Tool 1 1-ppt-01


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Tool 1 1-ppt-01

  1. 1. ICT for Education An Overview Prepared by Wadi D. Haddad
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>ICTs in Education – Dilemmas and Realities </li></ul><ul><li>Role and Nature of ICTs in Education </li></ul><ul><li>Potential of ICTs </li></ul><ul><li>From Potential to Effectiveness </li></ul>
  3. 3. Dilemmas Qs about Value of ICTs Myths Pressures <ul><li>Belief </li></ul><ul><li>Doubt </li></ul><ul><li>Wait </li></ul><ul><li>Monolithic </li></ul><ul><li>Automatic </li></ul><ul><li>Computers </li></ul><ul><li>Substitute </li></ul><ul><li>Vendors </li></ul><ul><li>Parents </li></ul><ul><li>Business </li></ul><ul><li>Techies </li></ul>Realities <ul><li>Analyze Educational objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Determine Objective for ICT </li></ul><ul><li>Understand Potential of ICTs </li></ul><ul><li>Examine suitability of ICTs </li></ul><ul><li>Plan program of investment </li></ul><ul><li>Implement prerequisites and corequisites </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate and adjust continuously </li></ul>Decision Maker
  4. 4. Necessity of ICTs <ul><li>Globalization of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tech Innovations </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge-based </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Escalating Demand </li></ul><ul><li>for Education </li></ul>Effective Learning For All Anytime Anywhere
  5. 5. <ul><li>ICTs for Learning Objectives </li></ul>ICTs for What Purpose Learning Objective Technology Text Audio Video Computer Internet Storage or display x x x x x Exploration x x x x x Application x x x Analysis x x Evaluation x x x x x Constructing or design of project x x x
  6. 6. ICTs for What Purpose <ul><li>ICTs for Teaching Objectives </li></ul>Teaching Objective Technology Text Audio Video Computer Internet Presentation x x x x x Demonstration x x x x x Drill and practice x (e.g., Language lab) x x Animation and simulation x x Research x x x x x Collaboration/ communication networked x Management of student learning x x x
  7. 7. <ul><li>ICTs and the School </li></ul>ICTs for What Purpose Technologies on Location Technologies at a Distance Printed matter Correspondence Slides, transparencies Scanners Digital notepads and white boards Audiotapes Radio Films and videos TV broadcasts Digital books Web pages CDs Web: Internet, intranet Computer projection Webcast
  8. 8. <ul><li>Potential </li></ul><ul><li>Of </li></ul><ul><li>ICTs </li></ul>Access Efficiency Learning Teaching Skill Formation Lifelong Learning Planning & Management Community Linkages
  9. 9. Potential: 1. Expanding Educational Opportunities <ul><li>Radio Broadcast </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive Radio Instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Television </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Schools </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Universities </li></ul>
  10. 10. Potential: 2. Increasing Efficiency <ul><li>Issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dual Shift Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multigrade Schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small Urban or Rural Schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexibility in Learning Schedule </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Broadcast Radio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interactive Radio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational TV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual Online Courses </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Potential: 3. Enhancing Quality of Learning <ul><li>Potential </li></ul><ul><li>Motivate and engage learners </li></ul><ul><li>Bring life to concepts and processes </li></ul><ul><li>Foster inquiry </li></ul><ul><li>Provide flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Allow application of information </li></ul><ul><li>Provide access to world of information </li></ul><ul><li>Bring the world into the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Offer collaborative opportunities and communication </li></ul><ul><li>Offer tutored and individualized learning </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Radio and TV </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia Learning Modules </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Labs </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting to the Worlds </li></ul><ul><li>Designing and Creating Things </li></ul>
  12. 12. Potential: 4. Enhancing Quality of Teaching <ul><li>Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Difficult Profession </li></ul><ul><li>No One-Shot Training </li></ul><ul><li>Continuum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initial Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lifelong Upgrading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connecting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia Training and Support System </li></ul><ul><li>Training Videos </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher Development Portal </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Resources for Teachers </li></ul>
  13. 13. Potential: 5. Facilitating Skill Formation <ul><li>New Workplace Realities </li></ul><ul><li>E-Training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Just-in-Time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Convenient Place </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Up-to-Pate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>User-centric </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simulations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competency-based multi-media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video and Interactive media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workplace Training </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Potential: 6. Sustaining Lifelong Learning <ul><li>Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Workers need to learn new skills </li></ul><ul><li>Modern societies demand constant updating </li></ul><ul><li>The “educated” can become obsolete </li></ul><ul><li>Life-cycle pattern is changing </li></ul><ul><li>Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Radio and TV </li></ul><ul><li>Multimedia Packages </li></ul><ul><li>Online Courses </li></ul><ul><li>Open Universities </li></ul><ul><li>“ Third Age” Universities </li></ul>
  15. 15. Potential: 7. Improving Policy Planning & Management <ul><li>Management of Institutions and Systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>School: Admissions, student flow, personnel, staff development, facilities… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>System: School mapping, personnel payroll, MIS, communication, information, . . . </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Management of Policy Making </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage and analysis of data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction and assessment of policy scenarios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tracer studies and tracking systems </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Potential: 8. Advancing Community Linkages <ul><li>Growth in ICT Access </li></ul>Millions
  17. 17. Potential: 8. Advancing Community Linkages <ul><li>Telephones, Cellular phones and PCs per 1,000 inhabitants </li></ul>0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 Africa America w/o US & Canada US and Canada Asia Europe Oceania WORLD Telephone subscribers/100 Inhabitants Cellular subscribers/100 Inhabitants PCs/100 inhabitants
  18. 18. Potential: 8. Advancing Community Linkages <ul><li>Internet hosts and users per 10,000 inhabitants </li></ul>0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 Africa America w/o US & Canada US and Canada Asia Europe Oceania WORLD Internet Hosts/10,000 inhabitants Internet Users/10,000 inhabitants
  19. 19. Potential: 8. Advancing Community Linkages <ul><li>ICT access varies within countries </li></ul><ul><li>Disparities is magnified by gender factor </li></ul><ul><li>ICT access contributes to escape from poverty </li></ul><ul><li>ICT access for all requires attention to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laws and regulations </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Radio Stations and Receivers Digital Satellite Radio Crank Radio Crank/Solar Radio Suitcase Radio Station
  21. 21. Telecenters
  22. 22. Women-Friendly Telecenters <ul><li>Within accepted culture; fosters harmony </li></ul><ul><li>Women do not have to travel far </li></ul><ul><li>Center meets needs of men and women </li></ul><ul><li>No childcare problem </li></ul><ul><li>Space is roomy and provides privacy </li></ul><ul><li>Staff is well integrated </li></ul>
  23. 23. Prerequisites Corequisites Potential Effectiveness
  24. 24. From Potential to Effectiveness <ul><li>Educational Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Approach to ICTs </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>ICT-Enhanced Content </li></ul><ul><li>Committed and Trained Personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Piloting and Evaluation </li></ul>
  25. 25. Conclusion <ul><li>To Tech or not to Tech Education </li></ul><ul><li>ICT ――►Education More Effective and Responsive </li></ul>ICTs X 
  26. 26. “ We do not think anymore of the spectacle of printing every time we read a book, the phenomenon of TV every time we watch a movie, or the miracle of the telephone every time we make a call. The ultimate success of ICTs for learning will be attained when we stop marveling about the ICTs and apply our minds and emotions to the wonders of learning.”
  27. 27. The End
  28. 28. Levels of ICTs for Different Learning Objectives and Roles of Learners LEARNING OBJECTIVE Levels of ICTs Constructing or design of Project Evaluation Analysis Application Exploration Storage or display Passive ACTIVE LEARNER’S ROLE
  29. 29. Levels of ICTs for Different Teaching Uses and Roles of Teachers TEACHING OBJECTIVE Go Back Levels of ICTs Management of Student Learning Collaboration/Communication Research Animation/ Simulation Drill & Practice Demonstration Presentation Provider Facilitator TEACHER’S ROLE
  30. 30. Infrastructure Go Back Namibia Schoolnet Pedal Power Generator Solar Energy Wind Power Generator
  31. 31. 5. Costing and Budgeting <ul><li>Total Cost of Ownership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquisition - hardware and software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Installation and configuration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Connectivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance : 15-20% of initial investment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplies: 8-10% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilities: 4-8% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer training 5-10% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retrofitting of physical facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>replacement costs (5-7 years) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Additional Costs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquisition and creation of content materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Orientation and training of staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Testing, evaluation and adjustment </li></ul></ul>31-48% Go Back