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 Presentation from the Spanish partners about “Migration Movements in Spain”.
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Presentation from the Spanish partners about “Migration Movements in Spain”.

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Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. Spain’s geographical location: in the southwestern Europe
  • 3. Spain is part of the Iberian Peninsula. Its geographical location and history are crucial in the migratory phenomenon.
  • 4. Pictures of Spain in the ’60s Spain was a country of emigrants.
  • 5. Major migration from Spain to Europe in the years 1960-1973
  • 6. In the ’60s, Spanish emigrants were going primarily to West Germany, Switzerland and France.
  • 7.
    • Since the ‘90s, Spain becomes a country of immigrants. Reasons :
    • Consolidation of the democracy.
    • Integration into the EU.
    • Economic Development.
    • Its geographical location explains the origins of immigrants. They are mainly:
    • a) Africans : because Spain is one of the bridges between Europe and Africa (Spain and Africa are separeted by only 13 km: Strait of Gibraltar).
    • b) Eastern Europeans because Spain is a Mediterranean country.
    • c) Hispanics: because of historical reasons.
  • 8. Irregular immigrants arriving to a spanish coast in small boats Diversity of cultures in Spain
  • 9. The regular and irregular immigration are contributing to the rejuvenation of Spanish population.
  • 10. Evolution of foreign residents number In the bar chart, we can see that in 7 years the foreign population in Spain increased significantly (it has nearly quintupled).
  • 11.  
  • 12. REGULAR AND IRREGULAR IMMIGRANTS COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN IN THE BEGINNING OF XXIst CENTURY.
  • 13. IRREGULAR IMMIGRATION SUMMING-UP FROM SPANISH HOME OFFICE Due to the current economic crisis, irregular immigration is becoming a problem for Spanish authorities.
  • 14.
    • Since 2006, the irregular immigration begins to decline as seen in the graphs and data from the Spanish Home Office. The causes of the decline of irregular immigrants are: - The economic crisis and, as a result of it, the lack of work. - The increase of surveillance measures and border controls.
    • The increase of the number of police officers.
    • The pressure from the European Union to control immigration.
  • 15.  
  • 16.  
  • 17. Comparative report of repatriations (2006/2007)
  • 18.  
  • 19. Comparative report of repatriations (2007/2008)
  • 20.  
  • 21. Repatriation of irregular immigrants (2008/2009) The number of repatriations decreases due to the decrease of irregular immigrants arrivals to Spain.
  • 22.  
  • 23.
    • LEY ORGANICA 7/1985, de 1 de julio, sobre derechos y libertades de los extranjeros en España.
    LEY ORGÁNICA 4/2000, de 11 de enero, sobre derechos y libertades de los extranjeros en España y su integración social LEY ORGÁNICA 8/2000, de 22 de diciembre, de reforma de la Ley Orgánica 4/2000, de 11 de enero, sobre derechos y libertades de los extranjeros en España y su integración social. LEY ORGÁNICA 14/2003, de 20 de noviembre, de Reforma de la Ley orgánica 4/2000, de 11 de enero, sobre derechos y libertades de los extranjeros en España y su integración social, modificada por la Ley Orgánica 8/2000, de 22 de diciembre. LEY ORGÁNICA 2/2009, de 11 de diciembre, de reforma de la Ley Orgánica 4/2000, de 11 de enero, sobre derechos y libertades de los extranjeros en España y su integración social.
  • 24. Spain has become a multicultural country

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