IMRE NAGY

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OWTF 2012-2014

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IMRE NAGY

  1. 1. 7. June 1896 – 16. June 1958
  2. 2.  Imre Nagy was born in Kaposvár  He dropped out of the secondary school because his father lost his job  He worked as a locksmith, and he was also employed in a lawyer’s office
  3. 3.  During the World War I he fought on the Italian and the Russian fronts  In 1920 he joined the Hungarian Communist Party, and later he also became the member of the Russian Communist Party.
  4. 4.  In 1921 he returned to Kaposvár where he actively participated in the local Social Democratic Party and Trade Union.  Imre Nagy was expelled from the party and became a founding member of the Socialist Workers’ Party of Hungary.  He was arrested several times and in 1928 he fled to Vienna, Austria.
  5. 5.  In 1930 he emigrated with his family to Moscow  He became the editor in chief of Radio Kossuth broadcast from Tbilisi during the World War II. With his family in 1930
  6. 6.  In 1944 he became the Minister of Agriculture of the Provisional Government, he implemented the land reform in 1945  In 1952 he was the Minister for Farm Deliveries then Deputy Prime Minister
  7. 7.  Prime Minister on 4th July 1953  In 1954 he started political and economic reform, for example, higher wages, lower prices and quitting agricultural cooperatives
  8. 8.  In 1955 he was expelled from all state and party offices  He was also excluded from the Communist Party  He lived in home guard  He strongly criticised the Stalinist regime, the personality cult and dictatorship
  9. 9.  On 23 October 1956 the demonstrating mass in Budapest claimed Nagy’s appointment to be the head of government  He was accepted next day  On 28 October he called for a cease-fire  On 30 October he announced the multi-party system  On 1 November he announced Hungary’s neutrality and its withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact  He asked UN and the Security Council for help
  10. 10.  On 4 November on Tito’s invitation Nagy and his colleagues with their families sought refuge at the Yugoslavian Embassy.   On 22 November Imre Nagy and his colleagues were kidnapped by the KGB and driven to Romania. This action was led by János Kádár (the Prime Minister of Hungary) and his administration.
  11. 11.  In April 1957 Imre Nagy and his colleagues were arrested and transported to a jail in Budapest  Their families remained in Romania as hostages  On 21 December 1957 their political trial began  In the show trial Nagy denied the charges against him and maintained his belief that the revolution was a pure movement
  12. 12.  He was sentenced to death on 15 July 1958 and refused to apply for clemency.  On 16 June 1958 at 5 am he was executed  His body was transported to the most distant section of the nearby cemetery in 1961.   He was buried face-down amongst the remains of criminals and zoo animals under the female name Piroska Borbíró. 
  13. 13.  In 1989 he and other martyrs were exhumed, and a funeral ceremony was held on the Heroes’ Square in Budapest on 16 June  The Supreme Court declared him innocent, and in 1996 the Parliament passed a law to eternally engrave Imre Nagy’s name on the nation’s mind.  Imre Nagy remained faithful to his beliefs and to the country and the revolution until his death.  His figure has become an example of morality and a symbol of loyalty.

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