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20131030 Vaughn

20131030 Vaughn



AAU executive vice president John Vaughn speaks about the value of ORCID iDs to the university community at the 10/30/13 ORCID Outreach Meeting in Washington, DC.

AAU executive vice president John Vaughn speaks about the value of ORCID iDs to the university community at the 10/30/13 ORCID Outreach Meeting in Washington, DC.



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    20131030 Vaughn 20131030 Vaughn Presentation Transcript

    • Integration of Persistent Identifiers: a University Perspective John Vaughn Executive Vice President Association of American Universities
    • AAU Organization and Operation • Founded in 1900 by 14 universities that offered the PhD • Initial purpose: improve, standardize PhD education • Current Membership: 60 US, 2 Canadian universities – 36 public, 26 private
    • AAU Organization and Operation • Member presidents meet twice a year; also convene: – chief academic officers – senior research officers – graduate deans – government relations officers – public affairs officers
    • AAU Mission • Develop and implement national policies supporting research and scholarship, graduate and undergraduate education • Provide forum for discussion of institutional policies that strengthen the association’s member institutions
    • AAU Universities’ Impact on Research and Education • 58% of all federal research funds to colleges and universities • 15% of bachelor’s degrees, 45% of research doctorate degrees, 65% of postdoctoral positions • 75% of members of the National Academy of Sciences • From 2007-2011:  1.13 million publications, 67% of US total, 19% of world total  10.6 million citations, 89% of US total, 35% of world total
    • AAU Engagement in Scholarly Communication Issues • Mid-1980s – AAU/ARL Research Libraries project:  acquisition and distribution of foreign language and area studies materials  intellectual property rights in the digital environment  a national strategy for managing scientific and technological information • 1999 -- Intellectual Property and New Media Technologies: A Framework for Policy Development at AAU Institutions • 2000 – Tempe Principles for Emerging Systems of Scholarly Communication
    • AAU Engagement in Scholarly Communication Issues • 2002 – AAU/ARL/APS – New Economic Model for Scholarly Publishing • 2009 – Scholarly Publishing Roundtable • Current: OSTP Public Access Memorandum SHARE – an ARL/AAU/APLU initiative
    • SHared Access to Research Ecosystem -- SHARE • Cross-institutional network of digital repositories • Ensure access to, preservation and reuse of results of federally funded research • Enable university researchers to submit research articles to federal agency-designated repositories using a single, common user interface, with SHARE packaging and delivering relevant metadata, files, and links • Ensure compliance with agency requirements
    • Why Are Universities Building SHARE? • Knowledge creation, dissemination, and preservation a core mission of universities • University interest in collecting and preserving their scholarly output to assure access, and also for internal operational and analytic purposes • Making research articles, data and their associated metadata publicly accessible for reuse, text mining, data mining and machine reading will enhance and accelerate the creation and discovery of new knowledge
    • SHARE and ORCID • A national, federated system of interoperable repositories will need a registry of researcher identifiers like ORCID • Science and scholarship global: SHARE must interconnect with similar repositories in Europe, Asia, and elsewhere; ORCID’s international scope critical
    • International Research Collaborations • US research universities and their faculty increasingly collaborate with universities in other countries: 1960s – 86% of APS journal authors US; last 10 years – 37% • AAU/ARU research and education collaboration • Hefei Statement on characteristics of research universities: AAU, LERU, Go8, C9 • Global Research Council: Beijing, May, 2014: public access, research careers
    • University Benefits of Persistent Researcher Identifiers • Reduce administrative burden on faculty and staff by auto-populating grant biosketches and other required reporting forms • Facilitate better management of research on campus • Support more effective tracking of outcomes from researchers at all levels (grad students, postdocs, faculty) • Better describe multi-sector collaborations and round out the picture of local and regional economic impact
    • Benefits to University Associations • Allow a better understanding of workforce dynamics (within and across regions, disciplines, and types of institutions) • Assist in advocacy efforts by providing more data about collaboration and flows of researchers across institutions and sectors • Assist in advocacy by allowing data and anecdotes to be more easily united to explain the value of university research to policymakers and other external audiences
    • Challenges for University Integration of Persistent Identifiers Researchers must see the benefit of a researcher ID to provide the incentive to participate Concern that while persistent identifiers may make certain kinds of activities easier, may also lead to new reporting requirements ORCID identifiers could facilitate a mechanistic evaluation of research productivity – and encourage differential impacts across disciplines: physical, life sciences vs social sciences and humanities
    • Challenges for University Integration of Persistent Identifiers • Decentralization – campuses and units within them use different systems and have different organizations • Complex hierarchy of researchers at large institutions (PIs, postdocs, research staff), some of whom may move frequently among institutions • Institutions could be the place where researchers first “enter the system” (i.e., grad students publishing their first paper) so may need special rules for that • Disciplinary societies, not institutions, set many of the norms for researchers
    • Actions to Facilitate Adoption by Universities and Their Faculties • Incentives targeted to several levels: administrators and faculty both need to understand the benefits of ORCID and how it fits into the myriad related initiatives of government agencies, publishers, universities, societies, and more • A brief FAQ, written in plain language, that addresses key issues, including privacy, could help • The Sloan-funded adoption and integration grants recently awarded by ORCID can serve as case studies to provide examples for other institutions