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Short Story By Oguz
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Short Story By Oguz


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  • 1. Literary Elements of a Short Story Notes to Help You!
  • 2. Plot, Exposition, Complications
    • Plot: A series of related events that make up a story
    • Exposition: The part of the story that introduces the characters, the setting, and the basic situation.
    • Complications : Mini-conflicts that contribute to the rise in action
  • 3. Climax, Resolution, Characters
    • Climax: turning point or emotional high point of the story
    • Resolution: the end or outcome of a conflict in a story
    • Characters: people or animals who are in a story
  • 4. Setting, Theme, Point of View
    • Setting: The time and place of a story. Pay attention to sensory details!
    • Theme: The author tries to make a statement or observation about life
    • Point of view: Whose perspective the story comes from
  • 5. Tone, Mood
    • Tone: The writer’s attitude towards the audience and the subject matter
    • Mood: The feeling created in the reader after reading a story.
    • Both can be described in one word!
  • 6. Diagram of A Short Story
  • 7. What are the types of conflict?
    • Conflict : a struggle between opposing forces. Conflicts can be internal or external
    • Person v. Person
    • Person v. Nature
    • Person v. Self
    • Person v. Animal
    • Person v. The Supernatural
    • Person v. Technology/Machines
    • Person v. God/Religion
  • 8. Point of View
    • Narrator: The character or voice that is telling the story. This is NOT always the author.
    • First person POV: Uses “I” and “me”
    • Second person POV: Uses “You”
    • Third person POV: story is told using “he,” “she” or “they.”
    • Omniscient: Narrator is all-knowing and can see into the minds of the characters.
  • 9. Characterization
    • Characterization: the act of creating and developing a character.
    • Direct Characterization: the author directly tells you what a character is like
    • Indirect Characterization: You must figure out what the character is like from descriptions, actions, and speech
  • 10. What are some types of Characters?
    • Protagonist: the Main Character.
    • Antagonist: The character or force in conflict with the protagonist.
    • Major: A character who plays a large role in the outcome of a story.
    • Minor: A character who plays a small role in the outcome of a story.
  • 11. Four Ways to Classify Characters
    • 1. Round: character shows many different traits, like faults and virtues.
    • 2. Flat: we only know the character as one type of person—we only meet one side.
    • 3. Dynamic: grows and changes in some significant manner by the end of the story
    • 4. Static: changes little or none throughout the story
  • 12. How to Write about a Character
    • Well, there’s like this dude, and he like, said some stuff, and like, there was another dude, and they got into a fight, and like, then one dude died, and I think hunting was involved.
  • 13. The Survey Says:
  • 14. How to Write a Character Sketch
    • What is your first impression of the character?
    • What did you learn from the character from how he/she acts or speaks?
    • What do the other characters think or say about her/him?
    • How does the character behave or interact with the other characters?
    • At what point in the story do you see a change in the character?
    • The character’s name and appearance can be useful clues.
    • Do you find this character believable?