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Diversification[1].1
 

Diversification[1].1

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  • This is a medium carp and can be intercrop with IMC

Diversification[1].1 Diversification[1].1 Presentation Transcript

  • Introduction of minor carp &Introduction of minor carp & Barb for interim financial reliefBarb for interim financial relief DIVERSIFICATIONDIVERSIFICATION OFOF SPECIESSPECIES
  • ObjectiveObjective  To enhance pond productivityTo enhance pond productivity  To introduce new, suitable, compatible,To introduce new, suitable, compatible, fast growing sps for monoculture as wellfast growing sps for monoculture as well as poly culture.as poly culture.  To best utilize the carrying capacity ofTo best utilize the carrying capacity of the pond through out the culture durationthe pond through out the culture duration  To best utilize the various type ofTo best utilize the various type of resourcesresources  To have a variety of fish for humanTo have a variety of fish for human consumptionconsumption
  • Minor carps suitable forMinor carps suitable for introductionintroduction  Medium carp:Medium carp: L. fimbriatus, L. gonius,L. fimbriatus, L. gonius, L.calbasuL.calbasu  Barb:Barb: PP.. gonionotusgonionotus,, PP.. saranasarana
  • Labeo fimbriatus (Khursia)
  • L.fimbriatusL.fimbriatus  It is a column & bottom feeder soIt is a column & bottom feeder so can be stocked 2 times that ofcan be stocked 2 times that of replaced rohu & mrigalreplaced rohu & mrigal  Native of southern IndiaNative of southern India  Can grow upto 500 gm in first 5-6Can grow upto 500 gm in first 5-6 months & upto 700-800gms in the 1months & upto 700-800gms in the 1 st year.st year.  Can breed like rohu so easy toCan breed like rohu so easy to breed.breed.  Can be a good auto breed sps. in bigCan be a good auto breed sps. in big water bodies.water bodies.
  • Labeo gonius(Kuria rohu)
  • L.goniusL.gonius  Native of north east india.Native of north east india.  It is a bottom feeder so can replaceIt is a bottom feeder so can replace mrigal and stocked 2 times that ofmrigal and stocked 2 times that of replaced mrigalreplaced mrigal  Can grow upto 500 gm in first 5-6Can grow upto 500 gm in first 5-6 months & upto 700-800gms in the 1months & upto 700-800gms in the 1 st year.st year.  Fecundity: 2.5-3.00 lakh/kg fishFecundity: 2.5-3.00 lakh/kg fish  Highly priced fish in North east stateHighly priced fish in North east state
  • Puntius gonionotus (Silver barb,Javapunti)
  • P. gonionotusP. gonionotus  Native of IndonesiaNative of Indonesia  It is a surface feeder can replaceIt is a surface feeder can replace catla at density 2-3 times that ofcatla at density 2-3 times that of replaced Catlareplaced Catla  Can grow upto 400 gm in first 4-5Can grow upto 400 gm in first 4-5 months & upto 500-600gms in the 1months & upto 500-600gms in the 1 st yearst year  Inter muscular spine thick, easy toInter muscular spine thick, easy to remove,so fetches good market priceremove,so fetches good market price  Can be cultured with low inputCan be cultured with low input
  • Puntius sarana (Olive barb,Sarana)
  • P.saranaP.sarana  It is now a endangered sps. in riversIt is now a endangered sps. in rivers of Indiaof India  It is a bottom feederIt is a bottom feeder  Can grow maximum upto 400-500Can grow maximum upto 400-500 gmgm  Initial growth is faster, can growInitial growth is faster, can grow upto 250-300 gm in first 4-5 monthsupto 250-300 gm in first 4-5 months  Breeding is little difficult than IMCBreeding is little difficult than IMC  Most preferred &highly priced barbMost preferred &highly priced barb
  • Culture Technology of intercropping (0.5 Acre)Culture Technology of intercropping (0.5 Acre) FishFish SpsSps StockiStocki ng Qtyng Qty withouwithou tt intercrintercr oppingopping (no)(no) ReplRepl ace-ace- menmen t qtyt qty (no)(no) QuantitQuantit y ofy of seedseed leftleft (IMC)(IMC) (no)(no) St.qtySt.qty ofof mediumediu mm carp(ncarp(n o)o) TotalTotal stocstoc kingking withwith interinter cropcrop pingping (no)(no) ProducProduc tiontion withwith intercrintercr opop (kg)(kg) ProdnProdn withowitho utut intercinterc roprop (kg)(kg) CatlaCatla 420420 160160 260260 260260 300300 420420 RohuRohu 480480 120120 360360 360360 360360 350350 MrigalMrigal 300300 120120 180180 180180 150150 180180 P.GoniP.Goni onotusonotus -- -- -- 480(3x1480(3x1 60)60) 480480 240240 -- L.FimbL.Fimb ritusritus -- -- -- 480(2x1480(2x1 20+20+ 2x120)2x120) 480480 300300 -- TotalTotal 12001200 400400 800800 960960 17601760 13501350 950950 There is a gain of 400 kg fish from 0.5 Acre pond area and financialThere is a gain of 400 kg fish from 0.5 Acre pond area and financial gain of Rs 28000.00 when intercropping with medium carp @70/-/kggain of Rs 28000.00 when intercropping with medium carp @70/-/kg
  • Monoculture of medium carp withMonoculture of medium carp with BarbBarb  Sps composition 30% ofSps composition 30% of P.gonionotus, 50% of L.fimbriatusP.gonionotus, 50% of L.fimbriatus 20% of L.gonius/P. sarana Sps.20% of L.gonius/P. sarana Sps. Composition can vary dependingComposition can vary depending upon the pond condition.upon the pond condition.  Stocking density 2-3 times of IMCStocking density 2-3 times of IMC  Most suitable for seasonal pondsMost suitable for seasonal ponds