Romania A story about history, culture, people and places…
AGENDA History Places Religion People
Ancient culture – Dacian State Sarmizegetusa Regia was the most important Dacian military, religious and political centre. The civilians lived around the fortress, down the mountain on man-made terraces. Dacian nobility had flowing water, brought through ceramic pipes, in their residences. The archaeological inventory found at the site shows that Dacian society had a high standard of living.Sarmizegetusa also had a sacred precinct - the famous Circular Calendar Sanctuary. The Dacian capital reached its acme under King Decebal who fought two wars against the Emperor Trajan of the Roman Empire in 101-102, the first successfully repelling the Roman invaders, and again in 105-106, the second culminating in the Battle of Sarmisegetusa, and the defeat of the Dacians.
The ancient inhabitants of Romanian territory were the Dacians, who have been defeated and conquered by Romans in 106.
Event though in 271 they left, the Romanization process continued. In terms of language, when the Slaves came in the 6th century, the grammatical structure was already well defined and it had a predominantly Latin lexicon.
Romans’ cultural assimilation
Well – defined grammatical structure with a predominantly Latin lexicon
Geographical reference Romania is the largest country in southeastern Europe and the twelfth-largest in Europe. The Carpathian Mountains dominate the centre of Romania, reaching the highest point at Moldoveanu Peak (2544m). A large part of Romania's border with Serbia and Bulgaria is formed by the Danube. Romania has one of the largest areas of undisturbed forest in Europe. The integrity of Romanian forest ecosystems is indicated by the presence of the full range of European forest fauna, including 60% and 40% of all European brown bears and wolves, respectively. Capital: Bucharest PLACES
The Black Sea
Bears Cave dwells an extraordinary range of stalagmite and stalactite formations varying in size and forms, as well as an impressive amount of Cave Bear fossils - Ursus spelaeus - a species which disappeared more than 15,000 years ago. The cave entrance - which is situated at 482 m altitude - is by the tourist pavilion. Bears Cave is 1 km in length. It is disposed on two-overlapped levels.
Cave Scărișoara shelters the larger underground glacier in Romania. The limestone is formed in the upper Jurasic age. The cave is a single room with a total development of 700 m.In the middle of this room is a huge block of ice with a volume of 80000 cubic meters that have lasted over 4,000 years.Stalactites, stalagmites, columns,parietal curtains - They abound within the cave to the depth of 105 m.
Peleș Castle Peles Castle in Sinaia, the summer residence of the kings of Romania, was built at the wish of King Charles I, first king of Romania (1866-1914). Peles Castle is located in Sinaia, Prahova Valley. The castle has 160 rooms and several entrances and staircase.Central tower measuring not less than 66 feet tall. In addition Peles itself in the area have been erected two smaller facilities, Pelisor and Watchtower.
Bran Castle Initially, the Bran Castle was a fortress of "temporary" military purpose, then, the city has been transformed into a castle in 1920 when it was owned by Queen Mary. Bran Castle is built on a rock in a key strategic point of view. He currently hosts Bran Museum, the museum covers four floors of the castle. It is known as the residence of Dracula.
Legend Of Dracula Vlad Țepeș was the Prince of Wallachia. During his reign, it has temporarily won independence from the Ottoman Empire and the state developed. He is known as Prince Impealer, due to his manner to execute enemies. Book by Bram Stoker, Dracula is not directly based on the rule of Vlad Țepeș, but a fiction that takes place in Transylvania and nineteenth century England.Following the success of the novel Transylvania is associated with the fitional character Dracula.
Corvin Castle Hunedoara castle, called Corvin Castle Hunedoara is a medieval fortress, one of the most important monuments of Gothic architecture in Transylvania. It was built in the fifteenth century by John of Hunedoara. In the courtyard of the castle, there is a chapel and a well 30 meters deep. The castle is connected with numerous Hollywood film sets, which took place here.
Neamț Citadel Neamţ Citadel is a medieval fortress located in north-eastern part of Romania. It was built in 14th century The citadel played a key role in Moldavia's defense system, along with Suceava, Hotin, Chilia. Modern romanian cities have developed near this kind of citadels.
Carpathian Mountains Carpathians extend the territory of seven countries: Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, Ukraine, Romania and Serbia. Carpathian mountains appear to be some medium or short, only a few areas exceeding 2000 m in altitude. They have gentle hills covered with pastures. The highest peak on Romanian territory is Moldoveanu with 2544 meters height.Carpathians are the largest volcanic chain in Europe.
The Berca Mud Volcanoes are a geological and botanical reservation. Its most spectacular feature is the mud volcanoes, small volcano-shaped structures typically a few meters high caused by the eruption of mud and natural gases.The reservation is unique in Romania.
Religion Romanian Orthodox Church is one of the autocephalous churches of Orthodox Christianity. The majority of Romanians belong to the Romanian Orthodox Church, but the church has believers of other nationalities. Only in Romania, the number of Orthodox believers is 86.8% of the population. Romanian Orthodox Church was founded in 1872. The country has more than 631 monasteries and 14,500 churches.
Stephen the Great He built 44 monasteries and churches, according to tradition, a church after each battle gained. He reigned 47 years. During his reign, Moldova experienced an unprecedented prosperity. Fighting on an equal footing with more powerful neighbors, Stephen the Great was able to impose duties of Moldova as a state with almost equal. He won 45 victories against the Ottoman Empire.
Hoard of the Bukovina is framed in UNESCO's catalog - "Great monuments of the world." In most cases, churches were founded as a place of noble families for burial. Using colors such as blue Voroneţ, Humor Red or green of Arbore, painters (mostly unknown) have described the biblical stories of earth and heaven, scenes from the life of the Holy Virgin and Jesus Christ, the story's beginnings and life after death. At first, the scenes were painted on the interior walls, and then extended to the exterior. The reasons for such vast scenes were both religious and didactic.
House of the People is the second largest building in the world. It is the headquarters of Parliament. It is located in Bucharest, the Romanian capital. Bucharest It is the largest city in Romania, located in the southeast of the country. Bucharest was first mentioned in documents as early as 1459.Bucharest is the 6th largest city in the Europeean Union by population within city limits (3 million). Because of the French influence, Bucharest was once called "the Paris of the East" or "Little Paris."
The Black Sea The Romanian Black Sea Riviera stretches along 275 km of coastline.The most important resort is Mamaia. More than 1 million tourists come here every year. Other important resorts have names from the Roman and Greek mythology: Neptun, Venus, Saturn, Jupiter, Olimp.Costineşti is the traditional students' resort, while Vama Veche is well known for its particular atmosphere.
The Danube The Danube is the second longest among the rivers of Europe (after Volga), the only European river that flows from west to east. It rises in the Black Forest (Germany) and flows south-east over a distance of about 2860 km, to the Black Sea. At the mouth of the river Danube Delta Black Sea was formed. The course takes place over a distance less than 1,075 km in Romania, representing 29.9% of the total. Romania has the largest portion of the Danube.
The Danube Delta Delta entered into the UNESCO World Heritage in 1991, is classified as a national biosphere reserve in Romania and the national park. Contains more than 320 species of birds as well as 45 freshwater fish species in its numerous lakes and backwaters. This is where millions of birds from different corners of the Earth (Europe, Asia, Africa, Mediterranean) come to roost. It is also known for its various species of trees and other plants.
Personalities Constantin Brâncuși Nicolae Grigorescu Mihai Eminescu -Ion Luca Caragiale - Nicolae Iorga George Enescu- Grigorie Moisil Maia Mogenstein - Ion Creanga - Titu Maiorescu Nadia Comăneci - George Emil Palade Gheorghe Zamfir Angela Gheorghiu - Traian Vuia Tudor Gheorghe -Ana Aslan Henri Coandă -Ciprian Porumbescu Mirca Eliade -Vasile Alecsandri Gheorghe Hagi Ilie Nastase -Eugen Ionescu Herta Müller Dumitru Prunariu -Gabriela Szabo