Dr Rebecca Madgin Lecturer in European Planning History Centre for Urban History University of Leicester email@example.com
Castlefield, Manchester FACTSHEET1764: First modern cut canal1830: First passenger railway station1979: Conservation Area1982: Urban Heritage Park
Agendas and Agencies Castlefield’s Renaissance 1969 - 1996 Historical Societies National Initiative Local Authorities TOURISMMIXED-USE DEVELOPMENT AREA BASED TOURISM •Manchester Region •Central Manchester •Manchester City Industrial Archaeologists Development Council (MCC) (MRIAS) Corporation •Greater Manchester •Victorian Society (CMDC) Council (GMC) •Liverpool Road Station Society •Civic Society 1988-1996 1979 – 1983 1967 - 1983
Motte-Bossut, Roubaix FACTSHEET Built: 1843 Cotton Factory Listed: 1982 Converted: AREA and Alain Sarfati Now: Archives and Euroteleport
Contemporary PressuresAgenda Agency DateRegenerate the centre- Commune de Roubaix 1970svilleCulture and the Grands Jack Lang, Francois Mitterand 1980sProjetsEuropean Market Lille Metropole; National; Post 1992 Department
Ostiense, Rome FACTSHEET 1873: Piano RegolatoreRome’s industrial area Agenda: Correct mono-centricity Knowledge, service sector economy Release pressure on ancient core
“The reflections and experiences of the last fifty yearshave consolidated the idea that Roman memory ismulti-layered and not just limited to the historic centre,bounded by the perimeter of the ancient walls,although this has its own identity and meaning.In summary, the idea of memory needs to move out ofthe centre to recognise the historic quality of the cityand a much larger area than just the centre.” Translation from Comune di Roma, Piano Regolatore, 2000, point 4.7
Contemporary Pressures Failure of planning Monocentric development Need to diversify the economy Poles of attraction 13
Identifiable Urban Agendas Place Agenda(s) ScaleCastlefield Tourism, housing, offices, leisure, Neighbourhood, city, socio-economic diversification region, EuropeanMotte-Bossut Knowledge and communications Commune, region, national, EuropeanSchomberg Housing National and cityAncoats Creative industries, housing, social Neighbourhood and cityOstiense Knowledge, service, leisure City and Europe
TRANSFORMATION19th Century Post World War II Late 20th Century “If any one wishes to see in “Unplanned, unlovely, squalid “The worlds greatest how little space a human and unsanitary” manufacturing centre left being can move, how little air -- and such air! -- he a legacy which should can breathe, how little of be recognised and civilisation he may respected.” share and yet live, it is only necessary to travel to Manchester.”
19th Century 20th Century 21st Century“…the presence of industry inRome clashes with the image of “…the slaughterhouse, there “A Roman ‘Coventthe capital. The fumes from the are rats, it is blood rotten, and Garden’ planned” withworkshop are capable of everywhere there is the smell leisure, commercial,darkening the beautiful blue sky of waste and misery” tourist facilitiesand the pace of the industrialmotor engine can upset thecalm, regal, serenity of the city”
Similarities Focus on the unique Attract Diversify A range of audiences Became central to agenda
Incidental and Instrumental? Why the historic environment? What about the vernacular and the ordinary? Can we have ‘value’ without an identifiable ‘agenda’? Underpinning each of the schemes…
Attachment between people andhistoric place When threatened with change/loss individuals and collectives were mobilised Outside of formal institutions Bath, Covent Garden, Les Halles, Bowstring Bridge… At a community level…
19th century SPAB MANIFESTO: “Turn public attention to the intrinsic value of our ancient buildings, and the grievous loss we incur by their destruction, and of teaching how much that value, both artistic and historical, depends on their being preserved in a genuine condition.”
Post World War IICultural heritage is a source of; “Emotional security and personal strength’. Why else is the destruction and degradation of cultural heritage so central to oppressive regimes around the world? It is precisely because of the deep connection between ‘one’s sense of personal agency’ and ‘one’s cultural heritage’ that the destruction of cultural heritage is such an effective tool of domination.”
Attachment which is unlocked during crisismoments‘The continued existence of familiarsurroundings may satisfy a psychologicalneed, which even if irrational, is very real.Nothing gives more tangible assurance ofstability than bricks and mortar.’ (Hubbard, 1993, p. 363)
Rediscover the value without the urbanagenda?Does the ‘love of the past’ remain?Does the historic environment have thecapacity to anchor society?
“Wiv got a lot o lovely buildings in Parkheid,see like that old bank an that, like the listedbuildings, we really have, the outside a thebuildings seem really nice.” 28
“But this, ther fallin’ apart and then they’vegotta pull ‘em doon, you know, it’s losinganother part o’ the history o’ Parkhead, knowwhit a mean, obviously, cos a know, av got anold book aboot Parkhead in you go intaeDuke street, thers actually an old archway,where ther used tae be the old Forge, bitobviously that’s a’ been knocked doon….em...well a think they should do somethin’with it, we cannae keep losin thesebuildings”. 29
“Without the buildings you wouldnae haveParkheid, see the character of round here isthe buildings and the people are thebuildings. Parkheid is Parkheid because ofthem buildings.” 30
Challenges Localism Urban redevelopment New Planning Policy Framework
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