FJC - Malfunctions

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FJC - Malfunctions

  1. Priority Review
  2. Pull Priorities <ul><li>Pull Priorities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pull </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pull at the proper altitude </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pull at proper altitude with stability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We NEVER sacrifice one for the other </li></ul></ul>
  3. Deployment Sequence <ul><li>6000’ Lock on </li></ul><ul><li>5500’ Wave off </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arch, Reach, Grab, Throw, Arch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1-thousand, 2-thousand, 3-thousand, 4-thousand, 5-thousand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check! </li></ul></ul>
  4. Landing Priorities <ul><li>Landing Priorities </li></ul><ul><li>- Land with a level wing </li></ul><ul><li>- Land in a clear and open area </li></ul><ul><li>- Flare to at least half brakes </li></ul>
  5. Decision Altitudes <ul><li>2500’ Emergency procedure decision altitude </li></ul><ul><li>2000’ Landing area decision altitude </li></ul><ul><li>1000’ Never cut away below </li></ul>
  6. Malfunctions
  7. Emergency Procedures <ul><li>Arch </li></ul><ul><li>Look red </li></ul><ul><li>Grab red </li></ul><ul><li>Look silver </li></ul><ul><li>Peel, pull, strip red </li></ul><ul><li>Hook silver </li></ul><ul><li>Peel, pull, strip silver </li></ul><ul><li>Arch </li></ul>
  8. After deployment <ul><li>Post-opening evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it there? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it square? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it steerable? (Controllability Check) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pull both toggles down together to release breaks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>360 o Right </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>360 o Left </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flare </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. Types of Malfunctions <ul><li>High Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Low Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Two canopies out </li></ul><ul><li>Routine problems </li></ul>
  10. Types of Malfunctions <ul><li>High Speed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partial </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Low Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Two canopies out </li></ul><ul><li>Routine problems </li></ul>
  11. Total Malfunction <ul><li>Nothing has left the container, skydiver is still at freefall speed. </li></ul><ul><li>- Deployment handle missing </li></ul><ul><li>- Deployment handle stuck </li></ul>
  12. Total Malfunction <ul><li>Unable to locate deployment hacky </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reach back to location of hacky and feel around for deployment hacky </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unable to extract deployment hacky </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You have two attempts to clear both malfunctions </li></ul></ul>
  13. Total Malfunction <ul><li>If both attempts to clear are unsuccessful  EPs </li></ul><ul><li>Reserve only </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Look silver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hook silver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peel, pull, strip silver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arch </li></ul></ul>
  14. Partial Malfunctions <ul><li>Partial malfunctions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Something has left the container but skydiver is still falling at or near freefall speed </li></ul></ul>
  15. Pilot chute in tow <ul><li>Pilot chute has been deployed but failed to extract the closing pin </li></ul>
  16. Pilot chute in tow
  17. Pilot chute in tow <ul><li>Solution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Twist at your waist and look over your shoulder to change the airflow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two seconds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If unsuccessful, standard EPs </li></ul></ul>
  18. WHAT ARE THEY? <ul><li>Arch </li></ul><ul><li>Look red </li></ul><ul><li>Grab red </li></ul><ul><li>Look silver </li></ul><ul><li>Peel, pull, strip red </li></ul><ul><li>Hook silver </li></ul><ul><li>Peel, pull, strip silver </li></ul><ul><li>Arch </li></ul>
  19. Bag lock <ul><li>The pilot chute has deployed and extracted the closing pin, but the parachute has not been extracted from the deployment bag </li></ul>
  20. Bag lock
  21. Bag lock <ul><li>Solution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiate emergency procedures </li></ul></ul>
  22. WHAT ARE THEY? <ul><li>Arch </li></ul><ul><li>Look red </li></ul><ul><li>Grab red </li></ul><ul><li>Look silver </li></ul><ul><li>Peel, pull, strip red </li></ul><ul><li>Hook silver </li></ul><ul><li>Peel, pull, strip silver </li></ul><ul><li>Arch </li></ul>
  23. Streamer <ul><li>Pilot chute has deployed, pulled the closing pin and extracted the parachute from the bag, but the parachute will not properly inflate. </li></ul>
  24. Streamer
  25. Streamer <ul><li>Solution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiate emergency procedures </li></ul></ul>
  26. Horseshoe <ul><li>Pilot chute deployed, closing pin extracted and bag is out of the container, but the pilot chute is wrapped around your wrist. </li></ul>
  27. Horseshoe
  28. Horseshoe <ul><li>Solution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Point arm or leg up and attempt to shake off pilot chute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two attempts or two seconds (which ever comes first) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If unsuccessful, initiate EPs </li></ul></ul>
  29. Premature container opening <ul><li>Similar to horseshoe malfunction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Closing pin released in freefall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilot chute still in container </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deployment bag in tow </li></ul></ul>
  30. Premature container opening <ul><li>Solution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Locate pilot chute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two attempts or two seconds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If pilot chute is found and deployed, very likely another malfunction will follow shortly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiate emergency procedures </li></ul></ul>
  31. WHAT ARE THEY? <ul><li>Arch </li></ul><ul><li>Look red </li></ul><ul><li>Grab red </li></ul><ul><li>Look silver </li></ul><ul><li>Peel, pull, strip red </li></ul><ul><li>Hook silver </li></ul><ul><li>Peel, pull, strip silver </li></ul><ul><li>Arch </li></ul>
  32. Types of Malfunctions <ul><li>High Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Low Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Two canopies out </li></ul><ul><li>Routine problems </li></ul>
  33. Tension knots <ul><li>Parachute deploy, but knots in the suspension lines prevent complete inflation of canopy. </li></ul>
  34. Tension knots
  35. Tension knots <ul><li>Solution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most likely will not properly inflate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unstow brakes and pump toggles to inflate canopy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision must be made by what altitude? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiate emergency procedures if unsuccessful </li></ul></ul>
  36. Line over <ul><li>Parachute deploys but a suspension/ stabilizer line is wrapped around the canopy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Canopy will not properly inflate and will typically not be controllable </li></ul></ul>
  37. Line over
  38. Line over <ul><li>Solution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most likely will not properly inflate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unstow brakes and pump toggles to inflate canopy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision must be made by what altitude? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Initiate emergency procedures if unsuccessful </li></ul></ul>
  39. WHAT ARE THEY? <ul><li>Arch </li></ul><ul><li>Look red </li></ul><ul><li>Grab red </li></ul><ul><li>Look silver </li></ul><ul><li>Peel, pull, strip red </li></ul><ul><li>Hook silver </li></ul><ul><li>Peel, pull, strip silver </li></ul><ul><li>Arch </li></ul>
  40. Pilot chute entanglement <ul><li>Pilot chute wrapped around the front of the canopy </li></ul>
  41. Pilot chute entanglement <ul><li>Solution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do controllability check. If it’s steerable and landable, land it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If canopy is not steerable and landable, initiate emergency procedures. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By what altitude????? </li></ul></ul>
  42. WHAT ARE THEY? <ul><li>Arch </li></ul><ul><li>Look red </li></ul><ul><li>Grab red </li></ul><ul><li>Look silver </li></ul><ul><li>Peel, pull, strip red </li></ul><ul><li>Hook silver </li></ul><ul><li>Peel, pull, strip silver </li></ul><ul><li>Arch </li></ul>
  43. Canopy damage <ul><li>Broken Lines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If more than one line is broken, initiate EPs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If only one line is broken, perform a controllability check </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If unsuccessful, initiate EPs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By what altitude?? </li></ul></ul>
  44. Canopy damage
  45. Canopy damage <ul><li>Rips/holes in fabric </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If the hole or tear is larger than my fist or I can see through it, initiate EPs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Broken toggle line or missing toggle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use rear risers for steering and flaring the canopy </li></ul></ul>
  46. Canopy damage
  47. Types of Malfunctions <ul><li>High Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Low Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Two canopies out </li></ul><ul><li>Routine problems </li></ul>
  48. Bi-plane <ul><li>Both canopies are directly above jumper, one higher than other </li></ul>
  49. Bi-plane
  50. Bi-plane <ul><li>Do not cut away </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Release brakes and steer using brakes on canopy in front </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leave brakes stowed on rear canopy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t flare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepare for a good PLF </li></ul></ul>
  51. Side-by-side <ul><li>Canopies are next to each other, bumping end cells </li></ul><ul><li>May not be symmetrical </li></ul>
  52. Side-by-side
  53. Side-by-side <ul><li>Do not cut away </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Release brakes and steer using larger dominant canopy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leave brakes stowed on smaller canopy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t flare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepare for a good PLF </li></ul></ul>
  54. Downplane <ul><li>Canopies are not above jumper, but to the side </li></ul><ul><li>Near-freefall speeds </li></ul>
  55. Downplane
  56. Downplane <ul><li>Cut away main canopy immediately regardless of altitude </li></ul>
  57. Entanglement <ul><li>Both canopies become entangled with each other </li></ul><ul><li>Not fully inflated </li></ul>
  58. Entanglement
  59. Entanglement <ul><li>Try to inflate as much parachute as possible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pump brakes on canopy that has best possibility of opening </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NEVER, NEVER, NEVER give up! </li></ul>
  60. Types of Malfunctions <ul><li>High Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Low Speed </li></ul><ul><li>Two canopies out </li></ul><ul><li>Routine problems </li></ul>
  61. Line twists <ul><li>Deployment bag or body spins during opening sequence </li></ul>
  62. Line twists
  63. Line twists <ul><li>Solution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spread risers apart and scissor kick in the direction opposite of the twist </li></ul></ul>What do you do if you have line twists at 2,500 ft ?
  64. Emergency Procedures <ul><li>Arch </li></ul><ul><li>Look red </li></ul><ul><li>Grab red </li></ul><ul><li>Look silver </li></ul><ul><li>Peel, pull, strip red </li></ul><ul><li>Hook silver </li></ul><ul><li>Peel, pull, strip silver </li></ul><ul><li>Arch </li></ul>
  65. Closed end cells <ul><li>Cells on one or both sides of canopy do not inflate </li></ul>
  66. Closed end cells
  67. Closed end cells <ul><li>Solution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Release brakes and flare to number three position for 3 to 5 seconds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You must have at least 7 open cells to land safely </li></ul></ul>
  68. Stuck slider <ul><li>Slider does not come down to tops of risers </li></ul>
  69. Stuck slider
  70. Stuck slider <ul><li>Slider does not come down to tops of risers </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flare and pump toggles </li></ul></ul>
  71. Premature brake release <ul><li>One toggles unstows, and canopy opens into a turn </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Look up and release both brakes </li></ul></ul>What do you do if the canopy is still turning at 2,500 ft ?
  72. Say it with Me!!!!!! <ul><li>Arch </li></ul><ul><li>Look red </li></ul><ul><li>Grab red </li></ul><ul><li>Look silver </li></ul><ul><li>Peel, pull, strip red </li></ul><ul><li>Hook silver </li></ul><ul><li>Peel, pull, strip silver </li></ul><ul><li>Arch </li></ul>
  73. Remember <ul><li>We evaluate our parachute from the top to bottom </li></ul><ul><li>We fix it from the bottom up </li></ul>
  74. Remember <ul><li>We evaluate our parachute from the top to bottom </li></ul><ul><li>We fix it from the bottom up </li></ul>Closed end cells Line twists Stuck slider
  75. Remember <ul><li>We evaluate our parachute from the top to bottom </li></ul><ul><li>We fix it from the bottom up </li></ul>Closed end cells Stuck slider
  76. Remember <ul><li>We evaluate our parachute from the top to bottom </li></ul><ul><li>We fix it from the bottom up </li></ul>Closed end cells
  77. Remember <ul><li>We evaluate our parachute from the top to bottom </li></ul><ul><li>We fix it from the bottom up </li></ul>
  78. Remember <ul><li>We evaluate our parachute from the top to bottom </li></ul><ul><li>We fix it from the bottom up </li></ul>Yay!
  79. One More Time!!! <ul><li>Arch </li></ul><ul><li>Look red </li></ul><ul><li>Grab red </li></ul><ul><li>Look silver </li></ul><ul><li>Peel, pull, strip red </li></ul><ul><li>Hook silver </li></ul><ul><li>Peel, pull, strip silver </li></ul><ul><li>Arch </li></ul>
  80. Quiz Time!!
  81. What would you do if you looked up and saw….
  82. What would you do if you looked up and saw….
  83. What would you do if you looked up and saw….
  84. What would you do if you looked up and saw….
  85. What would you do if you looked up and saw….
  86. What would you do if you looked up and saw….
  87. What would you do if you looked up and saw….
  88. What would you do if you looked up and saw….
  89. What would you do if you looked up and saw….
  90. What would you do if you looked up and saw….
  91. What would you do if you looked up and saw….
  92. What would you do if you looked up and saw….
  93. Written Test
  94. Where to Get More Information <ul><li>Other training sessions </li></ul><ul><li>www.uspa.org </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skydiver’s Information Manual (SIM) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>An Instructor, I/E, S&TA, or Coach </li></ul>
  95. Skydive Time! <ul><li>Are you ready to skydive?!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Class room instructor will escort you to manifest to meet your jump instructor </li></ul><ul><li>Have a great skydive </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you for skydiving at Start Skydiving </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1-513-934-DIVE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>www.startskydiving.com </li></ul></ul></ul>

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