Ensemble oscon 2011
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  • * Developers write their code thinking of services, not machines. * De-coupled meaning that w/ config management, you say ”give me a machine, and then configure it this way”, where as with coupling you say ”Give me a service configured this way, and put it on these machines” * Loose coupling with a two way comm channel lets us write formulas without having to assume anything about related services.. we can learn the answers from the other service's configuration. * ./configure && make && make install is more powerful for custom work, but packaging gives you the benefits of repeatability and portability
  • * Ensemble is mostly about using IaaS * EC2 only right now – This includes Eucalyptus and OpenStack * Deploy fast, add new infrastructure fast, and repeat over and over. * Pay for what you use * Invest in infrastructure only when it makes sense for YOU
  • * Open source makes it easy to solve your problems without having to appropriate and get locked in to software with a purchase. * Utility computing is similar.. running things on computers doesn't necessarily mean you need to own computers. * Currently marrying the two, opensource and ”the cloud”, is a fairly manual or custom operation.
  • * Deploys existing open source solutions fast - ”apt-get for the cloud” * Also deploys YOUR app fast. * Makes it easy to define how your application relates to existing opensource services. * Helps you manage those relationships in ”The cloud” * Tightly integrated with Ubuntu – A leader in the cloud space.
  • Some yaml metadata – lists relationships that it understands and config options A few scripts that run at the right time – configure service based on relationships and config settings Well encapsulated – MySQL formula is generic, and usable by any application that can speak to MySQL
  • * Wikipedia's architecture has a lot of relationships * Adding 100 of each type isn't hard anymore – thank you config management. * Getting them to work together is still a challenge.
  • * demo-wiki PHP layer and memcached both scale out with 'add-unit' (can scale back with remove-unit). * Eventually this will be presentable not as commands in serial, but a ”stack” which will be loaded into the environment, and dumpable from a running system
  • * These commands add a slave instance, and relate it to the master * They also tell the demo-wiki service to use it as a slave * add-unit wiki-slave-db would provide even more read scale out * Write scaling is a bit more tricky * Adding slaves gets us to the subset of the wikipedia graph above.. still lots of relationships to define
  • Generated by ensemble's ”dot” output format
  • * There are some options that are unknowable, like the wiki's name * config-changed hook is executed every time a config is actually changed, not every time 'ensemble set' is called.

Ensemble oscon 2011 Ensemble oscon 2011 Presentation Transcript

  • Ensemble – Welcome to Service Orchestration
    • OSCON 2011
    • Clint Byrum < [email_address] >
    • SpamapS on IRC
    • http://ensemble.ubuntu.com/
  • DevOps Distilled ™ - Isn't that config management?
    • Config Management
    • Machine Centric
    • De-coupled from provisioning
    • Knowledge Sharing Involves Customization and assumptions.
    • Analog: ./configure && make && sudo make install
    • Service Orchestration
    • Service Centric
    • Coupled with provisioning
    • Designed for Knowledge Sharing
    • Complimentary to config management
    • Analog: apt-get install
  • The Cloud http://www.flickr.com/photos/gsbrown99/2706179635/sizes/o/in/photostream/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/kaptainkobold/5892507537/sizes/z/in/photostream/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/stevendepolo/4226949238/sizes/l/in/photostream/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/emsl/4929154481/sizes/l/in/photostream/
  • Open Source http://www.flickr.com/photos/smiteme/1184482747/sizes/o/in/photostream/
  • Open Source + The Cloud = Ensemble!
    • Yes this is the plug
    • Some things are better served by NOT being in Ubuntu's archive.
    • Ensemble in many ways makes Ubuntu Server invisible when using it properly.
  • Formulas are simple
    • Some yaml metadata
    • A few scripts that run at the right time
    • Well encapsulated
    • Written with whatever tool you want!
    • Assumptions can be eliminated
    • Easy to read, easy to review
    • https://code.launchpad.net/principia
    ensemble : formula name : mediawiki revision : 84 summary : &quot;website engine for collaborative work&quot; description : | MediaWiki is a wiki engine (a program for creating a collaboratively edited website). It is designed to handle heavy websites containing library-like document collections, and supports user uploads of images/sounds, multilingual content, TOC autogeneration, ISBN links, etc. requires : db : interface : mysql slave : interface : mysql cache : interface : memcache provides : website : interface : http
  • Relationships
    • Various strategies
      • - Assumptions in code
      • - Assumptions in config mgmt.
      • - Puppet – Exported Configs
      • - Chef – Search
      • - Ensemble – Fundamental component
    http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d8/Wikimedia-servers-2010-12-28.svg
  • Example: Mediawiki
    • ensemble deploy mysql wiki-db
    • ensemble deploy mediawiki demo-wiki
    • ensemble deploy memcached wiki-cache
    • ensemble deploy haproxy wiki-balancer
    • ensemble add-unit wiki-cache
    • ensemble add-unit demo-wiki
    • ensemble add-relation wiki-db:db demo-wiki:db
    • ensemble add-relation wiki-cache demo-wiki
    • ensemble add-relation wiki-balancer:reverseproxy demo-wiki:website
  • Add slaves
    • ensemble deploy mysql wiki-slave-db
    • ensemble add-relation wiki-slave-db:slave wiki-db:master
    • ensemble add-relation demo-wiki:slave-db wiki-slave-db:db
  • Result
  • Configure
    • ensemble set demo-wiki name=”Life, The Universe, and Everything”
    • ensemble deploy mediawiki –config=arthur-dents-wiki.yaml arthur-dents-wiki
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/monado/2151215772/sizes/o/in/photostream/
  • Formulas today HAProxy MySQL Jenkins
  • The Future
    • Repository
    • Local development
    • Ubuntu Orchestra for ”Bare Metal”
    • Stacks
    • Storage Management
    • Formulas, Formulas, Formulas, Formulas...
    http://www.flickr.com/photos/tom_twinhelix/3916931452/sizes/l/in/photostream/
  • THANK YOU
    • https://ensemble.ubuntu.com/
    • https://cloud.ubuntu.com/
    • https://launchpad.net/ensemble
    • #ubuntu-ensemble on Freenode
    • Clint Byrum <clint.byrum@canonical.com>