20131030 Vaughn


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AAU executive vice president John Vaughn speaks about the value of ORCID iDs to the university community at the 10/30/13 ORCID Outreach Meeting in Washington, DC.

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20131030 Vaughn

  1. 1. Integration of Persistent Identifiers: a University Perspective John Vaughn Executive Vice President Association of American Universities
  2. 2. AAU Organization and Operation • Founded in 1900 by 14 universities that offered the PhD • Initial purpose: improve, standardize PhD education • Current Membership: 60 US, 2 Canadian universities – 36 public, 26 private
  3. 3. AAU Organization and Operation • Member presidents meet twice a year; also convene: – chief academic officers – senior research officers – graduate deans – government relations officers – public affairs officers
  4. 4. AAU Mission • Develop and implement national policies supporting research and scholarship, graduate and undergraduate education • Provide forum for discussion of institutional policies that strengthen the association’s member institutions
  5. 5. AAU Universities’ Impact on Research and Education • 58% of all federal research funds to colleges and universities • 15% of bachelor’s degrees, 45% of research doctorate degrees, 65% of postdoctoral positions • 75% of members of the National Academy of Sciences • From 2007-2011:  1.13 million publications, 67% of US total, 19% of world total  10.6 million citations, 89% of US total, 35% of world total
  6. 6. AAU Engagement in Scholarly Communication Issues • Mid-1980s – AAU/ARL Research Libraries project:  acquisition and distribution of foreign language and area studies materials  intellectual property rights in the digital environment  a national strategy for managing scientific and technological information • 1999 -- Intellectual Property and New Media Technologies: A Framework for Policy Development at AAU Institutions • 2000 – Tempe Principles for Emerging Systems of Scholarly Communication
  7. 7. AAU Engagement in Scholarly Communication Issues • 2002 – AAU/ARL/APS – New Economic Model for Scholarly Publishing • 2009 – Scholarly Publishing Roundtable • Current: OSTP Public Access Memorandum SHARE – an ARL/AAU/APLU initiative
  8. 8. SHared Access to Research Ecosystem -- SHARE • Cross-institutional network of digital repositories • Ensure access to, preservation and reuse of results of federally funded research • Enable university researchers to submit research articles to federal agency-designated repositories using a single, common user interface, with SHARE packaging and delivering relevant metadata, files, and links • Ensure compliance with agency requirements
  9. 9. Why Are Universities Building SHARE? • Knowledge creation, dissemination, and preservation a core mission of universities • University interest in collecting and preserving their scholarly output to assure access, and also for internal operational and analytic purposes • Making research articles, data and their associated metadata publicly accessible for reuse, text mining, data mining and machine reading will enhance and accelerate the creation and discovery of new knowledge
  10. 10. SHARE and ORCID • A national, federated system of interoperable repositories will need a registry of researcher identifiers like ORCID • Science and scholarship global: SHARE must interconnect with similar repositories in Europe, Asia, and elsewhere; ORCID’s international scope critical
  11. 11. International Research Collaborations • US research universities and their faculty increasingly collaborate with universities in other countries: 1960s – 86% of APS journal authors US; last 10 years – 37% • AAU/ARU research and education collaboration • Hefei Statement on characteristics of research universities: AAU, LERU, Go8, C9 • Global Research Council: Beijing, May, 2014: public access, research careers
  12. 12. University Benefits of Persistent Researcher Identifiers • Reduce administrative burden on faculty and staff by auto-populating grant biosketches and other required reporting forms • Facilitate better management of research on campus • Support more effective tracking of outcomes from researchers at all levels (grad students, postdocs, faculty) • Better describe multi-sector collaborations and round out the picture of local and regional economic impact
  13. 13. Benefits to University Associations • Allow a better understanding of workforce dynamics (within and across regions, disciplines, and types of institutions) • Assist in advocacy efforts by providing more data about collaboration and flows of researchers across institutions and sectors • Assist in advocacy by allowing data and anecdotes to be more easily united to explain the value of university research to policymakers and other external audiences
  14. 14. Challenges for University Integration of Persistent Identifiers Researchers must see the benefit of a researcher ID to provide the incentive to participate Concern that while persistent identifiers may make certain kinds of activities easier, may also lead to new reporting requirements ORCID identifiers could facilitate a mechanistic evaluation of research productivity – and encourage differential impacts across disciplines: physical, life sciences vs social sciences and humanities
  15. 15. Challenges for University Integration of Persistent Identifiers • Decentralization – campuses and units within them use different systems and have different organizations • Complex hierarchy of researchers at large institutions (PIs, postdocs, research staff), some of whom may move frequently among institutions • Institutions could be the place where researchers first “enter the system” (i.e., grad students publishing their first paper) so may need special rules for that • Disciplinary societies, not institutions, set many of the norms for researchers
  16. 16. Actions to Facilitate Adoption by Universities and Their Faculties • Incentives targeted to several levels: administrators and faculty both need to understand the benefits of ORCID and how it fits into the myriad related initiatives of government agencies, publishers, universities, societies, and more • A brief FAQ, written in plain language, that addresses key issues, including privacy, could help • The Sloan-funded adoption and integration grants recently awarded by ORCID can serve as case studies to provide examples for other institutions