DISSIDENCE IN ESTONIA

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OWTF COMENIUS 20

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DISSIDENCE IN ESTONIA

  1. 1. Dissidence
  2. 2. What is that?• That means thinking different,not thinking and acting in the spirit of communist ideology.• The most precise historical usage dates from the late 1960s.• The term "dissident" (in Russian, inakomysliachii for men or inakomysliachaia for women) was first applied to intellectuals opposing the regime in the Soviet Union. Then, in the late 1970s, it spread to Soviet-dominated East Central and Southeast Europe, which was also known as Eastern Europe.• Most broadly, a dissident may be defined as an outspoken political and social noncomformist.
  3. 3. When and how it started?First groups fighted against soviet regime were men, who didnt wanted joinwith soviet army – so called forrest brothers.After deportation 1949 KGB destroyed thouse fighting groups.
  4. 4. Second waveIn 1950 students formed groups to collectwepons, spread information and leaflets, to blowup soviet monuments. They called themselvesas city brothers (like forrest brothers) Aili Jürgenson .blowed up soviet monument in Tallinn and was arrested in 1946. She was 15 years old.. Vastupanuvõitleja oli tollal 15-aastane õpilane
  5. 5. Soviet labour camp in Norilsk 1956Work in soviet labour camp 1953.
  6. 6. Camp cemetery in VorkutaCamp nr 385/19 in 1960
  7. 7. Third wave In Estonia dissidence started in about 1968 . ​ Estonias dissent was based mainly on the idea of the restoration of Estonias independence, requiring the completion of the Soviet Union.
  8. 8. The main dissidence starters in EstoniaWe are interviewed three ofthem:•Enn tarto,•Heikki Ahonen•Lagle Parek
  9. 9. Enn Tarto• Born in 25.september 1938.• Is Estonian politician• Was one of the most active fighters for Estonias independence• was a leading dissident during the Soviet occupation of Estonia• On November 4, 1956 Enn Tarto and other members of the Estonian Youth Brigade (Eesti Noorte Malev) distributed leaflets in support of Hungarian Revolution, 1956.
  10. 10. • He was imprisoned from 1956 to 1960, 1962 to 1967, and again from 1983 to 1988 for anti-Soviet activity.• For his action, Enn Tarto has been awarded of the Officer Cross of the Merit Order of the Hungarian Republic
  11. 11. Heikki Ahonen Born in 3.september 1956 ,Pärnu Was dissident Was a freedom fighter Soviet Republic of Estonia . The first director of the Museum of Occupations. 23.august took place Hirveparks’s meeting,he was one of the chiefs there.
  12. 12. Lagle Parek Born in 17.april 1941,Pärnu Was a founding member of the Estonian National Independence union, chairman in 1988 and 1988-1992. Was a member of Estonian congress Now she is president of society Caritas
  13. 13. Meeting in Hirvepark 1987 against Nazy-Soviet PactArvo Pesti, Lagle Parek and Heiki Ahonen inFebruary 1987. a after release from prison.

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