Authorship credit should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet conditions 1, 2, and 3. When a large, multicenter group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript (3). These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship/contributorship defined above, and editors will ask these individuals to complete journal-specific author and conflict-of-interest disclosure forms. When submitting a manuscript authored by a group, the corresponding author should clearly indicate the preferred citation and identify all individual authors as well as the group name. Journals generally list other members of the group in the Acknowledgments. The NLM indexes the group name and the names of individuals the group has identified as being directly responsible for the manuscript; it also lists the names of collaborators if they are listed in Acknowledgments. Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship. All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. http://www.icmje.org/ethical_1author.html
Groves getting credit for your work
Getting credit for your work:the ethics of attribution for dataDr Trish GrovesDeputy editor, BMJ &Editor-in-chief, BMJ Opentgroves@bmj.com twitter/trished
Contributorship and attributionProblems• varied authorship conventions across disciplines• increasing number of authors & funders• inadequate definitions of authorship• inability to identify individual contributions• damaging effect of authorship disputes• current metrics inadequate• aggregation of attributions from multiple sourcesSolutions?• ORCID, FundRef• common ontology: (i) conceptual and intellectual (ii) technical andexperimental; and (iii) organizational and communicationIWCSA Report (2012). Report on the International Workshop on Contributorship and Scholarly Attribution.May 16, 2012. Harvard University and the Wellcome Trust. http://projects.iq.harvard.edu/attribution_workshop
ICMJE authorship = investigatorshipShould be based only on substantial contribution to:• conception and design, acquisition of data, or dataanalysis and interpretation• drafting the article or revising it critically for importantintellectual content• and final approval of the version to be publishedAcquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of theresearch group alone does not constitute authorship.All authors included on a paper must fulfil the criteria.No one who fulfils the criteria should be excluded.Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to takepublic responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.