RAFT         OPT for RAFT   Opportunities for Post‐Graduate Training after PharmD    A presentation of the Residency and F...
Today’s Discussion                              RAFT• Career Planning• Residency and Fellowship Opportunities• Application...
Opportunities for Post-Graduate Training after PharmD             A presentation of the Residency and Fellowship Toolkit (...
RAFThttp://www.oc.edu/services/career/forstudents/images/free_cartoon_000.jpg
After Graduation                                       RAFT• Where do you see yourself in five years?• What would be your ...
Career Choices                                                                                                            ...
Local Pharmacy Associations                                                        RAFT• Join your local pharmacy associat...
Opportunities for Pharmacists in                                     RAFTIndustry• Medical Affairs• Clinical Research• Dru...
Medical Affairs                                                               RAFT• Purpose: To optimize patient benefit f...
Cross Functional Partnership Harmonizedto Improve Patient Therapeutic Outcomes                                            ...
The 3 Building Blocks of Medical Affairs                                                                     RAFT         ...
Evidenced Based Published Data            informs decisions in the Health                                                 ...
Medical Affairs Fellowship                                                                                            RAFT...
Day in the Life                                             RAFTSheryl Selvey, PharmD MBASr. Scientific Communications Spe...
Clinical Research                                                              RAFT• Study Management    – Oversee executi...
Clinical Research ‐ Qualifications                                      RAFT• Qualifications    – Varies based on position...
Clinical Research – Day in the Life                              RAFT Paul Larochelle, PharmD, RPh Principal Project Plann...
Drug Safety / Pharmacovigilance                                                          RAFT• Interdisciplinary team resp...
Drug Safety – Qualifications                                                     RAFT• B.S. or higher degree in life scien...
Drug Safety – Day in the Life                              RAFT Samantha Llanos, PharmD, RPh Senior Global Patient Safety ...
Medical Information                                                          RAFT• Objectives    – Provide medical and pro...
Medical Information                                                                 RAFT• Types of calls medical informati...
Regulatory Affairs (RA)                            RAFT                          • Ensures that all departments           ...
Regulatory Affairs – Qualifications         RAFT• Education    – Bachelor’s degree    – Scientific, clinical background• S...
Industry Pros and Cons                                       RAFT• Pros                              • Cons   – Horizontal...
Opportunities for Post-Graduate Training after PharmD                A presentation of the Residency and Fellowship Toolki...
Residency: Why?                                                                              RAFT• The purpose of a reside...
Fellowships                                                              RAFT• Completed post‐graduation• 1 – 2 + year pro...
Types of Programs                               RAFT• Clinical Pharmacology Research• Clinical Research• Drug Information•...
Opportunities for Post-Graduate Training after PharmD               A presentation of the Residency and Fellowship Toolkit...
Preparing for Application:                                                                                      RAFTPerson...
Preparing for Application:                                                                   RAFTPortfolios• Content ultim...
Opportunities for Post-Graduate Training after PharmD             A presentation of the Residency and Fellowship Toolkit (...
Purpose of the Letter of Intent                                         RAFT• For Employers                           • Fo...
What Employers Look For                                                      RAFT• Effort   – Should show that the candida...
Opportunities for Post-Graduate Training after PharmD             A presentation of the Residency and Fellowship Toolkit (...
What is a CV?                                                               RAFT• Curriculum Vitae (CV)• Directed toward t...
What to Include                                                     RAFT• Header (first page only)    – Name, address, pho...
What to Leave Out                                                           RAFT• Single courses completed vs degrees comp...
Additional Information                                                       RAFT• PROOFREAD!!!   – Have someone else proo...
Opportunities for Post-Graduate Training after PharmD                 A presentation of the Residency and Fellowship Toolk...
Introduction to Interviewing                                              RAFT        http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3147/...
Communication with Programs                                                  RAFT•   Foster building relationships with in...
Showcases and Personnel Placement                                                                              RAFTService...
Interviewing:                                                                                       RAFTResidency vs Fello...
Preparing for the Interview                                RAFT• First Impressions   – Dress professionally   – Be on time...
Preparing for the Interview                               RAFT• Know your resume/CV                 • Business Cards   – J...
During the Interviewing                         RAFT• Personality fit• Be confident and honest• Show interest in the compa...
Their First Impression   RAFT
Don’t be Remembered for This   RAFT
Tough Questions   RAFT
The “Situational/Behavioral”                                                                     RAFTInterview• This style...
Handling Situational/Behavioral                                                                       RAFTInterview Questi...
The STAR Method                                                           RAFT• Describe the situation, project, or issue ...
Situational Example                                                          RAFTQuestion:   Tell me about a time when som...
Example Situational Questions                    RAFT               Citation Available Upon Request
Showcases/PPS                                                                RAFT• You are expected to ask questions – if ...
General Questions for Candidates                                                                            RAFTto Ask Dur...
General Questions for Candidates                                                                            RAFTto Ask Dur...
General Questions for Candidates                                                                           RAFTto Ask Duri...
What to Ask the Current                                                                               RAFTResidents/Fellow...
What to Ask the Current                                                                    RAFTResidents/Fellows• What tim...
Residencies:                                                                      RAFTWhat to Ask Programs•   When do you ...
Residencies:                                                                     RAFTWhat to Ask Programs• What is the cur...
Community Residencies:                                                                     RAFTWhat to Ask Programs• What ...
Opportunities for Post-Graduate Training after PharmD                A presentation of the Residency and Fellowship Toolki...
Networking Events: Tips and Tricks                                                                                        ...
Networking Events: Tips and Tricks                                        RAFT• RSVP – if you want to go but have another ...
Networking Events: Tips and Tricks                                                        RAFT•   Treat the function as a ...
Networking Events Etiquette: Q&A                                      RAFTQ:  What if I’m invited to attend a reception an...
Networking Events Etiquette: Q&A                                RAFTQ:  Must I keep conversation to “strictly business” to...
Networking Events Etiquette: Q&A                                        RAFTQ: If at a reception/event and there are other...
Networking Events Etiquette: Q&A                                       RAFTQ: What are companies looking for/expecting fro...
Networking Events Etiquette: Q&A                                   RAFTQ:  How do I make my interaction with a program of ...
Networking Events Etiquette: Q&A                                        RAFTQ:  What do I do if 2 events occur at the same...
Networking Events Etiquette: Q&A                                              RAFTQ: What if I’m not interested in the com...
Opportunities for Post-Graduate Training after PharmD             A presentation of the Residency and Fellowship Toolkit (...
APhA Pathways Program                                             RAFT• Takes you through a series of questions about what...
Resources:                                                                                RAFTCareer Planning• ACCP  http:...
Resources:                                                     RAFTCareer Planning•   ACCP website for clinical experience...
Resources:                                                                              RAFTResidencies and Fellowships• F...
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Resources:                                                     RAFTCV Writing             •   Many resources are available...
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OPT for RAFT - Touro College of Pharmacy - 28 October 2011

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OPT for RAFT - Touro College of Pharmacy - 28 October 2011

  1. 1. RAFT OPT for RAFT Opportunities for Post‐Graduate Training after PharmD A presentation of the Residency and Fellowship Toolkit (RAFT) prepared by the Genzyme/MCPHS Biopharmaceutical Fellowship Team
  2. 2. Today’s Discussion RAFT• Career Planning• Residency and Fellowship Opportunities• Application Insights• Letter of Intent and CV Tips• Introduction to Interviewing• ASHP Midyear Networking Strategies and Tips
  3. 3. Opportunities for Post-Graduate Training after PharmD A presentation of the Residency and Fellowship Toolkit (RAFT)RAFT prepared by the Genzyme/MCPHS Biopharmaceutical Fellowship Team OPT for RAFT Career Planning
  4. 4. RAFThttp://www.oc.edu/services/career/forstudents/images/free_cartoon_000.jpg
  5. 5. After Graduation RAFT• Where do you see yourself in five years?• What would be your ideal pharmacy position?• What are you passionate about?• You have to think about these answers sooner rather than  later
  6. 6. Career Choices RAFT Available to Pharmacists Pharmacy Career Paths Community Ambulatory  Academia Institutional Industry Management Consulting/Other (Retail) Care • Contract Research • Clinical practice • Chain staff Organization • Government • Clinical Specialist • Medical (Federal)• Economic, • Management • Health Center Communications • Mail Service social, and • Association • Staff • Drug Information • Managed Care administrative • Compounding  • Home Health Care • Drug Safety • Nuclear Pharmacy sciences • Corporate • Management • Medical Science • Benefits • Independent Liaison Management• Pharmaceutical • Research and  • Long Term Care sciences Development Adapted from: http://www.pharmacist.com/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Pathways_Program&Template=/CM/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=12183
  7. 7. Local Pharmacy Associations RAFT• Join your local pharmacy association• Inquire about mentoring or shadowing opportunities• Example: Industry Pharmacists Network (IPN) • Email: AcademyofIndustry@masspharmacists.org • Open to: Students and professionals interested in mentoring opportunities within  the pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical industry
  8. 8. Opportunities for Pharmacists in  RAFTIndustry• Medical Affairs• Clinical Research• Drug Safety / Pharmacovigilance• Medical Information• Regulatory Affairs
  9. 9. Medical Affairs RAFT• Purpose: To optimize patient benefit from company products through  support of – Scientific exchange – Research – Publications – Education• Typical roles held by pharmacists – Medical Science Liaisons – Scientific/Medical Communications (Publications/Medical Education)  – Medical Writing – Investigator Sponsored Study Development/Management
  10. 10. Cross Functional Partnership Harmonizedto Improve Patient Therapeutic Outcomes RAFT Integrated Planning Approach Commercial & Medical Strategic Business Plan M&S Functional Plan MA Functional Plan 10 Improved Patient Outcomes
  11. 11. The 3 Building Blocks of Medical Affairs RAFT What do they value, what drives their decisions? Stakeholder Insights Clinical development plans and lifecycle management Data Generation programs to address the insights via GSTs and ISSs. Communicating the value Clinical and Scientific of our therapies to the Health Care decision Exchange makers via publications, presentations, field (MSLs), and Med Ed Programs Customer Success Adapted from Shaping MA, Dec 18, 2008, UG
  12. 12. Evidenced Based Published Data  informs decisions in the Health  RAFT Care System Publications are Critical for Publications are Critical for Medical Affairs! Medical Affairs! 12Publication of study results is encouraged by independent medical journals (ICMJE) and required by regulators (NIH/clinicaltrials.gov)
  13. 13. Medical Affairs Fellowship RAFT Senior Genzyme  leaders to maximize  learning potential Mentors Develop Best Fellow’s Goals: Maximal Visibility Practices •Maximize learning experiences Other  •Build CV through tangible Other  projects, conferences, and Fellow Fellowship  Departments Programs  publications •Personal and professional Medical Affairs Growth •Optimize networking opportunities and ultimately… •Line up a job Appropriate level  Preceptor leader to allow for  frequent interaction
  14. 14. Day in the Life RAFTSheryl Selvey, PharmD MBASr. Scientific Communications Specialist – CardiovascularGenzyme, a Sanofi CompanyandShariq Ali, PhDAssociate Director of Medical Affairs ‐ CardiovascularGenzyme, a Sanofi Company
  15. 15. Clinical Research RAFT• Study Management – Oversee execution of the protocol• Protocol Development – Study design, inclusion/exclusion criteria, treatments administered, statistical  plan, etc.• Site Evaluation and Monitoring – Site Auditing, Source Documentation Review, Accountability• Investigational Product Management – Site Pharmacy Initiation and Training – Investigational Product Forecasting and Supply Management – Patient Kit and Labeling Design – Patient Randomization (Manual or IVRS) – “Investigational Pharmacist for the Company”
  16. 16. Clinical Research ‐ Qualifications RAFT• Qualifications – Varies based on position – Clinical Operations / CRAs – BS in Science or Health Field, some have  advanced degrees (PharmD, OD, etc.) – Study Managers – often start as CRAs and are advanced through to managers• Where do pharmacists fit? – Study Operations (CRAs, Managers) – Investigational Product Management (Clinical Pharmacists)
  17. 17. Clinical Research – Day in the Life RAFT Paul Larochelle, PharmD, RPh Principal Project Planning Analyst and Fellowship Coordinator Clinical Pharmacy Research Services Genzyme Corporation
  18. 18. Drug Safety / Pharmacovigilance RAFT• Interdisciplinary team responsible for maintaining safety profiles for all  products – Individual case processing  • Triage of information (reports from patients, physicians, investigators, etc) • Data entry • Narrative writing • Correspond with reporters to request missing information • Submit reports to regulatory agencies (MedWatch, CIOMS‐I) – Preparing periodic/aggregate regulatory reports – Assessing current literature for relevant safety information – Management of case processing and periodic report submission – Training and compliance – Management of process documentation (SOPs) – Signal detection/epidemiology • Assess need to update product labelling
  19. 19. Drug Safety – Qualifications RAFT• B.S. or higher degree in life sciences – Higher degrees (M.S./Ph.D.) or healthcare professional (PharmD/MD/RN)  preferred• Entry level positions will accept new grads as candidates – Clinical experience, residency, fellowship or prior industry experience  preferred – Competitive• Attention to detail, organization, time management, communication and  writing skills critical• Pharmacists can ‘fit’ into many different job functions – Most will spend at least some time in case processing
  20. 20. Drug Safety – Day in the Life RAFT Samantha Llanos, PharmD, RPh Senior Global Patient Safety and Risk Management Fellow Global Patient Safety and Risk Management  Genzyme Corporation
  21. 21. Medical Information  RAFT• Objectives – Provide medical and product support for consumers, patients, and healthcare  professionals• Job Responsibilities – Develop answers for frequently asked questions • Most companies have an outsourced call center – Develop custom responses for unique inquiries  – Write standard letters to disseminate to healthcare professionals – Review marketing, sales training, and medical training materials for medical  accuracy and completeness
  22. 22. Medical Information RAFT• Types of calls medical information receives:  – Lack of efficacy, product complaint, adverse events, inquiries for additional  clinical trial data, administration, off‐label uses• Examples: – “Is this still safe to administer if I’ve left it out of the refrigerator for 3 hours?” – “I opened a new bottle of the medication and it smelled differently than  usual.  Have you gotten any other complaints about this bad odor? Is it still  safe to dispense?” – “This product isn’t indicated for pediatric use.  Are there any studies or case  reports of it being used in pediatrics? “• Aside from medical science liaisons, medical information specialists are  the only ones who can talk about off‐label uses of products
  23. 23. Regulatory Affairs (RA) RAFT • Ensures that all departments  and processes comply with  regulations and laws • From preclinical to post‐ marketing • Liaison between company  and federal agencies
  24. 24. Regulatory Affairs – Qualifications RAFT• Education – Bachelor’s degree – Scientific, clinical background• Skills – Written and verbal communication – Project management and organization – Analytical thinking• Personality – Attention to detail – Adaptable• Experience
  25. 25. Industry Pros and Cons RAFT• Pros • Cons – Horizontal and vertical  – Deadlines opportunities – No “typical” day – Multi‐disciplinary teams – Multitasking essential – Dynamic work environment – Therapeutic Areas may be  – Standard business work week  very unique compared to  hours education – See innovative drugs before  – Jobs can be in very  commercialized specialized area
  26. 26. Opportunities for Post-Graduate Training after PharmD A presentation of the Residency and Fellowship Toolkit (RAFT)RAFT prepared by the Genzyme/MCPHS Biopharmaceutical Fellowship Team OPT for RAFTResidency and Fellowship Opportunities
  27. 27. Residency: Why? RAFT• The purpose of a residency is to further prepare a pharmacist for  practice – Training provides experience working with a wide range of patients and the  following advantages: • A competitive advantage in the job market • Networking opportunities • Career planning • Professional vision – Experience is acquired through on the job training as well as a residency  project • Completing the project requires formulating a question, creating a study design,  conducting a literature search, determining feasibility and value, conducting the  actual study, interpreting the study data, and presenting the results – Project and final results are presented at a regional residency conference Source: http://www.ashp.org/rtp
  28. 28. Fellowships RAFT• Completed post‐graduation• 1 – 2 + year programs – Traditional Pharmacy Fellowships – Independently work to become a primary  investigator (CV Outcomes, Critical Care, etc.) – Post‐PharmD Industry Fellowships – Develop a skill set to work in industry  (Clinical Research, Medical Affairs, Regulatory Affairs, Marketing, etc.) – Programs often have significant teaching component• Highly competitive application process• Compensation: $35,000 + per year
  29. 29. Types of Programs RAFT• Clinical Pharmacology Research• Clinical Research• Drug Information• Drug Safety/Global Patient Safety and Risk  Management/Pharmacovigilance• Medical Affairs• Medication Safety• Regulatory Affairs
  30. 30. Opportunities for Post-Graduate Training after PharmD A presentation of the Residency and Fellowship Toolkit (RAFT)RAFT prepared by the Genzyme/MCPHS Biopharmaceutical Fellowship Team OPT for RAFT The Application Process
  31. 31. Preparing for Application: RAFTPersonal Development• Professional Years 1‐3: Look for opportunities that will set you apart – Internships / Shadowing – Research opportunities – Speak to individuals about programs – Work hard – Network • Make sure at least 2 – 3 professors, supervisors, or mentors get to know you during  school (Employers care how long references have known you and may try to call  you out if all 3 references are rotation preceptors!) • Connect with pharmacists who work in the field you’re interested in – learn how  they got to where they are, good and bad aspects of their jobs, etc. – Get involved with student groups or professional organizations – Clinical experience
  32. 32. Preparing for Application: RAFTPortfolios• Content ultimately depends on you…• Projects and Assignments you are proud of – Final Project Presentations for Courses – Handouts Created for Rotations – Speeches made or Demonstrations of Leadership• Select Items that give life to your CV – Include items listed on your CV• Select Items that would demonstrate potential content in your  recommendation letters
  33. 33. Opportunities for Post-Graduate Training after PharmD A presentation of the Residency and Fellowship Toolkit (RAFT)RAFT prepared by the Genzyme/MCPHS Biopharmaceutical Fellowship Team OPT for RAFT The Letter of Intent
  34. 34. Purpose of the Letter of Intent RAFT• For Employers • For Candidates – Evaluate the candidate’s writing  – Indicate interest in the program  skills and attention to detail you’re applying for – Evaluate the candidate’s interest  – Expand upon the contents of the  in the program/position CV  – Evaluate the candidate’s fit  – Show employers the person  within the organization behind the CV and transcripts – Decide whether or not the  candidate will be offered an  interview
  35. 35. What Employers Look For RAFT• Effort – Should show that the candidate took the time to evaluate his/her interests  and skills relative to the requirements of the position – Should follow the proper format for a business letter and contain no typos,  spelling mistakes, or grammatical errors • Fit – Are the candidate’s skills and goals in line with the requirements and goals of  the program?• Personality – Does it come across in the letter?   – Would the candidate work well with others in the company and/or  department?
  36. 36. Opportunities for Post-Graduate Training after PharmD A presentation of the Residency and Fellowship Toolkit (RAFT)RAFT prepared by the Genzyme/MCPHS Biopharmaceutical Fellowship Team OPT for RAFT CV Writing
  37. 37. What is a CV? RAFT• Curriculum Vitae (CV)• Directed toward the job you are applying for and should contain  relevant information only – Leave off that summer lifeguard job from 2002• Can contain an objective statement to make your intentions clear• Provides a snapshot of published/presented work you have done – Be knowledgeable of this information, it’s fair game for interview questions• Preferred over resume for positions in the pharmaceutical industry
  38. 38. What to Include RAFT• Header (first page only) – Name, address, phone number, email • Phone # you can actually be reached at (vs home #) • School email address (something professional)• Education• Experience (pharmacy‐related) – Include pharmacy rotations and jobs under separate headings• Presentations, papers, projects, posters• Organizations you belong to (pharmacy‐related and other) – Especially if you have a leadership role• Community Service• Awards
  39. 39. What to Leave Out RAFT• Single courses completed vs degrees completed – If you completed a non‐degree course that’s relevant to a specific  requirement for the position, do include it!  – Your community cooking class can probably be left out • High school information• Graphics – unless the job you’re applying for involves using graphics  (web design, etc.)• Projects not relevant to the field/position you’re applying for• References (unsolicited)
  40. 40. Additional Information RAFT• PROOFREAD!!! – Have someone else proofread, too! – Don’t use inappropriate abbreviations.  When in doubt, spell it out! • “Drug lit. anal.” should be “Drug literature analysis” – “Concider,” “december,” “thsi,” “oppertunity,” “websit,” “dicovering”• Length – More than one page is okay!  This is a more comprehensive snapshot of your  professional background• Appearance – Heavier watermarked paper of an appropriate color – Single‐sided printing, black and white only, stick to one font• Number of copies – 3 copies per interview to be on the safe side
  41. 41. Opportunities for Post-Graduate Training after PharmD A presentation of the Residency and Fellowship Toolkit (RAFT)RAFT prepared by the Genzyme/MCPHS Biopharmaceutical Fellowship Team OPT for RAFT Introduction to Interviewing
  42. 42. Introduction to Interviewing RAFT http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3147/2765642306_fb64f6c3d7_o.jpg
  43. 43. Communication with Programs RAFT• Foster building relationships with individuals associated with the program• Who to Contact – Refer to program brochure – Try to speak with a fellow in your program of interest• When to Contact – Early and often  – Consistent periodic contact• Email etiquette – Formal language – partyanimal@hotmail.com is not appropriate for gainful employment• Social Networking Sites – Privacy settings – Inappropriate status updates
  44. 44. Showcases and Personnel Placement  RAFTServices (PPS)• Areas where programs each have an information booth – Program directors – Residents/fellows• Stand out from the crowd by your interests and experience ‐ not for superficial  reasons – Wardrobe malfunctions, inappropriate attire – Bringing large/too many items in with you – Turn OFF your cell phone• Plan and prioritize which programs you want to speak with – Maps – Speak with programs of high interest first – Stop by additional programs
  45. 45. Interviewing: RAFTResidency vs Fellowship Interview Significance at Midyear Residency Fellowship Initial interviews occur at PPS (some companies Majority of interview occurs on‐site have “rounds”)Personnel Placement Services (PPS):  Invitation only receptions and sponsored informational interviews are available dinners may be offered as a continuation of the (sign up early) interviewPGY2 residency applicants should interview at  On‐site interview is a call‐backPPS Interviewing at PPS is not necessary, but a Interviewing at PPS is not necessary for PGY1 majority of fellowship interviews are conducted  here
  46. 46. Preparing for the Interview RAFT• First Impressions – Dress professionally – Be on time – Be courteous and friendly with the other candidates• Do your homework – Know the program and company – Company portfolio, mission, values – Current events• Be prepared for multiple interviews – Get enough sleep• Know your strengths and weaknesses
  47. 47. Preparing for the Interview RAFT• Know your resume/CV • Business Cards – Journal clubs, presentations,  etc. • Thank you cards• Short‐term and long‐term  goals – “5‐year plan”• Clinical Questions – Residencies• Ask Relevant Questions – Professional background – Academic components – Cost of living
  48. 48. During the Interviewing RAFT• Personality fit• Be confident and honest• Show interest in the company’s therapeutic  areas/residency’s therapeutic specialties• Listen to the question• Ask follow‐up questions
  49. 49. Their First Impression RAFT
  50. 50. Don’t be Remembered for This RAFT
  51. 51. Tough Questions RAFT
  52. 52. The “Situational/Behavioral” RAFTInterview• This style is growing in popularity• Gives employers insight into the candidate’s decision making, ability to  work with others, and communication skills• Employers may or may not elaborate on the preferred answer format – knowing the elements of a good answer ahead of time can help you prepare
  53. 53. Handling Situational/Behavioral  RAFTInterview Questions• LISTEN to the question as it’s being asked.  It’s appropriate to take a few  moments to think about it and formulate your answer.  Answer the question they actually asked you – otherwise you will come off as  ‘rehearsed’!• Telling the complete story will make you stand out as a good  communicator• Consider using the STAR method to formulate your answer
  54. 54. The STAR Method RAFT• Describe the situation, project, or issue – What happened and how does it relate to the question you have been asked?• Describe your thought process in deciding how to proceed – What was your first reaction? – Did you consider several options while coming to a decision?  What were they  and why did you choose the option you chose?• Describe the actions you took – Review your notes from interpersonal communication classes.  Many of these  questions are about how you handle conflict• Describe the results of your decision/action – Going back, would you have done anything differently? (best to prepare  thoughts on this one ahead of time) Citation Available Upon Request
  55. 55. Situational Example RAFTQuestion: Tell me about a time when someone on your team was not pulling his or her  weightComplete Story:  “1) I was on a team charged with____and one of the members was not showing  up to meetings.  2) My first reaction was___and as I thought more about it I  wondered if it was possible they were experiencing a difficult situation which was  contributing to the poor attendance.  I decided to ask the person why she was not  contributing.  The person told me she had been absent because____.  3) I advised  her to just let the group know as soon as possible when she would be unable to  attend a meeting, so that rescheduling could be considered.  We discussed the  issue of her contribution and decided to propose to the team that she help out  by____.  4) The proposal was well taken by the rest of the group, and by having a  modified assignment the group member was able to contribute to the project and  ‘save face’ with her peers.”
  56. 56. Example Situational Questions RAFT Citation Available Upon Request
  57. 57. Showcases/PPS RAFT• You are expected to ask questions – if you don’t have anything to ask,  you may appear disinterested – If you know the brochure and company/hospital website inside and out, ask  questions about what it’s like to be in the program or work at the  company/hospital/pharmacy – Make sure the answers to questions you ask are not sitting right in front of  you (i.e. how long is the program)
  58. 58. General Questions for Candidates RAFTto Ask During an Interview• What makes your program unique or successful?• What is the vision for the department/program?• Have there been any significant changes in the program this year? Are there any  changes planned for next year?• How do expectations change for a student on rotation to a resident/fellow on  rotation?• Tell me about a project a current resident/fellow is working on.• How flexible are rotation schedules? Can I change rotations that have been  scheduled in the spring?• How easy is it to get a desired elective rotation?• How are residents/fellows evaluated during the program?• What do you hope your residents/fellows will accomplish by the end of their  programs?• What are some of the former residents/fellows doing now?
  59. 59. General Questions for Candidates RAFTto Ask During an Interview• Interviewer specific – What is your professional background? – Describe your typical day at work. How frequent are your interactions with  the residents/fellows (or director, if asking a resident/fellow)? – What is your favorite part about your job? – What made you get involved in the residency/fellowship process? – What organizations are you involved with (if you suspect involvement)?
  60. 60. General Questions for Candidates RAFTto Ask During an Interview• Professional development  – What teaching and precepting opportunities are available in this program?  – Are there any opportunities to publish? How about outside of my research  project?  – Are there opportunities for leadership development? – Does your program offer travel expenses for professional meetings?  – Are there opportunities for leadership development?
  61. 61. What to Ask the Current  RAFTResidents/Fellows• Describe a good day and a bad day.• Have you had any problems working with the director? • What would you change about this department? • What are the best and worst things about this institution/company? • Are your suggestions taken seriously? • How much impact do you have on decisions? • Are you asked for input?• Have you had the opportunity to give lectures to pharmacy students? How  many? • Have you had the opportunity to write or publish (review articles, hospital  newsletter articles, case reports)? • How accessible is the library?
  62. 62. What to Ask the Current  RAFTResidents/Fellows• What time do you get to work, on average? • How far do you live from work? How long does it take you to get to  work? • Tell me about the town/city/state where your program is offered (cost  of living, available public transportation, driving conditions, etc.) • Is the neighborhood near the institution/company safe?• Do you have to pay for parking? • Is there subsidized housing?• Were you compensated for relocation?
  63. 63. Residencies: RAFTWhat to Ask Programs• When do you typically start interviewing for residency candidates? • How many residents do you accept each year? • What are the components of your application? • What is a typical week like for one of your residents? • Will I have other residents to work with throughout the year?• Will I get a chance to participate in elective rotations during my  residency? • Have the pharmacy and residents ever worked with the medical  department on research projects?
  64. 64. Residencies: RAFTWhat to Ask Programs• What is the current pharmacy model? Are there any changes planned for  the future?• Are you ever on call? • What are the staffing requirements for your residency program? • Will I be allowed to moonlight at night and on the weekends? • What are the benefits provided by the program?• What clinics are available during the ambulatory care rotation? (if  applicable)
  65. 65. Community Residencies: RAFTWhat to Ask Programs• What are the requirements that residents must complete during their  residency year?• What are some unique features of your program as compared to other  community pharmacy residency programs? • Is your program APhA‐ASHP accredited?• Is your program affiliated with a school of pharmacy? Are there  opportunities for teaching? • How many pharmacy sites does your residency program have? What  type of patients does your pharmacy site(s) serve? What types of  patient care services does each site have? 
  66. 66. Opportunities for Post-Graduate Training after PharmD A presentation of the Residency and Fellowship Toolkit (RAFT)RAFT prepared by the Genzyme/MCPHS Biopharmaceutical Fellowship Team OPT for RAFT Making the Most of Midyear: Networking
  67. 67. Networking Events: Tips and Tricks RAFThttp://www.cartoonstock.com/cartoonview.asp?search=site&catref=ahan31&MA_Category=&ANDkeyword=networking+events&ORkeyword=&TITLEkeyword=&NEGATIVEkeyword=
  68. 68. Networking Events: Tips and Tricks RAFT• RSVP – if you want to go but have another commitment, let them know  that!• Remember your manners – DON’T “wait for others to open doors” – this is exclusion criteria for some  companies – Turn OFF your cell phone – If joining a conversation – which might be necessary as some of these events  get crowded – greet the people you know then introduce yourself to others in  the group – Leave the rolling luggage in your room.  Find a place to stow Expo tote bags  and other unneeded items.  That bag hits one person’s drink/food and they’ll  remember you for being “that backpack kid who ruined my suit.” – Don’t complain about event details, no matter what!  You never know who in  the room organized the event, chose the food, etc.  
  69. 69. Networking Events: Tips and Tricks RAFT• Treat the function as a continuation of your interview – dress professionally and  come prepared with questions  – Questions give program representatives a starting point for conversation• Events with food: – Don’t carry too much around or select awkward/messy items that require utensils  (unless there are no other options) – Finish chewing before you speak – Don’t think of it as “free dinner”• Events with alcoholic beverages: – Let someone else order first – if they get a drink, feel free to have one too – DON’T get drunk  • Eat something beforehand ‐ you may not have the opportunity to at the event – DO have a drink (even water works!) to have something in your hand
  70. 70. Networking Events Etiquette: Q&A RAFTQ:  What if I’m invited to attend a reception and more than one program  I’ve applied to is there?A: Try to split your time equally between each program you are interested in.   You can spend more time with one program if they are your first choice,  but beware, the other programs will notice!
  71. 71. Networking Events Etiquette: Q&A RAFTQ:  Must I keep conversation to “strictly business” topics?A: Initially, then simply “go with the flow” of conversation.
  72. 72. Networking Events Etiquette: Q&A RAFTQ: If at a reception/event and there are other candidates applying for the  same position, should I/how should I interact with my competition?A:  Be remembered for something, just not something bad; try not to be too  quiet, but also don’t be overbearing.  Be an extrovert (at least appear to  be) so the program reps can get a sense of your personality and vice  versa.
  73. 73. Networking Events Etiquette: Q&A RAFTQ: What are companies looking for/expecting from candidates at  receptions/functions?A: Companies expect to see a slightly more relaxed version of you – it’s a  second chance to leave a lasting impression in their minds.
  74. 74. Networking Events Etiquette: Q&A RAFTQ:  How do I make my interaction with a program of interest memorable?A: Ask relevant questions.  Show that you have done your research on the  program and the company, but don’t recite the “company overview” tab  of the website to the person.  Know a few products in the company’s  pipeline/portfolio.
  75. 75. Networking Events Etiquette: Q&A RAFTQ:  What do I do if 2 events occur at the same time? Is it preferable to arrive  late and stay the duration of the event or arrive on time and leave early?A:  Go to your first choice and leave early, then stop by any others with your  remaining time.  Again, if you are unable to stop by all programs you are  interested in, make sure to follow up with a thank you to let them know  you are still considering their program.  
  76. 76. Networking Events Etiquette: Q&A RAFTQ: What if I’m not interested in the company or position after interviewing?A:  Kindly let the program representatives know as soon as possible so that  you and the company use the remaining time efficiently • Don’t attend a reception for a position you are not interested in
  77. 77. Opportunities for Post-Graduate Training after PharmD A presentation of the Residency and Fellowship Toolkit (RAFT)RAFT prepared by the Genzyme/MCPHS Biopharmaceutical Fellowship Team OPT for RAFT Resources and Links
  78. 78. APhA Pathways Program RAFT• Takes you through a series of questions about what’s important to  you/what you want your job to be like• Uses your responses to “match” positions/career paths to your important  factors• APhA Pathways: http://www.enetrix.com/pls/aphap/!apha_pathways.welcome
  79. 79. Resources: RAFTCareer Planning• ACCP http://www.accp.com/stunet/pathways.aspx• APhA http://www.pharmacist.com/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Pathways_Program&Template=/CM/Content Display.cfm&ContentID=12183
  80. 80. Resources: RAFTCareer Planning• ACCP website for clinical experience http://www.accp.com/stunet/compass/skills.aspx• American Society of Health‐Systems Pharmacists http://www.ashp.org• Biospace http://www.biospace.com• Medzilla http://www.medzilla.com/cgi‐bin/internships
  81. 81. Resources: RAFTResidencies and Fellowships• From ASHP – Residency FAQ’s http://www.ashp.org/Import/ACCREDITATION/ResidentInfo/FAQs.aspx – Residency Guide http://www.ashp.org/s_ashp/docs/files/RTP_ASHPResidencyBrochure.pdf• From ACCP – About Residencies http://www.accp.com/stunet/compass/residency.aspx – Types of Programs http://www.accp.com/resandfel/resandfel.aspx – ACCP Annual Meeting Residency and Fellowship Forum http://www.accp.com/meetings/am09/rfapplicants.aspx• Residency and Fellowship Program Directories – http://www.accp.com/careers/onlinePositionListings.aspx – http://www.accp.com/resandfel/search.aspx – http://www.careerpharm.com/basicppsinfo.aspx
  82. 82. Resources: RAFTLetter of Intent Writing• “How to Write a Winning Cover Letter” http://www.thedoctorjob.com/careercorner/view_article.php?id_article=13• “Professional Pearls for Writing a Pharmacy Residency Letter of Intent” http://www.careerpharm.com/seeker/pps/Preparing_an_LI.aspx• Examples of letters http://www.accp.com/docs/stunet/compass/LetterOfIntent.pdf http://www.careerpharm.com/seeker/pps/LI_Sample.aspx
  83. 83. Resources: RAFTCV Writing • Many resources are available to help  you get started: – http://www.ashp.org/Import/ACCREDITATI ON/ResidentInfo/CurriculumVitae.aspx – http://www.accp.com • American College of Clinical Pharmacy  offers review and feedback of CV by  email – http://www.accp.com/stunet/cv.aspx • Sample templates – for formatting use  only! – http://www.cvtips.com/resumes‐and‐ cvs/cv‐example.html • Your school’s career center!
  84. 84. Resources: RAFTInterviewing• Interview Preparation http://www.accp.com/docs/stunet/compass/INTERVIEW_PREP_101.doc• Behavioral Interview Questions http://www.acadweb.wwu.edu/hr/Employment/InfoForHiringOfficials/HiringPersonnel/Exempt/Sugge stedInterviewQuestions.pdf• Common Interview Questions http://www.mercer‐professional.org/resources/Pharmacy+Interview+Questions.doc• APhA ‐ Residencies Information http://www.pharmacist.com/Content/NavigationMenu3/PharmacyPractice/ResidenciesAdvancedTrain ing/StudentPharmacists/CPRP_Student_Pharma.htm
  85. 85. Find us on Facebook! RAFT• OPT for RAFT: Opportunities for Post‐Graduate Training after PharmD – Information on our OPT for RAFT presentations at Colleges or Conferences – Download these presentations and expanded content – Links to useful resources related to Fellowships and Residencies
  86. 86. Disclaimer RAFT• The content and suggestions contained within this presentation have  been researched and prepared by members of the Genzyme/MCPHS  Biopharmaceutical Fellowship Team. The content expressed within this  presentation is based on the personal experiences of the team, and is  not meant to represent all experiences or opinions by all programs.  References are provided to all content from outside sources where  possible.• This presentation is for guidance and informational purposes. Applying  the content does not guarantee a residency or fellowship position.

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