Overview of Psychotic Disorders

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Psychotic disorders, like schizophrenia, are a group of serious illnesses that have impact on mind. These diseases change a person’s ability to think clearly, make good judgments, respond psychologically, communicate effectively, understand reality, and act appropriately.

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Overview of Psychotic Disorders

  1. 1. Psychotic disorders are mental disorders in which aperson’s personality is severely confused and that personloses touch with reality. When a psychotic episode occurs,a person becomes unsure about what is real and what isn’treal and usually experiences hallucinations, delusions, off-the-wall behavior, chaotic speech and incoherency. Aperson behaving in this manner is often referred to asbeing schizophrenic.
  2. 2. Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that affects a persons ability toperceive the world and to process information. It occurs in 1% ofthe population and typically appears in adolescence or youngadulthood. Schizophrenia is diagnosed by a clinical assessmentthat includes assessment of current and historical symptoms andfunctional status.
  3. 3. Psychosis is a broad term that refers to a set of behaviors andexperiences that make it difficult to understand reality. Anindividual who is experiencing psychosis might see or hearobjects or people that are not actually real. The person mightbelieve things that are not true; for example, that someone isplotting against him or her, or that thoughts are not under his orher own control.
  4. 4. Symptoms:• Incoherent speech• Confusion• Strange behavior• Lack of emotions• Mood swings• Depression and/or mania
  5. 5. Conclusion :Psychotic disorders create many obstacles that mustbe overcome for patients to becomeenabled, empowered, and engaged. Cognitivebehavioral therapy (CBT) for the person who is athigh risk for developing psychosis but has yet to havesuch symptoms has been found to be more effectivethan medication at preventing such symptoms. Inindividuals who have developed psychoticsymptoms, providing his or her family with supportand education about their loved ones condition havebeen found to be quite helpful in the prevention ofthe recurrence of psychotic symptoms in theindividual with the illness.

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