2. Creating the UE
-1951, six European countries*→
European Coal and Steel
-1957→signed the Treaty of
Rome→ European Economic
Community (Common Market)
*Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, the Netherlands
3. Countries joining the UE
-1973→UK, Denmark and Ireland
-1986→Portugal and Spain (end of dictatorship)= “European of the Twelve”
-1995→Austria, Sweden and Finland
-2004→Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Hungary, Czech
Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Cyprus and Malta
4. Spain in the UE
-It was not easy due to the economical and political conditions (it took 20
-February 9th 1962, Franco’s Government requested the admission of Spain
in the European Economic Community.
-Spain had to fulfill some strict conditions: the country had to have a
Democratic system of government.
-EEC’s countries rejected the suggestion→dictatorship since 1939.
-Only possible to sign trade agreements: elimination of Spanish tariffs.
5. Spain in the UE (i)
-Franco’s regime finished→Adolfo Suarez requested for the second time the
incoporation on July 26th 1977.
-It was approved by the commission
-Economic problems: Spanish economic structure clashed (agriculture and
fishing) and there were internal problems in the country.
-Spain had to meet several requirements fot the addition
6. Spain in the UE (ii)
-On January 1st 1986 Spain became a full member of the EEC together with
-Since its entrance, Spain has supported all steps taken in the creation of the
European common identity.
-Spain provides his knowledge of an old nation and his enthusiasm of a young
town with the conviction that a future of unity is the only possible.
7. Consequences of the entry of Spain
to the EU
The entry of Spain to the EU meant a positive change after the Civil War
Since 1991 Spain wanted to fulfill the criteria for inflation, interest rates, public
debt and government spending agreed at the treaty: that is to say the
convergence with Europe.
In 1998 Spain entered to the Monetary Union and adopted the euro.