Demonstrating Safety – Lessons Learnt by InSOTEC
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Demonstrating Safety – Lessons Learnt by InSOTEC

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Presentation by Beate Kallenbach-Herbert and Dr Bettina Brohmann at OECD-NEA Symposium “The Safety Case for Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste: 2013 State of the Art”, Paris, October 7 ...

Presentation by Beate Kallenbach-Herbert and Dr Bettina Brohmann at OECD-NEA Symposium “The Safety Case for Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste: 2013 State of the Art”, Paris, October 7 - 9, 2013

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Demonstrating Safety – Lessons Learnt by InSOTEC Demonstrating Safety – Lessons Learnt by InSOTEC Presentation Transcript

  • www.oeko.de Demonstrating Safety – Lessons Learnt by InSOTEC Beate Kallenbach-Herbert, Bettina Brohmann OECD-NEA Symposium “The Safety Case for Deep Geological Disposal of Radioactive Waste: 2013 State of the Art” Paris, October 7 - 9, 2013
  • www.oeko.de Contents 1. Short Introduction to the InSOTEC Project 2. Demonstrating Safety – an Issue for Sociotechnical Analysis 3. Potential Implications for the “Safety Case in the societal context” Demonstrating Safety – Lessons Learnt by InSOTEC │Kallenbach-Herbert, Brohmann│Paris│October 9, 2013 2
  • www.oeko.de 1. Introduction The InSOTEC project ● InSOTEC is a 3 years FP7 EURATOM project ● InSOTEC is drawing on work in the social studies of science and technology  it starts from the proposition that social and technical processes are inextricably bound together ● Radioactive waste management is therefore a combined social and technical activity ● InSOTEC focusses on making explicit this interplay by tracing associated processes, involved actors, modifications to earlier solutions ● “Demonstrating Safety” = 1 of 4 exemplary topics for in-depth analysis of socio-technical (S-T) combinations Demonstrating Safety – Lessons Learnt by InSOTEC │Kallenbach-Herbert, Brohmann│Paris│October 9, 2013 3
  • www.oeko.de 2. Demonstrating Safety – an issue for S-T analysis 4 Reversibility Demonstrating Safety Siting Technology transfer Task Leader Universiteit Antwerpen Task Leader Öko-Institut e.V. Task Leader Univerzita Karlova Task Leader Goeteborgs Universitet 4 case studies and 1 topical report 5 case studies and 1 topical report 3 case studies and 1 topical report 4 case studies and 1 topical report Concluding Report WP2 Demonstrating Safety – Lessons Learnt by InSOTEC │Kallenbach-Herbert, Brohmann│Paris│October 9, 2013 4
  • www.oeko.de 2. Demonstrating Safety – an issue for S-T analysis ● Structure of research activities on Demonstrating Safety Demonstrating Safety 5 case studies and 1 topical report 5 case studies: -Copper Corrosion Finland -Copper Corrosion Sweden -Social Learning -Computer Modeling -Research Laboratories (URLs) synthesising topical report Concluding Report Demonstrating Safety – Lessons Learnt by InSOTEC │Kallenbach-Herbert, Brohmann│Paris│October 9, 2013 5
  • www.oeko.de 2. Demonstrating Safety – an issue for S-T analysis Current developments on how to approach analysis from a sociotechnical view point (Work in Progress!) ● Tracing Modifications of technical solutions / processes / methods ‒ ‒ ‒ ● Evaluating awareness rising factors of the socio-technical dimension ‒ ‒ ‒ ‒ ● the occurrences by which they are triggered the processes by which they are facilitated or accompanied the actors / actors’ networks involved behaviour of certain actors in controversial discussions changes in public interests milestones … Applying the methodological approach of “Problematisation” ‒ the general formulation of: a problem, the ways to address it and the identification of most legitimate actors for doing so ‒ acknowledging dynamics and instability Demonstrating Safety – Lessons Learnt by InSOTEC │Kallenbach-Herbert, Brohmann│Paris│October 9, 2013 6
  • www.oeko.de 3. Potential implications for the Safety Case – The understanding of Safety ● „Safety is the fundamental concept in societal decision making“ [Möller: Safety and Decision-Making, Stockholm 2006]  Solutions for complex projects have to face developments in societal political ●  objectives technical ● values habits Safety is multidimensional: Comprises the severity of potential damage/harm, the probability, uncertainties Safety is relative:  Broadly agreed reference levels necessary (which may change over time – see above): safety criteria, evaluation standards (e.g. above agreed levels, best possible safety above agreed levels) Well understood and agreed Safety Concept = basis for the Safety Case Demonstrating Safety – Lessons Learnt by InSOTEC │Kallenbach-Herbert, Brohmann│Paris│October 9, 2013 7
  • www.oeko.de 3. Potential implications for the Safety Case – How to show safety ● ● The Safety Case is a tool to show (“demonstrate”) that the planned facility fulfils the safety reference levels Long-lasting timescales and concept of passive safety cause special challenges and require new approaches: ‒ A collection of arguments developed with different methods ‒ Stepwise development ‒ …  Early agreements necessary: ● ● ● Which arguments and methods are relevant, necessary and sensible, e.g. what is the role of natural analogues? How to design the stepwise process (who, when and what) What are the issues that have to be treated and to which detail in the different steps of a stepwise approach – what is technically possible, what is necessary or desirable from different viewpoints Demonstrating Safety – Lessons Learnt by InSOTEC │Kallenbach-Herbert, Brohmann│Paris│October 9, 2013 8
  • www.oeko.de 3. Potential implications for the Safety Case – Concluding remarks ● A socio-technical approach can support ‒ broad interdisciplinary discussions ‒ bringing all arguments and viewpoints on the table ‒ the development of processes for discourse and modification It contributes …  • • to the development of basic principles of a Safety Case to making the SC a strong tool in decision making Challenges: ● Common “language” and mutual learning ● Flexibility of technical concepts – technical democracy ● The implementation of suitable processes ● Finding a balance between open discourse – binding solutions Demonstrating Safety – Lessons Learnt by InSOTEC │Kallenbach-Herbert, Brohmann│Paris│October 9, 2013 9
  • www.oeko.de Contact Beate Kallenbach-Herbert Bettina Brohmann Öko-Institut e.V. Darmstadt Office Rheinstr. 95 D-64295 Darmstadt phone: +49 6151 8191 122 mail: b.kallenbach@oeko.de Demonstrating Safety – Lessons Learnt by InSOTEC │Kallenbach-Herbert, Brohmann│Paris│October 9, 2013 10