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Uplift Program:
Livelihood Teachers Manual
ICM’s Vision

    ICM is called to release the poorest of the poor in the Philippines from spiritual,
                    ...
Uplift Livelihood Overview/Goals
Lesson        Teaching Objective                            Results
   1   Welcome & Live...
LESSON 1: WELCOME, INTRODUCTION & ORIENTATION
Objectives (Results):
At the end of this session the recipients will be able...
LESSON 2: VERMICULTURE & VERMI TEA
Objectives (Results):
At the end of this session the recipients will be able to:
   •  ...
Vermicompost (also called worm compost, vermicast, worm castings, worm humus or worm manure) is the end
product of the bro...
Organic Fertilizer vs. Chemical/Synthetic Fertilizer

                                                         N%         ...
LESSON 3: ORGANIC FARMING
Objectives (Results):
At the end of this session the recipients will have an operating Vermi Bin...
Container Farming is a method of vegetable production using discarded containers such as; jars, old boxes, old
containers,...
CONTAINER GARDEN PLANTING GUIDE
                                     SOIL          SOIL
        VEG         HARVEST       ...
LESSON 4: FAITH GARDENING, COMMUNITY GARDENING & CRH
Objectives (Results):
At the end of this session the recipients will ...
LESSON 5: PLANT MANAGEMENT & REWARDS!
Objectives (Results):
At the end of this session the recipients will be able to:
   ...
LESSON 6: SODIS & CAST HARVESTING
Objectives (Results):
At the end of this session the recipients will be able to:
   •   ...
LESSON 7: VEGETABLE HARVESTING & FEED FORMULATION
Objectives (Results):
At the end of this session the recipients will be ...
LESSON 8: SEED BANKING
Objectives (Results):
At the end of this session the recipients will be able to:
   •   Harvest see...
LESSON 9: MARKETING
Objectives (Results):
At the end of this session the recipients will be able to:
   •   Create a Marke...
LESSON 10: IMO+
Objectives (Results):
At the end of this session the recipients will be able to:
   •   Produce and unders...
LESSON 11: PERSONAL VISIONING
Objectives (Results):
At the end of this session the recipients will be able to:
   •   Know...
LESSON 12: GRADUATION & AWARD GIVING
Objectives (Results):
At the end of this session the recipients should:
   •   Gradua...
ICM Uplift Livelihood Trainers Manual
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ICM Uplift Livelihood Trainers Manual

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Transcript of "ICM Uplift Livelihood Trainers Manual"

  1. 1. Uplift Program: Livelihood Teachers Manual
  2. 2. ICM’s Vision ICM is called to release the poorest of the poor in the Philippines from spiritual, emotional and physical bondage. Uplift Livelihood Vision After this program our communities should be able to: • Understand the components of sustainable organic farming. • All 31 families should implement sustainable organic farming as source of safe, fresh and nutritious vegetables for the family. • All 31 families should plant the seeds we give them (If they don't plant them, we should stop giving them out and give more to those who are planting). • For 75% of the vegetables to reach maturity; to be sold or consumed. • Understand and realize the importance basic marketing. • For at least 15 of the families to sell their vegetables to their neighbors. • Understand the importance of thinking and planning for the future. • All 31 families should try to set specific goals. • Earn an additional household income of P810 per month.
  3. 3. Uplift Livelihood Overview/Goals Lesson Teaching Objective Results 1 Welcome & Livelihood Orientation Recipients Know What They’ll be Learning Share about Student Booklet Recipients Understand Student Booklet Give 31 Booklets Recipients Know What They Need to Prepare Vermiculture Introduction 2 Vermiculture Overview Basic Understanding of Vermiculture Teach Vermi Food Create Food Prep Area Teach Vermi Bin Produce Vermi Tea Create Vermi Bin Functioning Vermi Bins Teach Vermi Tea Organize 5 Vermi-Groups 3 Give 200g Vermi per Group 31 Pass Test Teach Container Farming Collect 2 sack of Vermi Food Give 2 sacks of Cast & 310 Seeds Plant 10 Vegetables Teach Record Keeping 4 Teach FAITH Gardening Community Gardens get divided up Explain the Community Garden Produce CRH Teach CRH Collect 4 sacks of Vermi Food 1 Carbonizer for community Plant 30 Vegetables Give 2 sacks of Cast & 930 Seeds 30 Recipients Record New Seeds in Booklets 5 Teach Plant Management Produce Botanical Pesticides Share about Reward & Prize! Collect 2 sacks of Vermi Food Give 2 sacks of Cast & 930 Seeds 6 Teach and Demonstrate SODIS Recipients Produce Clean Water using Teach Cast Harvesting SODIS Give 2 sacks of Cast & 930 Seeds Harvest their own Vermicast 7 Teach Vegetable Harvesting Produce Livestock Feeds Teach Container Replanting Create Livestock Feeds Give 2 sacks of Cast & 930 Seeds 8 Teach Seed Banking Prepare Plants to Collect the Seeds Give 930 Seeds 9 Teach Marketing Recipients Write Marketing Plans Give 930 Seeds Collect 1 sack of Vermi Food 10 Teach IMO+, FFA, FFJ & FPJ Produce IMO+ Give 930 Seeds Collect 2 sack of Vermi Food 11 Share Your Personal Vision and Recipients Write Personal Vision & Goal Goals Teach Personal Visioning Give 930 Seeds 12 Prize Awarding Collect 300g of Vermi per Group Graduation Give 930 Seeds
  4. 4. LESSON 1: WELCOME, INTRODUCTION & ORIENTATION Objectives (Results): At the end of this session the recipients will be able to: • Understand the scheduling, system and topics of VHL, • Understand that they will need to prepare before some livelihood lessons, • Understand that they will receive livelihood materials in exchange for local materials (vermi food). Office Preparations Before the Session: • Read over lesson outline. • Bring 1 Uplift livelihood tarpaulin and 31 student manuals. Teaching Outline (35 minutes including general VHL Orientation): Content Trainers notes Welcome & Introduction • Introduce yourself and your role. • Inform them that all of our livelihood teaching is very practical and can help Timing: 5 minutes them produce more food and income. VHL Orientation • Every week this ICM team will visit your area. • In the mornings (or afternoon) we’ll be visiting a few of your houses to see how things are going. You can ask us any questions during those visits. Also, we’ll need to do a survey. • In the afternoon (or morning) we’ll all gather here to learn 3 lessons each week: Values, Health & Livelihood. Each lessons is only 30 minutes! We know many of you need to look after your family so our aim is not take more than 2 hours. Timing: 10 minutes • Each family gets a VHL booklet! Take VERY good care of it! Livelihood Topics • We’ll teach you sustainable agriculture: vermiculture, seed banking, CRH, Orientation botanical pesticide and livestock feed formulation. • We’ll also teach you some basic marketing tips so that you can earn some money from your hard work! • We’ll be providing many of the materials you’ll need to implement sustainable agriculture, but you will also need to provide some of them. For example next week, we need all of you to bring 1 plastic/amount of any of the following: banana trunk, animal tai/poo, dagami/rice straw or leaves. We need those types of materials so that we can teach you how to make high quality organic fertilizer. • All livelihood materials must be repaid to the office. Don’t worry, you don’t need to pay with money, you can pay us with vermi food materials. If Timing: 10 minutes materials aren’t repaid, extra vermi must be given to the office. What is Vermicomposting? Characteristics of the African Night Crawler: The process turning organic 1. Hermaphrodites that mature in 8-10 weeks. waste-matter into the highest 2. Population can grow extremely fast! quality of fertilizer, known as 3. Prefers a moist (70%) environment. vermicast, by using certain Vermi eat organic matter (such as tai and banana trunk) and turn it into the species of earthworm. highest quality fertilizer. Timing: 5 minutes Note: producing your own fertilizer is a key component in sustainable farming. Vision Casting • We want to get to know each of you, your families and your situations. • We want to remind you that there is hope for a better future and we want to get along side you for the next 3 months to help you achieve some victories in your life. • We think each of you are worth our time and the donors money because we believe you are all created in the image of our great God. Timing: 5 minutes • We are excited to partner with all of you. Remind: Everyone should bring at least 1 sack of vermi food and enough materials (check Lesson 2 for list of needed materials) to make a vermi bin next week!
  5. 5. LESSON 2: VERMICULTURE & VERMI TEA Objectives (Results): At the end of this session the recipients will be able to: • Understand the basics of vermiculture, • Prepare vermi food and construct a vermi bin, • Make vermi tea. Office Preparations Before the Session: • Read over lesson outline and review vermiculture & vermi tea. • Bring 1 Uplift livelihood tarpaulin and 1 kg of vermicast (to make vermi tea). Teaching Outline (30 minutes): Content Trainers notes Typical Problems 1. 33% of Filipinos are in poverty because of underemployment, low productivity and lack of education. 2. Hunger: lack of food, limited area for food production. 3. Poor health: sickness from poor diet and low quality food. 4. Poor environment: pollution, air, water, sewage and uncollected Timing: 4 Minutes garbage! Vermicomposting is a Solution 1. Increases income: increases the productivity of the soil, so more food can be grown (less bought and more can be). 2. Reduces hunger: helps lift production of quality food. 3. Reduces sickness by improving diet. 4. Improves the environment, by helping more plants grow! Green is Timing: 4 Minutes beautiful! Prepare Vermi Food 3 main types of vermi food to make quality NPK fertilizer: 1. Banana Trunk (Potassium) 2. Manure, seafood scraps & banana peels (Phosphorus) 3. Leguminous (ipil-ipil, kakawate) (Nitrogen) Layer the 3 types in equal proportions (1:1:1) Other vermi food can be added: rice straw, ampalaya leaves, rotten non- citrus fruit, eggshells, bones, cuttings, non-oily food scraps, paper and cardboard. Timing: 7 minutes Note: Add goat manure if there are rats. Construct a Vermi Bin • Materials needed: (1m x 2m x 1m high) Bamboo or wood poles, bamboo or plywood slats, nails or twine, rice Advantages of a raised bin sacks, four containers, and used oil or water. include protection from ants, • The top of the bin should have a depth of around 2 feet. Vermi Food will flooding and easy access. need to be at least 1 foot deep at all times to achieve a faster rate of production. Timing: 5 minutes Note: A 2 square meter bin can handle up to 2 kg of worms. Prepare Vermi Tea 1. Ingredients: cast + water (1:4) (IMO substitute) 2. Mix cast and water in container. 3. Leave for 24 hours for most effectiveness. 4. Apply to vermi food. Timing: 5 minutes Note: It can also be used as liquid fertilizer. Stages of Growing Vermi 1. Gather vermi food. 2. Add vermi tea and leave for 7-14 days. 3. Then add to the vermi bin at least 1 foot to 2 feet deep. 4. Add water to keep the bin around 70% moist. 5. Harvest cast by scraping the vermicast from the top of the bin. Timing: 5 Minutes 6. Add more vermi food to keep the depth of the food at least 1 foot deep. Form 5 Vermi-Groups 5 recipients plus 1 counselor per group. (Each group needs a vermi bin.) Remind: The vermi bin must be completely ready in order to get worms!
  6. 6. Vermicompost (also called worm compost, vermicast, worm castings, worm humus or worm manure) is the end product of the broken-down organic matter by some species of earthworm. Vermicompost is a nutrient-rich, natural fertilizer and soil conditioner. The process of producing vermicompost is called vermicomposting. Together with bacteria (indigenous micro-organisms or IMO), earthworms are the major catalyst for decomposition in a healthy vermicomposting system, although other soil species also play a contributing role: these include insects, other worms and molds. Different Earthworm Species used in Vermicomposting 1. Red Wiggler 2. Red Tiger 3. Red Worms 4. Blue Worms 5. African Night Crawlers (most commonly used in the Philippines) Characteristics of African Night Crawlers 1. Hermaphrodites (each worm has male and female reproductive organs) 2. Matures in 8 weeks. 3. Breeding worms can lay 2-5 cocoons per week, each containing an average of 10 worms. 4. Population doubles in about a month. 5. Loves shady areas and strongly dislikes direct sunlight. 6. Prefers a moist, but not wet, environment. 7. Eats continuously. 8. Generally, it will excrete on the surface. Advantages of Vermicomposting 1. It contains millions of microbes that help breakdown nutrients already present in the soil into plant available forms. 2. Contains worm mucus that keeps nutrients from washing away with the first watering. 3. Environment friendly. Since earthworms feed on anything that is biodegradable, vermicomposting then partially aids in the garbage disposal problems. 4. Compost “tea” is liquid fertilizer that is made from brewing vermicasts in water. An enormous diversity of bacteria, fungi, protozoa and nematodes should be present depending on the quality of the compost. 5. No imported inputs required. Worms are now locally available and the materials for feeding are abundant in the locality as market wastes, grasses, used papers and farm wastes. 6. It doesn’t take much time. 7. Profitable. Both the worms and castings are saleable! 8. Increase moisture and nutrient retention of the soil 9. Improves aeration and root penetration 10. Reduces crusting of soil surface 11. Contain NPK just like chemical fertilizer, except better because it doesn’t kill the natural soil. 12. Increases the number of beneficial soil micro-organisms. Caution 100% worm compost is usually too rich to be used in a seed box. For seed starting, use a mixture of vermicasts and soil or soil alternatives (such as rice hull); a mixture of one to four should be used. Site Selection 1. Source of H2O & VermiFood 2. Shady and Covered Harvesting Stage You can harvest the vermicompost every 3-4 weeks. During the week before harvesting, no water should be added to the substrate.
  7. 7. Organic Fertilizer vs. Chemical/Synthetic Fertilizer N% P% K% Growth characters 1st Harvest 2nd Harvest 1st 2nd 1st 2nd Chemical/Synthetic NPK 1.8 2.2 0.53 0.55 3.9 4.2 Microorganisms 1.1 1.4 0.49 0.5 2.8 3.1 Compost 1.6 1.9 0.51 0.52 3.1 3.2 Compost + Microorganisms 2.1 2.3 0.52 0.55 4 4.5 Plant height Number of Fresh Dry weight Number of Growth characters (mm) branches weight (g) (g) flowers 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 1st 2nd Chemical/Synthetic NPK 790 841 40 51 521 561 100 118 20 18 Microorganisms 521 600 22 26 327 365 71 80 7 12 Compost 680 660 34 30 436 496 90 97 13 17 Compost + Microorganisms 810 880 41 60 550 600 115 123 22 25 Source: Cluj, 2007 Volume 35, Issue 1(Print ISSN 0255-965X; Electronic ISSN 1842-4309) Vermicompost vs. Traditional Compost Parameter Vermicompost* Traditional Compost** Total Nitrogen (%) 2.00 0.90 Phosphorus (%) 0.50 0.33 Potassium (%) 0.85 0.44 Calcium (%) 4.30 2.55 Magnesium (µg-1 g-1) 0.56 0.50 Aluminum (µg-1 g-1) 7002 7444 Copper (µg-1 g-1) 30.5 15.6 Manganese (µg-1 g-1) 523 388 Zinc (µg-1 g-1) 321 133 pH 6.8 7.5 * Vermi-compost was derived from 70 % organic materials composed of Gliricidia and Leucaena leaves and twigs (25%) and grasses (75%), plus 20% garden soil, plus 10% cattle manure. Night Crawler earthworms were inoculated in the vermi-bins. ** Traditional compost was derived from 70 % organic materials composed of Gliricidia and Leucaena leaves and twigs (25%) and grasses (75%), plus, 20 % ordinary garden soil. 10 % cattle manure. Note: the exact parameters will vary on the inputs. Source: www.wormsphilippines.com/docs/Agroforestry%20Farm%20Wastes%20by%20Salamanca.htm Note: The variation on the result of NPK analysis will be based on the ratio and the materials used as the composting media for organic fertilizer production.
  8. 8. LESSON 3: ORGANIC FARMING Objectives (Results): At the end of this session the recipients will have an operating Vermi Bin and be able to: • Understand the need to use organic farming, • Do container farming as well as plot farming. Office Preparations Before the Session: • Read over lesson outline and review the container farming demonstration. • Call the pastor to confirm that their vermi bin is ready. If it is, then bring 1kg worms for the group. • Bring up to 1kg vermi, 310 seeds, 1 sack of vermicast, 1 container, wire #16 and 1 Uplift livelihood tarpaulin. Teaching Outline (30 minutes): Content Trainers notes Give 200g of Vermi to Each Group Locate vermi bins in a dark and covered area, with easy access to Timing: 5 Minutes water and vermi food. Review Typical Problems Ask 2 recipients to share a few of their problems. Timing: 4 Minutes Organic Farming is a Solution to 1. Increasing income by reducing the amount of food that needs to be Poverty bought and producing food that can be sold. 2. Reducing hunger by offering a daily source of food supply. 3. Reducing sickness by improving diet. 4. Improving the environment by recycling old containers & beautifying Timing: 3 Minutes backyards. What is Container Farming? • A method of vegetable production using old or discarded containers Types of Containers: jars, old boxes, that can hold soil for a full-grown plant. old containers, tires, plastic pots, tin • It is a cheap, manageable and easy way to start a farm! cans, and plastic soft drink bottles Note: Containers must be non-transparent, because the root system of and water bottles. the plant should not be exposed to sunlight. It will affect the growth of Timing: 3 minutes the plant. How do we get started? 1. Clean containers of oil or grease. 1. Prepare the Containers 2. Cut in halves if needed. (demonstrate) 3. Make at least 5 holes, 1 inch from the bottom. Timing: 4 minutes 4. Use wire to hang the containers. 2. Prepare the Soil (demonstrate) Healthy soil mixture: mix soil, casts & CRH in equal parts (1:1:1) Timing: 3 minutes Note: If no CRH is available mix soil & casts (1:1) 3. Direct Planting (demonstrate) 1. ¾ of the container should be filled with soil. 2. Water the soil just enough to make it damp/moist. 3. Sow 1 seed in the container with a depth of 2-3 cm and cover. Timing: 4 Minutes 4. Water and hang (use #16 tie wire, or string) in a sunny location. Traditional Farming • If you have no containers or have lots of ground space, you should use a seed box to germinate the seeds. Use a banana leaf to wrap some soil around the seed. Do not expose the seed box to direct sunlight, because the heat of the sun will kill the young leaves. • While the seeds are germinating, you should prepare the hills using vermicast. • Once the seeds have 3 leaves on them, place the banana-wrapped seedling directly into the prepared hills and lightly cover with soil. Timing: 3 Minutes Note: Radish and carrots cannot be transplanted. Give out Seeds Give each recipient a pack of 10 seeds to practice organic farming. Reminds: 1. Collect 2 sack of vermi food to pay for the vermicast. 2. The community should have at least 1 sack of rice hull for next weeks lesson. 3. Each group will pay 300g (200 for vermi & 100 for seeds) of worms on the last week of the program.
  9. 9. Container Farming is a method of vegetable production using discarded containers such as; jars, old boxes, old containers, tires, plastic bags, pots, tin cans and anything else can hold soil as the planting medium. Using this method helps save space, recycles old materials and keeps the work simple. Starting a farm using this method can be very cheap, manageable and easy to scale up. On average each plant will generate P7 of income. Materials Needed • Containers • Wire (#18 tie wire preferred) or string • Planting materials (seeds, seedlings, cuttings, tubers, etc.) • Garden tools (bolo, knife, scissors, spade, rake or hoe) • Garden soil/fertile soil • Organic fertilizer (compost, animal manure, vermicompost, etc.) Container Location The container can go anywhere as long as they meet the 2 requirements listed below. • Sunlight o Leafy vegetables: 4 to 5 hours of sunlight everyday. o Fruit bearing: 5 to 6 hours of sunlight everyday. • Wind/breeze/air movement o Not too strong of wind or the plant might get damaged. Container Selection • Choose a container size based on the size of plant you wanted to grow. • Clean the container if necessary (oil, grease, etc.) • Cut into two halves if needed. • Make at least 5 holes around, 1 inch from the bottom. • If necessary, attach a string or wire to the container for hanging. Reminders 1. Soil Mixtures-Local Soil:Vermicast:CRH (1:1:1) 2. Planting: place seed 1/2 inch under the soil mixture 3. Water twice a day. Don’t over water! 4. Harvest On Time (use record book)! 5.Record Sales And Planting Data Germinating 1. Direct Planting Raddish, Pitchay, Carrot, Onion, Beans, Squash, Garlic, Ampalaya, Upo, Camote 2. Seedlines Peppers, Tomato, Eggplant, Okra Types of Seed Box
  10. 10. CONTAINER GARDEN PLANTING GUIDE SOIL SOIL VEG HARVEST SUNLIGHT DIAMETER DEPTH 1 Pechay 30-45 days 6 inches 5 inches 4-5 hours a day 2 Pole Sitaw 37-43 days 12 inches 12 inches 5-6 hours a day 3 Carrot 80-100 days 2 inches 7 inches 5-6 hours a day 4 Ampalaya 90 days 16 inches 12 inches 5-6 hours a day 5 Lettuce 30-45 12 inches 12 inches 4-5 hours a day 6 Garlic 90-110 days 8 inches 8 inches 4-5 hours a day 7 Tomato 45-60 12 inches 12 inches 5-6 hours a day 8 Radish 45-60 days 2 inches 12 inches 5-6 hours a day 9 Bell Pepper 60 days 6 inches 12 inches 5-6 hours a day 10 Onion 90 days 10 inches 3 inches 4-5 hours a day 11 Upo 90 days 12 inches 16 inches 5-6 hours a day 12 Eggplant 90 days 12 inches 16 inches 5-6 hours a day 13 Camote tops 30-45 12 inches 12 inches 4-5 hours a day 14 Hot chilli 90 days 10 inches 12 inches 4-5 hours a day 15 Okra 60 days 12 inches 12 inches 5-6 hours a day 16 Squash 90 days 12 inches 18 inches 5-6 hours a day Types of Soil 1. Sandy a. Large spaces between particles allowing water and minerals to flow b. No capacity to hold water c. Made up of granules of minerals and rocks d. Not Fertile 2. Clay a. Very little space between particles, poor drainage, poor aeration b. Not good for planting c. Good for art crafts such as pots, jars etc. d. light brown, reddish brown, light yellow in color 3. Silt a. Fertile soil, rich in nutrient, good drainage b. Ideal for all plants 4. Loam a. Made up of different kinds of soil b. With good water holding capacity c. Fertile soil, rich in nutrient, good drainage d. Good aeration e. Black in color
  11. 11. LESSON 4: FAITH GARDENING, COMMUNITY GARDENING & CRH Objectives (Results): At the end of this session the recipients will be able to: • Understand FAITH Gardening and the importance of continuos production, • Have the opportunity to participate in the community garden, • Make CRH (Carbonized Rice Hull). Office Preparations Before the Session: • Read over lesson outline and review making CRH. • Bring a Carbonizer, 1 Uplift livelihood tarpaulin, 930 seeds & 2 sacks of vermicast. Teaching Outline (30 minutes): Content Trainers notes FAITH Gardening In order to get real savings, you should have your basic vegetables (Food Always In The Home) continually produced. This will insure that you’ll always have vegetables ready for your meals. This is why ICM will give you 30 seeds every week until the program finishes!! • The 1st half of the booklet has a summary of everything we are teaching you. The 2nd half is to record all the important information like the date the seed is planted, how much is harvested and sold. In a few more weeks we’ll also use the booklet to record some of our personal goals and dreams. • If you keep your records up-to-date, you will be able to see how much you’ve been able to produce and earn because of your efforts to grow food for your family. And hopefully you will be encouraged to see that Timing: 6 Minutes you can also earn money by selling your extra vegetables Community Gardening Your pastor has been able to secure this land for all of you to garden. The plot will be equally divided amongst all who want to join. Half of each persons harvest will be donated to the church. Timing: 4 Minutes Note: Extra seeds will be given to those who participate. Make CRH 1. Make a small fire. 2. Place the Carbonizer on top of the fire. 3. Put 1 sack of rice hull around the Carbonizer. 4. Add wood to the fire through the chimney. 5. When 85% of the hull turns black remove the fire. 6. Using a shovel, slowly mix the rice husk until it’s 99% black. 7. Add water and mix until it stops smoking. 8. Spread it out so that it will dry. 9. Once dried, add to soil or store it in a sack until needed. Note: The hull should not catch on fire or become gray. (It becomes Timing: 13 Minutes useless at that point.) Why do we make CRH? 1. It’s is a soil loosener. CRH contains phosphorus, 2. It aids moisture retention. potassium, calcium, magnesium, 3. It can enhance seedling growth. and micronutrients vital for 4. It minimizes weed growth. growing crops. 5. Rice Hull is normally free or very cheap. 6. A Carbonizer is cheap and easy to operate. 7. When it’s added to casts it makes a great soil enhancer. Timing: 5 Minutes 8. It eliminates fungus that damage and kill plants. Give out Seeds Give each recipient a pack of 30 seeds to practice organic farming. Reminders: 1. The area should prepare 150g of garlic, 100g of tubli roots & ¼ kg of kakawate leaves for next week. 1. Collect 4 sacks of vermi food to pay for the Carbonizer and vermicast. 2. When you plant the new seeds remember to record it in your booklets!
  12. 12. LESSON 5: PLANT MANAGEMENT & REWARDS! Objectives (Results): At the end of this session the recipients will be able to: • Prepare botanical pesticides, • Demonstrate plant management and pest control. Office Preparations Before the Session: • Read over lesson outline and review making botanical pestcide. • Bring 1 Uplift livelihood tarpaulin, 930 seeds & 2 sacks of vermicast. Teaching Outline (30 minutes): Content Trainers notes Basic Plant Management 1. Pests: manually remove them or use botanical pesticides. 2. Remove weeds by hand. 3. Water: twice per day, but don’t drown or over-water the plants. Timing: 2 Minutes Note: If containers are over watered, the nutrients will wash away. What are Botanical Pesticides • Botanical pesticides refer to natural pesticides that have been produced and Why should we use them? from plants. Various botanical pesticides treat different types of pests and they only need to be used when the problem occurs. Timing: 3 Minutes • WHO found 10,000 die annually because of chemical pesticides. Make Kakawate Pesticide 1. Gather ¼ kg of kakawate leaves and pound it. Purpose: General pest control. 2. Mix it well with 250ml of water and soak it overnight. 3. After 12 hours, strain out all the leaves. 4. Mix 4L of water with 3 tbsp of kakawate juice. 5. Spray mixture on your plants during sunrise and sunset. Timing: 5 minutes 6. The mixture should be used within 3 days. Tubli Root Pesticide 1. Gather 100g of fresh tubli roots and chop them up. Purpose: General pest control. 2. Mix it with 1.5L of water and soak it overnight. 3. After 12 hours, strain out all the roots. 4. Mix 1.5L of water into the 1.5L of tubli juice. Timing: 5 minutes 5. Spray mixture on infested plants. Make Garlic Pesticide 1. Gather 150g of garlic bulb and pound it. Purpose: Aphids, ants and many 2. Mix it with 2L of water and soak it overnight. common pests. 3. After 12 hours, strain out all the garlic. 4. Gently mix 1 tbsp of dishwashing liquid into the water. Timing: 5 minutes 5. Spray mixture on infested plants. Atis Seed Pesticide Pulverize seeds into a powder and then place Purpose: Ants directly to the base of plants that are being Timing: 2 minutes attacked by ants. Black Pepper Pesticide Sprinkle black pepper powder directly to the base Purpose: Ants of the plants that are being attacked by ants. Timing: 2 minutes Vegetable Production Rewards • The family that plants and maintains the most vegetables will receive a grocery reward worth P300 for 1st place and P200 for 2nd place!! • On the 11th week of the program, ICM staff will visit each house to count how many vegetable plants the family has, along with any plants they have in the community garden. • The family with the most plants wins! Note: Only healthy plants will be counted. Plants that are dying will be Timing: 5 Minutes disqualified. Give out Seeds Give each recipient a pack of 30 seeds to practice organic farming. Reminders: 1. Collect 2 sacks of vermi food to pay for vermicast. 2. When you plant the new seeds remember to record it in your booklets!
  13. 13. LESSON 6: SODIS & CAST HARVESTING Objectives (Results): At the end of this session the recipients will be able to: • Purify their water source using SODIS method, • Harvest vermicast. Office Preparations Before the Session: • Read over lesson outline and review SODIS, vermicast harvesting (scraping technique) & bin maintenance. • Bring a SODIS instruction guide, 1 Uplift livelihood tarpaulin and 930 seeds. Teaching Outline (30 minutes): Content Trainers notes Safe Drinking & Cooking Water It is so important to have a safe source of water. 1.6 million people die every year because of severe diarrhea. 94% of those deaths are preventable by washing hands and using safe water. We’ve already learned about proper hand washing through PHE. But we haven’t Timing: 5 minutes taught you how to get safe water yet. SODIS (Solar Water Disinfection) SODIS is a very simple and cheap way to produce safe water. Do the following steps: 1. Get a bucket of water (your normal source) and strain it with some cloth. 2. Take a transparent bottle and remove any labels. 3. Pour the strained water into the bottle and tighten the lid. 4. Then place the bottle in direct sunlight, such as your roof. 5. After 10 hours, on a sunny day, the water is safe to drink. If it’s cloudy, then leave the bottle for 2 days. Timing: 7 minutes How does SODIS Work? UV-radiation from the sun will kill 99.9% of the pathogens that cause Timing: 3 minutes the diseases, except amibiasis. Vermicast Harvesting 1. Scrape the top layer of casts. Timing: 10 minutes 2. Use casts for new containers or sell them. Bin Maintenance 1. After harvesting some of the casts: • Add the prepared vermi food to the bin • Maintain 70% moisture level Timing: 3 minutes 2. When there are too many worms in a bin you can create a 2nd bin. Give out Seeds Timing: 2 Minutes Give each recipient a pack of 30 seeds to practice organic farming. Reminder: When you plant the new seeds remember to record it in your booklets!
  14. 14. LESSON 7: VEGETABLE HARVESTING & FEED FORMULATION Objectives (Results): At the end of this session the recipients will be able to: • Harvest vegetables, • And produce their own livestock feeds. Office Preparations Before the Session: • Read over lesson outline and review plant harvesting, preparation and planting. • Bring feed ingredients (2kg of rice/corn bran & 2 tbsp of yeast), 1 Uplift tarpaulin and 930 seeds. Teaching Outline (30 minutes): Content Trainers notes Container Harvesting 1. Harvest the vegetables that are ready. 2. Consume or sell harvest. Note: Make sure you sell the best quality vegetables and consume the average ones. Your buyers will continue to purchase from you if you sell Timing: 5 Minutes good products. Container Replanting 1. Take out the old soil and divide it in 2 while removing all the old root system. If the roots are difficult to remove, put the old soil in the sun for 7 days to kill the bacteria. 2. Mix the old soil with new vermicast soil. 3. Place the new mix back into the container. 4. Water the soil just enough to get wet. 5. Sow 1 seed in the container with a depth of 2-3 cm and cover. Timing: 10 Minutes 6. Water and hang in a sunny location. Make Livestock Feeds 1. Dissolve 2 tbsp of yeast into 1L of water. 2. Add 2kg of rice or corn bran and mix gently. 3. Place it in a plastic container for 12 hours. 4. Chop 4kg of grasses into small pieces and moisten with water. 5. Mix the bran with the chopped grasses, then store for 7 days. 6. After 7 days, feed the mixture to your livestock. Note: The mixture must be consumed within 7 days! Make a new mix every 7 days or less in order to always have available livestock feeds. Warning: This formulation is good for all livestock EXCEPT for Timing: 13 Minutes pregnant sows! Give out Seeds Give each recipient a pack of 30 seeds to practice organic farming. Timing: 2 Minutes Reminder: When you plant the new seeds remember to record it in your booklets!
  15. 15. LESSON 8: SEED BANKING Objectives (Results): At the end of this session the recipients will be able to: • Harvest seeds from certain mature plants. Office Preparations Before the Session: • Read over lesson outline and review seed banking. • Bring cellophane (for seed banking), 1 Uplift livelihood tarpaulin and 930 seeds. Teaching Outline (30 minutes): Content Trainers notes Review Soil Preparation Healthy soil mixture: Mix soil, casts & CRH in equal parts (1:1:1) Timing: 5 minutes Note: If no CRH is available mix soil & casts (1:1) What is Seed Banking? • Seed banking is allowing a plant to grow to full maturity (when it begins to flower) and harvesting its seeds. • The following plants can be kept for seed banking: pechay, tomato, ampalaya, eggplant, bell pepper, hot pepper, pole sitaw, and lettuce. • We recommend you have 1 plant, per variety, to be used for seed banking. • When a plant reachs full maturity and begins to flower, tie plastic sacks around the flowering part of the plant so that the seeds will fall into the sack. Once most of the seeds have dropped, shack the plant and then remove the sacks with the seeds inside. The seeds Timing: 10 minutes should be stored in a safe dry environment. Demonstrate Seed Banking Visit someone nearby garden to show them how to prepare a plant to Timing: 13 minutes harvest it’s seeds. Give out Seeds Give each recipient a pack of 30 seeds to practice organic farming. Timing: 2 Minutes Reminders: 1. When you plant the new seeds remember to record it in your booklets! 2. Everyone needs to bring their booklets next week!
  16. 16. LESSON 9: MARKETING Objectives (Results): At the end of this session the recipients will be able to: • Create a Marketing Plan. Office Preparations Before the Session: • Read over lesson outline and review marketing. • Bring 1 Uplift livelihood tarpaulin and 930 seeds. Teaching Outline (30 minutes): Content Trainers notes What Products can you Sell? 1. Vegetables 2. Vermicast 3. Seedlings Timing: 4 Minutes 4. Vermi (depends on the area) Who/Where do you sell to? 1. Neighbors: Door-2-Door 2. The Market: Stall 3. Join your local farmers coop/marketing association. Timing: 6 Minutes 4. Kalindirias/Restaurants How do you sell? 1. Tell potential buyers about your product 2. Show them your product 3. Agree on a fair price and sell it Timing: 4 minutes 4. Ask them if they want to buy more When do you sell? 1. When is the customer looking to buy? What is the best time to sell? After work, before dinner, etc. Timing: 4 minutes 2. Manage inventory: you must sell your products before they go bad! Create a Marketing Plan • What are you going to sell, where, when, how and at what price? Timing: 10 minutes • Fill out your own marketing plan found in your booklet. Give out Seeds Give each recipient a pack of 30 seeds to practice organic farming. Timing: 2 Minutes Reminders: 1. Next week prepare 1kg of fish scraps, 1kg of very ripe papaya and 1kg of banana trunk. 2. When you plant the new seeds remember to record it in your booklets!
  17. 17. LESSON 10: IMO+ Objectives (Results): At the end of this session the recipients will be able to: • Produce and understand the purpose of IMO+. Office Preparations Before the Session: • Read over lesson outline and review IMO+. • Bring ingredients for IMO (4kg of kinugay, 1kg of cooked rice, bamboo container, rubber band, plastic, and paper), 1 Uplift livelihood tarpaulin and 930 seeds. Teaching Outline (30 minutes): Content Trainers notes What is IMO+? • IMO stands for Indigenous Micro Organisms. These organisms/bacteria are good. • God made them to help recycle the earth. They eat/break down decaying matter, such as leaves, manure and banana trunk. • The “+” stands for the extra food/nutrients we add to the IMO to make the organisms grow faster. It also adds benefits to the soil. There are Timing: 4 minutes 3 types of “+”: FFA, FFJ and FPJ. Why do we use IMO+? • These organisms exist everywhere, but we are helping them multiply so that they work faster! • They help us reuse our farm/local wastes for a productive purpose. Timing: 4 minutes • They help us make organic fertilizer. How do we make IMO? 1. Put 1kg of cooked rice into bamboo and then cover the top with paper, then plastic and then tie a string around it to keep it secure. 2. Keep it in a cool place for 3 days. 3. Remove the fermented rice and then mix with 1kg of sugar. 4. Return the mixture into the bamboo and reseal it. 5. Keep it in a cool place for 7 days. 6. Remove the mixture and strain out the liquid from the solid. 7. Store the liquid in a plastic container with the lid loosely on (gases Timing: 10 minutes will build up so don’t put the lid on too tight). How do we make FFA, FFJ and 1. Chop 1kg of fish scraps (or very ripe papaya or banana trunk) into FPJ? small pieces then mix with 1kg of sugar. 2. Put the mixture into a plastic container then cover the top with paper, then plastic and then tie a string around it to keep it secure. 3. Keep it in a cool place for 7 days. 4. Remove the mixture and strain out the liquid from the solid. 5. Store the liquid in a plastic container with the lid loosely on (gases Timing: 10 minutes will build up so don’t put the lid on too tight). Give out Seeds Give each recipient a pack of 30 seeds to practice organic farming. Timing: 2 Minutes Reminders: 1. Collect 2 sacks of vermi food to pay for IMO+ ingredients. 1. When you plant the new seeds remember to record it in your booklets! 2. Everyone needs to bring their booklets next week!
  18. 18. LESSON 11: PERSONAL VISIONING Objectives (Results): At the end of this session the recipients will be able to: • Know personal goals and vision. Office Preparations Before the Session: • Read over lesson outline and review personal visioning. • Bring your personal goals/vision (to use as an example), 1 recipient plant scorecard (bring a camera to take pictures of the recipients with their vegetable gardens), 1 Uplift livelihood tarpaulin and 930 seeds. Teaching Outline (30 minutes): Content Trainers notes Personal Visioning • Importance of personal vision and goals. “Without a vision the people perish”. Example: Great Commission (Mt 28:19-20). • Share your example of personal vision and goals. • Types of personal goals: family, education, housing and income Timing: 10 minutes goals. Personal Visioning Exercise Recipients should write down their personal vision and goals in their record booklet. Note: If there are some who can’t write, have the counselors help them Timing: 18 minutes write their thoughts down. Give out Seeds Give each recipient a pack of 30 seeds to practice organic farming. Timing: 2 Minutes Reminder: When you plant the new seeds remember to record it in your booklets!
  19. 19. LESSON 12: GRADUATION & AWARD GIVING Objectives (Results): At the end of this session the recipients should: • Graduate from Uplift VHL! Office Preparations Before the Session: • All the recipients who are qualified (based on the recipients participation, H2H score card and visitation) to join our VHL teachers training should be identified. • Bring 2 grocery prizes (valuing P300 and P200), Uplift VHL graduation certificates, VHL teachers training invitations and 930 seeds. Program: Content Trainers notes Top Livelihood Rewards! • Announce the family with the 2nd most healthy vegetable plants and give them their grocery prize! • Announce the family with the most healthy vegetable plants and Timing: 7 minutes give them the grand prize! Collect Worms Each group should repay ICM 250g of vermi. Timing: 5 Minutes Give out Seeds Give each recipient a pack of 30 seeds to practice organic Timing: 2 Minutes farming. Giving of Graduation Certificates All the recipients should receive a framed ICM VHL graduation Timing: 10 minutes certificate. Giving of Invitation to VHL Certification • Some of you have excelled through our program and we’d like (optional) to give you the opportunity to become certified VHL trainers. • ICM will hold a free 2 day VHL training in _________ on _____. Food will be included. • Announce the names of those who are invited and give them Timing: 10 minutes their personalized invitation. Exert From Recipient Plant Scorecard: Number of Healthy Signature of a Recipient Name Vegetable Plants Family Member 1 2 3 4 5 6

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