Vegetable Training - Janet Throop


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Vegetable Training - Janet Throop

  1. 1. Master Gardener Training February 2, 2011 Janet Throop, Benton Co MG. GROWING VEGETABLESI. Why Grow Vegetables? A. Willamette Valley- a great place to garden - Display B. Health C. Sustainability D. Economy E. Master Gardeners play important role by inspiring and helping othersII. Resources A. Books 1. Growing Vegetables West of the Cascades, Steve Solomon 2. How to Grow More Vegetables , J. Jeavons 3. The Resilient Gardener, Carol Deppe (new book and ideas, local) 4. The Bountiful Container, Mc Gee and Stuckey B. Public Library and Extension office C. Seed Catalogs – great information 1. Local: Territorial, Nichols (Albany), Thyme Garden (herbs) Wild Garden Seed (Wren), Adaptive Seeds (Sweet Home) 2. Other: Fedco (ME), Johnny’s, Seed Savers Exchange, Cook’s Garden, Pinetree, New Dimensions (Asian) D. Local Group - Web board, groups, free printed resource guide to be available around March 1 E. Gardens to visit: Benton Co MG Demo Garden, Linn Co MG Demo Garden, Corvallis Community Gardens (Starker Arts Park, Calvin Presbyterian Church), Nichols Seeds in Albany, Thyme Garden in Alsea, OTHERS?III. Garden location A. Big Picture: maritime climate – moderated by the sea 1. Know what to expect 2. Take advantage of it
  2. 2. B. Your specific site- things to consider in placing your garden 1. convenience 2. sun,wind, tree roots, water, tool storage, fence, 3. future conditions? C. Soil 1. Native soil 2. Soil test 3. Amendments a. organic matter b. lime c. Nitrogen d. Phosphorus e. Potassium? Wood Ashes f. Sand ? 4. Purchased topsoil – what to check forIV. Gardening basics A. Raised beds – consider these “basic” for this area 1. Advantages 2. Types B. Water: need 1”/week -- check with shovel to at least 6” 1. drip system 2. soaker hoses 3. hand watering 4. overhead – put out can D. Mulch 1.Why 2.When 3.materials
  3. 3. E. Weeds 1. Identification 2. Tools 3. Control EARLY F. Fall 1. Cleanup 2. Amendments 3. Cover crops- annual seed: rye grain, rye grass, vetch, crimson clover, field peas, mache(corn salad), overwintering fava beans (small seed), othersV. Vegetable Families – special needs? What part of the plant do you eat? A. Greens B. Solanacae C. Legumes D. Brassicas E. Roots F. Curcubits G. Alliums
  4. 4. H. Other – corn AsparagusVI. Plant layout and planting- Art, science, and experience A. Perennials and Annuals: Carefully plan location of perennials such as rhubarb, asparagus, artichoke, herbs, perennial onions, strawberries, other? B. Annual Plant spacing - TABLE 8 Planting Distances for Intensive Gardeners 1. Rows 2. Broadcast 3. Equal spacing 4. Support structures 5. Interplanting: mixing vegetable families – efficient use of space, may reduce pest & disease problems, less space for weeds “Three sisters” – a classic example Other ideas TABLE 9 Short Season Crops TABLE 10 Long Season Crops TABLE 11 Complementary above ground Growth Patterns TABLE 12 Characteristic Rooting Depths TABLE 13 Complementary Root Patterns C. Succession Planting – planting more than one crop in the same space in a year 1. short season crops See Table 9 2. long season crops – See table 10 3.Transplants are useful 4.Careful selection of varieties is important D. Rotation – Changing the type of plant/vegetable from year to year
  5. 5. 1. Why 2. Cycle of 3 years is ideal– but not always possible.E. Record Keeping 1.Notebook with planting date, variety, transplant date, harvest date, and comments 2.Yearly site map – draw onto Xeroxed master copyF. Timing Information 1.OSU Monthly Calendar 2.Catalogs – especially Territorial 3.Your recordsG. Planting: seeds or transplants? 1. Direct seeding 2. Purchasing Transplants Know the variety, select stocky plants with good color, check roots 3. Growing Transplants a. Seed starter mix: purchase it or blend your own. DO NOT USE GARDEN SOIL. Damping off- b. Recipe for homemade mix 1. equal parts of peat moss, perlite (or vermiculite), and pasteurized compost (damp soil in oven 170 degrees F for 30 min). 2. for each 1cubic foot mix, add 1 c lime, l cup fish meal, and 3 T kelp c. bottom heat d. Flourescent or plenty of natural light and heat e. Hardening off f.. Timing- count back to decide when to start transplants g. Planting out transplants
  6. 6. h. Growing transplants outdoors- nursery bed or potsVII Summer Gardening A. Special techniques a. Black and other plastic b. Special varieties to select B. Specific crops a. Tomatoes b. Peppers c. Eggplant d. Potatoe e. Squash Summer Winter f. Melons g. Cukes h. Beans Bush Pole i. Greens h. Cover crop- buckwheat
  7. 7. VIII. Cool Season Gardening A. Special techniques 1. special varieties 2. begin early enough to get a good start – but avoid lush growth 3. floating row covers 4. mulches 5. Season extenders: cloches, coldfames, greenhouses B. Specific crops Legumes Peas Favas Cover crop Greens Lettuce- special romaines Escarole, endive, chicory, raddichio Arugula, coriander Parsley Chard Spinich Mustards- many! Pac Choi, Mizuna Corn salad- mache Brassicas - Fall/winter vs “overwintering”- genetic response to day length Kale/ collards Cabbage Broccoli- fall, winter and overwintering
  8. 8. Cauli- fall and overwintering Kohlrabi- especially giant ones Roots Carrots, beets, parsnip Allium Leek Garlic OnionIX Herbs A. Location: convenience + growing conditions. Containers? B. Perennial- Thyme, oregano, tarragon(may freeze out), chives, winter savory, sage, rosemary C. Annual cilantro, basil D. Biennial Parsley – curly or flat italianX. Perennial Vegetables- Rhubarb, Asparagas, Artichoke, Others?XI. Container VegetablesXII. QuestionsXIII. What is in a beginners garden? a small garden,