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Migrants and crimes in Europe

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  • 1. Migrants and crimes in Europe Lecturer Prof. Dionisio MALANDRINO Headmaster – CTP BORDIGA Naples Italy
  • 2. Introduction
    • The belief of unsafety in some west European countries related to the presence of migrants, seems no longer supported by new sociological surveys.
    • In the last years the number of crimes has decreased despite repeated migration waves from neighboring countries.
  • 3.
    • Moreover the rate of criminal acts between natives and migrants with residence permits is almost overlapping.
    • This trend seems to be shared from other countries despite the scarce data so far available.
    • The extension of legal status to migrants decreases the likelihood of being engaged in criminal acts.
  • 4. The difference in the legislative patterns among the different European countries surveyed in this preliminary study is a further obstacle in deriving clear and definitive conclusions on the issue. Our approach, far from being scientifically founded, must be regarded as a “general view” on the migratory flow reported by different partners.
  • 5. The Greek data
    • This slide shows the trend of arrested illegal migrants in the 2000.s
  • 6. The Greek data
    • The figure reported is supported by the fact that the country represents the south east gate for migrants to access to Europe.
    • Notwithstanding the migratory wave the percentage of migrants arrested for crimes is nearly 1/3 of the total.
    • Statistics of the Greek police 2005 percentage of immigrants arrested for different crimes:
    • For homicide 32%
    • For rape 34%
    • For theft and burglary 28%
    • For robbery 34%
    • For car theft 25%
  • 7. The Polish data
  • 8. The Polish data
    • Provide the nationalities of injured foreigners in Poland but data concerning the number of crimes committed by natives and migrants are lacking to us.
  • 9.
    • Held foreigners are relatively more frequent in the countries (Austria, Germany etc.) confining with emigration area and where restrictive politics on immigration are issued.
    • Accordingly the great part of held foreigners are “irregular” or because their “condition” was still present from the beginning or established after getting out from the jail.
  • 10.
    • Another issue which deserves attention is the correlation between the proness
    • to illegal attitudes of host population and the figure of held foreigners in those countries. In order to control this phenomenon the expulsion of migrants seems at moment to be the only strategy adopted by the great part of European countries.
  • 11.  
  • 12. Conclusive remarks
    • As the Spanish team stressed in their report opinion polls relates more and more immigrations to crime regardless of the injures really committed by migrants in host countries.
    • We thank all the partners sharing their data.