<ul><li>How to prepare a  European Digital Library </li></ul><ul><li>Olaf D. Janssen </li></ul><ul><li>The European Librar...
<ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How d...
<ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How d...
Europe  – relevant institutions <ul><li>European Union  (EU) - Founded 1992 - 27 members states - Major project funder Mor...
National libraries <ul><li>By law 1 per country (Russia & Italy 2) </li></ul><ul><li>Roles:   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>D epo ...
National libraries in Europe <ul><li>National library    e.g. British Library </li></ul><ul><li>47 official national libr...
More info:  www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/libraries 1. National libraries in Europe
Commercial break
A new  exhibition
Architecture of  Europe’s  National Libraries
Is now live !!!
 
 
 
 
 
www.TheEuropeanLibrary.org/exhibition This commercial break was sponsored by  TheEuropeanLibrary.org
<ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How d...
<ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How d...
  TheEuropeanLibrary.org = - service of all 47 European national libraries  - to provide access to their   - catalogues & ...
www.TheEuropeanLibrary.org
Background <ul><li>Origin in 2001: 2.5y  feasibility study  funded by EU  </li></ul><ul><li>Intended to create  operationa...
Vision <ul><li>“ Provision of equal access to promote world-wide understanding of the richness and diversity of European l...
<ul><li>Members of The European Library  –  year by year </li></ul><ul><li>2005 :  Netherlands, Switzerland, UK, Finland, ...
What’s good about The European Library <ul><li>For end-users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have  integrated access  (1-stop-shop) ...
<ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How d...
  www.theeuropeanlibrary.org  2.2 Demo – searching in The European Library
  Homepage in English
  Homepage in Icelandic … . or 23 other languages
  1. Basic search   2.2 Demo – searching in The European Library
  Movie from Hungary about Vietnam
  Photo from Austria about Vietnam
  2. Themed search   Theme = religion 2.2 Demo – searching in The European Library
  Photo from The Netherlands about religion in Hanoi
  3. Search all collections from Estonia   (in Estonian interface) 2.2 Demo – searching in The European Library
  End of demo 2.2 Demo – searching in The European Library
<ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How d...
<ul><li>2.3 How does it  work? </li></ul><ul><li>Common standards </li></ul>2. The European Library A. Access protocols B....
<ul><li>2.3 How does it  work? </li></ul><ul><li>Common standards </li></ul>2. The European Library A. Access protocols B....
<ul><li>The European Library =  hybrid  portal = federated search tool </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overall goal of The European ...
Techniques / protocols used (1) <ul><li>1)  OAI-PMH  ( O pen  A rchives  I nitiative  P rotocol for  M etadata  H arvestin...
<ul><li>2)  SRU  ( S earch  R etrieve via  U rl) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SRU enabled collections are queried on-the-fly usin...
<ul><ul><li>4)  OpenURL     for linking to external webservices </li></ul></ul>Techniques / protocols used (4) 2.2.A  Acce...
<ul><li>5)   AJAX </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows for browser page to be updated without reloading the page </li></ul></ul><u...
<ul><li>2.3 How does it  work? </li></ul><ul><li>Common standards </li></ul>2. The European Library A. Access protocols B....
All 170M records in The European Library are in same metadata format!! Metadata     TEL Application Profile -- for Object...
Dublin Core
More info about metadata The European Library Handbook    www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/handbook 2.2.B  Metadata in The Euro...
<ul><li>2.3 How does it  work? </li></ul><ul><li>Common standards </li></ul>2. The European Library A. Access protocols B....
All 310 collection descriptions in The European Library are in same format!!   Collection descriptions     TEL Applicatio...
Collection description from Iceland
More info about collection descriptions The European Library Handbook    www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/handbook 2.2.C  Colle...
<ul><li>2.3 How does it  work? </li></ul><ul><li>Common standards </li></ul>2. The European Library A. Access protocols B....
<ul><li>Multi-lingual access </li></ul><ul><li>Portal interface in 24 languages :  done! </li></ul><ul><li>Collection desc...
Portal interface   in 24 languages  English 2.2.D  Multi-lingual access in The European Library
Portal interface   in 24 languages  Danish 2.2.D  Multi-lingual access in The European Library
Portal interface   in 24 languages  Greek 2.2.D  Multi-lingual access in The European Library
Collection descriptions   in 24 languages  English 2.2.D  Multi-lingual access in The European Library
Collection descriptions   in 24 languages  Maltese 2.2.D  Multi-lingual access in The European Library
<ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How d...
<ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How d...
<ul><ul><li>European  Digital  Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-  yet to be built   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- pan-Eu...
<ul><li>December 2004 : Google announces its Google Print initiative (digitse 4 major US libraries + Oxford UK) </li></ul>...
EU 2005  “ Creation of a  European  Digital  Library  is a strategic priority “ EU 2006  “ The European Library   is a goo...
To go from  here 3.1 Introduction to the European Digital Library
 
To here 3.1 Introduction to the European Digital Library
 
The European Library  is a good starting point for a  European  Digital  Library Why?   3.1 Introduction to the European D...
<ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How d...
<ul><li>Why?   </li></ul><ul><li>The European Library already has already created </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operational  techn...
<ul><ul><li>BUT… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A successful  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European  Digital  Library  </li></ul...
<ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How d...
<ul><ul><li>Weakness 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The European Library is about </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ACCESS </li></u...
<ul><ul><li>Mass-digitisation  of as many materials as possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long-time  digital preservation...
<ul><li>Solution   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>national programmes  +   Europe-wide network of competence centres  </li></ul></u...
<ul><ul><li>Weakness 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The European Library is about </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FEDERATED SEARC...
<ul><li>Federated searching (Z39.50, SRU)    sub-optimum user experience </li></ul><ul><li>Central database (OAI-PMH)   ...
Solution   Large-scale implementation of  OAI-PMH 3.3 Weaknesses of TEL
OAI - 2006 OAI - 2006 60% 20% 20%
OAI - 2007 40% 26% 34%
<ul><ul><li>Weakness 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The European Library is about </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MULTI-LINGUAL A...
<ul><li>1.  TEL has multi-lingual  access </li></ul><ul><li>portal interface in 24 languages    collection descriptions i...
No solution   True multi-lingual  search & retrieval  is still distant  3.3 Weaknesses of TEL
<ul><ul><li>Weakness 4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The European Library is about </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LIBRARIES ONLY ...
For a successful European Digital Library  you need  1. Collaboration  between libraries, museums and archives …  to agree...
<ul><li>Solution   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EDLnet  </li></ul></ul>3.3 Weaknesses of TEL
<ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How d...
EDLnet ≠  The European Library EDLnet  ≠   The European  Digital  Library EDLnet ≠  Operational service EDLnet ≠  Content ...
EDLnet =   Feasibility study   concertation exercise, consensus building, proof-of-concept  , prototypes to build The Euro...
<ul><li>EDLnet - Cross-domain cooperative network </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Coalition of the willing’  - 84 partners </li></ul><...
EDLnet - Fields of work I 1) Building a large trusted & committed cross-domain community   - of archivists, librarians and...
EDLnet - Fields of work II   3) Building a fully working prototype (‘maquette’)   -  multilingual access to  - collections...
European Digital Library <ul><li>Interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>is key!   </li></ul>
Summary <ul><li>Common and open standards for access and interoperability are essential for a European Digital Library </l...
<ul><li>Find out more on </li></ul><ul><li>EDLnet website  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.digitallibrary.eu </li></ul></ul><ul>...
www.TheEuropeanLibrary.org www.digitallibrary.eu Questions?    olaf.janssen@kb.nl
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How to prepare a European Digital Library. Olaf Janssen speaking during the 2007 International Conference on Asian Digital Libraries (ICADL), December 2007, Hanoi, Vietnam

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How to prepare a European Digital Library. Olaf Janssen speaking during the 2007 International Conference on Asian Digital Libraries (ICADL), December 2007, Hanoi, Vietnam

  1. 1. <ul><li>How to prepare a European Digital Library </li></ul><ul><li>Olaf D. Janssen </li></ul><ul><li>The European Library Office </li></ul><ul><li>The Hague, The Netherlands </li></ul>ICADL Dec 2007
  2. 2. <ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>3. TEL as basis for European Digital Library (EDL) 3.1 Introduction to EDL 3.2 Strenghts of TEL 3.3 Weaknesses of TEL </li></ul><ul><li>4. From TEL to EDL – recent developments </li></ul>Structure of presentation
  3. 3. <ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>3. TEL as basis for European Digital Library (EDL) 3.1 Introduction to EDL 3.2 Strenghts of TEL 3.3 Weaknesses of TEL </li></ul><ul><li>4. From TEL to EDL – recent developments </li></ul>Structure of presentation
  4. 4. Europe – relevant institutions <ul><li>European Union (EU) - Founded 1992 - 27 members states - Major project funder More  www.eu.int </li></ul><ul><li>Council of Europe (CoE) - Founded 1949 - 47 member states, 800M people - Aim: to achieve a greater unity between its members. More  www.coe.int </li></ul>1. National libraries in Europe
  5. 5. National libraries <ul><li>By law 1 per country (Russia & Italy 2) </li></ul><ul><li>Roles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>D epo sit library ( national bibliogra phy) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes also university library (eg FI, SI) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Preserving , managing & opening nation a l cultur al heritage (documents) </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting & supporting national & international co-operation </li></ul><ul><li>Research & development ( national & international) </li></ul>1. National libraries in Europe
  6. 6. National libraries in Europe <ul><li>National library  e.g. British Library </li></ul><ul><li>47 official national libraries – 45 countries (Council of Europe) </li></ul><ul><li>20y collaboration, consensus & trust Since 1987, since 1995 online </li></ul><ul><li>Latest collaborative project is The European Library </li></ul>1. National libraries in Europe
  7. 7. More info: www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/libraries 1. National libraries in Europe
  8. 8. Commercial break
  9. 9. A new exhibition
  10. 10. Architecture of Europe’s National Libraries
  11. 11. Is now live !!!
  12. 17. www.TheEuropeanLibrary.org/exhibition This commercial break was sponsored by TheEuropeanLibrary.org
  13. 18. <ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>3. TEL as basis for European Digital Library (EDL) 3.1 Introduction to EDL 3.2 Strenghts of TEL 3.3 Weaknesses of TEL </li></ul><ul><li>4. From TEL to EDL – recent developments </li></ul><ul><li>5. Future plans </li></ul>Structure of presentation
  14. 19. <ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>3. TEL as basis for European Digital Library (EDL) 3.1 Introduction to EDL 3.2 Strenghts of TEL 3.3 Weaknesses of TEL </li></ul><ul><li>4. From TEL to EDL – recent developments </li></ul><ul><li>5. Future plans </li></ul>Structure of presentation
  15. 20. TheEuropeanLibrary.org = - service of all 47 European national libraries - to provide access to their - catalogues & digital collections - via 1 central multi-lingual web interface - (= portal) What is The European Library? 2.1 Introduction to The European Library
  16. 21. www.TheEuropeanLibrary.org
  17. 22. Background <ul><li>Origin in 2001: 2.5y feasibility study funded by EU </li></ul><ul><li>Intended to create operational service from start, so business plan was part of feasibility study </li></ul><ul><li>TheEuropeanLibrary.org is live since March 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by the national libraries ( NOT EU) </li></ul><ul><li>Development + maintenance by The European Library Office (Netherlands – 9 FTE) </li></ul>2.1 Introduction to The European Library
  18. 23. Vision <ul><li>“ Provision of equal access to promote world-wide understanding of the richness and diversity of European learning and culture.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The European Library exists to open up the universe of knowledge, information and culture of all Europe's national libraries”   </li></ul>Mission 2.1 Introduction to The European Library
  19. 24. <ul><li>Members of The European Library – year by year </li></ul><ul><li>2005 : Netherlands, Switzerland, UK, Finland, France, Germany, Portugal, Italy-Florence, Italy-Rome </li></ul><ul><li>2006 : Malta, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovenia, Estonia, Poland, Slovakia Austria, Serbia, Croatia, Denmark </li></ul><ul><li>2007 : Belgium, Greece, Iceland, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Russia-Moscow </li></ul><ul><li>end 2008 : Bulgaria & Romania </li></ul><ul><li>end 2008 : Albania, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Georgia, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Moldova, Ukraine </li></ul><ul><li>end 2008 : Turkey + Russia-StPetersburg </li></ul>9 23 33 35 43 45 2.1 Introduction to The European Library
  20. 25. What’s good about The European Library <ul><li>For end-users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have integrated access (1-stop-shop) to catalogues & digital collections of national libraries of Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality-controlled deep web resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>310+ collections - 170M bibliographic records - millions digital objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For the national libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International showcase for collections </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wider access to their collections & content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Combined political mass  greater marketing and negotiation power. </li></ul></ul></ul>2.1 Introduction to The European Library
  21. 26. <ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>3. TEL as basis for European Digital Library (EDL) 3.1 Introduction to EDL 3.2 Strenghts of TEL 3.3 Weaknesses of TEL </li></ul><ul><li>4. From TEL to EDL – recent developments </li></ul><ul><li>5. Future plans </li></ul>Structure of presentation
  22. 27. www.theeuropeanlibrary.org 2.2 Demo – searching in The European Library
  23. 28. Homepage in English
  24. 29.
  25. 30. Homepage in Icelandic … . or 23 other languages
  26. 31. 1. Basic search 2.2 Demo – searching in The European Library
  27. 32.
  28. 33.
  29. 34. Movie from Hungary about Vietnam
  30. 35. Photo from Austria about Vietnam
  31. 36. 2. Themed search Theme = religion 2.2 Demo – searching in The European Library
  32. 37.
  33. 38.
  34. 39. Photo from The Netherlands about religion in Hanoi
  35. 40. 3. Search all collections from Estonia (in Estonian interface) 2.2 Demo – searching in The European Library
  36. 41.
  37. 42.
  38. 43.
  39. 44.
  40. 45.
  41. 46. End of demo 2.2 Demo – searching in The European Library
  42. 47. <ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>3. TEL as basis for European Digital Library (EDL) 3.1 Introduction to EDL 3.2 Strenghts of TEL 3.3 Weaknesses of TEL </li></ul><ul><li>4. From TEL to EDL – recent developments </li></ul><ul><li>5. Future plans </li></ul>Structure of presentation
  43. 48. <ul><li>2.3 How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>Common standards </li></ul>2. The European Library A. Access protocols B. Metadata D. Multilingual access C. Collection descriptions
  44. 49. <ul><li>2.3 How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>Common standards </li></ul>2. The European Library A. Access protocols B. Metadata D. Multilingual access C. Collection descriptions
  45. 50. <ul><li>The European Library = hybrid portal = federated search tool </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overall goal of The European Library = COLLABORATION  Low implementation barrier for libraries is key!! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TEL uses well-known access protocols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OAI-PMH </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Z39.50 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SRU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OpenURL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The European Library portal queries  100 harvested collections in 1 central index  via OAI-PMH  210 remote collections  via Z39.50 & SRU </li></ul></ul>2.3.A Access protocols in The European Library
  46. 51. Techniques / protocols used (1) <ul><li>1) OAI-PMH ( O pen A rchives I nitiative P rotocol for M etadata H arvesting) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OAI enabled collections have their metadata harvested, indexed and stored in TEL central index </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Queries in these collections are queries in TEL central index! </li></ul></ul>2.2.A Access protocols in The European Library
  47. 52. <ul><li>2) SRU ( S earch R etrieve via U rl) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SRU enabled collections are queried on-the-fly using this protocol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Direct communication with TEL-portal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3) Z39.50 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Z39.50 enabled collections are queried on-the-fly via a Z39.50/SRU gateway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Z39.50/SRU gateway = translator </li></ul></ul>Techniques / protocols used (2,3) 2.2.A Access protocols in The European Library
  48. 53. <ul><ul><li>4) OpenURL for linking to external webservices </li></ul></ul>Techniques / protocols used (4) 2.2.A Access protocols in The European Library
  49. 54. <ul><li>5) AJAX </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows for browser page to be updated without reloading the page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Re-writing of portal interface in user-chosen language </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Executing federated searches across chosen collections and updating the pages with returned results </li></ul></ul></ul>Techniques / protocols used (5) ( A synchronous J avaScript A nd X ml) 2.2.A Access protocols in The European Library
  50. 55. <ul><li>2.3 How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>Common standards </li></ul>2. The European Library A. Access protocols B. Metadata D. Multilingual access C. Collection descriptions
  51. 56. All 170M records in The European Library are in same metadata format!! Metadata  TEL Application Profile -- for Objects Basis = Dublin Core + Expanded with elements from other metadata sets + Custom TEL elements 2.2.B Metadata in The European Library
  52. 57. Dublin Core
  53. 58. More info about metadata The European Library Handbook  www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/handbook 2.2.B Metadata in The European Library
  54. 59. <ul><li>2.3 How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>Common standards </li></ul>2. The European Library A. Access protocols B. Metadata D. Multilingual access C. Collection descriptions
  55. 60. All 310 collection descriptions in The European Library are in same format!! Collection descriptions  TEL Application Profile -- for Collections  Help users to select collections they want to search in  Each collection description translated in 24 languages 2.2.C Collection descriptions in The European Library
  56. 61. Collection description from Iceland
  57. 62. More info about collection descriptions The European Library Handbook  www.theeuropeanlibrary.org/handbook 2.2.C Collection descriptions in The European Library
  58. 63. <ul><li>2.3 How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>Common standards </li></ul>2. The European Library A. Access protocols B. Metadata D. Multilingual access C. Collection descriptions
  59. 64. <ul><li>Multi-lingual access </li></ul><ul><li>Portal interface in 24 languages : done! </li></ul><ul><li>Collection descriptions in 24 languages : done! </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-lingual search & retrieve </li></ul><ul><li>Subject headings / controlled vocabularies  prototype ready </li></ul><ul><li>Free text / un controlled vocabularies : major challenge!! </li></ul>2.2.D Multi-linguality in The European Library
  60. 65. Portal interface in 24 languages English 2.2.D Multi-lingual access in The European Library
  61. 66. Portal interface in 24 languages Danish 2.2.D Multi-lingual access in The European Library
  62. 67. Portal interface in 24 languages Greek 2.2.D Multi-lingual access in The European Library
  63. 68. Collection descriptions in 24 languages English 2.2.D Multi-lingual access in The European Library
  64. 69. Collection descriptions in 24 languages Maltese 2.2.D Multi-lingual access in The European Library
  65. 70. <ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>3. TEL as basis for European Digital Library (EDL) 3.1 Introduction to EDL 3.2 Strenghts of TEL 3.3 Weaknesses of TEL </li></ul><ul><li>4. From TEL to EDL – recent developments </li></ul><ul><li>5. Future plans </li></ul>Structure of presentation
  66. 71. <ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>3. TEL as basis for European Digital Library (EDL) 3.1 Introduction to EDL 3.2 Strenghts of TEL 3.3 Weaknesses of TEL </li></ul><ul><li>4. From TEL to EDL – recent developments </li></ul><ul><li>5. Future plans </li></ul>Structure of presentation
  67. 72. <ul><ul><li>European Digital Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- yet to be built </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- pan-European </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- multi-lingual portal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- giving access to digital cultural heritage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- from European libraries AND museums & archives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The European Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- operational </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- pan-European </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- multi-lingual portal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- giving access to digital cultural heritage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- from European libraries only </li></ul></ul>3.1 Introduction to the European Digital Library
  68. 73. <ul><li>December 2004 : Google announces its Google Print initiative (digitse 4 major US libraries + Oxford UK) </li></ul><ul><li>January 2005: comments by Jean-No ël Jeanneney (president BnF) : Anglo-American dominance </li></ul><ul><li>Large press coverage: “Europe’s cultural war with Google” </li></ul><ul><li>French call for safeguarding the European cultural heritage  support from European Union </li></ul><ul><li>European Union 2005 : “ Creation of a European Digital Library is a strategic priority “ </li></ul>Short historical context 3.1 Introduction to the European Digital Library
  69. 74. EU 2005 “ Creation of a European Digital Library is a strategic priority “ EU 2006 “ The European Library is a good starting point for a European Digital Library” Vision of the European Union 3.1 Introduction to the European Digital Library
  70. 75. To go from here 3.1 Introduction to the European Digital Library
  71. 77. To here 3.1 Introduction to the European Digital Library
  72. 79. The European Library is a good starting point for a European Digital Library Why? 3.1 Introduction to the European Digital Library
  73. 80. <ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>3. TEL as basis for European Digital Library (EDL) 3.1 Introduction to EDL 3.2 Strenghts of TEL 3.3 Weaknesses of TEL </li></ul><ul><li>4. From TEL to EDL – recent developments </li></ul><ul><li>5. Future plans </li></ul>Structure of presentation
  74. 81. <ul><li>Why? </li></ul><ul><li>The European Library already has already created </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operational technological platform (TEL portal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on common open standards for access (OAI, Z39.50, SRU) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on common open standards for metadata (Dublin Core) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Firm cooperative organisational framework (20 years consencus & trust between European national libraries) </li></ul></ul>3.2 Strenghts of TEL
  75. 82. <ul><ul><li>BUT… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A successful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>European Digital Library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>needs more ingredients …… </li></ul></ul>3.3 Weaknesses of TEL
  76. 83. <ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>3. TEL as basis for European Digital Library (EDL) 3.1 Introduction to EDL 3.2 Strenghts of TEL 3.3 Weaknesses of TEL </li></ul><ul><li>4. From TEL to EDL – recent developments </li></ul><ul><li>5. Future plans </li></ul>Structure of presentation
  77. 84. <ul><ul><li>Weakness 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The European Library is about </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ACCESS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>not </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DIGITISATION & PRESERVATION </li></ul></ul>3.3 Weaknesses of TEL
  78. 85. <ul><ul><li>Mass-digitisation of as many materials as possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Long-time digital preservation of digitised materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 5-10% of content in TEL are digital objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Even lower %-tage is digitally preserved </li></ul></ul>3.3 Weaknesses of TEL
  79. 86. <ul><li>Solution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>national programmes + Europe-wide network of competence centres </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(funded by EU) </li></ul></ul>3.3 Weaknesses of TEL
  80. 87. <ul><ul><li>Weakness 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The European Library is about </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FEDERATED SEARCHING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>not </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CENTRALISED SEARCHING </li></ul></ul>3.3 Weaknesses of TEL
  81. 88. <ul><li>Federated searching (Z39.50, SRU)  sub-optimum user experience </li></ul><ul><li>Central database (OAI-PMH)  better user experience </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages of 1 central database : Google-like searching </li></ul><ul><li>Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Sorting - Ranking - de-duplication </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual collections </li></ul>3.3 Weaknesses of TEL
  82. 89. Solution Large-scale implementation of OAI-PMH 3.3 Weaknesses of TEL
  83. 90. OAI - 2006 OAI - 2006 60% 20% 20%
  84. 91. OAI - 2007 40% 26% 34%
  85. 92. <ul><ul><li>Weakness 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The European Library is about </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MULTI-LINGUAL ACCESS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>not </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MULTI-LINGUAL SEARCH & RETRIEVAL </li></ul></ul>3.3 Weaknesses of TEL
  86. 93. <ul><li>1. TEL has multi-lingual access </li></ul><ul><li>portal interface in 24 languages  collection descriptions in 24 languages </li></ul><ul><li>2. TEL has limited multilingual subject access  controlled vocabularies </li></ul><ul><li>But the holy grail is …… </li></ul><ul><li>3. TEL has no multi-lingual search & retrieval  e.g. Searching in German, finding texts in Spanish </li></ul><ul><li> uncontrolled vocabularies/free texts </li></ul>3.3 Weaknesses of TEL
  87. 94. No solution True multi-lingual search & retrieval is still distant 3.3 Weaknesses of TEL
  88. 95. <ul><ul><li>Weakness 4 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The European Library is about </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LIBRARIES ONLY </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>not </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MUSEUMS & ARCHIVES </li></ul></ul>3.3 Weaknesses of TEL
  89. 96. For a successful European Digital Library you need 1. Collaboration between libraries, museums and archives … to agree on…. 2. Technical & Interoperability strategy 3. Organisational models & Funding structure 4. Ownership & governance 5. Sustainability 3.3 Weaknesses of TEL
  90. 97. <ul><li>Solution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EDLnet </li></ul></ul>3.3 Weaknesses of TEL
  91. 98. <ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library (TEL) 2.1 What is it? 2.2 Demo 2.3 How does it work? </li></ul><ul><li>3. TEL as basis for European Digital Library (EDL) 3.1 Introduction to EDL 3.2 Strenghts of TEL 3.3 Weaknesses of TEL </li></ul><ul><li>4. From TEL to EDL – recent developments </li></ul><ul><li>5. Future plans </li></ul>Structure of presentation
  92. 99. EDLnet ≠ The European Library EDLnet ≠ The European Digital Library EDLnet ≠ Operational service EDLnet ≠ Content of libraries only 4. From TEL to EDL – recent developments
  93. 100. EDLnet = Feasibility study concertation exercise, consensus building, proof-of-concept , prototypes to build The European Digital Library EDLnet = 4 domains Archives + Museums + Libraries + AV-archives EDLnet = cross-domain cooperative network since Sept 07 4. From TEL to EDL – recent developments
  94. 101. <ul><li>EDLnet - Cross-domain cooperative network </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Coalition of the willing’ - 84 partners </li></ul><ul><li>Archives </li></ul><ul><li>AV-archives </li></ul><ul><li>Museums </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Universities </li></ul><ul><li>And more… </li></ul>4. From TEL to EDL – recent developments
  95. 102. EDLnet - Fields of work I 1) Building a large trusted & committed cross-domain community - of archivists, librarians and museum people - committed to make the European Digital Library a reality 2) Produce clear and usable recommendations - on political, human, technical, semantical, metadata interoperability between 4 domains - on organizational and business models 4. From TEL to EDL – recent developments
  96. 103. EDLnet - Fields of work II 3) Building a fully working prototype (‘maquette’) - multilingual access to - collections from museums, (AV-) archives & libraries - covering over 2 million digital items based on - 1 st Theme = ‘Cities’ 4) A proposal for funding & planning – to create an operational European Digital Library service from 2009 onwards 4. From TEL to EDL – recent developments
  97. 104. European Digital Library <ul><li>Interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>is key! </li></ul>
  98. 105. Summary <ul><li>Common and open standards for access and interoperability are essential for a European Digital Library </li></ul><ul><li>The European Library is the forerunner </li></ul><ul><li>Building a European Digital Library is a much a political & social game as it is a technological </li></ul><ul><li>Willingness to collaborate is key!! </li></ul>4. From TEL to EDL – recent developments
  99. 106. <ul><li>Find out more on </li></ul><ul><li>EDLnet website </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.digitallibrary.eu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.edlnet.eu </li></ul></ul>4. From TEL to EDL – recent developments
  100. 107. www.TheEuropeanLibrary.org www.digitallibrary.eu Questions?  olaf.janssen@kb.nl

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