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Breizh Algae Tour - Plouénan - Seminar


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  • 1. Seaweeds for a bette rlife Bre izh Algae Tour «Breizh Algae Tour» Olmix Annual Meeting • 9th Sept. 2013 FRANCE - Plouénan • Exchange of experiences • Common concerns for a common issue: Feeding 9 billion people in 2050
  • 2. 2 Asia "Seaweed and Unicellular Algae potentialities in animal Feed productions and related sustainability" Mr Philippe SERENE p. 3 USA "Red meat production towards white meat production" Mr Tim TORKELSON p. 5 Ivory Coast "New technologies to feed Africa" Dr Aimé Franck ESSOH p. 6 Nigeria "Mycotoxin feed contamination of poultry feed in Africa" & "The strategic case interventions with MT.X+ and MFeed+" Dr Stephen O. ADEJORO p. 8 Pakistan "How MT.X+ help poultry and dairy farmers in Pakistan to control better their problem on farms" Dr Ali ZAR SHER p. 9 China " CP leading actor in the feed industry in Asia and active in the country where 50% of the pigs in the world are born and raised + poultry + dairy + fish Mr Preecha MUENPRASERTDEE p. 10 Mexico "A unique milk production" MVZ Cruz Cruz Crail p. 11 Worldwide "Conclusion & Perspectives" Dr Pi NYVALL COLLEN p. 12 Seaweeds for a bette rlife Bre izh Algae Tour TABLE OF Contents The world of food production is in the process of major changes in the beginning of this 21st century - New animal welfare regulations, less chemical inputs, less antibiotics or hormones, a growing demand for a sustainable way of production. The worldwide agriculture sector has to adapt to this changes and is testing and implementing new solutions like algae extracts based natural additives to face these challenges and remain at the today top technical level. Sharing these experiences between worldwide key players of animal protein production is a great opportunity that can happen today as we are more than 200 people coming from all over the world. This next hour is a time to share animal production worldwide issues such as raw material price increase or technical topics but also imagine tomorrow’s agriculture by making a bit of prospective. It is a real pleasure to welcome our partners that have the will to be part of the “feeding sustainably 9 billion human beings” challenge.
  • 3. 3 Mr Philippe SERENE Consultant to the Feed Mill Industry After secondary school in Saigon in Viet Nam in the 50ies and being graduated from Paris University in 1968 with a Doctorat in Fisheries Oceanography (Tunas Genetic) Mr Serene start his carreer in Sete (Southern France) working as General Manager of Fisheries Department of Company des Salins du Midi (Largest salt plan in France) where he was in charge of the exploitation of 100 000 ha of Coastal Lagoon with eel, Sea Bass, Sea Bream, Mullet and Artemia. A part of these task Serene start the first R&D program for the development of mass production of Sea Bream and Sea Bass juvenile. After 5 years of such experience he decide to incorporate its own Company AQUASERVICE. He was then involve in the initial effort of what is now the European Aquaculture Industry with development in Italy (Ravagnan SA Pellestrina Hatchery 1974), Spain (Finisterre Mar Oyster Hatchery 1975-77), Lybia (Ministry Wadi Mgenin Farm 1978) , Greece (Kephalonia Fisheries 1978) , Egypt (Ministry/UNDP) , Saudi Arabia (Al Wiam Project). In Egypt from 1978-1982, Serene and its team was specifically en charge in the World Bank Maryut Fish Farming project (1200 ha of ponds for Tilapia & Mullet farming). In 1980/87 Serene win another World Bank Tender in Bangladesh (Oxbow Lake Project onCarpFloodPlaindevelopment)whichwasfollowedbyanotherShrimpCultureProject (development of 22 000 ha of shrimp farms along the coastal belt of Bangladesh). In 1990 another contract was awarded to Aquaservice, the Third Fisheries Project (100 millions usd of public Investment) . With the continuous growth of Aquaservice , new contracts was awarded to the Company in China (Construction of 2 Feed Mills) and in Ecuador, Peru (Shrimp CultureDevelopment) under EU financing. In 1991 a new opportunity was offered to Mr Serene by Societe Commercial des Potasses d’Alsace (SCPA) for the development of a Feed Mill Joint Venture Proconco. "Seaweed and Unicellular Algae potentialities in animal Feed productions and related sustainability" Asia Guest Speaker Introduction Seaweeds for a bette rlife Bre izh Algae Tour
  • 4. 4 After the review of world production of animal feed in figures estimated to be 950 million tons in 2012 representing $500 billion value with 1500 million tons expected in 2020 for an estimated value of $1000 billion ($418 million of chicken feed, $253 million of ruminant feed, $218 million of pig feed, $34 of aqua feed) the paper gave estimates of overall all world algae production , including natural production in the sea of unicellular ones and costal macrophytes with figures reaching many millions tons of dry weight. Mechanical harvest and algoculture is estimated to reach 15/16 ( wet weight ) million tons and already used in animal feed. Just for broiler, it could represent 10 million tons of algae. Seaweed and Unicellular algae have been considered as a raw material in fertilization and animal feeding since thousand years and shows often many benefits (production benefit and health benefit). Since few years development of mass production of Seaweed and Unicellular algae are under serious consideration for different type of utilization like cosmetic, biofuel, feed, fertilizer and some information on cost of production , market price and market size are discussed. This paper underline the need to make progress for mass culture, harvesting, processing etc as algae is definitely one of the main alternative source of nutrients to consider for different industries among which animal feed could play an important role. From 1991 to 2002 and 2008 - 2010 Mr Serene was in charge of Proconco Feed Mill development plan. Thank to its previous multicultural experience he was able develop from zero what is considered to day, after 20 years , the largest Viet Namese Feed Mill in Viet Nam. With 4 Feed Mills, 1200 employees, 150 distributors, 600 millions usd sales in 2011, 30 usd net profit , Proconco is often considered as the best Agrodevelopment success in Viet Nam. In April 2010 Proconco received the award of “Best Asian Feed Miller“ In July 2010 Mr Serene after many years of hard work left Proconco and began to value these 42 years of experience acting as Consultant to the Feed Mill Industry. Seaweeds for a bette rlife Bre izh Algae Tour Guest Speaker Introduction
  • 5. 5 Mr Tim TORKELSON General Manager of Olmix NA, Inc. Born and raised on a family dairy farm in Wisconsin, USA Attended University of Minnesota/Crookston - AAS in Sales and Marketing 15 years in veterinary industry with Advanced Veterinary Systems and IDEXX Laboratories, Inc. Joined Olmix in 2004 - Responsible for Sales and Marketing in the United States. ■■ Production, consumption, and price of meat protein is changing in the United States. ■■ Beef production is declining, pork and poultry (eggs and chickens) are at a steady, slow increase. ■■ New technologies in agriculture are emerging to improve efficiency of meat protein production. -- Farming practices -- Agronomy practices -- Genetics (animal and plant) ■■ Change in production is influenced by animal welfare groups ■■ Ag policies and farming practices are influenced by politics ■■ Consumer perception and awareness of animal welfare are critical to production "Red meat production towards white meat production" United States of America Guest Speaker Introduction Seaweeds for a bette rlife Bre izh Algae Tour
  • 6. 6 Dr Aimé Franck ESSOH Veterinary In 2012, the population of Africa was estimated to more than 1.075 billion inhabitants. It remains the second most populated continent after Asia with 4.35 billion inhabitants. This population reached barely 225 million in 1950 and has been quadrupled in half of a century. Contrary to this breathtakingly fast demographic growth, the agricultural production has only known an average increase of around three times its value of year 1950. It justifies starvations, under-nutrition and numerous cases of malnutrition that are hitting the continent. In 2010, the FAO has estimated under- nutrition cases of humans to 870 million people of which almost 98% in developing countries. According to FAO in 2012, the state of malnutrition was concerning around 925 million people of which 26% of people living in the sub-Saharan area of Africa. This real situation is however lived differently on the countries of the African continents. It concerns a little less than 5% of the population in some countries and reaches more than 70% in others. In West Africa, between 9 and 40% of populations are suffering from under-nutrition. Africa occupies a total surface area of 30.4 million square kilometer, West Africa a surface area of 6.14 million square kilometers. The arable surfaces (UAL, Utilised Agricultural Land) represent around a third "New technologies to feed Africa" Ivory Coast Interstate School of Veterinary Science and Medicine of Dakar Studies of rural economy (technical studies of financial projects and development projects) Animal health (ruminants, poultry, pig) Support program to domestic poultry production. • Coordination of the program activities • Implementation of the strategic plan of poultry recovery Ministère de la production animale et des ressources halieutiques- Cabinet du ministre • Participation à toutes les activités du MIPARH Cabinet Vetexpert et Représentation • Représentant AMADEITE en Côte d’Ivoire. Seaweeds for a bette rlife Bre izh Algae Tour Guest Speaker Introduction
  • 7. 7 of these area surfaces, 0.9 hectares of Utilised Agricultural Surfaces (UAL) per inhabitant. Agricultural productions cover overall 80% of nutritional needs especially in West of Africa; less than 50% of the needs in Central and East Africa. With an important demographic growth, on average 8%, African and sub-region populations should reach 2 billion and 640 million inhabitants in 2040. What will be the main way to improve domestic food availability? Will the current agricultural and surface areas be enough to cover our population needs whose main characteristic is the high proportion of young and children? In order to find appropriate answers, we will remember the vastness of the sea (70% of the terrestrial surface), and its numerous natural resources. Indeed, a “return to natural” proves to be necessary and even urgent to ensure in quantity and quality, all the needs of humans and animals. It deals with an inexhaustible source, which well exploited, especially algae, will be able to supply almost 2/3 of proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids that are indispensable to a sufficient and balanced diet. According to the FAO, cereal production could be sufficient to feed humans, but 60% of this production is used for animal feed and only “10 to 12% of the calories used for this feed are restored to humans”. In order to balance the scale and especially allocate more than 70% of the global available cereal to human food, it would be wiser to make strategical changes in using vast algae fields to produce food quantities that are indispensable to animal feed. It will also be millions of tons of food that big producer countries could make available to Sub-Saharan Africa populations. In reality, we can “feed the humanity” from our country in the whole world. We only need to take a look at difficulties to feed humans and take the decision to cope with it. It is in this way that we place the topic “How feed the subregion, Africa – Interest of algae and sea to feed animals, humans”. Besides,thetotalexploitationofnutritionalandcurativepropertiesofalgaecouldconstituteanadvantage for food issues resolution. Particularly malnutrition which affects a little more than 250 million children in Sub-Saharan Africa, would be completely obliterated with algae based food supplements. (for example : spirulina) In West Africa, competition between human and animal feed relating to corn constitutes a brake to animal resources development. This competition, in favour of human consumption, create important shortages of corn (around 60% in poultry feed) in our countries. It deals with a region that suffer mainly from malnutrition. The answer to this situation resides in the improving of availability of food rich in nutritional elements, such as fruits, legumes and food of animal origin. The latter create sometimes difficulties but are easy to be solved from a suitable exploration of new ways that are offering the sea and algae. Algae can be used directly as a source of protein but also as medicated feed in order to reduce the effect of chemical medication in animal production that cause actually a public health problem . Viewed this way, sea and algae represent real alternative ways: ■■ to feed livestock while leaving human the most part of what is important for him, namely reverse the purpose of cereal agricultural productions in favor of human; ■■ to feed 320 million inhabitants of West Africa by developing their animal resources with algae and use algae for nutritional balance. ■■ to feed 1.075 billion inhabitants of the African continent from availability of food product in developed countries and that would not totally designed to animal feed. Guest Speaker Introduction Seaweeds for a bette rlife Bre izh Algae Tour
  • 8. 8 Stephen Adejoro, Head of Research of Zartech Nig, largest integrated poultry processing in West Africa holds a D.V.M degree and a post graduate certificate in immunology. Specialized in audit for integrated poultry projects, Dr. Adejoro has a total cumulative experience of over 30 years and has authored four books on tropical poultry management, feed production, business and livestock mixed portfolio. Dr. Adejoro is President of the Nigeria Private Veterinary Medical Association and member of the Africa poultry network of expertise. Past experience as an executive consultant for Livestock Management training center, he was responsible for management, animal health and Poultry Nutrition. Dr Stephen O. ADEJORO Head of Research - Zartech Nig. Ltd - Nigeria Climate change effect on poultry production and livelihood, in Africa from mycotoxin contamination of poultry feed had shown negative health indices, that require urgent intervention with new scientific innovations needed to improve on the industry installed capacity and manage the challenges of animal protein food security by the year 2050 The paper present case studies of mycotoxin feed contamination in West Africa under hot climate and their effect on mortality and bacteria resistances, that was strategically managed by appropriate intervention of dose determined Mtox+ +Mfeed to improve poultry food security and ensure economic production for small scale poultry farmers in Africa KEY WORDS: Climate Change, Mycotoxins contamination, Livelihood, Dose determined, Interventions, Case Studies, Strategic, MT.X+ MFeed+ Abstract by: 1 Dr Adejoro, Stephen O. & 2 Dr Funmi Lala, 1 ZARTECH Limited, Ibadan,, 08038343124 ; 2 University of Agriculture Abeokuta,, 08060395255 Mycotoxin feed contamination of poultry feed in Africa: A consequence of climate change on poultry production. & The strategic case interventions with MT.X+ and MFeed+ to boost poultry food security in Nigeria. Nigeria Seaweeds for a bette rlife Bre izh Algae Tour Guest Speaker Introduction
  • 9. 9 Dr Ali ZAR SHER Orient Animal Health Manager Affiliated with Orient Animal Health (PVT) Ltd. Pakistan. He is a leader of the Marketing team of Animal Health Products. Before his PhD studies at Imperial College London (UK), he was working for a leading multinational company dealing with poultry and livestock medicines. He holds a postgraduate degree in Microbiology from Quaid-e-Azam University Islamabad, Pakistan and a diploma in pharmaceutical research and development from the Toronto Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology (TIPT) Canada. He has served both in private and public sectors for more than 20 years. He will be talking about his experience of algae based products in dairy and poultry sectors in Pakistan. The poultry sector is one of the most organized and vibrant segments of the agriculture industry of Pakistan. This sector generates direct and indirect employment and income for about 1.5 million people. The net foreign exchange from livestock in 2012-13 is 196.8 billion which is 21 % of the total exports. The overall climate of Pakistan is hot and humid, heavy monson rains and flooding makes the storage conditions even worst for the farmers. These are few of the most important reasons for the development of fungus in the field harvested grains. Mycotoxins are present in the field harvested grains and subsequently birds and animals are exposed to these mycotoxins through feed and fodders. These mycotoxins exert their deleterious effects on the performance and health of the birds and animals. The most important parameters, directly affected by mycotoxins are, failure of vaccines, lowered immunity, prolonged disease conditions and poor performance. Algae based products are one of the sources to tackle such problems. OAH has been marketing these products for the last 4 years in poultry and recently started selling it to the dairy farmers. Our experience with such products is very encouraging. These products have been a very helpful tool to solve many disease problems in poultry and dairy sectors in Pakistan. We are now looking forward to expand our experience to other countries of the region like Afghanistan. "How MT.X+ help poultry and dairy farmers in Pakistan to control better their problem on farms" Pakistan Guest Speaker Introduction Seaweeds for a bette rlife Bre izh Algae Tour
  • 10. 10 "CP leading actor in the feed industry in Asia and active in the country where 50% of the pigs in the world are born and raised + poultry + dairy + fish" China Guest Speaker Introduction Seaweeds for a bette rlife Bre izh Algae Tour ■■ The development of feed business of CP group in country like China is a permanent task for our board where farm land is a limiting factor. We might have to consider more what is coming from the sea . ■■ How to face the increasing pork and meat consumption in China in the future? ■■ How to reduce the usage of antibiotics in animal feed? ■■ How to manage the raw material and by-products usage in pig feed? Mr Preecha MUENPRASERTDEE President of Chia Tai Conti Group 1973 B.A Business Administration 1976 MBA Master of Business Administration 1979,1 CP Group in Thailand 1979,9 CP Group in Indonesia 1985 CP Group in Singapore,Malaysia 1988 CP Group in Thailand 1993 CP Group in Beijing-China 2004-now Chia Tai Conti Group in Guangdong-China
  • 11. 11 MVZ Ernesto Gómez Lala group "Mexico a global view of the livestock industry. Emphasis on milk production" Mexico Seaweeds for a bette rlife Bre izh Algae Tour Guest Speaker Introduction Engineer Zootechnist I Granja el Paredon - Torreón - Mexico Nutriotinist and General mananger of Granja El Paredón (1 unit with 8.500 milking cows) Member of board technical team of Tricio Group (55.000 milking cows) 15 years experience managing industrial milk production
  • 12. 12 "Conclusion & Perspectives" Guest Speaker Introduction Seaweeds for a bette rlife Bre izh Algae Tour Dr Pi NYVALL COLLEN Olmix Group R&D Manager Pi Nyvall Collen obtained her master in Biology at the University of Uppsala, Sweden, and her PhD in Plant Physiology at Stockholm University, Sweden, on the subject of starch metabolism in red algae. After a Post-doctorate period at the University of São Paulo, Brazil she arrived at the Roscoff Biological Station in 2001 and has since studied different aspects of cell wall polysaccharides from brown, red and green algae as well as different algal or bacterial enzymes involved in their degradation or modification. One of the projects on which she has been working is Ulvoligo a project to identify where novel bacterial enzymes capable of degrading ulvan, the sulphated cell wall polysaccharide from Ulva species. This work has allowed the deposition of two patents and several publications. Her experience in algae ranges from genomics, biochemistry, enzymology and physiology. She was hired as R&D manager of the Olmix group in October 2012. Worldwide
  • 13. 13 NOTES Seaweeds for a bette rlife Bre izh Algae Tour