Olaf D. Janssen The European Library Office The Hague, The Netherlands Building The European (Digital) Library An insider’...
<ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library   2.1 Introduction   2.2 Common standard...
<ul><li>European Union  (EU) </li></ul><ul><li>27 members states </li></ul><ul><li>Major project funder </li></ul><ul><li>...
National libraries in European context <ul><li>National library    LoC, British Library </li></ul><ul><li>47 national lib...
<ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library   2.1 Introduction   2.2 Common standard...
<ul><li>2.1 Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>2.2 The European Library relies on common standards  </li></ul><ul><li>A. Acces...
  TheEuropeanLibrary.org = - service of all 47 European national libraries  - to provide access to their   - catalogues & ...
www.TheEuropeanLibrary.org
Current status <ul><li>TheEuropeanLibrary.org is live since 17-03-2005  </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by the national libraries...
What’s Good about The European Library <ul><li>For end-users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have  integrated  access to catalogues ...
<ul><li>2.1 Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>2.2 The European Library relies on common standards   </li></ul><ul><li>A. Acce...
<ul><li>The European Library =  hybrid  portal = federated search tool </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overall goal of The European ...
<ul><li>2.1 Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>2.2 The European Library relies on common standards  </li></ul><ul><li>A. Acces...
Metadata <ul><li>All 50M records in The European Library are in same metadata format!!  </li></ul><ul><li>TEL metadata   ...
 
More info about metadata The European Library Handbook    www.theeuropeanlibrary.org /handbook 2.2.B  Metadata in The Eur...
<ul><li>2.1 Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>2.2 The European Library relies on common standards  </li></ul><ul><li>A. Acces...
Collection descriptions <ul><li>All 250+ collection descriptions in The European Library are in same format!!  </li></ul><...
More info about collection descriptions The European Library Handbook    www.theeuropeanlibrary.org /handbook 2.2.C  Coll...
<ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library   2.1 Introduction   2.2 Common standard...
<ul><ul><li>European  Digital  Library =   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-  yet to be built   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- pa...
EU 2005 :  “ Creation of a European  Digital  Library is a strategic priority “ EU 2006 :  “ The European Library is a goo...
Towards a European  Digital  Library
<ul><li>The European Library already has already created </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operational technological platform (portal)...
<ul><ul><li>BUT… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A successful European  Digital  Library needs more ingredients ……   </li></ul>...
<ul><ul><li>Challenge 1   Mass-digitisation  of as many materials as possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenge 2 Long-...
<ul><ul><li>Mass-digitisation & preservation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 5-10% of c...
Challenge 3 More partners , esp. museums, archives, AV Challenge 4 Multilingual search & retrieval  facilities   Searchin...
Summary <ul><li>Common and open standards for access and interoperability are essential for a European Digital Library </l...
See full paper for more details www.TheEuropeanLibrary.org [email_address]
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An insider’s Point of View: Building The European (Digital) Library. Presentation during the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) 2007 Conference, 31-03-2007, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

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An insider’s Point of View: Building The European (Digital) Library. Presentation during the Association of College and Research Libraries (ACRL) 2007 Conference, 31-03-2007, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

  1. 1. Olaf D. Janssen The European Library Office The Hague, The Netherlands Building The European (Digital) Library An insider’s Point of View ACRL, 31-03-07
  2. 2. <ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Common standards </li></ul><ul><li>3. Ingredients for successful European Digital Library </li></ul>Structure of presentation
  3. 3. <ul><li>European Union (EU) </li></ul><ul><li>27 members states </li></ul><ul><li>Major project funder </li></ul><ul><li>www.eu.int </li></ul>1. National libraries in Europe
  4. 4. National libraries in European context <ul><li>National library  LoC, British Library </li></ul><ul><li>47 national libraries – 45 European countries (Russia & Italy 2) </li></ul><ul><li>20y collaboration since 1987, since 1995 online </li></ul><ul><li>Latest collaborative project is The European Library </li></ul>1. National libraries in Europe 1. National libraries in Europe
  5. 5. <ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Common standards </li></ul><ul><li>3. Ingredients for successful European Digital Library </li></ul>Structure of presentation
  6. 6. <ul><li>2.1 Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>2.2 The European Library relies on common standards </li></ul><ul><li>A. Access protocols </li></ul><ul><li>B. Metadata </li></ul><ul><li>C. Collection descriptions </li></ul>2. The European Library
  7. 7. TheEuropeanLibrary.org = - service of all 47 European national libraries - to provide access to their - catalogues & digital collections - via 1 central multi-lingual web interface - (= portal) What is The European Library? 2.1 Introduction to The European Library
  8. 8. www.TheEuropeanLibrary.org
  9. 9. Current status <ul><li>TheEuropeanLibrary.org is live since 17-03-2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Funded by the national libraries (not EU) </li></ul><ul><li>Now : 250+ collections from 22 national libraries: Austria, UK, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Latvia, Netherlands, Portugal, Serbia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Poland, Cyprus, Malta, Lithuania, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia </li></ul><ul><li>End 2007 : 320 collections from 31 libraries </li></ul><ul><li>Mid 2009 : 400 collections from 43 libraries </li></ul>2.1 Introduction to The European Library
  10. 10. What’s Good about The European Library <ul><li>For end-users </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have integrated access to catalogues & digital collections of national libraries of Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality-controlled deep web resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>250+ collections, 2.0M digital objects and 50M metadata records </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For the national libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>International showcase for collections </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wider access to their collections & content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Combined political mass  greater marketing and negotiation power. </li></ul></ul></ul>2.1 Introduction to The European Library
  11. 11. <ul><li>2.1 Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>2.2 The European Library relies on common standards </li></ul><ul><li>A. Access protocols </li></ul><ul><li>B. Metadata </li></ul><ul><li>C. Collection descriptions </li></ul>2. The European Library
  12. 12. <ul><li>The European Library = hybrid portal = federated search tool </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overall goal of The European Library = COLLABORATION  Low implementation barrier for libraries is key!! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different libraries demand different access protocols to access their collections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TEL uses well-known access protocols : OAI-PMH, FTP, Z39.50, SRU, OpenURL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The European Library portal queries  1 central index (90 harvested collections, OAI-PMH & FTP)  160 remote databases (Z39.50 & SRU) </li></ul></ul>2.2.A Access protocols in The European Library
  13. 13. <ul><li>2.1 Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>2.2 The European Library relies on common standards </li></ul><ul><li>A. Access protocols </li></ul><ul><li>B. Metadata </li></ul><ul><li>C. Collection descriptions </li></ul>2. The European Library
  14. 14. Metadata <ul><li>All 50M records in The European Library are in same metadata format!! </li></ul><ul><li>TEL metadata  Basis = Dublin Core  Expanded with elements from other metadata sets </li></ul>2.2.B Metadata in The European Library
  15. 16. More info about metadata The European Library Handbook  www.theeuropeanlibrary.org /handbook 2.2.B Metadata in The European Library
  16. 17. <ul><li>2.1 Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>2.2 The European Library relies on common standards </li></ul><ul><li>A. Access protocols </li></ul><ul><li>B. Metadata </li></ul><ul><li>C. Collection descriptions </li></ul>2. The European Library
  17. 18. Collection descriptions <ul><li>All 250+ collection descriptions in The European Library are in same format!! </li></ul><ul><li>TEL collection descriptions  XML files describing each collection (name, content etc)  Each collection description translated in 20 languages  Helps users to select collections they want to search in </li></ul>2.2.C Collection descriptions in The European Library
  18. 19. More info about collection descriptions The European Library Handbook  www.theeuropeanlibrary.org /handbook 2.2.C Collection descriptions in The European Library
  19. 20. <ul><li>1. National libraries in Europe </li></ul><ul><li>2. The European Library 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Common standards </li></ul><ul><li>3. Ingredients for successful European Digital Library </li></ul>Structure of presentation
  20. 21. <ul><ul><li>European Digital Library = </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- yet to be built </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- pan-European </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- multi-lingual portal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- giving access to digital cultural heritage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- from European libraries AND museums & archives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The European Library = </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- operational </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- pan-European </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- multi-lingual portal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- giving access to digital cultural heritage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- from European libraries only </li></ul></ul>3. Ingredients for a successful European Digital Library
  21. 22. EU 2005 : “ Creation of a European Digital Library is a strategic priority “ EU 2006 : “ The European Library is a good starting point for a European Digital Library” Vision of the European Union 3. Ingredients for a successful European Digital Library
  22. 23. Towards a European Digital Library
  23. 24. <ul><li>The European Library already has already created </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operational technological platform (portal) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on common open standards for metadata & access </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Firm cooperative organisational framework (20 years) </li></ul></ul>3. Ingredients for a successful European Digital Library
  24. 25. <ul><ul><li>BUT… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A successful European Digital Library needs more ingredients …… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look at 6 of them…. challenges </li></ul></ul>3. Ingredients for a successful European Digital Library
  25. 26. <ul><ul><li>Challenge 1 Mass-digitisation of as many materials as possible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenge 2 Long-time digital preservation of these digitised materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 4% of content in The European Library are digital objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Even lower %-tage is digitally preserved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mass-digitisation & preservation programmes  Europe-wide network digitisation centres </li></ul></ul>Challenges to tackle (1,2) 3. Ingredients for a successful European Digital Library
  26. 27. <ul><ul><li>Mass-digitisation & preservation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only 5-10% of content in The European Library are digital objects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Even lower %-tage is digitally preserved </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mass-digitisation & preservation programmes  Europe-wide network of centres of competence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hurdles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organisational : create synergies, avoid duplication of effort, create public-private collaboration. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content selection : choose from 1000s kms of printed materials; Ms hours of film </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical : lower costs for digitisation & preservation while maintaining a high quality. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal : deal with the copyright issues </li></ul></ul>Challenges to tackle (1,2) 3. Ingredients for a successful European Digital Library
  27. 28. Challenge 3 More partners , esp. museums, archives, AV Challenge 4 Multilingual search & retrieval facilities  Searching in German, finding texts in Spanish Challenge 5 Business models / governance / funding models / sustainability Challenge 6 Copyright issues  All of these challenges are addressed in a series of EU funded projects 2007-2011 Challenges to tackle (3,4,5,6) 3. Ingredients for a successful European Digital Library
  28. 29. Summary <ul><li>Common and open standards for access and interoperability are essential for a European Digital Library </li></ul><ul><li>The European Library is catalyst </li></ul><ul><li>Building a European Digital Library is a much a political & social game as it is a technological </li></ul><ul><li>Willingness to collaborate is key!! </li></ul>3. Ingredients for a successful European Digital Library
  29. 30. See full paper for more details www.TheEuropeanLibrary.org [email_address]

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