The European Library – An overview <ul><li>TheEuropeanLibrary.org  : service of European National Libraries to provide acc...
  1.   How do we know that the work we accomplish is new and innovative?   2.   How does technology change the way that we...
Nature of a national library <ul><li>By law 1 per country (Russia & Italy 2)  </li></ul><ul><li>Roles:   </li></ul><ul><ul...
<ul><li>44 official national libraries – 42 countries (Council of Europe) </li></ul><ul><li>Co-operation since 1987, since...
History of The European Library <ul><li>2001-2004:  TEL Project = feasability study =  is it possible to create one centra...
Start of The European Library <ul><li>31-1-2004 :  *   End of TEL Project (=  feasability study ) * Start of The European ...
Current status (september 2005) <ul><li>TheEuropeanLibrary.org live ( beta ) since 17 March 2005 Stable ( alpha ) version ...
Vision <ul><li>“ Provision of equal access to promote world-wide understanding of the richness and diversity of European l...
TheEuropeanLibrary .org   is  able to   <ul><li>Give  integrated  access to national collections across Europe - digital (...
Benefits to national libraries and users <ul><li>Another route to  collections & services  of NL </li></ul><ul><li>Increas...
1.  Se arch and retrieval  in The European Library 2.  Targets :  Central Index vs. Remote targets 3.  Metadat a in The Eu...
Search  &  re trieva l  – ‘Portal in browser’ approach 1.  Portal (XML, JavaScript, HTML, XSL) is downloaded from TheEurop...
Sidestep: Z39.50/SRU  gateways Z39.50/SRU gateway (= translator ) 1.   Protocol conversion   : translation of SRU request ...
Targets :  Central Index vs.  R emote targets <ul><li>Metadata  in  TEL Central Index   :  harvested through Open Archives...
3 types of remote targets <ul><li>Remote targets that 'speak' SRU: directly accessible by TEL portal </li></ul><ul><li>Rem...
Metadata  in The European Library TEL Application Profiles: based on Dublin Core  2 Types:  <ul><li>TEL AP for  Objects  (...
Future steps (2006 - …) <ul><li>2005-2007  : TELMEMOR = EU funded project to include 10 EU New Member States in The Europe...
The BIG issues <ul><ul><li>Usability of portals  (TheEuropeanLibrary.org, Metalib…) * People are Google-minded: they want ...
www.TheEuropeanLibrary.org <ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></u...
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An overview of The European Library. Olaf Janssen presenting during DRH 2005, Lancaster, UK, 06-09-05

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An overview of The European Library. Olaf Janssen presenting during DRH 2005, Lancaster, UK, 06-09-05

  1. 1. The European Library – An overview <ul><li>TheEuropeanLibrary.org : service of European National Libraries to provide access to their (deep web) catalogues & collections via 1 central web interface (= portal) </li></ul><ul><li>Layout of presentation 1. Introduction: National libraries in European context 2. Overview of The European Library 3. Technical approach 4. Future </li></ul>DRH 2005, Lancaster, 6-9-05 Olaf D. Janssen, Web & New Projects manager The European Library Office, The Netherlands
  2. 2. 1. How do we know that the work we accomplish is new and innovative? 2. How does technology change the way that we work? 3. What kinds of methodologies are being used? from http://www.drh.org.uk/ The European Library & Conference goals
  3. 3. Nature of a national library <ul><li>By law 1 per country (Russia & Italy 2) </li></ul><ul><li>Roles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>D epo sit library ( national bibliogra phy) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific library </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often also university library (eg FI, SI) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Preserving , managing & opening nation a l cultur al heritage (documents) </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting & supporting national & international co-operation </li></ul><ul><li>Research & development ( national & international) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>44 official national libraries – 42 countries (Council of Europe) </li></ul><ul><li>Co-operation since 1987, since 1995 online </li></ul><ul><li>CENL : C onference of E uropean N ational L ibrarians (directors of NLs) </li></ul>National libaries in European context <ul><li>Regional subgroups (Northern, South-East) </li></ul><ul><li>CENL is umbrella of many European projects & task groups </li></ul><ul><li>Financing: own means + EU funding </li></ul><ul><li>Case study: The European Library (2005 - ..) </li></ul>
  5. 5. History of The European Library <ul><li>2001-2004: TEL Project = feasability study = is it possible to create one central service for searching the collections of all European NLs ? </li></ul><ul><li>Financed by EU (30 months) + own recources – 2MEuro </li></ul><ul><li>8 pilot libraries: UK, Finland, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia, Switzerland </li></ul><ul><li>Intended to create operational service from start, so business plan was part of project </li></ul><ul><li>31-1-2004 : T EL P roject ended successfully - other NLs can participate too </li></ul>
  6. 6. Start of The European Library <ul><li>31-1-2004 : * End of TEL Project (= feasability study ) * Start of The European Library (= operational service) </li></ul><ul><li>Now funded by the national libraries (non EU) </li></ul><ul><li>European Library Office set up (KB – 4.5 FTE) </li></ul><ul><li>3 years initially </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 004 -2005 : developing the portal (website) - TheEuropeanLibrary.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2005-2006 : operation a l service , incl. adding new collections & more libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Q3 2006: evaluat ion, continue or not? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Current status (september 2005) <ul><li>TheEuropeanLibrary.org live ( beta ) since 17 March 2005 Stable ( alpha ) version expected for October 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Current participants are </li></ul><ul><ul><li>founding 8 pilot libraries + </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France + </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Austria, Croatia, Serbia (June 2005) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>* all committed for 3 years. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>150+ collections, 500K digitised objects, 11M records </li></ul><ul><li>TEL-ME-MOR project is underway (10 EU NMS ; 2005-2006) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Vision <ul><li>“ Provision of equal access to promote world-wide understanding of the richness and diversity of European learning and culture.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The European Library exists to open up the universe of knowledge, information and culture of all Europe's national libraries”   </li></ul>Mission
  9. 9. TheEuropeanLibrary .org is able to <ul><li>Give integrated access to national collections across Europe - digital (500K) and non-digital (10.5M) (1. How do we know that the work we accomplish is new and innovative? ) </li></ul><ul><li>Drive up usage and readership of national collections </li></ul><ul><li>Allow for cross-collection item searching </li></ul><ul><li>Enable collection level searching </li></ul><ul><li>Deliver integrated results </li></ul><ul><li>Give access to digital and non-digital resources </li></ul>
  10. 10. Benefits to national libraries and users <ul><li>Another route to collections & services of NL </li></ul><ul><li>Increased visibility of national collection via </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>links </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google, Yahoo, Scirus….. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>New resources for users of NLs </li></ul><ul><li>Access to native resources held in other countries </li></ul><ul><li>Foster open standards - development & sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Political – all NLs operate as one force (more weight than individual NLs) </li></ul>2. How does technology change the way that we work?
  11. 11. 1. Se arch and retrieval in The European Library 2. Targets : Central Index vs. Remote targets 3. Metadat a in The European Library SRU = protocol for S earch & R etrieval via U RLs Technics in The European Library 3. What kinds of methodologies are being used? Layout:
  12. 12. Search & re trieva l – ‘Portal in browser’ approach 1. Portal (XML, JavaScript, HTML, XSL) is downloaded from TheEuropeanLibrary.org to browser (no central components) 2. User types in query ( Hamlet by Shakespeare ) 3. Query is transformed (JavaScript) to SRU request = HTTP URL : <ul><li>SRU request = B ase URL + S e a rc h pa rt , separated by &quot; ?&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>BaseURL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>identifies the target; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>is read from collection description ( = XML file loaded in browser ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S e a rc h pa rt : &quot; key = value & &quot; pairs. k ey = metadata field ; v alue = user query </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exmpl: SRU request = http://sru.kb.nl:9090 ? Title = Hamlet & Author = Shakespeare & </li></ul>4. SRU request is send to target (if necessary via a SRU/Z39.50 gateway ) 5 . R esponse from target = XML file , sent back to browser. T ransformed by XSL stylesheet (XSL T ), giving HTML in browser . D ifferent XSL = different presentation For short : “ SRU request = web address of XML file ” Drawback: SRU approach is browser dependent : support XSLT and JavaScript. Currently IE and Mozilla/Firefox are supported
  13. 13. Sidestep: Z39.50/SRU gateways Z39.50/SRU gateway (= translator ) 1. Protocol conversion : translation of SRU request into Z39.50 session which will find & retrieve the requested records from a pre-specified Z39.50 target. 2. Search language conversion : From CQL to local search language of Z39.50 target. 3. Character set conversions (if necessary) 4. Record format conversion (MARC21 to DublinCore, etc… ) 5. Addition of metadata fields in records
  14. 14. Targets : Central Index vs. R emote targets <ul><li>Metadata in TEL Central Index : harvested through Open Archives Initiative (OAI) Protocol and stored & indexed centrally in Central Index (Verity - on KB servers) : Google approach. </li></ul><ul><li>Databases that can’t be centrally harvested : queried on-demand, remote targets </li></ul><ul><li>From the user point of view: no difference between searching Central Index and searching remote targets. </li></ul>
  15. 15. 3 types of remote targets <ul><li>Remote targets that 'speak' SRU: directly accessible by TEL portal </li></ul><ul><li>Remote targets that 'speak' Z39.50: accessible via central Z39.50 /SRU gateway ('translator'), hosted by BL </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries can set up their own local Z39.50/SRU gateway for their Z39.50 databases </li></ul>Advantages: - having local control & expertise - relief of central BL Z39.50/SRU gateway
  16. 16. Metadata in The European Library TEL Application Profiles: based on Dublin Core 2 Types: <ul><li>TEL AP for Objects (books, magazines...) = object descriptions (XML file) </li></ul><ul><li>T EL AP for Collections = collection descriptions (XML file) </li></ul>1 and 2 have 75% overlap C ollection descriptions are loaded in Central Index: collections can be result of a query!!
  17. 17. Future steps (2006 - …) <ul><li>2005-2007 : TELMEMOR = EU funded project to include 10 EU New Member States in The European Library www.telmemor.net </li></ul><ul><li>2006 : Google to crawl & index all metadata </li></ul><ul><li>2006-2007 : more (non-NMS) NLs to join TheEuropeanLibrary.org </li></ul><ul><li>End of 2006 : 25-30 national libraries searchable </li></ul>
  18. 18. The BIG issues <ul><ul><li>Usability of portals (TheEuropeanLibrary.org, Metalib…) * People are Google-minded: they want to find, but not search * Picking relevant collections to search in * Presentation of results (ranking, merging) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-linguality: * Searching in Dutch (‘fiets’), retrieving results in English (‘ bicycle’)  MACS project </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. www.TheEuropeanLibrary.org <ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>Olaf D. Janssen, Web & New Projects manager The European Library Office, The Netherlands
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