1
CCXG Seminar
Paris – March, 2014
Rafael Marchesini
BNDES – London Office
Fighting deforestation and promoting
conservati...
The Brazilian Amazon challenge
2
• 5.1 million km2
• 23 million people (12%
of Brazil’s)
• 350,000 indigenous people
• 70%...
Source: www.obt.inpe.br/prodes
Satellite-based Monitoring of the Brazilian Amazon
INPE is leading the world in the use of ...
04/06/12
Deforestation in 2012: 4.571 km2
Reduction since 2004: - 84%
Deforastation(km2/ano)
Year
....
- 84%
....
4.571km2...
5
National Policy Strategy - PPCDAM
Brazil efforts to reduce deforestation
7
Objective: to raise donations to invest in efforts to fight
deforestation and promote conservation and sustainable use
o...
Amazon Fund’s Governance
Donations
Steering
Committee
Guidelines
and criterias
Scientifical
Technical
Commitee
Certificati...
BNDES - Overview
 National development bank
 Long experience (1952) in implementing structural projects
 Strong fiducia...
10
Fundraising Mechanism
0
5000
10000
15000
20000
25000
30000
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 ...
11
Fundraising
Position on 04.02.2014
US$
786 million
contracted
Donations
% Distribution
Norway;
96%
German/
KFW 3,5%
Pet...
1
July 2009
 first projects were submitted
December 2013
 50 projects supported, totaling US$ 329 million
 47 projects ...
13
Amazon Fund’s supported projects
Evolution 2009-2013
*
14
A new sustainable development model
15
92 projects in the portfolio (US$ 667 millions)
R$ 2,4
R$ 2,8
R$ 2,2
R$ 4,9
R$ 4,5
Acre
CAR
R$ 16,8
R$ 19,3
Inst. Meio
...
16
Communication and Transparency
41 News bulletins
65 Portfolio reports
4 Annual Reports (Portuguese and English)
2 Short...
17
Final Remarks
 The experience from the Amazon Fund shows some of the main barriers that need to
be overcome for replic...
18
Brazil protects it. The world supports it. Everybody wins.
OBRIGADO!
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Climate finance marchesini (bndes)amazon fund fightingdeforestation&promotingconservation-ccxg gf march2014

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Climate finance marchesini (bndes)amazon fund fightingdeforestation&promotingconservation-ccxg gf march2014

  1. 1. 1 CCXG Seminar Paris – March, 2014 Rafael Marchesini BNDES – London Office Fighting deforestation and promoting conservation and sustainable development
  2. 2. The Brazilian Amazon challenge 2 • 5.1 million km2 • 23 million people (12% of Brazil’s) • 350,000 indigenous people • 70% urban population • 46% below poverty line (2nd poorest region) • 17% deforested Global Benefits • World’s largest rainforest • Unique biodiversity • 20% globe’s fresh water • Carbon stocks
  3. 3. Source: www.obt.inpe.br/prodes Satellite-based Monitoring of the Brazilian Amazon INPE is leading the world in the use of satellite imagery to monitor tropical deforestation PRODES, DETER, DEGRAD, DETEX
  4. 4. 04/06/12 Deforestation in 2012: 4.571 km2 Reduction since 2004: - 84% Deforastation(km2/ano) Year .... - 84% .... 4.571km2 3.925km2
  5. 5. 5 National Policy Strategy - PPCDAM
  6. 6. Brazil efforts to reduce deforestation
  7. 7. 7 Objective: to raise donations to invest in efforts to fight deforestation and promote conservation and sustainable use of the Amazon Biome Up to 20% of the resources may support deforestation monitoring systems in other Brazilian biomes and in tropical forests in other countries Legal Framework - 2008
  8. 8. Amazon Fund’s Governance Donations Steering Committee Guidelines and criterias Scientifical Technical Commitee Certifications of emissions avoided Management External Audit NGOs Governmental Entities Research Institutions Project Execution
  9. 9. BNDES - Overview  National development bank  Long experience (1952) in implementing structural projects  Strong fiduciary and safeguards instruments  Key instrument for the federal government’s economic policies  Main provider of long-term financing in Brazil  Activities and capability in environmental and social projects US$ 88.1 billion of disbursements in 2013 Why BNDES as a manager?
  10. 10. 10 Fundraising Mechanism 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 30000 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Average deforestation rate (1996 - 2005) 19.625 km² km² Average deforestation rate (2001 - 2010) 16,531 km² Deforested area in the Amazon Biome (km²) Formula Quantity Performance Payments’ Approach Step 1 Step 2
  11. 11. 11 Fundraising Position on 04.02.2014 US$ 786 million contracted Donations % Distribution Norway; 96% German/ KFW 3,5% Petrobrás 0,5%
  12. 12. 1 July 2009  first projects were submitted December 2013  50 projects supported, totaling US$ 329 million  47 projects under consultation or analysis (US$ 340 million) Strategic resources for sustainable development in the Amazon Position on 12.01.2013
  13. 13. 13 Amazon Fund’s supported projects Evolution 2009-2013 *
  14. 14. 14 A new sustainable development model
  15. 15. 15 92 projects in the portfolio (US$ 667 millions) R$ 2,4 R$ 2,8 R$ 2,2 R$ 4,9 R$ 4,5 Acre CAR R$ 16,8 R$ 19,3 Inst. Meio Ambiente MS R$ 16,4 R$ 15,9 R$ 5,4 Alta Floresta II/MT R$ 7,1 Censipam R$ 10,3 Estado Mato Grosso R$ 35,0 Inpe R$ 71 Rio Terra R$ 9,1 Sema Tocantins R$ 40,5 Sepror/AM R$ 32,1 Sepror/AM Agroecólogica R$ 14,9 Bombeiros do Amazonas R$ 14,5 Bombeiros do Pará R$ 16,8 Mamirauá R$ 8,5 OTCA R$ 23,7 Porto de Moz/PA R$ 0,3 WWF R$ 3,2 Estado do Amapá R$ 40,3 Estado do Pará R$ 82,4 Ibama Prevfogo R$ 14,7 Bannach/PA R$ 1,5 PDSEAI/RO R$ 32,3 R$ 6,4R$ 5,7 Seind Amazonas R$ 17,2 Cotriguaçu /MT R$ 2,9 IOV Sem. Portal II R$ 16,1 Bombeiros Distr. Federal R$ 10,6 R$ 2,8 R$ 5,1 ISA R$ 8 R$ 5,3 R$ 10 R$12,4 R$ 4,1 R$ 1,3 Estado do Maranhão R$ 20 Estado do Acre R$ 60 Alta Floresta/MT R$ 2,8 Estado do Amazonas R$ 20 Anapu/PA R$ 0,4 Bombeiros Mato Grosso R$ 12,6Bombeiros de Rondônia R$ 15 Bombeiros do Tocantins R$ 5 Carlinda/MT R$ 1,9 FAS 2009-2013 R$ 19,1 Funbio Kayapó R$ 16,9 Fase R$ 9,3 FBB R$ 15 IBAM R$ 18,9 IFT R$ 7,4 Marcelândia /MT R$ 0,7 IPAM R$ 24,9 ISPN R$ 12,8 Jacundá/PA R$ 0,8 Musa R$ 8,5 Porto Gaúchos/MT R$ 0,1 Sema/PA R$ 15,9 SFB – IFN R$ 65 TNC Brasil R$ 16 UFPA NAEA/Fórum R$ 2,7 UFPA Biodiversidade R$ 4,6 UFPA Comp. Bio. R$ 1,4 UFPA Flor. Mangue R$ 2 UFPA Ilhas de Belém R$ 1,1 Imazon R$ 9,7 IOV Sem. Portal R$ 5,4 Bombeiros do Acre R$ 13,3 SEMA/BA R$ 29,4 Finep R$ 71 Funbio ARPA Fase II R$ 20 R$ 3,7 R$ 2 UEA – Muraki Cart. Social R$ 4,6 Força Nacional R$ 51,3 Bombeiros de Roraima R$ 34,9 R$ 80 Carlinda /MT R$ 5,7 Est. Roraima R$ 34,3 R$ 5,5 R$ 12 ICMBio R$ 60 R$ 7,2 R$ 19,4 R$ 4,0 R$ 43 CAR Mato Grosso R$ 76,4 R$ 7,2 R$ 3,9 R$ 7,1 Portfolio – December - 2013 Under Consultation Under Analysis Supported Total amount “Under Consultation” US$ 176 million Total amount “Under Analysis”: US$ 162 million Total amount “Supported”: US$ 329 million Municipalities Fed.Gov. NGOs Universities International States Private Enterprise Legal Nature of the Executor
  16. 16. 16 Communication and Transparency 41 News bulletins 65 Portfolio reports 4 Annual Reports (Portuguese and English) 2 Short films produced 250 messages / year: fundoamazonia-faleconosco@bndes.gov.br COFA’s discussions available on the Amazon Fund’s website http://www.fundoamazonia.gov.br/FundoAmazonia/fam/site_pt/Esquerdo/Fundo/cofa.html www.fundoamazonia.gov.br
  17. 17. 17 Final Remarks  The experience from the Amazon Fund shows some of the main barriers that need to be overcome for replicating and scaling up:  Design of eligibility criteria to ensure that projects supported will contribute to the Fund’s objective;  Capacity building to structure, evaluate and execute the projects;  Mobilization of institutions with the relevant skills to lead each project; and  Establishment of effectiveness and transparency mechanisms.  The increase of resources allocated to climate finance projects can be achieved as a result of new mechanisms and by amplifying the scope of existing instruments (e.g. the Amazon Fund is starting to support projects out of Brazil).  New mechanisms will be more effective when aligned with national and local public policies.
  18. 18. 18 Brazil protects it. The world supports it. Everybody wins. OBRIGADO!

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