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Department of National Planning Colombia
 

Department of National Planning Colombia

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Theme: Possible work of the Task Team in the 2015/16 biennium: Climate Resilience and Development. ...

Theme: Possible work of the Task Team in the 2015/16 biennium: Climate Resilience and Development.
Presentation from the Department of National Planning of Colombia on their perspective on policy priorities for improving links between disaster risk management and climate change adaptation.

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    Department of National Planning Colombia Department of National Planning Colombia Presentation Transcript

    • Department of National Planning Colombia www.dnp.gov.co
    • Integration between disaster risk management and climate change adaptation Diana Hernández Gaona
    • 1. Colombian experience on climate change adaptation 2. Integration between disaster risk management and climate change adaptation 3. Role of development co-operation Contents
    • 1. Colombian experience on adaptation: development of the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan. NCCAP  Population: 46.5million  GDP per capita: US$ 7,104  GDP Growth Rate (2008-2012): 4%  Poverty: 27% (MPI) Source: DANE, DNP, WB Indicators, 2012
    • 1. Colombian experience on adaptation: development of the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan. NCCAP  Located in the Tropical Zone – Climate is influenced by ITCZ  Two coasts with different growth models and priorities  Biogeographic diversity:  Andes mountain chain reaching 5750 m.a.s.l.  314 types of ecosystems
    • 1. Colombian experience on adaptation: development of the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan. NCCAP At the start of the current government period (2010-2014) four climate change strategies were ongoing  National Climate Change Adaptation Plan: governmental entities  Colombian Low Carbon Development Strategy: 9 agencies + Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development  National Strategy for Reduced Emissions form Deforestation and Forest Degradation: Forest Carbon Partnership Facility + Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development  Financial Protection Strategy from Disaster: WB + Ministry of Economy and Public Credit
    • NCCAPInstitutional Strategy for Policy and Action on Climate Change Articulation Source: SISCLIMA draft decree National Climate Change System - SISCLIMA Intersectoral Comission for Climate Change- COMICC Transversal Financial Management Comittee Transversal Comittee for climate change investigation, information prouduction and communication Sectoral Comitree Territorial Comittee Foreign Affairs Comittee Colombian Low Carbon Development Strategy ECDBC National strategy on reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation ENREDD Strategy for financial protection against disasters EPFD
    • Reduce risk associated to climate variability and climate change in Colombia and socio economic impacts  Widen knowledge generation about potentital risks and opportunites  Incorporate climate risk management in sectoral and territorial development planning  Reduce vulnerability of socio economic and ecological systems. NCCAP National Climate Change Adaptation Plan Objectives
    • Sectorial Adaptation Plans Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into the Roadway Sector in Colombia Farming Sector Draft Strategy for Climate Phenomena Adaptation Study on the Colombian Energy Sector Vulnerability and Adaptation Options in the face of Climate Change Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into the National Policy for Sustainable Building Formulation of the Climate Change Adaptation Plan on Environmental Health NCCAP
    • • Progress to date • Challenges encountered in aligning the two agendas • Priorities for achieving closer integration DRM  CCA 2. Integration between disaster risk management and climate change adaptation
    • DRM  CCA 2.1. Progress to date Shift in risk management approach: from management (1984) to knowledge, reduction and management (2014). Agreement upon the need to improve knowledge about risks related to climate variability and climate change. Conceptual and regulation frameworks identified for both. Focus on ecosystem services as a means of strengthen territorial resilience. 90% Disasters asociated with hydrometeorological events (1998-2011)
    • DRM  CCA 2.1. Progress to date: Financial Protection Strategy for DRM Reduced/avoided risk Restrained risk Transfered risk Residual risk Probability Losses ($) 1. Prevention & Mitigation 3. Ease of Contingent Credit 4. Ease of insurance 5. Ex post finance 2. Budget provision (Reserve Funds) Instruments menu Source: DNP – adapted from IDB Finance protection mechanisms
    • Coordinating institutions DRM  CCA 2.1. Progress to date: Institutional architecture linking disaster risk management and climate change adaptation Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development Environmental National Authority National Unit for Risk Reduction Management Risk Reduction System Coordination Hydrology Meteorology and Environmental Studies Institute Frameworks information generation and analysis National Planning Department National Planning, Study of Economic Impacts of CC
    • National Planning Department DRM  CCA 2.1. Progress to date: Institutional architecture linking disaster risk management and climate change adaptation
    • DRM  CCA EVENTS/ EFFECTS POTENTIAL IMPACTS ACTIONS Knowledge Adaptation Risk Reduction Risk Management PLANIFICATION TOOLS SCOPEProspective intervention Corrective intervention Competent entities Competent entities Competent entities Competent entities Competent entities SNGRD SISCLIMA Glacier reduction Disturbance of support and regulation Ecosystem Services Monitoring icecap reduction X IDEAM, IGAC, SINAP, AA Action Plans, POMCA, PMAP X Studying effects over regional hydrologic cycle (e.g. Groundwater recharge) Strengthening of water integrated management at comunities X Municp, AA, ESP PTACC, Livelihood Plans, PDM X Studying and recomending ecosystem protection mechanisms X IAvH, SINAP, AA PTACC, PMAP, POMCA X Implementing ecosystem protection mechanisms X SINAP, AA, IAvH, Municp PTACC, POT, PMAP X Disturbance of cultural Ecosystem Services Foster tourism alternatives X MCIT PSACC, PDM, PDD X Foster environmental education programs X MADS, MEN PSACC, PDM, PDD X … … … … …
    • DRM  CCA Challenge Core issues Solution Varying local planning capacities Spreading of planning know-how at subnational levels • Spreading of planning tools • Supporting formulation • Identifying finance sources Apparently overlapping functions Diversity of government entities with crosscutting missions. E.g. Environmental Regional Authorities – Risk Management Committees Defining specific tasks under Climate Change Adaptation frameworks Weak environmental governance – water management Weak enforcement • Improving water monitoring and analysis • Improving key messages for policymakers (excess and default) Concentration in urban areas 70% of Colombians live in urban areas  Food, water and energy sources, are located on rural areas Regional – more than urban – adaptation scopes Competition with other sectoral priorities Resources invested on previously set targets Defining a shared agenda between DRM and CCA 2.2. Challenges encountered in aligning the two agendas
    • 2.3. Priorities for achieving closer integration Afford continuity of financial and human resources. Enhance climate change management capacities on sectorial and territorial planning instances. Define improvement of decision making under climate uncertainty. While as a developing country our decision makers demand quick and visible outcomes. Mainstream conceptual clarity on policy making. Identify risk reduction priorities and commit resources through the National Development Plan (2014-2018). Setting strategies for productive sectors (economic activities) to improve efficient water and energy use. DRM  CCA
    • ① Renew building technologies for new public infrastructure – adapted infrastructure ② Quantification of ecosystem services (parallel to environmental accounts) ③ Approval of nationally relevant projects subject to ecosystem services accountability ④ Mainstream climate varability and climate change related risks into land use regulation ⑤ Governance: community + ecosystem based adaptation pilots and programmes (follow- up). ⑥ Define private sector of risk-share ⑦ Assess CV and CC related risks 3. Role of development co-operation
    • Tel. (+57 1) 3815000 Calle 26 13-19 Piso 8 Bogotá - Colombia Contact www.dnp.gov.co