Hungary in the 20th century

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OWTF 2012-2014.

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  • 1989-es emlékmű (bal) , tüntetés (jobb)
  • Tüntetés, Nagy Imre újratemetése
  • határbontás
  • Hungary in the 20th century

    1. 1. THE TREATY OF TRIANON T 4th June 1920
    2. 2. Hungary lost 75% of its territory 33% of the population was forced into another country These people lost their Hungarian citizenship This treaty had a major impact on the economy
    3. 3. Hungary had no access to the sea any more Mines, factories, rail lines were taken away The army was reduced to 35 000 men Air force was banned Navy was not allowed
    4. 4. THE HOLOCAUST
    5. 5. In 1941 Hungary joined the Second World War Jews were listed, and ordered to wear yellow stars They were also separated into ghettos Every tenth Jewish victim was Hungarian in the concentration camps
    6. 6. The best known camp was in AuschwitzBirkenau. Jews were ordered to line up in rows of five and separated by gender The Germans were looking for healthy labourers between the age of 16 and 40 The rest were gassed within a few hours
    7. 7. AFTER THE SECOND WORLD WAR THE RÁKOSI REGIME
    8. 8. There was a totalitarian, one-party system The leader of the Hungarian Communist party was Mátyás Rákosi Hungary was the country of iron and steel The Secret Police (ÁVH) was everywhere
    9. 9. 1956 THE HUNGARIAN REVOLUTION AND WAR OF INDEPENDENCE
    10. 10. The people went to the streets and organized demonstrations Imre Nagy the prime minister supported the freedom fighters Finally the Soviet army won
    11. 11. Thousands of people were arrested Imre Nagy was executed in 1958 A lot of people had to leave the country
    12. 12. 1989
    13. 13. Janos Kadar was the leader of the Communist system This system was called „goulasch-communism” In the 1980s the censorship was made relaxed The right to strike and demonstrate was legalized
    14. 14. Hundreds of Eastern-Germans entered the country Hungary opened its western borderline for the German refugees Hans Dietrich Genscher gave a speech about this historical step:
    15. 15. o Pro ‘Hungarians had already shown in 1956 how they felt about communism, and in 1989 played a decisive and unequivocal role to bring about its collapse and open the whole of Europe to freedom and democracy.’

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