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6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation
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6. brown orcid launch jisc presentation

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  • 1. Individual Identifiers, International InteroperabilityJosh BrownProgramme Manager for Research Information Management andScholarly Communications.17/10/2012 slide 1
  • 2. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability The problem: §  Is not new: » Christopher Marlowe (1564-1593 CE) Playwright, Poet, Translator. Also known as Marlow, Marloe, Marley, Marly, Morley, Marlin… §  Has not gone away: » Josh Brown, Joshua Brown, Josh A Brown, Joshua A Brown, J.A. Brown, J. Brown…17/10/2012 slide 2
  • 3. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability The problem: §  Is bigger than ever: » “Traditional scientific publishing, that is publication in peer- reviewed journals, is still increasing although there are big differences between fields. There are no indications that the growth rate has decreased in the last 50 years. At the same time, publication using new channels, for example conference proceedings, open archives and home pages, is growing fast.” Larsen and Von Ins, (2010) The rate of growth in scientific publication and the decline in coverage provided by Science Citation Index. Scientometrics. 84(3): 575–603. doi: 10.1007/s11192-010-0202-z17/10/2012 slide 3
  • 4. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability17/10/2012 slide 4
  • 5. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability §  There are many national approaches » Trove, DAI, Researcher Name Resolver… §  These systems have great strengths in disambiguating researchers in a national community or context, BUT » People collaborate, move, migrate » Research, disciplines, publishing are international §  A ‘merely’ national system will always be partial, run into problems and will need to talk to many other national systems17/10/2012 slide 5
  • 6. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability Our approach: §  JISC gathered our national community together » The Association of Research Managers and Administrators (ARMA) » The Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) » The Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) » Research Councils UK » Researcher representatives » UKOLN, University of Bath » The Universities and Colleges Information Systems Association (UCISA) » The Wellcome Trust17/10/2012 slide 6
  • 7. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability Our approach: §  Spent time articulating the potential benefits » Funders wanted improved career tracking » Researchers wanted a reduced administrative burden » Administrators wanted clearer institutional affiliations §  Explored many aspects of the identifier problem for the UK » Commissioned eight reports to inform discussions » Held a series of meetings over 15 months » Invited a range of experts to contribute17/10/2012 slide 7
  • 8. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability Our approach: §  Producing another national ID solution does not make sense without an international ID infrastructure in place §  ORCID seemed like the best fit to our stakeholders’ needs §  There were still questions to be resolved » Where are the gaps that need to be filled? » How will ORCID coordinate with other ID initiatives? » What are the high-value propositions that are within reach?17/10/2012 slide 8
  • 9. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability In order to answer some of these questions, we undertook a consultation17/10/2012 slide 9
  • 10. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability Key findings: §  Most are strongly in favour of ORCID §  There is a lot of careful communication to be done §  Some issues are myths, but some are real17/10/2012 slide 10
  • 11. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability Key findings: §  Our consultation uncovered a number of issues that are likely to be relevant internationally » Existing national systems need to coordinate » Researcher versus organisational engagement » Maximum benefits flow if everyone plays the game. » Manage expectations now to avoid problems in the future17/10/2012 slide 11
  • 12. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability Key findings: §  It is essential to quantify the benefits to make the case for investing in ORCID membership and integration. »  There are multiple people who spend an awful lot of their time just trying to track down publications generated out of the organisation. And those people could be much better deployed doing other things. And as soon as youre talking about multiple people, youre talking about hundreds of thousands of pounds a year, that potentially... can be significantly reduced. And thats one UK organisation. So if you can save half a person say at an organisation like [a research council], I think thats pretty conservative. And you can do something similar at each university in the UK, then you only need about ten institutions to cover the entire running costs of ORCID for a year.17/10/2012 slide 12
  • 13. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability Lessons:17/10/2012 slide 13
  • 14. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability Lessons: §  We need to be clear and careful in articulating benefits » Potential members must understand that this is an investment » The level of reward depends on the level of GLOBAL commitment, we are all interdependent » Researchers need to understand that ORCID is not just for funders and employers17/10/2012 slide 14
  • 15. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability Lessons: §  We must not try to whitewash – let’s not fall into the trap of ‘selling’ ORCID §  Do not underestimate the costs, acknowledge the risks: » How will ORCID work with the systems and standards that institutions depend upon? » What are the costs of implementing ORCID? » We can quantify membership costs easily, but are there other costs?17/10/2012 slide 15
  • 16. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability Lessons:17/10/2012 slide 16
  • 17. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability Lessons: §  In order to explore privacy issues further, JISC commissioned a legal expert to assess the risks and mitigations. The key findings of that analysis are: » Breach of data protection is unlikely for much of the data ORCID will hold » Universities and funders will usually have expertise on hand to assess risks, and this should be costs effective » Creating an ORCID and asking a researcher to claim it will be fair in most cases » ORCID is a transparent and accountable organisation, and passed their ‘adequacy assessment’17/10/2012 slide 17
  • 18. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability A new consensus: §  The scope and aims of our stakeholder group have evolved alongside ORCID17/10/2012 slide 18
  • 19. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability A new consensus: §  The original group has grown and has endorsed a new, more practical set of principles to drive ORCID adoption forward in the UK: » The group members will join ORCID where appropriate or implement ORCIDs in their systems » We publicly advocate the use of ORCID » The group will create a national coordination committee to ensure that ORCID implementations across systems operate seamlessly » The group encourages ORCID to work with other domain specific ID schemes17/10/2012 slide 19
  • 20. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability A new consensus: §  We are building a coordinated, common plan to accelerate the uptake of ORCID in the UK: » Continue to work with ORCID to ensure data protection worries are dealt with » Develop a really strong and thorough communications strategy » Create and consult UK ORCID user groups » Ensure that our national coordination group looks around the world §  We would like to work with you to make all this happen17/10/2012 slide 20
  • 21. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability Final thoughts: §  A great deal has already been achieved » Unprecedented level of consensus §  We have been lucky » ORCID is highly visible and arrived at just the right time17/10/2012 slide 21
  • 22. Individual Identifiers, International Interoperability Final thoughts: §  Challenges remain: the technology works, but the cultural and political challenges are real » Without trust and cooperation, none of the potential benefits will be realised. » Organisational commitment is the key » We can only attain the benefits together – internationally17/10/2012 slide 22
  • 23. Thanks for listening Any questions? Get in touch j.brown@jisc.ac.uk17/10/2012 slide 23
  • 24. © HEFCE 2012The Higher Education Funding Council for England,on behalf of JISC, permits reuse of this presentationand its contents under the terms of the Creative CommonsAttribution-Non-Commercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UKEngland & Wales Licence.http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/uk17/10/2012 slide 24

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