Hazard analysis and control

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  • 2. BASIC EMPLOYERRESPONSIBILITY Theemployer should see that workers are properly instructed and supervised in the safe operation of any machinery tools , equipment , process or practice which they are authorized to use or apply
  • 3. BASIC EMPLOYEERESPONSIBILITY All employees should conduct their work in compliance with their employer’s safety policies and rules. Employees should report all injuries immediately to the person in charge or other responsible representative of the employer .employees should make full use of safeguards provided for their protection
  • 4. SAFETY INSPECTIONS Employersshould make sure their workplace are inspected by a qualified person as often as the type of operation or the character of the equipment requires.
  • 5. HAZARDS Raw materials Toxic chemicals Stationary machinery equipment may not be properly guarded / or in poor working order Tools may not be properly maintained Extreme noise in work environment Poor work station designs Flammable or combustible atmospheres Floors may be slippery and aisles cluttered Guard rails , ladders or floor hole covers may be missing or damage Employees might be fatigued , distracted in some way , or other wise lack the physical / mental way , or working safely
  • 6. HAZARD Unsafework conditions or practices that could cause injuries or illness to employees
  • 7. Recognized hazards Industry recognition Employee recognition Common sense recognition
  • 8. Exposure Physical Environmental potential
  • 9. Six steps hazard controlprocess Identifying workplace hazards Analyzing the workplace Developing solution Writing solution Writing recommendations Taking action Evaluating the results
  • 10. Five general hazards Material Equipment Environment People system
  • 11. 13 hazard categories Acceleration Biological Chemical reactions Electrical Ergonomics Explosives and explosions Flammability and fires Temprature Mechanical Pressure Radiation Toxics Vibration / noise
  • 12. Identifying hazards informal and formal observation programs Comprehensive wide surveys Individual interviews Walk around inspection Documentation review
  • 13. A written record will helpensure Assignment of responsibility for hazard correction Tracking of correction to completion Identification of problems in the control system Identification of problems in the accountability system Identifcation of hazards for which no prevention or control has been planned
  • 14. 4 analysis Job hazard analysis change analysis Process hazard analysis Phase hazard analysis
  • 15. Hierarchy of control Elimination Substitution Engineering controls Administrative controls Personal protective equipment
  • 16. Solving safety problems-twokey strategies Eliminate or reduce the surface cause Eliminate or reduce he root cause
  • 17. Cause effect analysis Every effect is the result of a cause
  • 18. Key steps to develop effectiverecommendations Write the problem statement Describe the history of problem State the solution options that would correct the problem Describe the consequences as a cost. Vs . Benefit analysis
  • 19. Thankyou Please give your feedback @ yawarhkhan@hotmail.com