Norway’s long-term energy policy
Siri Meling, MP (Conservative Party)
First Vice Chair of the Standing Committee on Energy
and the Environment in the Norwegian Parliament
Global Primary Energy Demand
Mill. tons oil equivalents
16 000 Nuclear
12 000 Gas
8 000 Coal
1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030
• Renewable will play a more important role, but traditional fossil fuels (coal, oil and gas) will still be
the most important energy sources.
• IEA: An increase in demand for oil with 3 per cent and an increase in demand for natural gas with
12 per cent in 2030 compared with 2005 levels are compatible with stabilising climate gas
Europe’s energy dependency
Import share in percentage of domestic consumption (2006)
Norway – securing energy supply to
• Few countries are so richly endowed with energy resources
– Hydro power
– Wind onshore
– Wind offshore
– Tidal energy
• Norway is:
– The world’s 7. largest oil producer.
– The world’s 5. largest oil exporter
– The world’s 3. largest gas exporter
– The world’s 6. largest hydro energy producer, largest per capita
• Norway important supplier of energy in Europe.
– Market share of 20 to 40 pst. in important consumer countries as UK,
France and Germany.
Historical and near future
Source: Norwegian Petroleum Directorate (NPD)
Norway’s international responsibility
as major energy producer
• Contribute to meet global energy demand – both for oil and gas
and renewable energy. Thereby contribute to continued growth
and development in newly industrialised nations and the
• Contribute to Europe’s policy for meeting climate challenges by
increased export of natural gas and renewable energy.
• Contribute in the security of supply of energy to our European
neighbours – and thereby make Europe less vulnerable and less
dependent on politically unstable areas.
Norway’s major interests
• The role of major energy supplier gives Norway major
interests in future politics on the European energy
• The role of environmentally responsible nation where
Norway as a major energy producer and consumer
should be a leader in climate friendly production and
consumption of energy.
CO2 efficient Norwegian
• Norwegian oil and gas production is the most CO2-effecive in
• Natural gas is the least CO2-intensive fossil fuels.
– If gas replace coal greenhouse gas emissions will decrease by
approx. 50 per cent with the same amount of energy produced.
45 39 921
30 700 554
22 24 24 509
20 500 425 833
20 400 Infrastructure,
15 300 404 404 404 production and
8 200 transport
5 100 10 30 Combustion of
0 energy source
CO2-emissions per bbl. o.e. produced Life-cycle CO2-emissions for electricity production in Europe
Petroleum activities in the Arctic
• To meet global energy demand
• To have new challenges for the
European petroleum industry as
oil and gas fields further south is
beginning to mature.
• To move the technology frontier
further, using the know-how of
the European petroleum • Conservatives are in favour of
industry. opening the controversial areas
• To have a more diversified outside Lofoten and Vesterålen
industry structure in northern for oil and gas production.
Norway, give new employment – But the present red-green
possibilities and create renewed coalition government will not
optimism. open until after 2013.
… but within strict demands on
health, environment and safety
• The strongest environmental standards in the world
• Zero emission to sea
• The petroleum industry has the necessary experience
and knowledge to operate in Arctic waters.
• More than 30 years of experience in the North Sea –
without any serious environmental accidents. Shown
that petroleum, fishing, shipping, tourism and
environment can coexist.
• Det norske Veritas has in a study of existing research
in this field concluded that there are shown no effects
on fishing stocks from oil and gas production.
Energy and environment: Integrated
management plan for the Arctic area
• Guidelines for
environment in the
– Norwegian sector of
– Fish protection zone
– Area outside Lofoten
management plan up
for evaluation in