Declaration Eng

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DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS

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Declaration Eng

  1. 1. Article 1 All human beings are born free and equal in d ­ ignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towardsUnited Nations one ­an­other in a spirit of brotherhood. IENCO Article 2 Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, with- out distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, ­ religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, prop- erty, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limita- tion of sovereignty. All human beings are born with equal and inalienable rights Article 3 and fundamental freedoms. Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person. The United Nations is committed to upholding, promoting and protecting Article 4 the human rights of every individual. This commitment stems from the No one shall be held in slavery or servitude;United Nations Charter, which reaffirms the faith of the peoples of the world in s ­ lavery and the slave trade shall be prohib-fundamental human rights and in the dignity and worth of the human person. ited in all their forms. In the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the United Nations has stated Article 5 in clear and simple terms the rights which belong equally to every person. No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or These rights belong to you. punishment. Article 6 They are your rights. Familiarize yourself with them. �������������������������������� Everyone has the right to recognition every- Help to promote and defend them for yourself where as a person before the law. as well as for your fellow human beings. Article 7 All are equal before the law and are entitled Adopted and proclaimed by General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948 w ­ ithout any discrimination to equal protec- tion of the law. All are entitled to equal pro- Preamble progress and better standards of life in tection against any discrimination in violation Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity larger freedom, of this Declaration and against any incitement and of the equal and inalienable rights of to such discrimination. all members of the human family is the Whereas Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in cooperation foundation of freedom, justice and peace with the United Nations, the promotion Article 8 in the world, Everyone has the right to an effective remedy of universal respect for and observ­ance of Whereas disregard and contempt for human human rights and fundamental freedoms, by the competent national tribunals for acts rights have resulted in barbarous acts which violating the fundamental rights granted him have outraged the conscience of mankind, Whereas a common understanding of these by the consti­tution or by law. and the advent of a world in which human rights and freedoms is of the greatest beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and importance for the full realization of this Article 9 belief and freedom from fear and want has pledge, No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, been proclaimed as the highest aspiration d ­ etention or exile. Now, therefore, of the common people, The General Assembly Article 10 Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair c ­ ompelled to have recourse, as a last resort, Proclaims this Universal Declaration of Human and public hearing by an independent and to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, Rights as a common standard of achieve- i ­mpartial ­ tribunal, in the determination of that human rights should be protected by ment for all ­ peoples and all nations, to his rights and obligations and of any criminal the rule of law, the end that every ­ individual and every charge against him. organ of society, keeping this Declaration Whereas it is essential to promote the devel- c ­ onstantly in mind, shall strive by teach- opment of friendly relations between Article 11 ing and ­education to promote respect for nations, (1) Everyone charged with a penal offence these rights and freedoms and by progres- has the right to be presumed innocent until Whereas the peoples of the United Nations sive measures, national and international, proved guilty according to law in a public trial have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith to secure their universal and effective rec- at which he has had all the guarantees neces- in fundamental human rights, in the dig- ognition and ­observance, both among the sary for his defence. nity and worth of the human person and peoples of Member States themselves and in the equal rights of men and women among the ­ peoples of ­ territories under (2) No one shall be held guilty of any penal and have determined to promote social their jurisdiction. offence on account of any act or omission
  2. 2. which did not constitute a penal offence, to seek, receive and impart information and (2) Motherhood and childhood are entitledunder national or international law, at the ideas through any media and regardless of to ­special care and assistance. All children,time when it was committed. Nor shall a frontiers. whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoyheavier penalty be imposed than the one that the same social protection.was applicable at the time the penal offence Article 20was committed. (1) Everyone has the right to freedom of Article 26 peaceful assembly and association. (1) Everyone has the right to education. Edu-Article 12 cation shall be free, at least in the elemen- (2) No one may be compelled to belong toNo one shall be subjected to arbitrary inter- tary and funda­mental stages. Elementary an association.ference with his privacy, family, home or cor- education shall be compulsory. Technicalrespondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and professional education shall be made Article 21and reputation. Everyone has the right to the generally available and higher ­ education (1) Everyone has the right to take part inprotection of the law against such interfer- shall be equally accessible to all on the basis the ­ government of his country, directly orence or attacks. of merit. through freely chosen representatives. (2) Education shall be directed to the fullArticle 13 (2) Everyone has the right to equal access to d ­ evelopment of the human personality and(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of public service in his country. to the strengthening of respect for humanmovement and residence within the borders (3) The will of the people shall be the basis rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall pro-of each State. of the authority of government; this will shall mote ­understanding, tolerance and friendship(2) Everyone has the right to leave any coun- be expressed in periodic and genuine elec- among all nations, racial or religious groups,try, including his own, and to return to his tions which shall be by universal and equal and shall ­further the activities of the Unitedcountry. suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or Nations for the maintenance of peace. by equivalent free ­voting procedures. (3) Parents have a prior right to choose theArticle 14 kind of education that shall be given to their(1) Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy Article 22 children.in other countries asylum from persecution. Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to reali- Article 27(2) This right may not be invoked in the zation, through national effort and interna-case of prosecutions genuinely arising from (1) Everyone has the right freely to participate tional cooperation and in accordance with thenon-political crimes or from acts contrary to in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy organization and resources of each State, ofthe purposes and principles of the United the arts and to share in scientific advance- the economic, social and cultural rights indis-Nations. ment and its benefits. pensable for his dignity and the free develop- ment of his personality. (2) Everyone has the right to the protectionArticle 15 of the moral and material interests resulting(1) Everyone has the right to a nationality. Article 23 from any ­scientific, literary or artistic produc-(2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his (1) Everyone has the right to work, to free tion of which he is the author.nationality nor denied the right to change choice of employment, to just and favourablehis nationality. conditions of work and to protection against Article 28 unemployment. Everyone is entitled to a social and interna-Article 16 tional order in which the rights and freedoms (2) Everyone, without any discrimination, has(1) Men and women of full age, without any set forth in this Declaration can be fully the right to equal pay for equal work.l­imitation due to race, nationality or reli- realized.gion, have the right to marry and to found (3) Everyone who works has the right to just anda family. They are entitled to equal rights favourable remuneration ensuring for himself Article 29as to marriage, during ­ marriage and at its and his family an existence worthy of human (1) Everyone has duties to the community indissolution. dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by which alone the free and full development of other means of social protection. his personality is possible.(2) Marriage shall be entered into only withthe free and full consent of the intending (4) Everyone has the right to form and to (2) In the exercise of his rights and freedoms,spouses. join trade unions for the protection of his e ­ veryone shall be subject only to such limi- interests. tations as are determined by law solely for(3) The family is the natural and fundamental the purpose of securing due recognitiongroup unit of society and is entitled to pro- Article 24 and respect for the rights and freedoms oftection by society and the State. Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, others and of meeting the just requirements includ­­­ing reasonable limitation of working of morality, public order and the general wel-Article 17 hours and periodic holidays with pay. fare in a democratic society.(1) Everyone has the right to own propertyalone as well as in association with others. (3) These rights and freedoms may in no case Article 25 be exercised contrary to the purposes and(2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his (1) Everyone has the right to a standard principles of the United Nations.property. of living adequate for the health and well- being of himself and of his family, including Article 30Article 18 food, clothing, housing and medical careEveryone has the right to freedom of thought, and necessary social services, and the right Nothing in this Declaration may be interpretedc­ onscience and religion; this right includes to security in the event of unemployment, as implying for any State, group or person anyfreedom to change his religion or belief, and sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or right to engage in any activity or to performfreedom, either alone or in community with other lack of livelihood in circumstances any act aimed at the destruction of any of theothers and in public or private, to manifest his beyond his control. rights and freedoms set forth herein.religion or belief in teaching, practice, wor-ship and observance. United Nations Department of Public InformationArticle 19 For more informationEveryone has the right to freedom of opinion www.ohchr.org/english/issues/education/training/udhr.htmand expression; this right includes freedom www.un.org/cyberschoolbus/humanrights/index.aspto hold opinions without interference and

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