Panel on ORCID integrations by publishers


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Connecting Research and Researchers: How ORCID is Facilitating the Interoperable Exchange of Information, presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Scholarly Publishing, 30 May 2014.

The publishing community has been an early and enthusiastic adopter of the work of ORCID, an independent non-profit organization with a twofold mission: to provide an open registry of unique identifiers for researchers, and to work with the scholarly community to ensure that this persistent identifier is embedded in research workflows. ORCID serves as a hub, linking existing identifiers, such as CrossRef and DataCite DOIs, ISNI organizational identifiers, and author identifiers including ResearcherId and ScopusAuthor ID with the ultimate goal of connecting researchers with their contributions. This session will provide an opportunity to learn about the status of ORCID integration into manuscript submission and production systems, into reviewer workflows, into conference systems, and into repositories and evaluation systems. A panel of experts from diverse publishing will provide practical examples and best practices for how the scholarly communications community is using ORCID.
Moderator: Rebecca Bryant, ORCID

Martin Fenner, PLOS
Cesar Berrios-Otero, F1000 Research
Michael Habib, Elsevier B.V.
Brooks Hanson, American Geophysical Union
Rebecca Bryant, ORCID

Published in: Technology, Education

Panel on ORCID integrations by publishers

  1. 1. Contact Info: p. +1-301-922-9062 a. 10411 Motor City Drive, Suite 750, Bethesda, MD 20817 USA Connecting Research and Researchers: How ORCID is Facilitating the Interoperable Exchange of Information 30 May 2014 Society for Scholarly Publishing Boston Rebecca Bryant, PhD Director of Community, ORCID @ORCID_ORG
  2. 2. Why we need a persistent identifier J. Å. S. Sørensen J.Aa. S. Sørensen J. Åge S. Sørensen J.Aage S. Sørensen J. Åge Smærup Sørensen J.Aage Smaerup Sørensen 2 •  Common names •  Multiple names/transliterations •  Name changes, esp. for women
  3. 3. What is ORCID? The ORCID •  Unique, persistent identifier for researchers & scholars •  Free to researchers •  Can be used throughout one’s career, across professional activities, disciplines, nations & languages •  Embedded into workflows & metadata •  API enables interoperability between siloed systems The ORCID Organization •  Non-profit, non- proprietary, open, and community-driven •  Global, interdisciplinary •  Supported by the membership of organizations using the ORCID API §  Funding organizations §  Professional societies §  Universities & research institutes §  Publishers 3
  4. 4. Facilitating interoperable exchange of information The ORCID API enables the exchange of information between systems: •  Less time re- keying •  Improved data •  Easier maintenance •  Better sharing across systems 4 Grants Repositories Researcher Information Systems Publishers Other identifiersSociety membership
  5. 5. Adoption and Integration 5 ORCID has issued over 720,000 iDs since our launch in October 2012. Integration and use is international. Publishing 27% Universities & Research Orgs 39% Funders 7% Associations 15% Repositories & Profile Sys 12% EMEA 35% Americas 50% AsiaPac 15% Over 130 members, from every sector of the international research community - 100,000 200,000 300,000 400,000 500,000 600,000 700,000 800,000 Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr Creator Website Trusted party
  6. 6. Who is Integrating and How? 6 •  Research Funders •  Universities and Research Orgs •  Publishers •  Professional Associations For a list of organizations and integrations see
  7. 7. 7 “Where possible, it is also recommended that contributors be uniquely identifiable, and data uniquely attributable, through identifiers which are persistent, non-proprietary, open and interoperable (e.g. through leveraging existing sustainable initiatives such as ORCID for contributor identifiers and DataCite for data identifiers).” European Commission H2020 Grantee Guidelines grants_manual/hi/oa_pilot/h2020-hi-oa-pilot-guide_en.pdf Funders “Greater precision and transparency of the research outputs linked to a particular funder or grant is vital to help us better understand the impact of our funding.” Liz Allen, Head of Evaluation,Wellcome Trust §  Funding organizations are requesting ORCID iDs §  Funders have the potential to capture ORCID information to improve grant submission process for researchers
  8. 8. 8 •  NIH •  DOE, Office of Scientific & Technical Information (OSTI) •  FDA •  Autism Speaks •  Wellcome Trust •  National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) (UK) •  Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) (Portugal) •  Japan Science & Technology Agency (JST) •  National Institute of Informatics (NII), Japan •  Swedish Research Foundation •  Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF)
  9. 9. How are Universities Integrating? 9 For more on university integrators see http:// researchorganizations •  Researcher Information Systems •  Institutional Repositories •  ElectronicTheses & Dissertations (ETDs) •  Campus directories (LDAP) •  Record creation for faculty and students
  10. 10. Member organizations U.S. Institutions •  Boston •  Brown •  Caltech •  Carnegie Mellon •  Cornell •  Harvard •  MIT •  MSKCC •  Notre Dame •  NYU Langone Medical Center •  Penn State •  Purdue •  Stony Brook •  Texas A&M •  University of Colorado •  University of Kansas •  University of Michigan •  University of Missouri •  University of Washington •  University ofVirginia Worldwide •  Cambridge •  CERN •  Chinese Academy of Sciences •  European Bioinformatics Institutes (EMBL-EBI) •  Consorcio Madroño •  Glasgow •  Korea Institute of Science & Technology Information (KISTI) •  Oxford •  Stockholm •  University College London •  University of Hong Kong •  University of Sydney 10 For more on university integrators see http:// researchorganizations
  11. 11. •  Creating ORCID iDs for: •  10,000+ grad students •  All postdocs •  All faculty •  Also tying to ETDs & campus directory •  Why? •  Having an ORCID iD is part of your professional identity as a scholar •  A persistent identifier will help TAMU track future career outcomes University Case study:
  12. 12. Works are discoverable —and distinguishable from others—by iD, not just name Publishers requests ORCID iDs in manuscript submission ORCID iD is a part of the metadata—in addition to the author’s name Data then flows into search tools like PubMed, Scopus, and WOS Publishers
  13. 13. Publishing community members Publishing Members: AIP Publishing,AIRITI,Aries,Atlas, Copernicus, EBSCO, Editage, Elsevier, EDP Sciences, eJournal Press, eLife, Epistemio, Flooved, Hindawi, Infra-M Academic Publishing, Jnl Bone and Joint Surgery, Karger, Landes Bioscience, National Academy of Sciences, Nature, Oxford University Press, Peerage of Science, PLOS, RNAi, ScienceOpen, Springer,Taylor & Francis,Wiley,Wolters Kluwer Association Members: American Astronomical Soc,American Chemical Soc,ACSESS,AAAS,American Geophysical Union, American Mathematical Soc,American Psychological Assn, American Physical Soc,American Soc Microbiology,American Soc Civil Engineers,Assn Computing Machinery, Electrochemical Society, IEEE, IOP, Modern Language Assn, OSA, Royal Soc Chemistry, Soc Neuroscience 13
  14. 14. Suggested Practices for Collection & Display of ORCID Identifiers •  Add authenticated collection of ORCID identifiers to your manuscript submission process. •  NEVER let an author type in an iD. •  Encourage all authors publishing in your journal to obtain an ORCID identifier. •  Ensure that iDs are included in the XML submitted to CrossRef and other repositories. •  Display ORCID iDs in publication. 14
  15. 15. Recognizing reviewer service •  Acknowledge Peer Reviewers •  Link Authors, Reviewers, Members, and Meeting Participants 13 June 2014 15
  16. 16. Learn more 16
  17. 17. ORCID Membership Member organizations may use the member API to: •  Read information from an ORCID record •  Send data such as publications to ORCID records •  Integrate a search and link wizard to enable researchers to connect with their works •  Link ORCID identifiers to other IDs and registry systems •  Create ORCID records on behalf of employees or affiliates 17
  18. 18. •  Find out more at •  More on membership at membership •  Learn about tools to embed ORCID iDs at http:// •  Attend an outreach meeting •  Subscribe to our blog at and follow @ORCID_Org on Twitter •  Contact me at 1813 June 2014 Thank you!
  19. 19. | 1 Michael Habib, MSLS Sr. Product Manager, Scopus Connecting researchers with themselves: How ORCID consolidates identity across the scholarly communication ecosystem Society for Scholarly Publishing - Boston, MA - May 30 2014
  20. 20. | 2 Researcher EES Scopus SciVal/ Pure 2 Elsevier’s spaces in the ecosystem
  21. 21. | 3 Researcher EES Scopus SciVal/ Pure 3 Elsevier’s spaces in the ecosystem
  22. 22. | 4 Scopus
  23. 23. | 5 Scopus Profile Organization
  24. 24. | 6 Dr. James Smith 46533489 ORCID Mission: ORCID aims to solve the name ambiguity problem in research and scholarly communications by creating a central registry of unique identifiers for individual researchers The Solution: The ORCID Registry Dr. Smith Dr. J. Smith Dr. James Smith
  25. 25. | 7 Authors can use Scopus to populate their ORCID profile via Scopus Author Profiles, the Scopus2ORCID Wizard at or from ORCID!
  26. 26. | 8 First look! – Expected release: Sunday
  27. 27. | 9 Retrieved:30-May-2014
  28. 28. | 10 Elsevier Research Intelligence
  29. 29. | 11 11 Retrieved:30-May-2014
  30. 30. | 12 Retrieved: 19/05/2014 Retrieved:30-May-2014
  31. 31. | 13 FCT Portugal Evaluation of R & D units in 2013 Retrieved:30-May-2014
  32. 32. | 14 Pure: Create, manage and report on your researcher's ORCID IDs • February 2014 – Release 4.18 - Link your ORCID license to Pure and automatically create and verify ORCIDs within Pure - Monitor your researcher's use of ORCIDs within Pure and create reports of the content linked to them
  33. 33. | 15 Add or Create an ORCID ID from main profile page in Pure
  34. 34. | 16 Create an ORCID ID (via Web Services) with pre-filled data
  35. 35. | 17 Jisc-ARMA ORCID pilot project – HEI based projects “In particular, the objectives are: • to explore the embedding of ORCID iDs in institutional systems and workflows • to assess costs, benefits and risks of ORCID implementation • to gather evidence and recommend how to proceed – if appropriate – with national ORCID membership” (Retrieved 19/05/2014 from ) Aston University “We intend to embed ORCID IDs into the HR system (CORE) so that new staff joining the university beyond this project will be required to register for ORCID as part of the employment process. The implementation plan, training materials and guidance notes will then be made available for use by other universities using PURE” University of York “Information about research outputs from the University is automatically shared between Pure and White Rose Research Online, our shared ePrints repository. Using ORCID to help with this interoperation is a real potential benefit and an important part of the project” (Retrieved 19/05/2014 from )
  36. 36. | 18 Search by ORCID ID for Scopus Author Profiles Expected Q3/Q4 – Design above representative Pure will be a be able to retrieve Scopus Author ID (and associated documents) via ORCID ID search on Scopus APIs Expected Q4/Q1 - Search by ORCID ID for Documents Populate a CRIS with new documents published with an ORCID and Indexed in Scopus
  37. 37. | 19 Elsevier Editorial System (EES)
  38. 38. | 20| 20 Adoption by Authors in EES 14.7 15.1 15.3 15.6 15.8 16 16.3 16.6 16.8 17.1 17.4 17.6 17.8 18 18 18.3 0 10 20 30 40 50 31-Jan 07-Feb 14-Feb 21-Feb 28-Feb 07-Mar 14-Mar 21-Mar 28-Mar 04-Apr 11-Apr 18-Apr 25-Apr 02-May 09-May 16-May % Submissions to Production with ORCID(s)
  39. 39. | 21| 21 0 20000 40000 60000 80000 100000 120000 ORCID per Month Series1 Series2 Series3 Profiles (Corresponding Authors ORCIDs delivered to Production
  40. 40. | 22| 22 ORCID in EES Statistics Total number of profiles (corresponding authors) with ORCID IDs 111950 Total number of co-authors with ORCID IDs 148111 Submissions with ORCID ID in various stages 262492 Total submissions still in peer review in process 199718 Total submissions delivered to Production with one or more ORCIDs 62774 Total number of ORCIDs delivered to Production in the JSON file 64856
  41. 41. | 23 Researcher EES Scopus SciVal/ Pure 23 Elsevier’s spaces in the ecosystem
  42. 42. | 24 % Awareness of ORCID among research community 14% of the researchers have registered, 5 points higher than Q2 13 6% 8% 9% 10% 9% 11% 14% 14%15% 20% 23% 24% Q2 13 Q3 13 Q4 13 Q1 14 Aware and registered Aware but not registered
  43. 43. Community built by Keita Bando, Mendeley Advisor and ORCID Ambassador
  44. 44. | 26 Announcing the ORCID Plugin for the Wordpress blogging platform • Released May 22 2014 as part of ORCID Codefest • Author posts with your ORCID ID • Add your ORCID ID to comments
  45. 45. | 27 Thank you! Michael Habib, MSLS Sr. Product Manager, Scopus
  46. 46. ORCID @ PLOS in 8 Steps ! Martin Fenner
  47. 47. Allow authors to enter ORCID identifier in manuscript submission system 2 1 8% of corresponding authors did so when PLOS enabled this feature last summer
  48. 48. Allow contributors to enter ORCID identifier in their profile page 3 2 1,052 contributors did so since February 2014
  49. 49. Unify contributor information across all systems and services 4 3 Many other systems …
  50. 50. Include ORCID identifiers in metadata pushed to CrossRef and PubMed 5 4 NLM DTD 3.0 JATS 1.0
  51. 51. Use Ringgold/ISNI as institutional identifier for contributors 6 5 ORCID Profile
  52. 52. Pull in author information about past PLOS papers from ORCID Registry 7 6 12,303 ORCID profiles include at least one PLOS publication
  53. 53. Use ORCID for Single Sign-On 8 7
  54. 54. Require ORCID identifiers for all contributions 9 8
  55. 55. • Allow authors to enter ORCID identifier in manuscript submission system • Allow contributors to enter ORCID identifier in their profile page • Unify contributor information across all systems and services • Include ORCID identifiers in metadata pushed to CrossRef and PubMed • Use Ringgold/ISNI as institutional identifier for contributors • Pull in author information about past PLOS papers from ORCID Registry • Use ORCID for Single Sign-On • Require ORCID identifiers for all contributions 10
  56. 56. FACULTY  OF  1000’S  ORCID  INTEGRATION:     CONNECTING  OUR  AUTHORS  TO  THEIR  WORK   César  A.  Berríos-­‐Otero,  PhD   Outreach  Director,  F1000Research     cesar.berrios-­‐   hMp://     hMp://     @f1000Research   @f1000    
  57. 57. WHY  ORCID?   Full  name:  César  A.  Berríos  Otero     Normally:  César  Berríos     Only  6  are  mine!                    
  58. 58. WHY  ORCID?   Full  name:  César  A.  Berríos  Otero     Normally:  César  Berríos     For  graduate  school:  César  A.  Berríos-­‐Otero     Same  for  F1000!     Properly  connect  authors  AND  referees  to  their  work!     Assign  proper  credit  where  it’s  due!        
  59. 59. F1000PRIME   •  Faculty  includes  over  5000  peer-­‐nominated  scien]sts  and   clinical    researchers  and  ~5000  Associates   •  Faculty  Members  select,  rate  and  comment  on  the  most   interes]ng  and  important  research  ar]cles  (2-­‐3%  of  the  life   science  literature)    from  ~3,700  journals   •  Assigns  one  of  three  posi]ve  ra]ngs:  Excep]onal  (3  stars),   Very  Good  (2  stars)  or  Good  (1  star)   Directory  of   recommenda]ons  of  the  best   research  in  biology  and   medicine  from  a  faculty  of   global  experts.   (Launched  2002)   Partners  with  ORCiD  since  August  2012  
  65. 65. FACULTY  OF  1000   Directory  of   recommenda]ons  of  the  best   research  in  biology  and   medicine  from  a  faculty  of   global  experts.   (Launched  2002)   Open  science  journal  for  life   scien]sts  that  offers  rapid   publica]on  and  transparent   peer  review.     (Launched  2012)  
  66. 66. F1000RESEARCH   Open  science  journal  for  life   scien]sts  that  offers  rapid   publica]on  and  transparent   peer  review.     (Launched  2012)   Key  features:   •  All  data  included   •  Publica]on  within  a  week   •  Transparent,  post-­‐publica]on  peer   review  by  invited  referees   •  Accepts  all  sound  science,  including   single  findings,  case  reports,   protocols,  replica]ons,  null/nega]ve   results  and  more  tradi]onal  ar]cles  
  67. 67. THE  PUBLICATION  PROCESS     •  The  peer  review  process  can  take  months  –  some]mes  years.   •  Aker  rejec]on,  start  over  again  with  another  journal.     •  This  delays  publica]on.   •  Referees  are  anonymous.      
  68. 68. THE  PUBLICATION  PROCESS  –  REVOLUTIONIZED!   •  F1000Research  ar]cles  are  published  online  aker  an  in-­‐house  pre-­‐refereeing   check,  on  average,  within  5  working  days.   •  Peer  review  and  revisions  are  carried  out  publicly  by  invited  referees.   •  Ar]cles  with  sufficient  posi]ve  referee  reports  are  indexed  in  PubMed.         Approved   Approved  with  reserva]ons   Not  approved  
  69. 69. THE  PUBLICATION  PROCESS  –  REVOLUTIONIZED!   •  F1000Research  ar]cles  are  published  online  aker  an  in-­‐house  pre-­‐refereeing   check,  on  average,  within  5  working  days.   •  Peer  review  and  revisions  are  carried  out  publicly  by  invited  referees.   •  Ar]cles  with  sufficient  posi]ve  referee  reports  are  indexed  in  PubMed.         Approved   Approved  with  reserva]ons   Not  approved  
  71. 71. THE  PUBLICATION  PROCESS  –  REVOLUTIONIZED!   •  F1000Research  ar]cles  are  published  online  aker  an  in-­‐house  pre-­‐refereeing   check,  on  average,  within  5  working  days.   •  Peer  review  and  revisions  are  carried  out  publicly  by  invited  referees.   •  Ar]cles  with  sufficient  posi]ve  referee  reports  are  indexed  in  PubMed.         Approved   Approved  with  reserva]ons   Not  approved  
  72. 72. CASRAI-­‐ORCID  PEER  REVIEW  SERVICE  PROJECT   •  Ar]cles  as  a  researcher  output  is  well  recognised  and  credit   clearly  given   •  Many  other  researcher  roles  are  not   •  One  of  the  major  ]me-­‐consuming  roles  but  a  crucial  one  for   scien]fic  progress  is  as  a  reviewer  but  currently  hard  to   provide  credit  
  73. 73. Referees  are   named   Referee  report   metrics  
  74. 74. TASK:  To  develop  a  schema  and  a  set  of  fields  to   describe  peer  review  that  is  standardized  and  can     be  used  by  all  for  a  variety  of  types  of  peer  review.     CASRAI-­‐ORCID  PEER  REVIEW  SERVICE  PROJECT  
  75. 75. CASRAI-­‐ORCID  PEER  REVIEW  SERVICE  PROJECT  -­‐  WHO’S  INVOLVED   Project  Manager   Paul  Ritchie  (CASRAI)   Co-­‐Chairs   Laura  Paglione  (Technical  Director,  ORCID)   Rebecca  Lawrence  (Managing  Director,  F1000  Research  Ltd)   Working  Group   David  Baker  (Execu]ve  Director,  CASRAI)   Laure  Haak  (Execu]ve  Director,  ORCID)   Liz  Wager  (Consultant,  Sideview  and  Visi]ng  Professor,  University  of  Split)   Brooks  Hanson  (Director  Publica]ons,  American  Geophysical  Union)   Ed  Clayton  (Senior  Director  of  Strategic  Funding  and  Grants  Administra]on,  Au]sm   Speaks)   Paul  A.  Djupe  (Professor,  Denison  University  and  Editor,  Poli]cs  and  Religion)   Dan  Whaley  (Founder,      
  76. 76. CHALLENGES   •  Many  types  of  peer  review:   o  Ar]cle  peer  review  can  be  pre-­‐  or  post-­‐publica]on,  open,  single-­‐  or  double-­‐ blinded   o  Grant  peer  review  –  varying  levels  of  openness     o  Conference  peer  review   o  Tenure  /  REF  peer  review   •  Several  categories  of  peer  review:   o  Formal  evalua]on  c.f.  F1000Prime  recommenda]ons   o  Formal  peer  review   o  Comment  c.f.  PubMed  Commons,  PubPeer,   •  Also  many  reviewer  roles,  e.g.  Editor-­‐in-­‐Chief,  Sec]on  Editor,   Editorial  Board  member,  Panel  member   •  Significant  amount  of  peer  review  leads  to  rejec]on  so  this  can   be  harder  to  capture  
  77. 77. AGREED  SCOPE   Ar]cle  peer  review  –  all  types  of  formal  peer  review,   including  other  roles  such  as  Editor   Grant  review   Conference  topic/mee]ng  abstract  review   Tenure  review  /  REF  review   Other  areas  such  as  annota]on,  commen]ng  etc  were   decided  to  be  out  of  scope  for  now.       ✔ ✔ ✔ X   ✔
  78. 78. NEXT  STEPS   •  Drak  recommenda]ons  are  due  to  be  submiMed  in  June     •  CASRAI  will  translate  these  recommenda]ons  into  fully  defined   record-­‐types,  fields  and  classifica]ons  for  inclusion  in  the  CASRAI   dic]onary  so  they  can  be  openly  used  by  the  broader  community       •  ORCID  will  use  the  recommenda]ons  to  develop  methods  for  linking   review  ac]vi]es  with  ORCID  iden]fiers  and  for  pos]ng  review   metadata  to  the  ORCID  Registry     •  Interested  reviewers:    
  79. 79. NEXT  STEPS   ADOPTION!     Con]nue  to  ask  authors,  reviewers  and  users  to  register:      F1000Prime:  345  Faculty  Members  (out  of  ~11,000)      F1000Research:  48  Authors  (out  of  ~1000)      Big  announcement  to  our  reviewers  at  the  end  of    CASRAI  project  
  80. 80. ORCID everywhere at the American Geophysical Union Brooks Hanson Director, Publications
  81. 81. About AGU •  60,000 members worldwide •  19 journals; also books •  11,000 submissions/year from ~60,000 authors •  Fall Meeting >20,000 attendees each year; 20,000 abstracts from 50,000 authors •  4 different, large people databases all with duplicates.
  82. 82. All Together Now… •  4 different databases: peer review, member, abstracts, publisher (Wiley). •  Integrating all into the member database but dream is seamless user experience •  ORCID to help for 360 degree view of members (abstracts and papers) •  SSO everywhere •  Pass ID’s of authors to Wiley and back to ORCID •  Recognize reviewers too
  83. 83. Timeline 2014   • Sync  editorial  and  member  databases   • SSO  and  ORCIDs   2014?   • Published  papers  back  to  ORCID  from  Wiley   • Abstracts  integrated   2015   • Peer  review  credits  to  ORCID   • Full  SSO  between  all  databases  
  84. 84. Challenges •  So far uptake has been gradual/slow. Discussing how to accelerate. •  Especially problematic for co-authors (email sent on submission but need to be more proactive) and reviewers •  Co-authors of abstracts even more of a challenge.