Short Story By Oguz

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Short Story By Oguz

  1. 1. Literary Elements of a Short Story Notes to Help You!
  2. 2. Plot, Exposition, Complications <ul><li>Plot: A series of related events that make up a story </li></ul><ul><li>Exposition: The part of the story that introduces the characters, the setting, and the basic situation. </li></ul><ul><li>Complications : Mini-conflicts that contribute to the rise in action </li></ul>
  3. 3. Climax, Resolution, Characters <ul><li>Climax: turning point or emotional high point of the story </li></ul><ul><li>Resolution: the end or outcome of a conflict in a story </li></ul><ul><li>Characters: people or animals who are in a story </li></ul>
  4. 4. Setting, Theme, Point of View <ul><li>Setting: The time and place of a story. Pay attention to sensory details! </li></ul><ul><li>Theme: The author tries to make a statement or observation about life </li></ul><ul><li>Point of view: Whose perspective the story comes from </li></ul>
  5. 5. Tone, Mood <ul><li>Tone: The writer’s attitude towards the audience and the subject matter </li></ul><ul><li>Mood: The feeling created in the reader after reading a story. </li></ul><ul><li>Both can be described in one word! </li></ul>
  6. 6. Diagram of A Short Story
  7. 7. What are the types of conflict? <ul><li>Conflict : a struggle between opposing forces. Conflicts can be internal or external </li></ul><ul><li>Person v. Person </li></ul><ul><li>Person v. Nature </li></ul><ul><li>Person v. Self </li></ul><ul><li>Person v. Animal </li></ul><ul><li>Person v. The Supernatural </li></ul><ul><li>Person v. Technology/Machines </li></ul><ul><li>Person v. God/Religion </li></ul>
  8. 8. Point of View <ul><li>Narrator: The character or voice that is telling the story. This is NOT always the author. </li></ul><ul><li>First person POV: Uses “I” and “me” </li></ul><ul><li>Second person POV: Uses “You” </li></ul><ul><li>Third person POV: story is told using “he,” “she” or “they.” </li></ul><ul><li>Omniscient: Narrator is all-knowing and can see into the minds of the characters. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Characterization <ul><li>Characterization: the act of creating and developing a character. </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Characterization: the author directly tells you what a character is like </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect Characterization: You must figure out what the character is like from descriptions, actions, and speech </li></ul>
  10. 10. What are some types of Characters? <ul><li>Protagonist: the Main Character. </li></ul><ul><li>Antagonist: The character or force in conflict with the protagonist. </li></ul><ul><li>Major: A character who plays a large role in the outcome of a story. </li></ul><ul><li>Minor: A character who plays a small role in the outcome of a story. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Four Ways to Classify Characters <ul><li>1. Round: character shows many different traits, like faults and virtues. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Flat: we only know the character as one type of person—we only meet one side. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Dynamic: grows and changes in some significant manner by the end of the story </li></ul><ul><li>4. Static: changes little or none throughout the story </li></ul>
  12. 12. How to Write about a Character <ul><li>Well, there’s like this dude, and he like, said some stuff, and like, there was another dude, and they got into a fight, and like, then one dude died, and I think hunting was involved. </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Survey Says:
  14. 14. How to Write a Character Sketch <ul><li>What is your first impression of the character? </li></ul><ul><li>What did you learn from the character from how he/she acts or speaks? </li></ul><ul><li>What do the other characters think or say about her/him? </li></ul><ul><li>How does the character behave or interact with the other characters? </li></ul><ul><li>At what point in the story do you see a change in the character? </li></ul><ul><li>The character’s name and appearance can be useful clues. </li></ul><ul><li>Do you find this character believable? </li></ul>

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