Isaaa 2012 launch ppt slides kenya launch - ofab
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Presentation by Dr. Margaret Karembu, Director ISAAA Africenter during the launch of the Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops 2011.

Presentation by Dr. Margaret Karembu, Director ISAAA Africenter during the launch of the Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops 2011.

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Isaaa 2012 launch ppt slides kenya launch - ofab Presentation Transcript

  • 1. ISAAAGlobal Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops, 2011 by Margaret Karembu Director, ISAAA Africenter m.karembu@cgiar.org 23rd February 2012 OFAB-KENYA
  • 2. Overview of Presentation ISAAA• COMMERCIALIZATION 1996 to 2011• GROWING IMPORTANCE OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES – Brazil• IMPACT OF BIOTECH CROPS (1996 to 2010)• FUTURE PROSPECTS – 2012-2015 (MDG)
  • 3. ISAAA – www.isaaa.org ISAAAA Not-for-Profit Charity, co-sponsored by public and private sector organizationsISAAA is a Pro-Choice Organization• Share knowledge freely on crop biotechnologywhilst respecting the rights of others to make theirown decisions; ensure that the global society is wellinformed about the attributes and potentials of thenew crop biotech applications• MISSION – Contribute to poverty alleviation byincreasing crop productivity and income generation,particularly for small resource-poor farmers and toensure a safer and more sustainable environment
  • 4. THE Challenge – DOUBLE Crop Production by ISAAA2050 on LESS resources – water, N2, etc• NO SINGLE APPROACH can feed >9 billion in 2050 & >10 B in 2100• Conventional crop improvement ALONE will not double crop production by 2050 – GM/BIOTECH CROPS NOT A PANACEA but essential• Successful strategy must have MULTIPLE APPROACHES that address all the principal issues that include: • Population stabilization – Africa 3.6 B in 2100 out of 10.1 B • Improved food distribution systems, and less wastage • A Technology Component is ESSENTIAL – A crop improvement STRATEGY THAT INTEGRATES the BEST of the OLD (CONVENTIONAL) and the BEST of the NEW (BIOTECH) to optimize productivity and CONTRIBUTE to food, feed and fiber security and address climate change
  • 5. ISAAACOMMERCIALIZATION OF BIOTECH CROPS 1996 to 2011
  • 6. ISAAA
  • 7. Global Area (Million Hectares) of Biotech Crops,2011: by Country ISAAA Biotech Mega Countries 50,000 hectares (125,000 acres), or more Million Hectares 1. USA 69.0 2. Brazil* 30.3 3. Argentina* 23.7 4. India* 10.6 5. Canada 10.4 6. China* 3.9 7. Paraguay* 2.8 8. Pakistan* 2.6 9. South Africa* 2.3 10. Uruguay* 1.3 11. Bolivia* 0.9 12. Australia 0.7 13. Philippines* 0.6 14. Myanmar* 0.3 15. Burkina Faso* 0.3 29 countries which have adopted 16. Mexico* 0.1 Increase over 2010 17. Spain 0.1 biotech crops In 2011, global area of biotech Less than 50,000 hectares crops was 160 million hectares, 8% representing an increase of 8% Colombia* Chile* Czech Republic Poland Romania Sweden over 2010, equivalent to 12 million Honduras* Egypt* Costa Rica* hectares. Portugal Slovakia GermanySource: Clive James, 2011. * Developing countries
  • 8. ISAAAGROWING IMPORTANCE OFDEVELOPING COUNTRIES
  • 9. OVERVIEW OF DEVELOPING COUNTRIES versus INDUSTRIAL, 2011 ISAAA• 19 out of 29 biotech countries were Developing• For first time dev countries planted 50% of global area• Expected to exceed industrial country hectares in 2012• Brazil largest gain worldwide – 4.9 M Ha, 19% of global• Top 7 Developing countries planted >2 M Ha each• Growth rate twice as fast 8.2 M Ha (11%) vs 3.8 M Ha (5%)• ~16 M small biotech farmers, up ~1.3 M from 2010.• 1996-2010 Econ gain $39.2 B; in 2010 $7.7 vs $6.3 in Industrial Source: Clive James, 2012
  • 10. ISAAABrazil in Latin AmericaLand Area: 850 M HaPopulation: 195 MillionArable land: 59 M HaCommercialized Biotech Crops: HT soybean, Bt cotton and Bt maizeBiotech Crops Hectarage: 30 M Ha
  • 11. BRAZIL – THE LEAD DEVELOPING COUNTRY ISAAA• Ranked #2 with 30.3 M Ha equivalent to 19% of global area of 160 M Ha in 2011• Biotech Soy >20 M Ha (83% adoption), biotech maize >9 M Ha (65% adoption) and biotech cotton >0.5 M Ha (39% adoption)• Largest hectare gain worldwide for third consecutive year – 4.9 M Ha equivalent to 19% growth in 2011• Economic gain 2003-2010 – $4.6 B; $1.2 B in 2010 alone• EMBRAPA is Ag. R & D organization with cooperative programs in Africa – CTNBio is regulation agency• Former President Ignacio Lula da Silva awarded World Food Prize in 2011 for alleviating Poverty and HungerSource: Clive James, 2012
  • 12. BRAZIL – THE SRATEGIC ELEMENTS ISAAAINSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHS• EMBRAPA – Strong biotech program, well-resourced• CTNBio – Effective & timely deregulation – 14 products approved in 2010/2011DIVERSIFIED SOURCE OF PRODUCTS 3 product streamsPrivate – Proprietary products deployed on 30 M HaPublic/Private – Joint effort of EMBRAPA/BASF has already resulted in approved HT soybeanPublic – EMBRAPA has already developed and approved home- grown virus resistant biotech bean• 3 product streams, minimizes opportunity cost and maximizes impactSource: Clive James, 2012
  • 13. Africa OverviewBiotech Crops planting 2011 Biotech commercial ISAAA South Africa - Maize, cotton, soybean Egypt - Maize Burkina Faso - Cotton Biotech crops on trial RSA - potatoes, sugarcane, WEMA – RSA, Kenya, Uganda Kenya – cotton, maize, SP, cassava Egypt – cotton, potato, wheat, cucumber, melon Uganda - banana, cotton, cassava, maize, rice Nigeria - cowpea, cassava
  • 14. Case Study – Biotech cotton in Burkina Faso ISAAA Pictures: SOFITEX cotton company, Dec 2011
  • 15. Case Study – Biotech cotton in Burkina Faso ISAAA• Total cotton hectarage in Burkina(424,810 ha)• In 2011, ~247,000 (58%) hectares Bt cotton planted, from 260,000 hectares in 2010 Slight decline of 5% (or 13,433ha)- Key reasons for decline :• Farmers dissatisfied with purchase price offered for their 2010 cotton(245 CFA/Kg~0.5 USD for Bt or non Bt cotton)-Desired price:500CFA/Kg~1USD)• Farmers discouraged by rising costs of fertilizer• Poor agronomic practices• Erratic rains after planting~ 76,000 farmers planted Bt cotton• Adoption rate for Bt cotton: 58%
  • 16. Biotech cotton in Burkina Faso ISAAA Estimated economic benefit from Bt cotton - over US$100million/yr based on yield increases of close to 30%, plus at least50% reduction in insecticides sprays, from a total of 8 sprays to only 2 to 4 sprays for Bt cotton
  • 17. ISAAAIMPACT OF BIOTECH CROPS
  • 18. GLOBAL IMPACT OF BIOTECH CROPSSource: Brookes and Barfoot, 2012 Forthcoming; Clive James, 2012 ISAAA• IMPROVED PRODUCTIVITY AND INCOME – Farm income gains of $78 B from 1996 to 2010, of which 40% was due to cost reduction and 60% due to a production gain of 276 M tons; benefits conservative due spill-over from biotech to conventional.• PROTECT BIODIVERSITY – 276 M tons would require additional 91 M Ha – biotech is a land saving technology. Strategy is to double crop production on same area of 1.5 B Ha of crop land – saves forests/biodiversity – 13 M Ha lost/year.• ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT – Reduce need for external inputs – Saving of 443 M kg pesticides from 1996/2010 – 9% saved – Saved 19 B kg C02 in 2010 - contribution to climate change – Conservation of soil & WATER thru biotech + no/low till• HUMANITARIAN BENEFITS – Contribution to poverty alleviation of ~15 M small resource-poor farmers in 2011 & welfare benefits emerging
  • 19. ISAAA THE FUTURE 2012 - 2015THE REMAINING FOUR YEARS OF THE SECOND DECADE OF COMMERCIALIZATION 2015, The Millennium Development Goal Year
  • 20. THE FUTURE – 2012 - 2015 NEW & IMPROVED BIOTECH CROPS ISAAA• Several new biotech crop options --- 3 examples• 2012 – first stacked HT/IR soybean, particularly Brazil• 2013 – first drought tolerant maize in US; in Africa ~2017• 2013/14 – Golden Rice in the Philippines; US, omega 3 soy• Other candidates before 2015 include: several dual-action products for more effective & durable pest and weed management; and possibly biotech sugar cane in Indonesia• Biotech applications for “Speeding the breeding” – MAS and others, plus biotech crops, to provide a faster response to more severe and rapid changes in climate
  • 21. ISAAA
  • 22. Implementation of APPROPRIATE REGULATION is aMUST to spur adoption of biotech crops in AFRICA ISAAASource:Compiled by Clive James, 2012 EGYPT EGYPT UGANDA UGANDA BURKINA FASO MALI KENYA KENYA BURKINA TANZANIA FASO MALAWI TOGO NIGERIA NIGERIA SOUTH SOUTH AFRICA AFRICA 2011 (3 countries) 2015 (up to 10 countries) South Africa, Burkina Faso South Africa, Burkina Faso, and Egypt Egypt, Kenya, Uganda, Mali, Togo, Nigeria,, Ghana Ongoing Biotech Crop Field Testing and possibly Malawi
  • 23. Way forward for Africa ISAAA Biotech crops are a product of INNOVATION“the ability to manage change as an opportunity, not as a threat”We therefore need to communicate with society objectively and consistently