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Estonian group: Marilin, Alina, Robin and Jana                                November 2012
   Estonia tries to declare neutrality in the war   Molotov – Ribbentrop pact – a reason for    the Soviet Union to occu...
 In January 1949, the Council of  Ministers of the USSR issued a top  secret decree to exile the peoples  enemies from Es...
   The code name for the Soviet mass    deportation from the Baltic states on March    25–28, 1949   Many Estonians, lab...
 Almost 21,000 Estonians were sent to  inhospitable areas of Siberia The deported included disabled people,  pregnant wo...
Number   %Men        25 708   27.1Women      41 987   44.3Children   27 084   28.6Total      94 779   100.0
   Nine trains of people were directed to    Novosibirsk Oblast   six to Krasnoyarsk Krai   two to Omsk Oblast   two t...
Estonian SSR   Number of families   Absolute number of                                    people“Picked up”    7 743      ...
   Deportees were required to sign a document    upon their arrival, officially designating them    with the status of "s...
   Many of the deportees perished, most have    never returned home   Due to the high death rate of deportees    during ...
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THE LAST DEPORTATION FROM ESTONIA IN 1949
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THE LAST DEPORTATION FROM ESTONIA IN 1949

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Transcript of "THE LAST DEPORTATION FROM ESTONIA IN 1949"

  1. 1. Estonian group: Marilin, Alina, Robin and Jana November 2012
  2. 2.  Estonia tries to declare neutrality in the war Molotov – Ribbentrop pact – a reason for the Soviet Union to occupy Estonia in 1940 Nazi Germany reaches Estonia in July 1941 The Soviet forces reoccupy mainland Estonia in September 1944 - Estonia remains incorporated into the Soviet Union even after the war Mass political arrests, executions, terror and murders, deportations follow
  3. 3.  In January 1949, the Council of Ministers of the USSR issued a top secret decree to exile the peoples enemies from Estonia In the early morning of March 25, a major operation "Priboi"(Coastal Surf), called “March deportation” by Baltic historians, began
  4. 4.  The code name for the Soviet mass deportation from the Baltic states on March 25–28, 1949 Many Estonians, labeled as enemies of the people, were deported to inhospitable areas of the Soviet Union Portrayed as "dekulakisation", the operation was intended to: force the collectivisation of rural households eliminate the support base for the insurgency by the Forest Brothers against Soviet occupation
  5. 5.  Almost 21,000 Estonians were sent to inhospitable areas of Siberia The deported included disabled people, pregnant women, newborns and children separated from their parents, men of working age the youngest deportee – 1-day-old girl the oldest – 95-year-old woman
  6. 6. Number %Men 25 708 27.1Women 41 987 44.3Children 27 084 28.6Total 94 779 100.0
  7. 7.  Nine trains of people were directed to Novosibirsk Oblast six to Krasnoyarsk Krai two to Omsk Oblast two to Irkutsk Oblast Amur Oblast Tomsk Oblast
  8. 8. Estonian SSR Number of families Absolute number of people“Picked up” 7 743 20 134“Loaded” - 19 827Trains used 15 -
  9. 9.  Deportees were required to sign a document upon their arrival, officially designating them with the status of "special settlers" No right to return to their homes The penalty of twenty years hard labour for attempted escapes Deportees were not permitted to leave their designated area Were required to report to the local MVD commandant once a month, failure of which was a punishable offense
  10. 10.  Many of the deportees perished, most have never returned home Due to the high death rate of deportees during the first few years of their Siberian exile, some sources consider these deportations an act of genocide Based on the Martens Clause and the principles of the Nuremberg Charter, the European Court of Human Rights has held that the “Priboi” deportation constituted a crime against humanity
  11. 11. Thank you for your attention!
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