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  • 2. ■ Before you operate a machine, ensure that HSE POLICY the dangerous part of the STATEMENT machine has been installed with a guard. ■ Avoid going to any area with insufficient lighting as there may be someWe are committed towards protecting the dangerous places which have not been providedhealth and safety of all people working at or with fencing.visiting our site ■ Keep vigilant all the time and watch out for• We plan, manage, conduct and supervise all moving cranes, hooks orour work in compliance with legislation andbest practice other lifting equipment.• We want to ensure that all workers have a ■ Before you use any electrical installation orclear understanding of their responsibilities tool, check the condition ofalong with that of the company its electric cables. ■ Avoid dragging electric cables on the groundBASIC RULES FOR SAFETY or allowing the cables to come into contact with water.Tidy up construction sites ■ Use electrical tools installed with an earth leakage circuit breaker.■ Keep passages clear all the time. ■ Use and handle chemicals with care.■ Sort out materials and pile them up safely.The stacks should not betoo high. Personal Safety■ Beware of floor openings and ensure that ■ Wear protective equipment.they are fenced or covered. ■ Do not drink or take drugs while working.■ Remove refuse as soon as possible. ■ Pay attention to personal hygiene.■ Provide sufficient lighting. ■ Do not play in the workplace.■ Familiarize with the location and the ■ Report to your supervisor immediately if youoperation of fire-fighting equipment. notice any unsafe condition.Safety measures EMERGENCY RESPONSE TO ACCIDENTS
  • 3. Tidy up construction sites ■ Put out the fire with a fire extinguisher if it is a small fire.■ Keep passages clear all the time. ■ If the blaze is out of control, do not try to■ Sort out materials and pile them up safely. extinguish the fire on yourThe stacks should not be own. Call the Fire Services Department righttoo high. away.■ Beware of floor openings and ensure that they Emergency telephone numbers:are fenced or covered. ■ Always pay attention to the emergency■ Remove refuse as soon as possible. telephone numbers posted■ Provide sufficient lighting. on the notice board in the site office■ Familiarize with the location and the FALSE WORK , SCAFFOLDING , FENCE WORKoperation of fire-fighting equipment. AND LADDER FALSEWORKWhen someone is found seriously injured, you If you are engaged in falseworkshould: operation, you should:■ Keep calm. ■ Check whether the falsework is■ Seek help immediately. erected in accordance with the■ Accompany the injured person. design.■ Assist in the immediate rescue work as far aspossible. ■ Make sure that the falsework is■ Call the site safety staff. securely erected.■ Do not try to move the injured person unless it ■ Check whether the struts of theis really necessary falsework are do so. ■ Ensure that the props are erected■ Do not tamper with the accident scene whilewaiting for the arrival vertically and arranged at aof the investigation team. suitable distance in a row. ■ Report to your supervisor whenWhen a fire breaks out, you should remember: any unsafe situation is found.
  • 4. fencing or the fencing has beenSCAFFOLD damaged, reinstall or repair the■ Do not use scaffolds unless they have fencing. If this is beyond yourbeen erected by trained workmen and under capability, inform yourthe supervision of a competent person. supervisor at once.■ Do not use a scaffold unless it hasbeen inspected and certified safe by Laddera competent person before use. ■ Use a ladder which is of good construction,■ Strictly follow the instructions of a sound material and adequate strength.competent person. Do not alter the ■ Examine the ladder before using itscaffold unless authorized to do so. and inspect it at regular intervals.Do not work on an unfinished scaffold. ■ Place the ladder on a level and■ When it is necessary to work on a mobile firm footing.scaffold, lock the wheels of the scaffold ■ Place the ladder at an appropriatebefore you start working. angle.■ Do not work on a scaffold unless it has been ■ Ensure that the ladder has aprovided with a suitable working platform. sufficient length. The upper end of the ladder should be at leastFENCING 1 metre above the landing against■ Do not work in a dangerous place which the ladder leans.unless its floor edges and ■ Do not use a ladder unless itsopenings have been installed with upper or lower end has beensecure fencing. securely fixed or secured by■ If you notice any dangerous places another worker.that have not been installed with ■ If there are electrical installations
  • 5. nearby, do not use metal ladders. of the manufacturer of a lifting appliance.■ If work is carried out 2 metres or ■ Do not work beneath any suspended load.more above the floor, use a suitableworking platform Material Hoist ■ Do not ride on a material hoist.Equipment and Electricity ■ Do not operate a material hoist without prior proper training.Lifting Appliance and Gear ■ Do not exceed the safe working load of a■ Do not operate a lifting appliance unless material hoist.trained. In the case of a crane, ■ Do not use a material hoist unless it has beena certificate is required. examined■ Before using lifting gear such as hook, shackle and certified safe by a competent examiner.or chain sling, ■ Do not use a material hoist unless its gatescheck whether there is any wear and tear. have been■ Check the weight of the load to be lifted. installed with an effective interlocking safety■ Do not exceed the safe working load of system.a lifting appliance or lifting gear. The hoist is only operable after all the gates have been■ Adopt the correct lifting method. closed.■ Do not use a lifting appliance or lifting gear ■ Do not use a material hoist unless it has beenunless it has been examined and certified repairedsafe by a competent examiner. and maintained by a competent person. No unauthorized■ Do not use a lifting appliance unless it repair is allowed.has been regularly repaired and ■ Do not put loose materials into receptaclesmaintained by a competent person. unless properlyNo unauthorized repair is allowed. secured.■ Follow the safe working instructions
  • 6. ■ Ensure good communication with the Portable Power Tooloperator of a material ■ Do not use a portable power toolhoist. All signals should be understood andfollowed. (such as saw, grinder and drill) unless its dangerous parts haveLoadshifting Machinery been effectively guarded.■ Unless you are a worker concerned, ■ Place the electric cable anddo not work in an area where a loader, hose of a tool at an appropriatean excavator, etc. is in operation. position to avoid tripping■ Do not operate any loadshiftingmachinery without training and Compressed Air ■ Use compressed air only for specifiedapproval.■ Operators of forklift trucks, purposes.bulldozers, loaders, excavators, ■ Do not use any compressed air equipment, pipes and relevant devicestrucks or lorries should possessappropriate certificates. unless they are of good construction and have been examined and certified safe by a competent examiner before use.Cartridge-operated Fixing Tool■ Do not operate a cartridgeoperated fixing tool ■ Fix the connectors properly.unless you have ■ Do not twist the pipes.possessed a valid certificate. ■ Do not abuse the use of compressed air■ Wear suitable eye and ear for cleaning purpose. Use a brush or aprotectors while operating a vacuum cleaner to remove dust fromcartridge-operated fixing tool. clothing and skin.■ Use a cartridge-operated fixing toolwith great care. Electric Tool
  • 7. ■ Before using an electric tool, check the working in it.tool and its plug and connecting cable.■ Do not use a damaged tool. Gas Welding and Flame Cutting■ Do not use an electric tool unless ■ Do not use the equipment for gas weldingits connecting cable is well or flame cutting unless you have attainedprotected. the age of 18 years and hold a valid certificate.■ Do not use an electric tool unless ■ Do not use any gas cylinder unless itits metal casing is earthed and its has been fitted with flashback arrestors.power supply is provided with ■ Wear personal protective earth leakage circuit breaker. ■ Keep the workplace clean.■ Do not repair or alter any electrical ■ Place fire extinguishersinstallation unless competent to do so. within reach.■ If you meet any fault or problem, report ■ Keep gas cylinders in anit to your supervisor immediately. upright position and secure it properly to avoid overturning.Excavations ■ If gas leakage is detected,■ Keep the fence on all sides of report it to your supervisoran excavation intact. immediately.■ Use safe access for ingress Fire Riskand egress. There is always a fire risk. However,■ Do not pile soil or any other the chances of fire can be reduced,materials at the edge of an and you will know what to do whenexcavation. a fire breaks out if you:■ Make sure that a trench is ■ Always keep the workplace cleansecurely shored before and tidy.
  • 8. ■ Handle machinery and tools that ■ Dispose all wastes, and unwantedmay generate sparks or heat materials must be disposed of atcarefully. a designated place.■ Do not smoke or use naked ■ Notify your supervisor of theflames in any area where requirement for the separateflammable and explosive disposal of chemical orsubstances are stored. inflammable wastes.■ Know where fire extinguishers are ■ Do not leave planks with nailslocated and how they are used. on passageways.■ Know the place of assembly forfire evacuation Safety Supervisors ■ Their responsibility is to assistPublic Safety others to work smoothly■ Pay attention to public safety. and safely.Members of the public are often ■ They have received specificunaware of or do not understand safety training and arethe work carried out on important members of theconstruction sites and the risks construction team.involved. ■ They have legal responsibility■ Take great care to prevent the fall or liability for the overall safetyof materials from height. of the construction site.■ Do not stack materials on floor ■ You should get to know youredges or on scaffolds safety supervisor.Waste Disposal Eye Protection
  • 9. ■ A wise worker will certainly take instructions.good care of his eyesight. ■ Do not reuse disposable ear■ A small fragment may cause plugs.serious consequences if it ■ Clean ear protectors regularlyenters ones eyes.■ When there is a risk of eye Personal Protective Equipmentinjury, such as in concrete ■ For your own safety and interest, use the personalbreaking or using abrasive protective equipment provided by yourwheels, you should wear employer.suitable eye protectors. ■ Wear gloves when handling or contacting■ Take proper care of the eye chemicals.protectors provided to you. ■ Remember to wear a mask when working■ Replace damaged or defective in a dusty environment.eye protectors immediately. ■ Wear eye and ear protectors whenever■ Ensure that eye protectors are comfortable to necessary.wear, and keep clean. ■ Wear a safety harness and secure it to■ Use eye protectors for eye protection ─ do notput it on your head a safe anchorage point when working ator hang it on your neck. height. A bamboo scaffold is not a safe■ Bear in mind that eye protectors are anchorage point, so do not fasten thereplaceable, but not your eyes. safety harness to it. ■ Wear safety shoes to prevent foot injury.Noise ■ Consult your supervisor if in doubt.■ Wear ear protectors in areaswith high noise levels. Safety Helmet■ Properly wear ear protectors ■ Wear a safety helmet on aaccording to the manufacturers
  • 10. construction site. and wear safety boots or shoes■ Keep the harness of the to prevent injury to toes byhelmet clean and make sure heavy falling objects.that it fits well. ■ Seek assistance from someone■ Do not drill any holes on the in lifting a load if necessary.helmet or use it for pounding. Personal HygieneFirst Aid ■ Keep yourself clean.■ If you sustain an injury or ■ Wash hands before mealsfeel not well while at work, and after using the toilet.even if it is minor, go to ■ Dress tidily and in protectivethe first aid room right awayfor medical treatment and clothing.notify your supervisor. Alcohol and Drugs■ Put the case on record. ■ Do not drink alcohol, or take drugs, while at work.Manual Handling Operations ■ If you need to take drugs due■ Avoid manual handling operations as far as to illness, report it to yourpossible to minimize the risk of injury. supervisor.■ Estimate the weight of the load.■ Lift an object with a correct posture.■ Wear suitable protective equipment.Put on gloves as far as possibleto protect your hands fromany cut, scratch or puncture,
  • 11. SAFETY MANUAL Of health and safetyPROJECT HSE PLAN Benefits of safety committeeEFFECTIVE SAFETY COMMITTEES ConsultantPurpose of safety committee Identify hazardsHelp protects employee by providing knowledge protect employee and employerof safety Communication between labor andHelps protect employee by providing a solution managementto issues Duties of safety committee membersBring together labor and management for Receive concerns , reports and suggestions byhealth and safety employees and give them to manager level andHelp the employee give training to manager , give the management level response tosupervision and workers for better hazard employeesidentification and control and health and safetyperformance Workplace inspectionRoles of safety committee Receiving trainingKnow the feelings and thinking of employee by Attending meetingssurvey and interview Control measures and safety improvementAnalyze the behavior of employee by observing progressDo safety inspections at workplace MonitoringDo safety audits Hazard identificationControl measures and safety improvements communicationmeasure should be monitored Benfits of training the safety committeeEvaluate quality of safety culture in long terms Know their purpose of jobDevelop and submit the written Know the rolerecommendations Know the functionFunctions of safety committee Know the responsibilityTo have knowledge Know the skillsSkills Know the abilitiesAbilities
  • 12. Know the information on health and safety Causes of majority injuriesHazard identification profit for company Inadequate supervision ,education , accountability , and resourcesCompetition leading Hazardous conditionsEffective auditLower injury and illness rates MaterialThree areas for effective safety committee Equipmenttraining EnvironmentSafety committee operations PeopleHazard identification and control systemAccident investigation procedures System design and implementationHierarchy of controls ObjectivesEngineering controls PolicyAdministrative controls PlanPersonal protective equipment ProceduresAccident investigation procedures ProcessesWrite data of accident BudgetKnow the surface and root causes ReportMake the report RulesSuggest safety measures Safety inspection In safety inspection we give time to know for aCauses of accident report failures thorough inspection to be conducted to knowSurface causes are uncovered but , root causes what is happeningare not uncovered Job hazard analysisHazardous conditions are uncovered Employee , managers together solve theUnsafe work practices uncovered problemsFailure in safety management uncovered Problem solving techniques
  • 13. Understand the problem Objectives and completion dates are setDiscuss causes Members trainedTarget solutionsSell solutions EFFECTIVE SAFETY COMMITTEE MEETINGSImplement solutions How often do safety committees meet5 wh analysis Some once a month and some more oftenWho is getting hurt ? When committee meeting should be heldWhat actually caused the injury ? It’s most effective if the safety committee conducts a meeting immediately after theWhen workers are getting hurt ? inspectionWhere workers are getting hurt ? What happens in an effective safety committeehow workers are getting hurt ? meetingHow to conduct a survey Discuss findingsGather a team of trained employees Ensure identified hazards are reported to responsible supervisors or managersDetermine who you are going to sample Analyze findings and discuss their possibleDecide how will you conduct the survey ? rootcauseTell everyone why you are going to conduct Make recommendations to improve safetysurvey ? programsConduct the survey Purpose of safety committee meetingSummarize result To bring management and labor togetherDiscuss the result with CEO Preparing for the meetingCharacteristics of an effective safety Chairperson preparationcommittee Recorder must be trainedOrganized meeting Prepare the agenda and keep it briefGood communication Prepare the meeting roomRoles and purposes are understoodStandard of behavior
  • 14. Thank every one for coming Handle problem situations DisagreementCall the meeting to order conflict EvaluateNote attendence Meeting process and outcomes ImproveIntroduce visitors Meeting process OSH TRAININGReview ground rules SAFETY EDUCATION We become educated in safety in many ways including :Review meeting minutes personal experience Formal classroom trainingReview agenda topics On the job training Effective safety education must tell learners whyDiscuss unfinished business it is important to use safe procedures and practicesReview observations of conditions and Natural consequencesbehaviors Natural consequences are those that naturally occur as a result of what an employee or organization doesEvaluate incident and accident report System consequences System consequences are those actions taken byReceive safety committee status reports another person in response to an employee’s choice and behaviours Technical safety trainingConduct safety committee training / education “How to “safety training is actually the most common type of safety educationConduct a safety inspection General safety instruction
  • 15. Is usually conducted using the lecture or Managerdiscussion method MarketerPurpose of training program Media specialistTo provide training professionals for effectivesafety education AnalystCriterea for accepted practices in safety , Program administratorHealth and environmental training DesignerProgram development StrategiesDelivery evaluation Task analysisProgram management TheoreticianSuggested training plan core elements Transfer agentTraining facility Guidelines for instructor competencyTraining director Certified personInstructors DesignatedCourse materials AuthorizedStudents CompetentRatios QualifiedProficiency assessment Purpose of training evaluationCourse certificate To know the amount of learning achieved byRecord keeping trainingProgram quality control Whether an employee’s performance has improved on the job as a result of trainingSafety trainer perform many roles RKSAIEvaluator Evaluate students :Facilitator ReactionCounselor LearningWriter ApplicationInstructors
  • 16. result In reactive strategy you react after the accident has happenedGuidelines for evaluating training programs In pro active strategy you make sure that noHow training program is managed accident should occur in workplaceQuality of training processes Labor and management accountabilityThe result of training Employees should believe that they are going toSuggested program quality control criterea be held accountable for their decisions and actionstraining plan Six elements of effective accountability system :Program management , training director , staffand consultants’ training facilities and resources 1.formal standard of performanceQuality control and evaluation 2.adequate resources and psychosocial supportStudents 3.a system of performance measurementInstitutional environment and administrative 4.application of effective consequencessupport 5.appropriate application of consequencesSAFETY MANAGEMENT 6.continous evaluation of accountability systemTop management commitment Points to remember:You should know the benefits of your The more Regularly you Recognize and Reward ,commitment towards safety the more Rarely you will have to ReprimandYou must develop programs , policies , plans Training , resources , enforcement , supervisionand procedures and leadership are 5 obligations of safetyDo commitment to safety because it saves lives , Employee involvementmoney and you stay out of trouble Employee is held accountable by the employerSafety leadership increases company’s potential for complying with the safety rules , reportingCoercive ,controlling and caring are the three workplace injuries immediately and reportingleadership models out of which caring model is hazardsthe real commitment approach Rewards are great but , recognition is betterYou must have a vision and mission statement Effective communicationsThere are two safety strategies: reactive and It’s a responsibility to communicate effectivelypro active It’s not what you say …it’s about how you say it
  • 17. Hazard identification and control We educate to show whyHazard is state of being leading to illness or We train to show howinjury of a person A simple seven step on the job training includes:What can control hazards : 1.introduction 2.trainer shows and tells 3.1. Eliminate and substitute hazards learner tells –trainer shows 4 . Learner shows and tells 5 . Conclusion 6.documentation 7.2.Engineering controls validate3.administrative controls Total quality safety management4.personal protective equipmentMaterial , people , environment ,system , Quality and safety are partners in productivityequipment may be hazardousDo a walk around inspection to see hazards TQM means to improve performance andEmployee may use his own procedure if not process by using coorporate resourcesdirectly supervisedUnsafe behaviors lead to 95% cause of accidentsIncident and accident investigation DEMING says about total quality safetyDon’t go for blame but fix the system management that have a purpose forYou cant afford to relax or be content in safety improvement , adopt a new philosophy , cease dependence on mass inspection , don’t go forIncident causes property damage and accident price tag- go for reducing total cost , improvecauses life damage too constantly , give training on job , drive out fear , break down barriers between departments ,You must know the plan and how to work the don’t pressurize workforce , give selfplan improvement education and act forIf accident occurs you must know : transformation1. background information 2.surface causes and PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENTroot causes THE REQUIREMENT FOR PPEYou have to make a report of accident in which To ensure the greatest possible protection foryou write about findings , recommendations employees in workplaceand summary EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITYSafety education and training To wear and maintain PPEBe trained
  • 18. Chemical hazardsFACE AND EYE PROTECTION Radiological hazardsHEAD PROTECTION Mechanical hazards WHAT SHOULD NOT BE WORN?FOOT PROTECTION The PPE rules requires that rings , wristwatches , earnings , bracelets and other jewelery must not be worn if it’s possible for it to come intoHAND PROTECTION contact with power driven machinery or electric circuitry HAZARD ANALYSIS AND CONTROL BASIC EMPLOYER RESPONSIBILITYPROTECTIVE CLOTHING The employer should see that workers are properly instructed and supervised in the safe operation of any machinery tools , equipment ,SHIELDS process or practice which they are authorized to use or applyBARRIERS BASIC EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITY All employees should conduct their work in compliance with their employer’s safety policiesRESTRAINTS and rules. Employees should report all injuries immediately to the person in charge or otherWHEN AND WHERE PPE IS REQUIRED? responsible representative of the employerWhenever following conditions are encountered .employees should make full use of safeguards: provided for their protection SAFETY INSPECTIONSProcess hazards Employers should make sure their workplace are inspected by a qualified person as often as the type of operation or the character of the equipment requires.Environmental hazards HAZARDS
  • 19. Raw materials Identifying workplace hazardsToxic chemicals Analyzing the workplaceStationary machinery Developing solutionequipment may not be properly guarded / or in Writing solutionpoor working order Writing recommendationsTools may not be properly maintained Taking actionExtreme noise in work environment Evaluating the resultsPoor work station designs Five general hazardsFlammable or combustible atmospheres MaterialFloors may be slippery and aisles cluttered EquipmentGuard rails , ladders or floor hole covers may be Environmentmissing or damageEmployees might be fatigued , distracted in Peoplesome way , or other wise lack the physical / systemmental way , or working safely 13 hazard categoriesHAZARD AccelerationUnsafe work conditions or practices that couldcause injuries or illness to employees BiologicalRecognized hazards Chemical reactionsIndustry recognition ElectricalEmployee recognition ErgonomicsCommon sense recognition Explosives and explosionsExposure Flammability and firesPhysical TempratureEnvironmental Mechanicalpotential PressureSix steps hazard control process Radiation
  • 20. Toxics Personal protective equipmentVibration / noise Solving safety problems-two key strategiesIdentifying hazards Eliminate or reduce the surface causeinformal and formal observation programs Eliminate or reduce he root causeComprehensive wide surveys Cause effect analysisIndividual interviews Every effect is the result of a causeWalk around inspection Key steps to develop effective recommendationsDocumentation review Write the problem statementA written record will help ensure Describe the history of problemAssignment of responsibility for hazardcorrection State the solution options that would correct the problemTracking of correction to completion Describe the consequences as a cost. Vs . BenefitIdentification of problems in the control system analysisIdentification of problems in the accountability EFFECTIVE ACCIDENT INVESTIGATIONsystem What is an accidentIdentifcation of hazards for which no preventionor control has been planned An accident is the final event in an unplanned process that result in injury or illness to an4 analysis employee and possibly property damageJob hazard analysis Accident typeschange analysis STRUCK BYProcess hazard analysis STRUCK AGAINSTPhase hazard analysis CONTACT BYHierarchy of control CONTACT WITHElimination CAUGHT ONSubstitution CAUGHT BETWEENEngineering controls FALL TO SURFACEAdministrative controls
  • 21. FALL TO BELOW Determine the solutionsOVER EXERTION Write the reportBODILY REACTION DOCUMENTING THE ACCIDENT SCENEOVER EXPOSURE Make personal observationsCAUSE OF ACCIDENT Take photos of accident sceneOld theory-worker error :says worker makes a Take video clips of the scenechoice to work in an unsafe manner sketch the accident sceneNew theory-system approach : says accidentsoccur due to multiple causes and due to defects Interview recordsin the systems Steve’s seven rights of interview processCharacteristics of effective incident Be sure you ask theinvestigation program Right people theClearly assigned responsibility for accidentinvestigation Right question at theAll accident investigations will be formally Right time in thetrained on accident investigation techniques Right place in theThe purpose is to find fact not fault Right way for theDig deep to know hazardous conditions that Right reason to uncover thecaused accidents Right facts report will make the recommendations tocorrect the hazardous conditions and work WHO NEEDS TO BE INTERVIEWEDpractices The victimCorrective actions must be completed Co workersAn annual review of accident reports Direct supervisorsSix steps for conducting accident investigation ManagerSecure the accident scene Training departmentConduct interview Personnel departmentDevelop the sequence of events Maintenance departmentConduct cause analysis
  • 22. Emergency responders Actual eventsMedical personal Assumed eventsCoroner Non eventsPolice Simultaneous eventsThe victim’s spouse and family Developing the sequence of eventsEffective interviewing techniques Once the sequence of events is developed we will study each event to know:Keep the purpose of investigation in the mind Hazardous conditionApproach the investigation with an open mind Unsafe behaviorsGo to the scene System weaknessesExpress concern regarding the accident anddesire to prevent a similar occurrence Components of an eventTell the interviewee that the information they Actor: the actor is an individual or object thatgive is important directly influenced the flow of the sequence of eventsBe friendly , understanding and open minded Action is something that is done by the actorBe calm and unhurried Hazardous conditionsSingle event theory MaterialsAn accident is thought to be the result of asingle , one time easily identifiable , unusual , Machineryunexpected occurrence that result in injury or EquipmentillnessThe domino theory ToolsThis describes as a series of related occurences Chemicalswhich lead to a final event that results in injury Environmentor illness WorkstationsMultiple cause theory FacilitiesAccidents are a result of a series of randomrelated and / or unrelated actions that Peoplesomehow interact to cause the accident workloadFour categories of events Levels of cause analysis
  • 23. Injury analysis Evacuation proceduresEvent analysis Emergency escape route assignmentsSystem analysis Procedures to account for all employee after an emergency evacuation has been completedHigher priority strategies that control hazards Name or job titles of personas who can beElimination contacted for further information or explanationSubstitution of duties under the plan.Engineering controls NATURAL DISASTERS AvalancheLower priority strategies to control exposure Biologicaland behavior DroughtWARNINGS Sand stormsADMINISTRATIVE CONTROLS Earth quakesPERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT Extreme heat / coldWRITING THE REPORT FireBackground FloodDescription HurricaneFindings Landslide / MadslideRecommendations LightningSummary Snow / Ice / hailEMERGENCY ACTION PLANS Tornando Volcanic eruptionWHAT IS AN EMERGENCY ACTION PLAN TsunamiAn action plan to organize employee and TECHNOLOGICAL EMERGENCIESemployer action during workplace emergencies Aircraft crashCOMPONENTS OF AN EFFECTIVE EMERGENCYACTION PLAN Structural collapseWays to report fires and other emergencies Business interruption
  • 24. CommunicationLevee failure Develop methods to alert employeesExplosion/fireExtreme air pollution Identify methods to alert employeesFinancial collapseFuel .resource shortage Identify how and when the employees will be trainedHazardous material releasePower / utility failure Address how and when drills and retraining willRadiological / nuclear accidents be conductedTransportation accidentsWHAT ARE THE STEPS IN DEVELOPING EAP One policy doesn’t fit all situationsDevelopment of emergency action planEstablish authority Designate someone who will stay to shut downConduct employee training and plan review critical operations during an evacuationReview , coordinate and update the plan Determine specific evacuation routes and exitsMake sure EAP meets specific needsConsider and list potential natural or man made Designate evacuation coordinates andemergencies workdensDevelop resue and medical assistance strategies Conduct EAP employee trainingConsider communication Update the EAP regularlyIdentify methods for reporting fires
  • 25. INTRODUCTION TO FIRE PREVENTION PLANS Warning and caution signs Fire detectorsWhat does the fire prevention plan do for your Pull stationsORGANIZATION Agent storage containers Purpose of an alarm system The purpose of and employee alarm system is to reduce the severity of work place accidents and injuries by ensuring that alarm systems operate properly and procedures are in place to alertServes to reduce the risk of fires at your employees to workplace emergenciesworkplace The fire triangleCauses of fire Enough oxygen to sustain combustionElectrical hazards Enough heat to rise the material to it’s ignitionPortable heaters temperature andOffice fire hazards Some sort of fuel or combustible materialCutting , welding and open flame work Fire extinguisher ratingsFlammable and combustible material Class a ordinary combustibleSmoking in the wrokplace Class b flammable liquidsFixed extinguished system Class c electrical equipmentFixed fire extinguishing systems are commonly Class d combustible metalsused to protect areas containing value able or Class k restaurant kitchenscritical equipment such as data processingrooms , telecommunication switches and Types of fire extinguishersprocess control rooms Dry chemical extinguishersComponents of a fixed system Halon extinguishersDischarge nozzle Water extinguishersPiping Carbon dioxide extinguishersControl panel HOW TO USE A FIRE EXTINGUISHERWarning alarm
  • 26. PASS : PULL – AIM –SQUEEZE-SWEEP A significant injury or illness diagnosed by a physician or other licensed health careMANAGEMENT TRAINING RESPONSIBLITY professional OSHA 300 form is the log of work related injuries and illnessesAll managers should be trained and make sureemployees are also trained to understand their OSHA 300 –A is the summary of work relatedFFP responsibility. injuries and illnessesOSH RECORD KEEPING OSHA FORM 301 or equipment is the worker’s and employer’s report of occupational injury or diseaseThe record keeping and reporting rule requiresemployers to record and report work –relatedfatalities , injuries and illnesses . It’s importantto record or report a work related injury , illnessor fatality You must involve your employees and their representatives in the record keeping systemAn injury or illness meets the general recordingcriteria and is recordable , if it results in any TOTAL NO. OF INJURIES AND ILLNESSES / of following six conditions : OF HOURS WORKED BY ALL EMPLOYEES * 200 , 000 = TOTAL RECORDABLE CASE RATEDeathDays away from work HAZARD COMMUNICATIONRestricted work or job transferMedical treatment beyond first aidLoss of consciousness
  • 27. The hazard communication rule applies to any being used in the workplace, assignchemical which is known to be present in the responsibilities and describes procedures for:workplace in such a manner that employeesmay be exposed under normal conditions of use Labeling containersor in a foreseeable emergency Maintaining and using material safety dataResponsibility sheetsChemical manufacturers and importers must Information and trainingevaluate chemicals produced in their workplaces Pipe labelingor imported by them to determine if they arehazardous Non routine tsk proceduresEmployers must assess the hazards of chemicals Contractor proceduresand develop a written hazard communicationplan along with training and information Hazardous substanceMaterial safety data sheet Is any chemical which poses a physical or aChemical manufacturers and importers must health hazard?obtain and develop a material safety data sheetfor each hazardous chemical they produce or Physical hazardsimport and must develop appropriate labelsthat provide hazard warning information Are chemical reactions that could result in a fire, explosion and/ or toxic gas release which causeEmployee training physical trauma if chemicals are handled or stored improperly?How to Health hazardsReference the chemical test or hazards Is health effects caused directly by the chemicalsUse material data safety sheets themselves, not an injury resulting from aUse protective practices including PPE reactionRecognize a release of chemicalsDetect over exposure to chemicals Dusts, fumes. Fibres . Mists . Vapors , gases , solids , liquidsWrite secondary container labels Chemical effectsHazard communication plan On various organs of the human body dependEmployers must develop, implement and on several important factors : solid , liquid ormaintain a written hazard communication plan gas ?that contains a list of hazardous chemicals Ingested , inhaled , absorbed or injected ?
  • 28. How much chemical makes it’s ways into the HAZWOPERbody? Hazardous waste operations and emergencyHow poisonous is the chemical? response covers response to uncontrollable releases CONDUCTING A JOB HAZARD ANALYSISRoutes of entry JOB HAZARD ANALYSIS :Routes of entry of chemicals may take must beknown when assessing the workplace for It focuses on the relationship between thechemical hazards. worker , task tools and environment .after you identify uncontrolled hazards , you will takeAlternative labeling methods steps to eliminate or reduce them to an acceptable risk level . You can preventHMIS ( hazardous material information system) workplace injuries and illnesses.NFPA (national fire protection association )Material safety data sheet IMPROVE YOUR EMPOYEESUsed to communicate chemical hazardinformation from the manufacturer to the Get together with your employees and talkemployee to train and inform on safe use of about the actual and potential hazards andhazardous chemicals unsafe behaviors they believe might exist inEmployers must obtain a MSDS from the their current work and surroundings .Discuss thechemical manufacturer or import as soon as possible accident that might result from thepossible hazards and behaviors . Next come up with ideas to eliminate or control those hazards andEmployers must maintain in the workplace behaviors.copies of required material safety data sheetsEmployee must knowThe hazard communication program LOOK FOR HAZARDOUS CONDITIONS ANDThe measures to protect themselves UNSAFE BEHAVIOURSDetect the release or presence of hazardouschemical Material safety data sheetsPhysical and health hazards Experienced workersWhen new hazardous chemical is used inorganization Accident and incident reports
  • 29. First aid statistical record Basic job step Behavior based safety reports Hazard present Safety committee meeting minutes Preventive measures Safety inspection reports GOALS WHILE CONDUCTING A JHA Previous JHAs What can go wrong Existing work procedures What are the consequences ? Equipment manuals How could the hazard arise ? Preventive /corrective maintenance What are the other contributing factors ?records How likely is that hazard will occur ?HIGH RISK BEHAVIOURS TIPSWorking at evaluation , no matter what job is Write safe job procedureLifting , lowering , pushing , pulling and othermanual handling operations Hire professionals to conduct JHA Improve the JHA process by taking a teamOther working above or below the work area approachUse of bridge cranes man lifts , or other heavyequipment RISK ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEEMNTWorking on or near energized equipment/components SAFETY MANUALWorking alone or in isolated workplacesOperating vehicles  HOW TO ASSESS THE RISKWorking within a confined space or under temp  The risk score is determined byextremes multiplying the consequence and likelihood scores you have recorded forRISK ANALYSIS each hazardRisk = probability*severity  To assess the risk associated withJHA FORMAT hazards you have identified, ask the following questions:JHA includes three columns:
  • 30.  How likely is the hazard to cause harm Everyone is different. A hazard may also to someone? pose more risk to some people more than others because of differences in physical strength, experience, training What is the worst possible damage the etc. hazard could cause in terms of human  suffering and cost if you dont resolve the problem? How many people are exposed to the risk? Sometimes it may be the amount of time workers spend on an activity that creates the safety risk, rather than the nature of the work task itself. Everyone is different. A hazard may also pose more risk to some people more than others because of differences in physical strength, experience, training etc. HOW TO MANAGE THE RISK The risk score is determined by multiplying the consequence and likelihood scores you have recorded for each hazard To assess the risk associated with hazards you have identified, ask the following questions: How likely is the hazard to cause harm to someone? What is the worst possible damage the hazard could cause in terms of human suffering and cost if you dont resolve the problem? How many people are exposed to the risk? Sometimes it may be the amount of time workers spend on an activity that creates the safety risk, rather than the nature of the work task itself.
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