3.2 K. Hieronymi, Africa E-waste alliance
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  • EUWID is a market research organization publishing ranges of prices for E-Waste charged or paid by recyclers for various waste categories in Germany.
    Important: Payments / Fees are ‚free ramp recycler‘ (not including collection & transport)
  • RSA: alliance contributed to build the national waste mngt strategy, Nov 2011, IWMP = EPR
    Nigeria: input to the EEE reg, Aug 2011, 1st ever in Africa. White Paper outlining ‘system’ solution. Being presented to NESREA… Full incorporation of informal sector as a key stakeholder (Alaba, Comp Village)
    Ghana : Alliance joined NDF, focused on developing proper guideline (Abgogoshie – lots of focus/attention).
    Kenya : proactive approach, less vol < Nigeria, excellent guideline, regulation to be developed, excellent collaboration with NEMA & MEMR.
    Uganda: we were approached by the government as a selected advisor
    Ethiopia & Tanzania – we are in the early stages of interaction

    + key role in SC of this conference: switch to solution !
  • How does the model work ?  about “Connecting” Informal Sector to Global Markets
    Dismantling/recycling & trading platform – local & offshore sales or fractions/materials @ best price & best recycling standards
    Country coverage (and actually beyond : regional EAC)
    Major volume will be captured from informal sector collection B2B TB direct to trading platform ~ small volume
    TC & CC are ‘formal’ businesses…. But also formalizing the informal / better revenue & less exposure to hazards


  • 1. E-waste Recycling in Africa -responsible growth- Klaus Hieronymi Hewlett-Packard on behalf of the E-Waste Solutions Alliance for Africa OECD Workshop on Extended Producer Responsibility, Tokyo, 17th April 2014 Reclaimed Appliances (UK) Ltd Leading, not following
  • 2. Shipments to West-Africa Fully Functional E-Waste Sold after local repair70% Where are WEEE in Africa. EMPA / UNEP Feb. 2012 15% 15% Today‘s source of E-Waste in developing countries: • 2nd hand products used in country • new products sold in country • E-Waste from industrialised countries Sources of e-Waste in developing countries today
  • 3. • When Extended Producer Responsibility was invented in the 1980‘s , proper E-Waste Management carried significant cost. • Today, proper E-Waste Management allows significant profits, especially in countries with low labour cost. EPR needs updating to account for waste that has value
  • 4. Example: Copper  1250 $/t (2000)  5500 $/t (May 2014) Drivers of e-waste value
  • 5. Copy / Paste solutions from the industrialized world do not work in developing countries - value of waste is (relatively) high - no/limited municipal infrastructure - no proper treatment available (few exceptions) EPR in developing countries needs a tailored approach
  • 6. Collection is not the problem Proper treatment is not available The main issue is ...
  • 7. Create an infrastructure for E-Waste which:  drives all E-Waste into proper treatment channels  creates good, clean jobs  captures raw materials  runs without day by day involvement of producers  is sustainable E-waste represents an oportunity!
  • 8. Collection takes place but majority of recycling is rudimentary Current state of e-waste recycling: • Rudimentary recyclers exist in all countries, they only focus on valuable fractions in e-waste and dump non- valuable fractions Material Markets Local Dumping Non-Valuable Fractions Informal Collectors Valuable Fractions Rudimentary Recyclers E-waste End user formal collection / treatment • Some formal and approved recyclers may already exist but volumes are often low
  • 9. Eliminate local dumping and stimulate licensed recycling Our goal in e-waste recycling: Material Markets Local Dumping Non-Valuable Fractions Informal Collectors Rudimentary Recyclers Licensed RecyclersNon-valuable Fractions Licensed recyclers must meet treatment standards to ensure optimal recycling Valuable Fractions Valuable Fractions E-waste End user formal collection / treatment
  • 10. Stimulate licensed recycling by incentivizing collection Our solution for e-waste recycling: Informal Collectors Material Markets Licensed Recyclers Producers Collection Incentive Finance • Producers need to finance recyclers and collectors for “non-valuable fractions” where the collection and treatment cost outweigh the value of the materials to ensure these fractions go to licensed recyclers End user E-waste
  • 11. Collection Incentive Improve conditions of existing informal collection network for e-waste Our solution for e-waste recycling: Informal Collectors Material Markets Licensed Recyclers ProducersFinance • The informal sector plays an important role in e-waste collection. The goal is to improve conditions of the sector and ensure health, safety and environmental protection are adhered to. Collectors End user E-waste
  • 12. Extended Producer Responsibility embedded in legislation Our requirement for e-waste recycling: Material Markets ProducersFinance Extended Producer Responsibility legislation • Legislation is required to create level playing field for all producers and recyclers Collection Incentive Collectors Licensed Recyclers End user E-waste E-Waste Registry E-Waste Advisory Body Registration
  • 13. Local manufacturer and importer of new and used EEE in African country is considered producer Our requirement for e-waste recycling: ProducersFinance • Legal presence of New and Used EEE producers is essential for the enforcement of legislation Material Markets Imports of used EEE Imports or manufacturing of new EEE Extended Producer Responsibility legislation Collection Incentive Collectors Licensed Recyclers E-waste End user
  • 14. Two new controlling bodies must be set up to enable EPR Our requirement for e-waste recycling: E-Waste Registry E-Waste Advisory Body Material Markets Finance Registration • All Producers must register at E-Waste registry to create level playing field. Both Registry and Advisory Body must be embedded in EPR legislation Extended Producer Responsibility legislation Collection Incentive Collectors Licensed Recyclers End user E-waste Producers
  • 15. Registry and Advisory body are linked but independent in set up Roles and Governance of these bodies: Role Governance Registration of producers Set up and run by Authority Calculate producer market share Black box to ensure confidentiality Licensing/auditing of recyclers Controlled by advisory body Register volumes e-waste recycled Status of producer compliance Role Governance Advice on development of treatment standards Mandated by government but independent Determine Problematic Fractions Involvement of all stakeholder Agreeing product categories/types Elected chair Determine collection incentive Black box to ensure confidentiality Platform for knowledge sharing with OEMs E-Waste Registry E-Waste Advisory Body
  • 16. East Africa Compliant Recycling (EACR) • Self sustaining business model • Scope = all e-waste, including non valuable fractions • 2000 green jobs predicted $$ $$ Treatment Centre & Trading Platform operating under strict recycling standards 20 collectors for each collection point Collection centres X 50 A role model
  • 17. East Africa Compliant Recycling (EACR)
  • 18. From this..... .... to this Improper treatment and outdoor dumping All e-waste collected and treated responsibly East Africa Compliant Recycling (EACR)
  • 19. Reclaimed Appliances (UK) Ltd Leading, not following Solution = Collection & Recycling System + Regulation E-Waste Solutions Alliance for Africa - Actors Authority involvement is essential
  • 20. E-waste is a resource, the collection and recovery of most e-waste makes business sense. Collection of ‘non valuable’ e-waste must be incentivized Improper treatment is the problem, treatment standards are to be enforced Roles and responsibilities of all stakeholders must be defined, collaboration between stakeholders is key improve conditions of the informal sector in the collection of e-waste while health, safety and environmental protection are adhered to Enforcement of requirements on all stakeholders is key Fair competition in the collection and recycling market is essential for an efficient EPR system Cross-border solutions are required to ensure critical flows for efficient and save recycling All actors, including importers of 2nd hand goods need to contribute Key principles for e-waste legislation
  • 21. Definitions must be embedded in EPR legislation Definitions for an effective regulation Producer refers to any person who introduces new and used Electrical and Electronic Equipment into the market by sale or donation and can either be a manufacturer, importer, distributor or assembler. Non-valuable fractions are e-waste fractions collected where the collection and treatment cost as defined by the E-Waste Advisory Council outweighs the material recovery value Minimum collection incentive means the minimum collection price paid by recyclers to the collection network to ensure collection of problematic fractions E-waste Treatment Center A business engaged in the collection and dismantling of e-waste. Treatment centers would typically be contracted by Producers to carry out the Producer obligations. E-waste Collection Centre means a centre established individually or jointly or a registered society or a designated agency or a company or an association to undertake collection operations of e-waste. EEE Registry A private independent body that provides the registration of all EEE producers, performs market share calculation and obligation determination, treatment centre permitting and auditing, Producer obligation auditing and fulfillment reporting. E-waste Advisory Council An independent multi-stakeholder body that oversees the National EEE Registry, defines recycling standards and practices, sets the minimum collection incentive and reviews and updates the product categories and the list of problematic fractions. Global Market Recovered materials can be sent wherever there is market demand. In some cases the materials might need to be exported for material recovery
  • 22. Thank you for your attention!