Clean Air & Your Health (Part 2)


Published on

Originally Aired: June 28, 2013


David R. Celebrezze, Director of Air & Water Special Projects, Ohio Environmental Council
Shelly Kiser, ALA

Agenda for Part 2

10:30 a.m. -10:40 p.m. Welcome & Introduction (OEC)
10:40 a.m. -11:00 p.m. Air Quality impact on the environment (OEC)
11:00 a.m. -11:45 p.m. Air Quality and the federal government (American Lung Association of the Midland States)
11:45 a.m. -12:15 p.m. What you can do to reduce pollution (OEC)
12:15 p.m. - 12:30 p.m. Q&A

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Clean Air & Your Health (Part 2)

  1. 1. The Clean Air Act and Federal Issues on Clean Air Shelly Kiser Director of Advocacy American Lung Association in Ohio, 614-279-1700
  2. 2. Clean Air Act • Federal Law • Says what the EPA must do to protect the nation’s air quality
  3. 3. Clean Air Act • States create State Implementation Plans (SIP) which say how they will control pollution under the CAA, monitor air, inspect polluters, enforce the law
  4. 4. The Air is Improving Year-round Particle Pollution in Columbus-Marion-Chillicothe, Ohio
  5. 5. Effects of the Clean Air Act Health Benefits • Saved 160,000 lives in 2010 with 130,000 fewer heart attacks and 1.7 million fewer asthma attacks • By 2020 the Clean Air Act is expected to save over 230,000 lives annually
  6. 6. Economic impact of the clean air act U.S. EPA. Comparison of Growth Areas and Emissions 1970-2010, 2012.
  7. 7. Economic impact of the 1990 amendments to the Clean Air Act
  8. 8. Ohio Cities on the Most Polluted Lists Short Term Particle Pollution – Cincinnati-Middletown-Wilmington, OH-KY-IN ranked 10th – Canton-Massillon, OH ranked 14th – Weirton-Steubenville, WV-OH ranked 22nd – Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH ranked 24th – Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH ranked 39th – Parkersburg-Marietta, WV-OH ranked 34th – Cleveland-Akron-Elyria, OH ranked 50th – Youngstown-Warren-East Liverpool, OH-PA ranked tied 79th – Toledo-Fremont, OH ranked tied 79th – Columbus-Marion-Chillicothe, OH ranked 92nd
  9. 9. Coal-Fired Power Plants Cheshire, Ohio Conesville, Ohio What causes our pollution?
  10. 10. Estimated Annual Mortality Decrease of the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule
  11. 11. What’s New with the CAA? Cross-State Air Pollution Rule: • This law would reduce the amount of ozone and particulate matter that comes from power plants to help it from blowing into other states. • Secondhand smog • July 2011: Finalized • August 2012: Taken to court and vacated • January 2013: Denied a rehearing by the full court. • March 2013: Petitioned the Supreme Court
  12. 12. What’s New with the CAA? Industrial Boiler and Incinerator Emissions Standards • Standards to reduce toxic air pollution, includingmercury and particle pollution from large, high emitting boilers and incinerators like those found at refineries, chemical plants, and other industrial facilities. Most standards affect approximately 1% of boilers and incinerators. • December 2011: Standards proposed. • January-December 2012: Multiple attempts to block in through unrelated legislation • December 2012: Standards finalized. • 2016 and 2018: Standards go into effect.
  13. 13. What’s New with the CAA? Carbon Pollution Standard (for new power plants): • This rule would apply to new fossil-fuel electricity generating units. It would require them to use technology to limit the emission of carbon. Some coal-fired power plants already meet the standard and most natural gas plants that are being built now already meet the standard. 2011: Listening sessions with stakeholders • December 2010: Settled a lawsuit by agreeing to issue these rules. • March 27, 2012: Proposed rule issued • May 2012: Public hearings on the rule
  14. 14. What’s New with the CAA? New Soot Standards • Reduced the annual health National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for fine particles to 12.0 micrograms per cubic meter. Revised because of new information on health impacts from EPA scientists. 99% of counties with monitors already meet new standards. • June 2012: New standard is proposed and public hearing • December 14, 2012: EPA set new standards.
  15. 15. What’s New with the CAA? Ozone Standard • Proposed to reduce the national air quality standard for ozone standard from 75 parts per billion to 60 to 70 parts per billion • 2008: The EPA proposes a tightened ozone standard,but weaker than its scientist advise. The ALA and others begin legal action to get them to adopt tighter standard. • 2009: EPA agrees to reconsider standard. • January, 2011: New standards proposed • Delayed final until 2013.
  16. 16. What’s New with the CAA? Cleaner Gas and Vehicle Standards • Lowers sulfur content of gasoline and emissions ofcars, light trucks and SUVs. The equivalent of taking 33 million cars off the road for less than 1 cent per gallon of gas. Allows for more fuel efficient cars. • 2013: Standards proposed, currently open for public comments.
  17. 17. What’s New with the CAA? Climate Change • Establishes carbon pollution standards for new andexisting power plants; renewable energy projects on public lands; loans for advanced fossil energy and efficiency projects; new efficiency standards for appliances and Federal buildings; new fuel standards for heavy-duty vehicles. • 2013: Proposed
  18. 18. Who Wouldn’t Love the CAA? Some members of Congress! • Repeated measures to delay or kill new regulationsand weaken current standards have been made. • Attempts have been made through riders on existing legislation, separate legislation, pressure to delay or stop rules and regulations coming into effect, and legal measures. • The most polluting industries are backing the effort.
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  22. 22. EF5D527D3FA57D76F5D5276D27 437256574DAFA5758D4 Cars remain a major source of air pollution. We could cut sulfur in gasoline and immediately reduce pollution from every car on the road— the equivalent of taking 33 million cars off the highway.
  23. 23. 1975574374254857A474DD27 37332A74D24A7A487 332A75 A65! 4D7B8BE47D93F4 2A76D4DABF!48B9D8BE4 A7893F!49A7B46B'83!4 AB42374'894DABF44 #54B33F44DA348F4 FABA7F4743893F42A4 D7B4447834 E73A3747398B44 A6883F4AB4966DB883F
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  26. 26. Ohio Cares About Clean Air Campaigns
  27. 27. Ohio Cares About Clean Air Campaigns Advocacy campaign involving: • Legislative visits, • Visibility events, • Volunteer activities, • Earned media, • E-advocacy, • Advertising, • Social media, • And more…
  28. 28. )’F42A7443833!4D423734A734F6348B4BE73FF424A7348BE43'A942A44 1234A7348EB78BE4D74BA8B’F492873B!43F398A42F3488BE4824AF26A!44 A368BE443A4B393FFA74A874D8B493AB*D4 and weaken the Clean Air Act.
  29. 29. Attack on air-quality standards undercuts public health Premium content from Business First by Barry Gottschalk Date: Friday, September 23, 2011, 6:00am EDT For the past 40 years, the Clean Air Act has protected families across the country from breathing high levels of toxic air pollution. It has improved our quality of life, and it has reduced health-care costs. This year alone, the Clean Air Act will save more than 160,000 lives, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency . Despite that reality, some in Congress are trying to weaken these protections. There are dozens of standalone bills, riders and amendments pending that would weaken the Clean Air Act or delay the implementation of this public health law. Not only are these attempts indefensible from a health perspective, they are wrong in the eyes of our friends and neighbors. The American Lung Association did a recent poll showing Midwest voters are ready to stop congressional attacks on clean-air standards. Sixty percent of Ohio and Michigan voters say that stricter standards on air pollution will not damage our economic recovery, with the majority believing updates will likely create more jobs. Among those same voters, 65 percent support the EPA setting stricter limits on smog. The American Lung Association stands with the public in their support for stricter standards, just as it stands behind the scientific evidence that should be used to determine that health standard. However, in articles such as those that ran recently in Columbus Business First, some of the state’s biggest polluters threaten that an increase in costs from improved EPA standards could result in the closure of coal-fired plants in Ohio ….
  30. 30. Published: 10/2/2011 Toledo Blade Editorial: Public be damned As A quick glimpse at Republicans who debate in presidential forums or Congress will confirm, regulation is one of their scapegoats of the hour in a struggling economy. Regulating businesses, they say, kills jobs. But too little or no regulation brings its own harm in the real world. The Environmental Protection Agency came into being more than 40 years ago under a Republican president, Richard Nixon. These days, Republicans in Congress are doing their best to gut the agency's enforcement powers, particularly in the area of airborne pollutants. Environmentalists fear another attack this week. The House is scheduled to vote on two bills that would repeal recent EPA rules under the Clean Air Act that restrict toxic emissions from incinerators, boilers, and cement kilns. Once again, protecting jobs is the excuse given for jeopardizing the health of Americans. Also under political attack are new air-pollution standards for oil and gas emissions, a particular concern in this region because of Marcellus Shale drilling operations. Many residents who live near natural-gas wells support the regulations, as do environmental groups such as the Sierra Club. Anti-regulation dogma aside, jobs are crucial -- but so is public health. On Capitol Hill, meanwhile, Sen. Rand Paul -- the Kentucky Republican and Tea Party favorite -- has been the sole holdout blocking a law that would strengthen safety rules for oil and gas pipelines. Even the industry concedes that need, after a deadly gas pipeline explosion last year and other mishaps. But Senator Paul dislikes federal regulation more than the opportunity to avert tragedy. Right there is all the proof that is needed of the moral bankruptcy of anti-regulation ideology.
  31. 31. Supporters of the Campaign • Ohio Asthma Coalition • Ohio Public Health Association • Environmental Health Watch • Ohio Nurses Association • American Cancer Society, East Central Division • Cleveland Clinic • City of Columbus • Health Commissioners for Hamilton, Cuyahoga and Franklin Counties • Health Care Without Harm • Metro Health Systems of Cleveland • Ohio Respiratory Care Society • City of Cleveland
  32. 32. Supporters of the Campaign • Ohio Academy of Family Physicians • Moms Clean Air Force • Voices for Ohio’s Children • Jovante Woods Foundation • Ohio Association of School Nurses • American Heart Association, Great Rivers Affiliate
  33. 33. How You Can Help • Join us • Like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter – OhioCares About Clean Air • If you are affected by air pollution, let us know.We need people to talk to legislators, the media and other advocates about why clean air is so important!
  34. 34. What air pollution could look like without the Clean Air Act Bad Particle Pollution China
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