Availability, source and use of Development Finance Institution (DFI) data in the Climate Policy Initiative (CPI) Landscapes of Climate Finance
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Availability, source and use of Development Finance Institution (DFI) data in the Climate Policy Initiative (CPI) Landscapes of Climate Finance

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Presented in March 2014 by Jane Wilkinson, Director of Climate Policy Initiative, this presentation: ...

Presented in March 2014 by Jane Wilkinson, Director of Climate Policy Initiative, this presentation:
Provides a quick overview of the OECD-CPI Consultation on Tracking climate finance;
Summarises the CPI approach (Who is a Development Finance Institution or DFI? DFIs in the global landscape of climate finance; the availability and source of DFI climate finance data; compatibility of DFI data with other data sources);
Provides some suggestions of a way forward.

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Availability, source and use of Development Finance Institution (DFI) data in the Climate Policy Initiative (CPI) Landscapes of Climate Finance Availability, source and use of Development Finance Institution (DFI) data in the Climate Policy Initiative (CPI) Landscapes of Climate Finance Presentation Transcript

  • Availability, source & use of DFI climate 1 BRAZIL CHINA EUROPE INDIA INDONESIA UNITED STATES +39 041 2700 426 Island of San Giorgio Maggiore 8 30126 Venice Italy climatepolicyinitiative.org Availability, source and use of DFI data in the CPI Landscapes of Climate Finance OECD Rio Marker Task Team meeting, March 2014 Jane Wilkinson, Director
  • Availability, source & use of DFI climate 2 Overview of Presentation • Quick recap of OECD-CPI Consultation on Tracking Climate Finance • Summarize CPI approach - Who is a Development Finance Institutions (DFI)? - DFIs in the Global Landscape of Climate Finance 2013 - Availability and source of DFI climate finance data - Compatibility of DFI data with other data sources • Some suggestions for a way forward
  • Availability, source & use of DFI climate 3 Recap: OECD-CPI Consultation on Tracking Climate Finance, Warsaw, COP 19 • Improve tracking to ensure – Robustness and transparency – Incentives that encourage mainstreaming and prioritize climate change – Situate/understand climate finance in a broader context • Principles for better tracking – Better definitions and methods – Robust and integrated data management – Enhanced disclosure – Balance
  • Availability, source & use of DFI climate 4 Recap Continued • What might improve tracking and transparency? – Bring OECD reporting system, MDB reporting initiative and DFI surveys closer together – OECD DAC CRS is a good starting point • Broaden participation – Engage more openly with developing countries – Use informal work of ENVIRONET and WP-STAT Task Team – Strengthen developing country ability to track finance
  • Availability, source & use of DFI climate 5 Who is a Development Finance Institution (DFI)? Note: only institutions listed that are considered under the Global Landscape of Climate Finance 2013
  • Availability, source & use of DFI climate 6 DFIs in the Global Landscape of Climate Finance (USD billions flowing in 2011/2012)
  • Availability, source & use of DFI climate 7 The private sector provides the lion’s share of finance. PRIVATE 62% $224bn PUBLIC 38% $135bn The public sector plays a central role providing incentives, low-cost loans, risk coverage mechanisms, direct project investment, and technical support. DFIs as key actors in the Global Landscape 2013 DFIs $121 bn Government Budgets $9-16 bn Climate Funds $1.6 bn Project Developers $102 bn Corporate Actors $66 bn Households $33 bn Commercial Financial Institutions $21 bn Institutional Investors $0.4 bn Venture Capital Private Equity Infrastructure Funds $1.2 bn $359 bn
  • Availability, source & use of DFI climate 8 Availability and source of DFI climate finance data - DFI reporting to OECD DAC CRS system (Rio markers) - Pro: common definitions, review process, project level data is public, compatible with ODA Rio marker data - Con: limited coverage of DFIs unitl now, 2012 data only in 2014 - MDB climate finance joint report - Pro: full coverage of MDBs, common approach among MDBs , 2012 data in 2013 - Con: project level data is not public, compatibility with other data? - IDFC green finance mapping - Pro/Con: similar for DFIs under the IDFC as for MDB joint reporting - CPI surveys for DFIs (used for Global & Indonesian Landscape) - Pro: large coverage (40+), same definition/reporting format, 2012 data in 2013 - Con: ‘black box’ , CPI has no project level data, no control whether DFIs use the same approach / follow the given definition / methodology (compatibility has to be improved by intensive dialogue with individual DFIs)
  • Availability, source & use of DFI climate 9 Compatibility of DFI data with other data sources • Data of individual DFIs is largely compatible but there are inconsistencies - between MDBs and non-MDBs; among non-MDBs - in terms of: granularity of coding, inclusion of activities, stage of projects • Global and local DFI offices may have different views (Indonesia) • It is possible that DFIs definitions may differ from national players in developing countries (Indonesia) • DFI reporting under OECD DAC CRS allows for compatibility with ODA data • More consistent definitions mitigation than for adaptation data; MDB list of mitigation activities are an interesting way forward • Making DFI data as compatible as possible with CPI definition was time consuming (Indonesia, Global) - Compatibility much easier to achieve if project level data
  • Availability, source & use of DFI climate 10 Suggestions for the way forward For a full and high quality climate finance overview, we need: - Common definitions / reporting formats - List of activities included/excluded could help - Common application of definitions; can be improved with; - Transparency when reporting - Review system - Common database / tracking system, or ways to avoid double counting of flows - Project level reporting can help to identify overlaps - Identify ways to address the confidentiality issue that some DFIs face
  • Availability, source & use of DFI climate 11 Additional information www.ClimateFinanceLandscape.org www.ClimatePolicyInitiative.org
  • BRAZIL CHINA EUROPE INDIA INDONESIA UNITED STATES +39 041 2700 426 Island of San Giorgio Maggiore 8 30126 Venice Italy climatepolicyinitiative.org Thank you!