Migrants life stories from RomaniaDocument Transcript
MEETING ROMANIAN SPEAKING PEOPLE FROM NORTH TO SOUTH OF EUROPEA FAMILY LIKE MANY OTHERS IN SPAIN Constantin Nitu, is a Romanian who arrived in Spain in 1997 to work as a daylaborer. Now he runs his own small construction business, employing otherRomanian immigrants. He has 15 employees.Many people found work in the booming construction sector. Across the suburbs ofMadrid, armies of hard-hatted workers are building row upon row of apartment high-rises on freshly bulldozed hillsides. "If you work well, you always have work," saysConstantin Nitu. His wife, Luminita, runs a thriving bakery in the Madrid suburb of Coslada.She sells poppy seed pastries and other specialties of her native Romania. Trainedas a nurse, she arrived in Spain in 1997 with little more than a suitcase and took ajob caring for an elderly Spanish woman while her husband did construction work.By 2001, they had saved and borrowed enough from friends to open the bakery.When they wanted to expand the business two years ago, they easily got a $55,000loan from a local bank. "At first my idea was to stay here for a year, earn money, andgo back, but now I know I wont leave," she says. "I work hard, but my life is like afairy tale." They are from Transilvania, Sibiu city. Besides of the crisis, they don’t intendto leave Spain, as their children, Maria and Luca are already going at school.
LESSON OF EMIGRATION IN ITALY Among different stories on emigration in Europe, a unique experience for mewas visiting The National Museum of Italian Emigration opened at Rome’sComplesso Vittoriano in Piazza Venezia. The lesson I have learned from that particularly day was complex andinteresting, meaningful to me, both history and human personal story.• Lesson of experiencing emigration of Italian people – “ feeling an immigrant”. Emigration is an essential part of the history of Italy, believe the actual leaders of Italy. Therefore, in October 2009, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs opened this museum. The meaning of this museum is to illustrate the birth and development of Italian emigration from the late 19th century to the present day, and how Italianpeople have left their mark all over the world, contributing to development and wellbeing in many places. The Museum aims to recognize the role played by emigration. The history ofItaly would be certainly incomplete without understanding it. The National Museum of Italian Emigration, presents the diversity ofexperiences at regional and local perspective of national unity, it is an opportunity toreflect on the history, current events and the future and feeling of being Italian. Studying the press articles about the National Museum of Italian Emigration,we found out the emblematic words of the president of the Republic, at the openingtime:“Today we welcome immigrants andhave become a country of massiveimmigration, but we must never forgetthat we are a country of emigrants.Italians went abroad under extremelyhard conditions that they should neverforget”. “What is today a legacy of affection andfriendship for Italy everywhere I go isalso a sign of what our emigrants didwhen they went abroad”.As a Romanian citizen, but never directly experiencing being an immigrant, thislesson impacted me much. Coming from Romania, a country of more than 3 millions of recentimmigrants in the EU states (according to a research made in July 2010 presentedon wikipedia), and number one in legal immigrants in Italy (over half of a millionRomanian people immigrants in Italy in 2010, over 15,1% of the total number of
emigrants & workers in Italy, according to the online publication www.brasovultau.ro),I had a strong feeling of the present sociological phenomena that repeats over thetimes and places. At a moment I thought that there will be a time when Romanian historians willfell the need of a similar approach upon the Romanian Immigrants. By seeinghuman stories of Italian people, families that had left their villages to seek their lifeabroad, in the 19-th centuries, instantly came into my mind the picture of Romanianchildren having their families abroad to work, and missing their parents, in thepresent days.• Life lesson on immigration in the… Museum of Emigration Right in the moment of full empathy with Italian immigrants feelings, which Ifelt deeper because the present story of Romanian immigrants, I was to receiveanother interesting lesson of life. Tending to compare the Italian immigration in the 19-th centuries andRomanian immigration at present, I was wrong in a way. The lady from the museumexplained me how. The young lady who told us the touching story of Italian immigration asked thegroup where is everyone from. I said I was from Romania. All of the sudden she kindly smiled, and she said:“I am also from Romania!” O!!! I was astounded. She spoke Romanian to me!!! I was curious about her story and I asked her to a short discussion afterfinishing the Museum presentation. Her name was Alina , 29 years of age, living in Roma along with all her family:mother, brother and her husband. In 1998 her mother lived Fagaras, a small city in the middle of the country andcame to Rome to work as a housekeeper to an Italian Family. Alina finished her Highschool in her birth town and after graduation she wentto her mother to work in Italy also.He applied and graduated the Faculty of History in Rome and since the museumwas created she applied for a job as a recent graduated and was accepted. So she works there from the beginning. In the University she met and fall inlove with an Italian student at Arts University. They married and she had a girl of 3years old. She told me she feels completely integrated in Italy, her entire life is there, butevery holiday they prefer to go to visit their family and beautiful places in Romania,to her grandparents. Her background as an immigrant along with her studies in History helped herto get this important job to present the short story of Italian immigration. She also explained me the difference between Italian immigration andRomanian people that recently emigrated in Italy. While Italian immigrants felt miserable leaving miles away their country andterribly missing their birthplaces, Romanians were welcomed in Italy. She spoke from her experience, she never experienced exclusion of any kind,mainly she soon learned Italian language and get accepted in The university, nowshe is an Italian citizen. Alina told me she benefited of all rights in Roma. Coming from an expert in history I understood better the phenomena.
The lesson I’ve learned is not only that I realized the common routs and how similarRomanians and Italians are, like the ancient Romans offsprings. I understood that immigration today has a different approach due to theglobalize world enhanced by rapid and easy flight traveling opportunities andexpanding of the internet with free communication.NAPOLETANO SUCCESS STORY On a rainy day in bella Napoli, the HID team attending the project meeting inItaly in September 2010 went for lunch in a Pizzeria. There we met a nice ladywaitress, Daniela. She is 42 years old, from Botosani, northern Romania. She came
smiling to us, and she said she came to us because she heard us speakingRomanian. Being during her working time she had no time for telling stories but,after a while, finishing her shift, she could talk to us for a while. She told us she came to Italy to work after 2 years of being unemployed inRomania, after her factory in Botosani was demolished. Now she said she is welland her family is with her, and continued smiling “How are things going there, withyou? And we felt that when she said “you” she delimited herself from us, theRomanian people. And she continued “Here, with us, the things are not quite good”,again placing herself amongst the Italians who accepted her and gave her a job. It was very clear for us that for Daniela and her family the future was there, inItaly and that she had no thought, at least for that moment, to return back home,even if she was there only for 5 years. She told us she adapted very easily there,Italy became her home, people were very kind to her and she never feltdiscriminated. She also insisted to tell us that he/she who works hard and isrespectful of laws and people will also be respected and valued. ROMANIAN ACTRESS BATTLES RACISM IN ITALY Ramona Bădescu (born November 29, 1968) is a Romanian-born Italian actress, singer, model, and politician. In 2008 Bădescu joined the list of council candidates
supporting Gianni Alemanno for Mayor of Rome, but was not successful. However Alemanno was elected mayor and subsequently appointed her his Counsellor for the Romanian Communitys Integration. As Italy struggles to contain a rising tide of xenophobia and racism, the largest andmost despised minority in the country has acquired a glamorous standard-bearer.Like 1.2 million other residents of Italy, Ramona Badescu is an immigrant fromRomania. The willowy actress and singer from Bucharest moved to Italy after the fallof the communist dictator Nicolae Ceausescu in 1989 and is the closest thing Italypossesses to a Romanian household name. Now Romes mayor, Gianni Alemanno, has made her his counsellor for theRomanian communitys integration. "I hope to become a bridge between theRomanians and the mayor," she said. "Romanians here have many problemsconnected to work: more Romanians die at work sites than any other nationality."Her first policy idea is to set up a free phone service in both languages to helpRomanian migrants find information, residence permits and other practicalinformation. Ms Badescu, who has a degree in commerce and economics, sustain thatshe is the right person for the job. "Im an emigrant and emigration is never a happyact. Its full of problems: you leave your family behind. You are hoping and dreamingof a better life, but when you arrive its very different from what you imagined." NORDIC ENVIRONMENT CARE FROM A ROMANIAN EXPERT Attending a meeting in another international project, the team from TheTeacher Training Center of Bucharest went to Jelling in Denmark at first ofDecember 2010. On the hotel corridor, hearing us speaking Romanian, a lady cometo us, and told us how interesting thing in such a small town of Denmark, hearingRomanians. She told us, she was also romanian and ask about us. Then she invited us toher office based in the hotel, as she was working there.
The lady is CERNAT DANA-LAURA, borne in 1967 in Bucuresti, Romania.She is a Danish citizen now. Dana works as a Project manager at her NGO specialized in environmentprotection, Grøent Forum- Jelling Denmark. She promotes a lot of projects involving youngsters and volunteers inDenmark. http://www.groentforum.dk/projekter.html ROMANIA - A PLACE TO STUDY ROMANIAN SPEAKING PEOPLE IN ARLANDA - STOCHOLM AIRPORT Going to Bollnas - Sweden in MASS Leonardo da Vinci project, in September2010, our team from the Teacher Training Center Bucharest had to take the trainfrom Stockholm to Gavle than Bollnas. In the Airport rail station we used to discuss .... in Romanian language.
Right when we were watching the green announcement panel next to theline, a gentleman approached to us and said… Hello! in… Romanian. We were surprised! A Romanian man on the same line to small Gavle… But, Mr. Muhhamad Galeh was not… Romanian, we found out after hearing hisshort story. We were curious to see how a foreign citizen speaks so accurate Romanianlanguage. He was born in Iran, and 26 years ago he decided to go to study medicineabroad. At that time, in the 80’s the arabic countries were in a very good relationshipwith Romania, a lot of young students from Iran, Iraq and African countries went tostudy in our country. At that time our country was leaded by Nicolae Ceausescu,and our socialist country was good friend to the Arabic countries. So, Mr. Muhhamad Galeh is a medical doctor, he graduated University ofMedicine in Timisoara, a big town in the west of Romania. He said he lovesRomania and Romanian language, since his student years that is why he still lovesto talk Romanian. He said he knowledge he got in the university was very good andhe is very appreciate in Sweden. He was twice in Romania as a tourist in the last 20 years and he was happyto talk to us. He said he use to exchange mails and phone calls to some friends ofhis still in Romania, only to practice Romanian language. He lives In Stockholmsince 1990. Live Stud Born TALLIN... ESTONIA... AN UNEXPECTED PLACE TO MEET A ROMANIAN IN THE STREET... Tallin... Estonia, we were there in June 2011 in our last HID project meeting. Quite improbable to
hear Romanian language on the street, so we could talk freely, we thought... We were wrong again. Going on a narrow sreet full of restorants and small souvenirshops, we heared: Buna ziua! In our language, with some accent but, romanian.Another interesting story: We met Anatolie Priboi who was painting the beautiful city walls of Tallinand the magnificent landscape around. He is an artist. He was born in Ungheni, Republic of Moldova, Basarabia, one of the formermember of The Soviet Union like all the Baltic states. After 1944, the second world war, The Soviet Union took many territories.Among them, Basarabia, an old part of Ester Romania, a territory inhabited byRomanian citizens from ancient times. That is why he said very convincing and very happy: I am Romanian also! of course in Romanian language. B He was born in a Romanian family but under the communists in The Former Soviet republic of Moldova. He decided to go, to live in a western country. So when he chosen university he went to the most western and most “democratic” place in the Soviets. In the 80 this place seemed to be Estonia. He went to the fine art University of Tallin. He told us he was happy living in Tallin, married a Russian lady. He almost crying confessed he never came to Romania, orto Bucharest, even though he was born in the nearest city from the border, riversideRomania. We invited him to visit us at The Training Center. TURKISH IMIGRANTS BRING EXCELENCE IN ROMANIAN EDUCATION Started from a Turkish investment in Romania, a network of educational institutions were developed since 1995 under the name LUMINA Educational Institutions. There are a group of private educational institutions which has continuously
developed in different cities of Romania, and expanded to all educational levels,from kindergarten to High school and University. The educational institutes flourished to a prestigious network of highstandards education in Romania. The high school is known as an incubator of giftedstudents, Olympics in different subjects. Some passionate teachers and head managers arethe promoters of this success.One them is Mustafa OZ. He graduated the Facultyof Chemistry at University of Ankara, and applied fora job as a teacher in Romania when he hared that aTurkish school was recently opened.He get the job as a teacher of chemistry and step bystep settled here first In Constanta then in Bucharest.He married a Turkish lady and now they have twochildren. They applied for Romanian citizenship andare completely devoted to promote education and the institution.Step by step he was promoted Head of Primary school and now, head of TheInternational Computer High School of Bucharest - General Coordinator Director. Heis the leader of a team of professionals in education, both Romanian and Turkish,which promote a high quality education in Bucharest, and coordinate an interculturaleducational environment.From Mr. Mustafa OZ our learners and the entire HID team (He hosted at LuminaInternational School one day of the HID project meeting in Romania, Bucharest)learned a lot. We were impressed by his personality, his strong will to promote education,based on excellence standards and intercultural values.As Romanians we were impacted by his strong feelings and commitment to hisadoptive country, Romania, determined to leave a trace here. The Teacher Training team is pleased and honored to work together withsuch valuable people.http://www.ichb.ro
International Computer High school of Bucharest DR. RAED ARAFAT, OUR ROMANIAN HERO Dr. Raed Arafat was born in Damask but was raised in Nablus (Palestine). Atthe age of 16 he arrived in Romania in Pitesti after a few attempts to study medicinein various foreign countries. Romania was the only country that allowed him to stayon her territory. Dr. Raed Arafat started medicine at Cluj but after a year he droppedschool because of his father died. After this he moved to Mures to study intensivecare. At Targu Mures not everything went smoothly but he found people who helpedhim from the beginning.
In 1990 Dr. Raed Arafat was the initiator of the first The Mobile Services of Emergency, Resuscitation and Descarceration in Romania where lots of problems of the emergency medical system made it inefficient. Dr. Raed ArafatIn 2003 received the National Order “For Merit” in rank of Knight the whole scientificand research activity, for outstanding contribution to the development and promotionof Integrated Emergency Services in Romania.Raed Arafat is decorated by the President, with the National Order “For Merit” inrank of Officer for efforts made in rescuing people from floods and daily efforts tosave the lives of many Romanian.Raed Arafat earned a doctorate degree in medicine at the University of Medicineand Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca, after which he performed during residency inanesthesiology – intensive care at UMF Cluj and U.M.F. Targu Mures.He graduated a large number of courses in emergency medicine and disastermanagement, both in Romania and abroad, such as rates of Rescue Commander(COS), the Paris Fire Brigade, Emergency Nuclear Civilian, U.S. Army NationalGuard, Maryland, chief emergency physician, Copenhagen, Denmark or Air MedicalTransport – Air Ambulance Service Norway.Raed Arafat is also an instructor in emergency medicine issues and was a memberof the group of instructors of international courses for emergency medical chief inAthens in 2002 and in Graz in 2003. Recently, the European Master’s graduateprogram in disaster medicine at the Free University of Brussels, Belgium. It isstudent of the UMF Cluj.
• The sociological approach tends to change concepts from immigration to different 3 kinds of mobility for work or study , enhanced by the EU politics of promoting mobility of European citizens.• The international migration contributes to the economic progress and to promoting cultural awareness. 4 COMMON APPROACH OF ROMANIAN EMIGRANTS ABROAD From discussing and interviewing different persons in different countries, their common approach was that: • They proved to be were happy to talk about Romania, in Romanian language. • They were interested to learn what is going on at their home country. • They pointed out a complete and even smooth inclusion in their “adoptive” country, stressing upon opportunities that they benefited from. • They all keep strong relationships with the rest of the family in Romania, some of them invested in houses or land or even in business in Romania. • Still, because of the difficult conditions, the majority don’t plan to return in the near future, nor in the far future, but in holidays. LESSON WE HAVE LEARNED FROM THIS EXPERIENCE • By interviewing and talking to people, the project team, along with our learners learned a lot of things about different countries and history at personal level. • We understood better the complex feelings of immigrant people, in an applied psychology approach. • By meeting Romanian people almost everywhere we could better understand through a common cultural psychology realities of different places and different societies. • The fact that they are immigrants they could compare different communities and societies. • We found out the patriotic feelings to be Romanian of some immigrants from Easter countries: Turks, Arabs, Egyptians, and we raise awareness upon our cultural identity. 3 MOBILITY vs MIGRATION Project ; http://www.mobility-migration.net 4 Migration and Mobility in the European Union, Andrew Geddes , Virginie Guiraudon , Christina Boswell , January 18, 2011 Palgrave Macmillan.