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Events 21 3988967833

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  • 1. Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 2. What we said in 2003•found Leicester to be a great historic city which could do much more to make that qualitypart of its very positive image;•considered that the damage done to the city by 1960s highway engineering was profoundbut that the willingness of all parties now to address the problem was heartening;•urged the partners to keep their nerve by confronting as soon as possible the problem ofthe ring road – the humanising of which is essential for the office core to work, for theriverside to come back to life, for All Saints to be reconnected and, above all else, forLeicester to perform to its full potential;•saw no merit in superimposing the concept of a retail circuit on the town centre butbelieved that the identified civic buildings do have the potential to house new uses whichcan reinforce the economic vitality of the centre;•endorsed the view of the public that the Market Place is the right place for the market butfelt that increased flexibility [e.g. of stall layout] could help the market respond to changingcircumstances;•raised grave concerns about the quality and nature of the proposed extension of the retailcentre at Shires West and urged the city and development partners to redesign the schemeto take account of those concerns and thereby to create a truly quality expansion of thecity’s retail offer;•welcomed the engagement of elected members in the regeneration process and acceptedtheir invitation to discuss this paper with them. Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 3. What is the urban panel 10 years old multi-disciplinary membership established by CABE and English Heritage now supported by English Heritage Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 4. Currently 17 panel membersPanel members are unpaid but receive expenses – renewable 3 year term 4 architects 3 architect planners 3 engineers 2 historians 1 landscape architect 1 planner 1 member involved with community participation in design 1member involved with design management issues 1 property developer Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 5. The Panel’s remit engage with Government policy and best practice as it relates to urban regeneration and the historic environment guide English Heritage on related urban issues provide useful strategic advice to public and private bodies with an interest in places where significant changes to the built environment are being planned Generally undertake four 2 day visits per year Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 6. How are visits organised ? Receive detailed brief in advance Day 1 Receive briefing from host Visit area and relevant locations Dine with participants and local decision makers /opinion formers Day 2 Further visit/s Open discussion with host Closed panel session Report stage Discuss with host at draft stage Issue report Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 7. Where has the panel visited? 2000: Bath/Bristol; Norwich; Newcastle; Walsall; 2001: Liverpool/Chester; Southampton; Lincoln; Sheffield; Nottingham; 2002: Exeter/Plymouth; Cornwall – Hayle, St Austell, Cornish Mining WHS bid; 2003: Blackpool/Preston; York; Gloucester; Leicester; Colchester; 2004: Stoke on Trent; Gateshead ; Brighton ; 2005: Swindon; Bradford; Black Country; 2006: Peterborough; Milton Keynes; Harlow; Letchworth; 2007: Hereford; Worcester; Dover/Folkestone; Liverpool/Wirral; 2008: Weymouth/Portland; Yarmouth/Lowestoft; Chatham; 2009: Margate; Luton; Coventry; Halifax; 2010: Torquay; Northampton; 2011: Gosport; Bishops Stortford/Hitchin; Lincoln; Bournmouth; Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 8. What topics has the panel covered?Aim for 3 or 4 topics/issues per visit Many shopping schemes Masterplanning and town/city development topics Coastal town issues Post industrial regeneration New towns Heritage destinations Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 9. Starters for 10• What makes this place tick? Which institutions, industries or individuals have made it a distinctive place?• Has its geography, geology or topography had a profound influence on its form? How?• How well is it connected to other places and what influence does this have on it today?• Which institutions, industries or individuals will drive the local economy over the next decade? If the answer to that is retail, where will the customers earn their living?• Over the past decade has the population grown or shrunk, aged or got younger? Do you know why? Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 10. Starters for 10• The development and nature of town extends way beyond political time cycles. Encourage incremental long term thinking.• Do local people/organisations have a role in informing decisions at key design stages? What do you see as the role of the community and voluntary sector in the success of the regeneration of your area?• Resilience is a key characteristic of people who are good survivors and of sustainable places. How would you judge the level of resilience of your community and of your local built environment and infrastructure?• Treasure and enhance the best of existing built and natural assets. Ignore green spaces at your peril.• Thinking realistically about the answers, should you be planning for a future urban expansion or focussing on managing decline gracefully? Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 11. Images of Place J M Gandy & Soane Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 12. Images of Place Lancaster – traditional historic town Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 13. Images of Place Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 14. Images of Place Hebden Bridge – Denis Thorpe Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 15. Images of Place Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 16. Images of Place Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 17. Image of place Basildon [from Government New Town Publication] Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 18. Image of Place Not everything is timeless! Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 19. Image of Place Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 20. Image of Place We must avoid developments that are“designed for nowhere and found everywhere” (Lord Falconer) Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 21. Quentin Hughes - Liverpool• As well as a sense of place, we need a sense of time history and perspective Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 22. Kurt RowlandThe shape of Towns• “Industrially produced objects have a limited life and are eventually [now rapidly] by new, more efficient objects, but the townscape by its very nature is slow to change. Any mistakes in its design are difficult to eradicate and may spell misery for a generation or more. What is worse they may through the damaging effect on the human organism so stifle or permanently distort the normal exercises of the senses that improvements are neither demanded nor initiated”1966 Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 23. Urban Panel Visits• Coventry• Peterborough Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 24. 600 years 60 yearsCoventry – speed of change ? Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
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  • 35. Peterborough Poly-role place Historic Town - Cathedral City – Market Town Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 36. PeterboroughPoly-role place • Rapid population rise 1921 35,500Also a New Town & a 1961 62,300Growth Area 1981 134,300 2001 157,400 • Between 1971 and 1991 Peterboroughs population grew by 45.4% • 1300 Houses per year up to 2021 Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 37. PeterboroughA city where car is king Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 38. PeterboroughAnd where shopping comes a closesecond Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 39. Visit summary• Issue 1 Cathedral Close Oasis in heart of city Permeability Development potential Lack of conservation plan Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 40. Visit summary• Issue 2 Lack of characterisation study to inform future Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 41. Visit summary• Issue 3 Shopping – dangers of monolithic obliteration Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 42. Visit summaryIssue 4ConnectivityTrain station /multi storey carparks / dual carriageway is thebarrier between centre and westPeterborough Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 43. Visit summaryIssue 5 Townships Hampton Township Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 44. Peterborough• Panel conclusions • Recognised Peterborough at a critical stage • Admired the historic city core and visually dominant role of the cathedral • Acknowledged the growth area challenge, and the ambitions of PCC • Advocated a reinforcement of relationship between cathedral & city informed by conservation plan • Recommended a characterisation study of the historic core and a refinement of the plans for shopping extensions • Urged a reconfiguration of the of the relationship between the City and Station, and strongly supported the need for a new Station • Emphasised a need to create convincing urban entities and meet 21stC aspirations within the townships • Expressed support to PCC & URC in setting demanding requirements for future growth and stressed that pressures for rapid delivery should not deflect from wider appreciation of the place, its position within the New Towns Movement and the experience of the former development Corporation Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 45. Places are more than achieving housing targets• Dr. Liam Fox MP when objecting to the Bristol growth proposals likens 9,300 houses to the town of Clevedon. Perhaps an imprecise comparison, but startling nevertheless •Clevedon, 9300 households, 22,000 population •1 secondary school, 6 primary schools •1 leisure centre, 1 swimming pool •7 places of worship •6 pubs •3 supermarkets, 2 post offices, lots of shops •9 restaurants, 14 places to stay •1 hospital, 3 doctors’ surgeries, 3 dental surgeries, 4 vets practices •1 library, 16 community meeting places, 1 youth club, 21 sporting and leisure clubs •1 park, 1 pier, 150 allotments •And around 100 bus stops Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 46. What shapes places?1 Urban structure2 Urban grain3 Density and mix4 Scale: height + massing5 Building Type6 Frontages7 Details + materials8 Public realm + landscape Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 47. Urban Design Principles1 Character + distinctiveness2 Continuity + enclosure3 Quality of the public realm4 Connectivity + permeability5 Legibility + identity6 Adaptability + robustness7 Diversity + inclusiveness8 Integration + efficiency Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 48. Just a fewpersonal thoughts to finish with.... Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 49. We have to recognise it isnt that easy • pressure for outputs - pressureWe live in world of pressure of electoral cycles - pressure of markets • Responding to community needs • New planning regimes • A need to adopt the best solutions, and the rejection of ‘second best’ • A need to respond to the ‘genius locii’ of the area • A real need to provide leadership Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 50. But we have to….. change aspirations and raise ambition & expand capacity Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 51. Start making places like themselves notlike everywhere else! Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 52. Or we get this…. I have learnt from my mistakes and I am now able to repeat them almost exactly Peter Cook Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 53. We have to be making places for them Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 54. It will mean creating places which belong… • Working with the grain • Respecting the landscape • Improving public realm Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 55. We hope they will be places which have joy Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 56. …& use the landscape potential Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 57. …and also think about public places Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 58. Aiming forthis…. Not this….. Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 59. ….and places that people can make workbetter Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective
  • 60. And keep listening to the other guy! Charles Wilson Regenerating Places - an Urban Panel Perspective