ORCID: a project still new to China's scholarly publishing community
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ORCID: a project still new to China's scholarly publishing community

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Panel discussion: Why ORCID? Perspectives from the university community ...

Panel discussion: Why ORCID? Perspectives from the university community

Moderator: Barbara Allen, Executive Director, Committee on Institutional Cooperation

Presenters:

Karen Butler-Purry, Associate Provost for Graduate and Professional Studies, Texas A&M University
Keith Hazelton, Senior IT Architect the University of Wisconsin-Madison/Chair of Internet2 MACE-Dir working group
Neil Jacobs, Programme Director, Digital Infrastructure, Jisc
Yan Shuai, President, Society of China University Journals (CUJS)

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ORCID: a project still new to China's scholarly publishing community ORCID: a project still new to China's scholarly publishing community Presentation Transcript

  • Yan Shuai ( Tsinghua University Press ) Cheng Pengjun (Beijing Forestry University) ORCID: a project still new to China’s scholarly publishing community
  • ORCID: a project still new to China’s scholarly publishing community Yan Shuai ( Tsinghua University Press ) Shuai Yan S Yan Yan S
  • ORCID in China’s academic publishing China needs ORCID project: confusion of Chinese names The recognition of ORCID in China: a questionnaire survey
  • The basic aims of ORCID project 1. Provides a persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from others 2. Supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities
  • The high rate of duplicate Chinese names after Romanized results in much confusion 1. Different order of family name and given name: comparison with westerners’ Family name + given name (contrary to westerners’ names); No middle name; Regulated by the Scheme of Chinese Phonetic Alphabets (Chinese Pinyin) in the 1950s-1970s by P.R. China as the rule of Romanization of Chinese names Why China needs ORCID
  • Why China needs ORCID Compulsory in mainland China: family name preceding given name Some follow the western convention (e.g. submitting papers to western journals, attending conferences): given name first e.g. for single-syllable given name “Chen Li” : Difficult to tell which is family name, since both “Chen” ( 陈 ) and “Li” ( 李 ) are very common family names Confusion of Chinese names
  • Why China needs ORCID 2. Chinese people have fewer commonly used family names. Chinese people have thousands of family names, but only about 500 are commonly used. People with top three family names “Li” ( 李 ), “Wang”( 王 ) and “Zhang” ( 张 ) account for 21.3% of the total population (nearly 300 million). During certain periods, people have similar taste for given names. Confusion of Chinese names
  • Result: a very high rate of duplication of Chinese names. e.g. 290 thousand people share the name “ ”张伟 (Zhang Wei) In the field of library information, 21 names are shared by 59 well-known scholars, including 11 “ ”王芳 (Wang Fang) Why China needs ORCID Confusion of Chinese names
  • Why China needs ORCID 3. Chinese characters have four tunes. After Romanized, the tunes disappear. Results: one spelling can be referred to as too many characters. e.g., For the name “Wang Wei”: the family name “Wang” can be “ 王” and “ 汪”; the given name “Wei” can be 伟,玮,威,卫,巍,为 , 维,薇, 蔚,… Totally, “Wang Wei” can by over 30 different Confusion of Chinese names
  • Why China needs ORCID In 2007, Gene D. Sprouse, the Chief Editor of American Physical Society, decided to allow Asian authors to add their native language names after their Romanized names, in order to reduce the ambiguity. Published 3 December 2007 DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.76.230001 PACS number(s): 01.30. - y Confusion of Chinese names
  • Misconduct of utilizing the ambiguity of Chinese names for personal honors •A scientific researcher named Lu Jun from a university in Beijing was uncovered in 2012 for his misconduct of cheating three other Lu Jun’s curriculum vitae, academic background and scientific achievements, which earned him the honor of “Thousand Young Elites” and many research grants. •Lu Jun is a very common Chinese name.
  • How to effectively discriminate the fraud and prevent such actions? Very few methods have been designed so far for scientific research management in China. As designed to distinguish researcher from others, ORCID project has been launched for almost two years. How about its popularity in China?
  • Aim of the questionnaire survey: To get an overall picture of recognition/popularity of ORCID in China for promoting the development of academic publishing and scientific research Including 7 single choice questions and 1 multiple choice question Questionnaire survey about ORCID
  • Questionnaire survey about ORCID 1. Do you know ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID)? ( ) Know ( ) Know but not much ( ) Have no idea 2. What do you think will ORCID benefit us? (multiple choice) ( ) Link researchers and their professional activities, and distinguish them from others ( ) Help to manage scientific and technological activities of researchers ( ) Help assess researchers by tracking their achievements ( ) Help avoid the ambiguity of personal contributions ( ) Help publishers in simplifying manuscript submission, accurately recognize authors and quickly search peer reviewers 3. Do you have an ORCID ID of your own? ( ) Yes ( ) No 4. If you have not an ORCID yet, are you willing to register an ID to link you and your research and publication information? ( ) Yes ( ) No
  • Questionnaire survey about ORCID 5. Did you experience the confusion of author identities in your work? ( ) Often ( ) Occasionally ( ) Not yet 6. Do you think that ORCID project can effectively solve the author identity ambiguity? ( ) Yes ( ) No ( ) Uncertain 7. Given the confusion of Chinese names after Romanized, do you think that we should promote the project of ORCID in China as soon as possible? ( ) Yes ( ) No 8. At present, what kind of job are you engaged in? ( ) Academic publishing ( ) Scientific research ( ) Scientific research management ( ) Human resources management ( ) Other
  • Questionnaire survey about ORCID Lasting for 50 days from March 10 to April 30, 2014. Responding questionnaires by three ways: paper-based, webpage, mobile phone (WeChat) 293 responses received, 289 valid (99%). paper-based 128 (44%) webpage 87 (30%) mobile phone 74 (26%)
  • Questionnaire survey about ORCID Respondents covering most provinces of China Most engaged in academic publishing (85%)
  • Questionnaire survey about ORCID Only 42 (14%) respondents know about ORCID, while the others know little (45%) or never heard of ORCID before (41%).
  • Questionnaire survey about ORCID Among those 42 respondents who know about ORCID, only 10 (24%) have registered and owned their ORCID ID. Regarding the benefits that ORCID can bring to us, the respondents give their answers ranked as: (83%) link researchers and their professional activities, and distinguish them from others (80%) help publishers in simplifying manuscript submission, accurately recognize authors and quickly search peer reviewers (66%) help to manage scientific and technological activities of researchers (60%) help assess researchers by tracking their achievements (55%) help avoid the ambiguity of personal contributions
  • Questionnaire survey about ORCID Although most of the respondents know little about ORCID, after getting an understanding of it, they show a high enthusiasm of embracing it. 259 (90%) are willing to register and get an ID, and the rest still have some worries: Leakage of personal information. Will ORCID launchers make profits by charging researchers in the future, just like Web of Science?
  • Questionnaire survey about ORCID Only 58 (20%) respondents never encountered the difficulty in discriminating ambiguous Chinese names; while the others are often (28%) or occasionally (52%) confused by this issue.
  • Questionnaire survey about ORCID When asked whether ORCID can solve the confusion of duplicate Chinese names in academic publishing, most (64%) are optimistic about ORCID functions and believe that ORCID would be a good solution. Among those who often meet such problems, 73% choose to believe in ORCID However, for those who never encountered this problem, only 47% have faith in ORCID, while the others are uncertain about it.
  • Questionnaire survey about ORCID As for whether we should popularize ORCID or similar projects in China’s academic publishing community, the answers of 88% of respondents are Yes Even those who never met confusion in duplicate Chinese names, 78% think ORCID should be popularized as soon as possible.
  • ORCID in China’s academic publishing In general, popularity or influence of ORCID is still limited in China’s academic publishing sphere, although China has become the second largest country in the total number of academic publications. Nevertheless, we are rather optimistic about its future development in China as more scholars are aware of the benefits it brings to us.
  • Thank you! Yan Shuai: yshuai@yahoo.com Cheng Pengjun: pjcheng78@gmail.com