Human sexuality std's sti's

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Human sexuality std's sti's

  1. 1. •Issues and Problems Related to Human Sexuality • Sexually Transmitted Infections (with emphasis on HIV/AIDS ) • Government Policies and Republic Act No. 8504 and 7719
  2. 2. ACTIVITY #1 Answer the following questions: Do you believe that virginity is important for both boys and girls? Why? What are your attitudes and standards towards virginity? Compare it with the norms and standards set by society. Does it confirm? How do you value virginity?
  3. 3. Staying virgin until marriage keeps you… SOCIALLY -free to develop many relationships EMOTIONALLY -free from exploitation by others. -free from guilt, doubt, disap pointment, and loss of reputation. PHYSICALLY -free from pregnancy & venereal diseases -free from having to choose a hurry- up wedding and an illegitimate child VIRGINITY- a virgin is a person who has not had sexual interaction.
  4. 4. How does one stay Virgin? KNOW your attitudes & standards VALUE your virginity for your own good and your future spouse ACT - choose friends with high standards -stay away from dangers and temptations -be kind, firm, and proud of your values. Values are strong beliefs held by persons, families and group of people about important issues.
  5. 5. Not Important Important Very Important • To be respected by my parents. • To be respected by my friends. • To have a positive image of myself. • To have lots of friends. • To do well in school. • To give and receive love. • To stay virgin until marriage. • To build healthy relationships with members of both sexes. • To appreciate sexuality as factor of personality. • To make intelligent decisions concerning sexual behaviour. What Do You Value?
  6. 6. Topic/Concept Have read it Have heard it Have seen a TV or movie production Have written a report paper on it STIs HIV/AIDS Abstinence Refusal Skill Blood donation/ transfusion B. DIRECTIONS: For each of the following topic, place a check mark in the cell if it describes your experience.
  7. 7. Sexually-transmitted infection is preventable successfully but many STIs such as HIV/AIDS still have no cure. Sexually-transmitted Infection (STI) is a communicable disease that is spread from person to person through sexual contact What is STIs? -communicable disease that is spread by a pathogen (disease-causing organism) •Abstinence is refraining completely from sexual relations with other people.
  8. 8. STD’S/ STI’SMode of Transmission 1.Sexual Contact (Infected Body Fluids, Blood . Semen). 2.Injecting drug and sharing infected needles 3.Maternal transference (Mother to baby during pregnancy)
  9. 9. COMMON STD/STI known as a "silent" disease because the majority of infected people have no symptoms. Chlamydia can also infect the rectum and throat. Symptoms in Men: Burning and itching at the tip of the penis, discharge, painful urination. Symptoms in Women: Vaginal itching, discharge that may have an odor, pain during sex, painful urination
  10. 10. spreads easily and can lead to infertility in both men and women, if untreated. Antibiotics stop the infection. Symptoms: In Men: Discharge from the penis, swollen testicles. In Women: Vaginal discharge, pelvic pain, spotting.
  11. 11. 3.HEPATITIS B- is a stealthy virus that can cause severe liver damage. People can be infected through sex, needle sharing, and at birth, as well as by sharing razors and toothbrushes. There is no cure. Symptoms: People may develop nausea, belly pain, dark urine, fatigue, and a yellowing of the skin or eyes with acute infection.
  12. 12. 4.SYPHILIS-Without treatment, it can lead to paralysis, blindness, and death. Syphilis can be cured with antibiotics. Signs and Symptoms: The first sign is usually a firm, round, painless sore on the genitals or anus. The disease spreads through direct contact with this sore. Later there may be a rash on the soles, palms, or other parts of the body.
  13. 13. infections. HIV spreads through unprotected sex, needle sharing, or being born to an infected mother. Early symptoms of HIV Infection: Many have no symptoms, but some people get temporary flu-like symptoms 1-2 months after infection: swollen glands,
  14. 14. The drug, the blood, the alcohol connections to STI HIV AIDS Blood Drugs Alcohol How does it contribute to the transmission of STI HIV AIDS? The drug, the blood, the alcohol connections to STI HIV AIDS How does it contribute to the transmission of STI HIV AIDS? EXPLAIN IT.
  15. 15. Government Policies in the Prevention and Control of HIV/AIDS and other STIs Republic Act 8504 also known as the Philippine Aids Law The Philippine AIDS Prevention and Control Act of 1998 or RA 8504 is the government’s response to the threat of HIV/AIDS in the country. Important provisions of the law include the following: The State shall promote public awareness about HIV/AIDS through various modalities: integration in the curriculum or development of special modules in basic education; inclusion in tertiary and vocational curriculum; providing education in the workplace, for Filipinos going abroad and among community people in general. The State shall also ensure safe practices and procedures regarding donation of blood, organ or tissue. The State shall provide a mechanism for anonymous HIV testing and shall guarantee anonymity and medical confidentiality in the conduct of such tests. The Philippine National AIDS Council (PNAC) shall oversee an integrated and comprehensive approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and control in the Philippines.
  16. 16. RA 7719 or the Blood Services act of 1994. This law protects and promotes public health through provisions related to blood donation. The government promotes voluntary blood donation as a humanitarian act. However, there are requirements that you need to meet if you want to donate blood. This is to ensure a clean and safe blood supply. Thus, you need to live a healthy lifestyle in order for you to be a voluntary blood donor in the future. To protect you from blood transfusion transmissible diseases like HIV/AIDS, this law lays down the legal principle that the provision of blood for transfusion is a professional medical service and not a sale of a commodity. They establish scientific and professional standards for the operation of blood collection units and blood banks/centers in the Philippines. People don’t have to sell blood as a commodity. To be a responsible voluntary donor you donate the blood for a cause through medical and scientific care.
  17. 17. BEWARE EDUCATE YOURSELF AND UPLIFT MORALITY!

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