your face Visually oriented (hi-res) Images in your face Metadata “under the hood” Flickr The Commons Memory of the Netherlands
  • 116. KB Catalogue Digital Library for Dutch Literature LibraryThing Europeana Rijksmuseum/studio “Dressed up catalogues” Mix of metadata and visual “all about full-texts” Metadata-oriented Classic catalogues No images Raw metadata in your face Visually oriented (hi-res) Images in your face Metadata “under the hood” Flickr The Commons Memory of the Netherlands Delpher
  • 117. KB Catalogue Digital Library for Dutch Literature LibraryThing Europeana Memory of the Netherlands Rijksmuseum/studio “Dressed up catalogues” Mix of metadata and visual “all about full-texts” Metadata-oriented Classic catalogues No images Raw metadata in your face Google books Project Gutenberg Wikisource Visually oriented (hi-res) Images in your face Metadata “under the hood” Flickr The Commons Delpher
  • 118. 2. Domain of content Which CH-domain(s) contribute to the DL?
  • 119. 2. Domain of content Which CH-domain(s) contribute to the DL? Archives documents Cross-domain Content from libraries, museums and archives Libraries publications Museums artefacts
  • 120. Libraries publications Museums artefacts Archives documents Cross-domain Content from libraries, museums and archives Rijksmuseum/studio
  • 121. KB Catalogue LibraryThing Google books Digital Library for Dutch Literature Project Gutenberg Libraries publications Museums artefacts Archives documents Cross-domain Content from libraries, museums and archives Rijksmuseum/studio Delpher
  • 122. KB Catalogue LibraryThing Google books Digital Library for Dutch Literature Project Gutenberg Wikisource Libraries publications Museums artefacts Archives documents Cross-domain Content from libraries, museums and archives Rijksmuseum/studio Delpher
  • 123. KB Catalogue LibraryThing Europeana Memory of the Netherlands Flickr The Commons Google books Digital Library for Dutch Literature Project Gutenberg Wikisource Libraries publications Museums artefacts Archives documents Cross-domain Content from libraries, museums and archives Rijksmuseum/studio Delpher
  • 124. 3. Geo scope What’s the geographical scope of the DL content?
  • 125. International National Dutch 3. Geo scope What’s the geographical scope of the DL content? Continental European Local/regional
  • 126. Memory of the Netherlands Rijksstudio Digital Library for Dutch Literature International Local/regional National Dutch Continental European Delpher
  • 127. Europeana Memory of the Netherlands Rijksstudio Digital Library for Dutch Literature International Local/regional National Dutch Continental European Delpher
  • 128. LibraryThing Europeana Flickr The Commons Google books Project Gutenberg Wikisource International Local/regional National Dutch Continental European Memory of the Netherlands Rijksstudio Digital Library for Dutch Literature Delpher
  • 129. 4. Collaboration between content partners Who provides content & value for our DL?
  • 130. User content “We are nothing without contributions from our users” Institutional content “We do it ourself, we show off our own content” (no partner content, no user generated content) 4. Collaboration between content partners Who provides content & value for our DL? Partner content “We add value by collaboration, we need & show content from our institutional partners” Web2.0: “Users add value”
  • 131. KB Catalogue Rijksmuseum/studio User content “We are nothing without contributions from our users” Institutional content “We do it ourself, we show off our own content” (no partner content, no user generated content) Digital Library for Dutch Literature Partner content “We add value by collaboration, we need & show content from our institutional partners”
  • 132. KB Catalogue Europeana Memory of the Netherlands Rijksmuseum/studio User content “We are nothing without contributions from our users” Institutional content “We do it ourself, we show off our own content” (no partner content, no user generated content) Digital Library for Dutch Literature Partner content “We add value by collaboration, we need & show content from our institutional partners” Delpher
  • 133. KB Catalogue LibraryThing Europeana Memory of the Netherlands Wikisource Rijksmuseum/studio User content “We are nothing without contributions from our users” Institutional content “We do it ourself, we show off our own content” (no partner content, no user generated content) Digital Library for Dutch Literature Partner content “We add value by collaboration, we need & show content from our institutional partners” Delpher
  • 134. KB Catalogue LibraryThing Europeana Memory of the Netherlands Wikisource Flickr The Commons Rijksmuseum/studio User content “We are nothing without contributions from our users” Institutional content “We do it ourself, we show off our own content” (no partner content, no user generated content) Project Gutenberg Digital Library for Dutch Literature Google books Partner content “We add value by collaboration, we need & show content from our institutional partners” Delpher
  • 135. 5. Control Who decides how the DL develops?
  • 136. Institution(s) in control and (very) nervous about user contributions 5. Control Who decides how the DL develops? User-controlled The community is in control, no need for institutions Web2.0: “Radical trust” Users can contribute, we trust them, but institution/company keeps control
  • 137. Users can contribute, we trust them, but institution/company keeps control KB Catalogue Europeana Digital Library for Dutch Literature Memory of the Netherlands Delpher User-controlled The community is in control, no need for institutions Institution(s) in control and (very) nervous about user contributions
  • 138. Users can contribute, we trust them, but institution/company keeps control KB Catalogue Wikisource Europeana Digital Library for Dutch Literature Memory of the Netherlands User-controlled The community is in control, no need for institutions Institution(s) in control and (very) nervous about user contributions Delpher
  • 139. Users can contribute, we trust them, but institution/company keeps control KB Catalogue Wikisource Europeana Digital Library for Dutch Literature Memory of the Netherlands Flickr The Commons LibraryThing User-controlled The community is in control, no need for institutions Rijksmuseum/studio Institution(s) in control and (very) nervous about user contributions Project Gutenberg Google books Delpher
  • 140. 6. Openness Can users retain, reuse, revise, remix, redistribute the DL content?
  • 141. Web2.0: “Some rights reserved” Closed © You can only use our content for personal use or non-commercial research purposes Fully open You can do anything you like with our content, no conditions apply Part closed, part open Part of content is public domain, other part is © Creative Commons You can remix and share under certain conditions 6. Openness Can users retain, reuse, revise, remix, redistribute the DL content?
  • 142. Web2.0: “Some rights reserved” Closed © You can only use our content for personal use or non-commercial research purposes Fully open You can do anything you like with our content, no conditions apply Part closed, part open Part of content is public domain, other part is © Creative Commons You can remix and share under certain conditions Further reading •“The 5 Rs” - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_content •Open culture - http://www.ciac.ca/en/open-culture-definition-en 6. Openness Can users retain, reuse, revise, remix, redistribute the DL content?
  • 143. KB Catalogue Closed © You can only use our content for personal use or non-commercial research purposes Fully open You can do anything you like with our content, no conditions apply Part closed, part open Part of content is public domain, other part is © Creative Commons You can remix and share under certain conditions
  • 144. KB Catalogue Rijksmuseum/studio Closed © You can only use our content for personal use or non-commercial research purposes Fully open You can do anything you like with our content, no conditions apply Part closed, part open Part of content is public domain, other part is © Creative Commons You can remix and share under certain conditions
  • 145. Flickr The Commons Europeana (metadata) Project Gutenberg KB Catalogue Rijksmuseum/studio Closed © You can only use our content for personal use or non-commercial research purposes Fully open You can do anything you like with our content, no conditions apply Part closed, part open Part of content is public domain, other part is © Creative Commons You can remix and share under certain conditions
  • 146. Flickr The Commons Memory of the Netherlands Europeana (metadata) Project Gutenberg KB Catalogue Digital Library for Dutch Literature Rijksmuseum/studio Closed © You can only use our content for personal use or non-commercial research purposes Fully open You can do anything you like with our content, no conditions apply Google books Part closed, part open Part of content is public domain, other part is © Creative Commons You can remix and share under certain conditions Delpher
  • 147. Flickr The Commons Memory of the Netherlands Wikisource (CC-BY-SA) Europeana (metadata) Project Gutenberg KB Catalogue Rijksmuseum/studio Closed © You can only use our content for personal use or non-commercial research purposes Fully open You can do anything you like with our content, no conditions apply Part closed, part open Part of content is public domain, other part is © Creative Commons You can remix and share under certain conditions Google books Delpher Digital Library for Dutch Literature
  • 148. These plots represent some trends in DL-development Past  Present 1.0  2.0 “Not”  “Hot”
  • 149. CONCEPT PAST PRESENT Content – Presentation - UX Metadata in your face - “Raw” library catalogue - No / low-res images Objects in your face - Full-texts & OCR - Hi-res images - Metadata “under the hood” Collaboration between institutions Single institution Institutions do it themselves, no partners Multiple institutions Institutions realize they stand stronger with partners Collaboration between domains Single domain Institutions collaborate within own domain Single & cross-domain Institutions also collaborate outside own domain, are aware of added value cross- domain approach can bring Geo-scope of DL Local Scope is local (regional, national), unaware of bigger world ‘Global village’ Local initiatives & services are aware of the bigger world, and their roles within it User contribution Institutions add content & value - 1-directional institutional broadcasting - Users are passive consumers Users also add content & value - Users are creators - Harnassing collective intellligence, crowd-curation, folksonomy Control Institution(s) in control The wishes of our users are scary and complex, we know what’s best for them User voice heard Our users are our co-developers, they give us valuable input how we should develop our DL. P2P communication Openness of content (reuse, revise, remix, redistribute) Closed - You can use our content yourself, but you can’t build upon it - © , All rights reserved Open - We propagate sharing & remixing our content, as far as legitimate rightholders are not harmed - Creative Commons 1.0 1.0 1.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
  • 150. OK, now we have at least some understanding of basic concepts and trends in DLs…
  • 151. In terms of we’ve just looked at…
  • 152. Let’s now look at 3 less directly visible ingredients of DLs
  • 153. strategy
  • 154. What I’m trying to say here: Digital libraries don’t just run by themselves. It takes organisation, management & strategy to build them, keep ‘m running and make ‘m grow….
  • 155. Let’s take a look at (only) two trends in these fields…
  • 156. Trend 1. Content & brand distribution ↓ Less “Come to daddy” ↑ More “Dressing up as pandas”
  • 157. http://communist812.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/come-to-daddy-2.jpg Most GLAMs want people to visit their little, geeky, not-so-sexy DL-sites, to consume their DL-content, services & brand
  • 158. http://communist812.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/come-to-daddy-2.jpg Most GLAMs want people to visit their little, geeky, not-so-sexy DL-sites, to consume their DL-content, services & brand They have to make an awful lot of noise (=institutional marketing) to make people like their little boutique On the modern web (nearly all) DL-sites are niche market “boutiques” with relatively local or specialized audiences … but honestly, often they’re just too small for that..
  • 159. http://communist812.files.wordpress.com/2011/02/come-to-daddy-2.jpg We (ie. GLAMs) expect people to take the trouble to leave their trusted online hang-outs to visit our little, geeky, not-so-sexy DL-site, to consume our DL-content & brand We have to make an awful lot of noise (=institutional marketing) to try to make people like our little, geeky, not-so-sexy DL-site & brand http://www.collaboration-incontext.com/2006/12/enterprise_20_t.html Web2.0: “The long tail”
  • 160. At the same time, GLAMs know the big, cool, popular platforms & communities normal people use in their daily lives Mass markets “Department stores” with global audiences (head of long tail)
  • 161. At the same time, GLAMs know the big, cool, popular platforms & communities normal people use in their daily lives Because they realize most normal people won’t take the trouble to come to their little, geeky, not-so-sexy DL-site, Most people go to dept. stores instead of boutiques
  • 162. At the same time, GLAMs know the big, cool, popular platforms & communities normal people use in their daily lives Because they realize most normal people won’t take the trouble to come to their little, geeky, not-so-sexy DL-site, they have to find a …
  • 163. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1336070/Why-Chinese- scientists-dressing-Panda-suits-fool-bear-cubs.html At the same time, GLAMs know the big, cool, popular platforms & communities normal people use in their daily lives Because they realize most normal people won’t take the trouble to come to their little, geeky, not-so-sexy DL-site, they have to find a … Cunning trick! They “dress up as pandas” to seamlessly fit into the existing platforms, communities and workflows, so they can more easily distribute their niche DL-content, services & brand to global audiences They set up in-store boutiques!
  • 164. Some dressing up styles of GLAMs
  • 165. 1.Search engine optimisation (dressing up to be liked by Google) •Collaboration with Wikipedia (dressing up to be liked by curious people) •Social content sharing (Flickr, Pinterest..) (dressing up to be visually liked) •Ego networks (Facebook, Twitter ..) (dressing up to be seen & gossiped about) •Offering APIs (dressing up to be liked by businesses & developers) Some dressing up styles of GLAMs http://fc01.deviantart.net/fs71/i/2013/118/2/4/google_in_a_dress_by_wingsade-d63g1ce.png Further reading •What is SEO? - http://searchengineland.com/guide/what-is-seo •What’s the problem? - http://jpwilkin.blogspot.nl/2011/01/our-hidden-digital-libraries-july-27.html •SEO and metadata - http://eprints.rclis.org/13518/1/AD_Google.doc.pdf •Best paractices - http://www.libsuccess.org/Search_Engine_Optimization_%28SEO%29
  • 166. 1.Search engine optimisation (dressing up to be liked by Google) 2.Collaboration with Wikipedia (dressing up to be liked by curious people) •Social content sharing (Flickr, Pinterest..) (dressing up to be visually liked) •Ego networks (Facebook, Twitter ..) (dressing up to be seen & gossiped about) •Offering APIs (dressing up to be liked by businesses & developers) Some dressing up styles of GLAMs http://partnersinexcellenceblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/curious.jpg
  • 167. Research on the use of Wikipedia in the Netherlands 2013 http://nl.wikimedia.org/wiki/Bestand:Z1676_Vereniging_Wikimedia_Nederland_rp03.pdf
  • 168. Research on the use of Wikipedia in the Netherlands 2013 http://nl.wikimedia.org/wiki/Bestand:Z1676_Vereniging_Wikimedia_Nederland_rp03.pdf “Which source do you use most for finding factual information?” •82% Google •52% Wikipedia •??% books & libraries
  • 169. Research on the use of Wikipedia in the Netherlands 2013 http://nl.wikimedia.org/wiki/Bestand:Z1676_Vereniging_Wikimedia_Nederland_rp03.pdf “Which source do you use most for finding factual information?” •82% Google •52% Wikipedia • 1% books & libraries
  • 170. 70% of Dutch people use Wikipedia More than 35% use it weekly
  • 171. (Digital) libraries can reach big audiences by exposing their materials on Wikipedia  KB manuscripts case study
  • 172. Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts manuscripts.kb.nl This site contains 11.141 images, such as...
  • 173. Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts manuscripts.kb.nl This baker image
  • 174. Wikipedia in German It is used on many Wikipedias
  • 175. Wikipedia in French
  • 176. Wikipedia in Bavarian
  • 177. Wikipedia in Hungarian
  • 178. Wikipedia in Russian
  • 179. Wikipedia in Chinese
  • 180. Wikipedia in Korean
  • 181. This baker image is not the only image from KB that is used on Wikipedia. In total KB offers 2650 images for Wikipedia https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Koninklijke_Bibliotheek
  • 182. Using Wikipedia, these images are seen all over the world http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:CountryWorldMap_LangaugeVersionsWikipediaContainingKBImages_30092013.png#file This maps shows the countries (red) in which Wikipedia articles containing images related to the National library of the Netherlands (KB) have been consulted (dd 30-9-2013)
  • 183. Some statistics on the KB manuscripts (*) As said, this site contains 11.141 images *http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:GLAM/Koninklijke_Bibliotheek_en_Nationaal_Archief/Resultaten/KPIs/KPI8/CasestudyKBManuscripten#Impact_Wikipedia_:_casestudy_KB-manuscripten (in Dutch) On this KB-site, these 11.141 images are requested 11K times per month (1 req per img)
  • 184. https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Manuscripts_from_Koninklijke_Bibliotheek Of these 11.141 images, (only) 163 are used in Wikipedia articles On Wikipedia, these 163 images are requested 779K times per month (4777 req per img) Some statistics on the KB manuscripts (*) BANG!!
  • 185. 1.Search engine optimisation (dressing up to be liked by Google) 2.Collaboration with Wikipedia (dressing up to be liked by curious people) 3.Social content sharing (Flickr, Pinterest..) (dressing up to be visually liked) •Ego networks (Facebook, Twitter ..) (dressing up to be seen & gossiped about) •Offering APIs (dressing up to be liked by businesses & developers) Some dressing up styles of GLAMS http://tweakers.net/ext/f/ABh9LXs58VV9cBY3VnMBvbLf/full.jpg
  • 186. http://www.pinterest.com/britishlibrary
  • 187. http://www.pinterest.com/uscdiglib
  • 188. http://www.pinterest.com/uscdiglib http://www.flickr.com/photos/koninklijkebibliotheek/sets/
  • 189. 1.Search engine optimisation (dressing up to be liked by Google) 2.Collaboration with Wikipedia (dressing up to be liked by curious people) 3.Social content sharing (Flickr, Pinterest..) (dressing up to be visually liked) 4.Ego networks (Facebook, Twitter ..) (dressing up to be seen, gossiped and liked) •Offering APIs (dressing up to be liked by businesses & developers) Some dressing up styles of GLAMS http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-fGneNjF84zM/TZTAzh8wd6I/AAAAAAAAGCc/jWh3C5gk6LI/s1600/gossip1.jpg
  • 190. Screenshot of feed of @ookgezellig 18-11-2014@15:14 “seamlessly fit into people’s exisiting workflows”
  • 191. Mouth-to-mouth gossip about Delpher.nl
  • 192. Mouth-to-mouth gossip about Delpher.nl
  • 193. 1.Search engine optimisation (dressing up to be liked by Google) 2.Collaboration with Wikipedia (dressing up to be liked by curious people) 3.Social content sharing (Flickr, Pinterest..) (dressing up to be visually liked) 4.Ego networks (Facebook, Twitter ..) (dressing up to be seen & gossiped about) 5.Offering APIs (dressing up to be liked by businesses & developers) Some dressing up styles of GLAMS http://media.edge-online.com/wp-content/uploads/edgeonline/2012/10/journodevswap.jpg My DACH 2015 lecture
  • 194. Trend 2. Digital library funding
  • 195. Trend 2. Digital library funding Less Public More Private & social - Public-private partnerships - Sponsoring - Crowdfunding
  • 196. Trend 2. Digital library funding Less Public More Private & social 1. Public-private partnerships 2. Sponsoring 3. Crowdfunding
  • 197. 1. Public-private partnerships http://kb.nl/en/news/news-archive-2010/koninklijke-bibliotheek-and-google- sign-book-digitisation-agreement http://kb.nl/en/news/news-archive-2011/digitisation-by-proquest-of-early- printed-books-in-kb-collection
  • 198. Astrid Verheusen,The Library - Digitisation, 30 October 2014, slide 26 Beer card: http://assets.catawiki.nl/assets/2012/5/11/4/7/d/47d64100-7dc7-012f-8f22-005056960006.jpg 1. Public-private partnerships
  • 199. Astrid Verheusen,The Library - Digitisation, 30 October 2014, slide 26 Beer card: http://assets.catawiki.nl/assets/2012/5/11/4/7/d/47d64100-7dc7-012f-8f22-005056960006.jpg 1. Public-private partnerships Deals with Google and Proquest are worth 63M€
  • 200. 2. (Corporate) Sponsoring Rijksmuseum
  • 201. 2. (Corporate) Sponsoring Rijksmuseum Annual Report 2012, p 98
  • 202. 2. (Corporate) Sponsoring http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/about/sponsors.html
  • 203. http://artdaily.com/index.asp?int_sec=2&int_new=54147#.Uo4SGZyrF8E 2. (Corporate) Sponsoring
  • 204. http://artdaily.com/index.asp?int_sec=2&int_new=54147#.Uo4SGZyrF8E http://mediahistoryproject.org/sponsorship 2. (Corporate) Sponsoring
  • 205. 3. Crowdfunding “Cooperation of normal people who pool their money together to support efforts initiated by others” http://blog.flattr.net/2012/04/project- gutenberg-taps-into-crowdfunding/ https://flattr.com/thing/509045
  • 206. http://blog.flattr.net/2012/04/project- gutenberg-taps-into-crowdfunding/ 3. Crowdfunding “Cooperation of normal people who pool their money together to support efforts initiated by others” https://flattr.com/thing/449169/Internet-Archive-Blogs
  • 207. http://blog.flattr.net/2012/04/project- gutenberg-taps-into-crowdfunding/ 3. Crowdfunding “Cooperation of normal people who pool their money together to support efforts initiated by others” kickstarter.com/projects/1692978335/library-for-all-a-digital-library-for-the-developi
  • 208. OK, that was about it… .. but please let me do update the trends table for you!
  • 209. CONCEPT PAST PRESENT Geo-scope of DL Local Scope is local (regional, national), unaware of bigger world ‘Global village’ Local initiatives & services are aware of the bigger world, and their roles within it User contribution Institutions add content & value - 1-directional institutional broadcasting - Users are passive consumers Users also add content & value - Users are creators - Harnassing collective intellligence, crowd-curation, folksonomy Control Institution(s) in control The wishes of our users are scary and complex, we know what’s best for them User voice heard Our users are our co-developers, they give us valuable input how we should develop our DL. P2P communication Openness of content (reuse, revise, remix, redistribute) Closed - You can use our content yourself, but you can’t build upon it - © , All rights reserved Open - We propagate sharing & remixing our content, as far as legitimate rightholders are not harmed - Creative Commons Content distribution Come to daddy - People need to visit our website - Only niche-markets are reached Dressing up as pandas - DL-content/services/brand embedded in user’s daily workflows - Niche and global audiences are reached Funding of DLs - Public - Mix of public, public-private, (corporate) sponsors, crowdfunding 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0
  • 210. THANKS! olaf.janssen@kb.nl @ookgezellig slideshare.net/OlafJanssenNL

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